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  • Category Archives Trump has Options
  • DACA a Game of Kick the Can?

    Kicking the DACA kids down the road for 16 Years?

    August 1, 2001  to June 8, 2017

    Kicking the can from the 2001 Dream Act to DACA 2017

    In Politics Kicking the Can is defined as: to defer conclusive action, typically on a continuing basis (for 16 years), with a short-term solution.

    June 15, 2012 (FIVE YEARS AGO)  President Obama kicked the can again… with a short-term solution,

    Now, let’s be clear — this is not amnesty, this is not immunity.  This is not a path to citizenship.  It’s not a permanent fix.  This is a temporary stopgap measure…..

    June 15, 2012  President Obama, ” Precisely because this is temporary, Congress needs to act”.

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    Sept 5, 2017 President Trump tweeted ” Congress, get ready to do your job – DACA!”

    There’s a new Sheriff in WA DC, President Trump doesn’t Kick Cans, HE KICKS BUTT.

     A GREAT (R) QUOTE 2013

    “WE ALWAYS TALK ABOUT WHETHER OR NOT WE’RE GOING TO KICK THE CAN DOWN THE ROAD.

    Hmmm. 2013-2017,  I THINK THE MOOD IS THAT WE’VE COME TO THE END OF THE ROAD.”

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    August 3, 2017According to CNN Approval of congress is at an all time low, In a new poll, Congress sank to a 10% approval rating. This compares to an 18% approval rating in March.

    THE U.S. CONGRESS HAS A DOCUMENTED HISTORY OF KICKING CANS DOWN THE ROAD.

    SEPT 7, 2017  I THINK THE MOOD IS THAT WE’VE COME TO THE END OF THE ROAD.”

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    TO MAKE A LONG, LONG KICK THE CAN STORY LONGER…..

    DREAM Act – Wikipedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/DREAM_Act

    The DREAM Act is an American legislative proposal for a multi-phase process for qualifying alien minors in the United States that …. was the first bill given the short title of “Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act” or “DREAM …

    Requirements · ‎Background · ‎Legislative history · ‎2009

    The DREAM Act (acronym for Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act) is an American legislative proposal for a multi-phase process for qualifying alien minors in the United States that would first grant conditional residency and, upon meeting further qualifications, permanent residency.

    The bill was first introduced in the Senate on August 1, 2001, S. 1291 by United States Senators Dick Durbin (DIllinois) and Orrin Hatch (RUtah), and has since been reintroduced several times (see legislative history) but has failed to pass.[1][2]

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    TO MAKE THE DACA DOCUMENTED STORY MORE CONFUSING

    This is the nearly indecipherable government chart data

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    Data Set: Form I-821D Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals | USCIS

    https://www.uscis.gov/…/immigration…data/data-set-form-i-821d-deferred-action-chil…

    Data Set: Form I-821D Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals … Data as of December 31, 2016 …. Settling in the U.S.Immigration and Citizenship Data …

    Data as of March 31, 2017 Published June 8, 2017

    Data Set: Form I-821D Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals

    This report contains information on requests for consideration of deferred action for childhood arrivals. The cumulative number of requests accepted for processing, biometrics appointments scheduled, requests ready for review and requests completed to-date are displayed.

    The report is available in Adobe pdf file format.

    Fiscal Year 2017, 2nd Quarter

    Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Process (Through Fiscal Year 2017, 2nd Qtr) (PDF, 457 KB)

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    BELOW IS A GREAT USER FRIENDLY WEBSITE ON DACA, THE WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE AND WHY… CLICK ON THE LINK BELOW AND CHECK OUT THE CHARTS

    Who are the Dreamers and where do they live — Quartz

    https://qz.com/1069844/who-are-the-dreamers-and-where-do-they-live/

    2 days ago – (Sept 5, 2017) Dreamers live in every US state and don’t just come from Mexico … DONALD TRUMP’S ADMINISTRATION HAS JUST ANNOUNCED IT WILL REPEAL THE …

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    WHO ARE THE DREAMERS? WHERE DID THEY COME FROM? HOW MANY DACA RECIPIENTS ARE THERE?

    Mexico accounts for the vast majority of these 800,000 recipients. It is the country of origin for more than 618,000—over 20 times more than the next biggest contributor, El Salvador.

    That still leaves close to 200,000 non-Mexicans, and they come from all over the world. The sixth-largest contributing country of origin is South Korea; India and Poland are also among the top countries.

    DACA recipients by top countries of origin (excluding Mexico)

    Approval as of March 2017

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    WHERE ARE THE DACA RECIPIENTS? WHAT STATES DO THEY LIVE IN?

    DACA recipients by state

    Share of the state population

    DACA recipients also live in every state in the country. They are mostly concentrated in California and Texas, which together are home to about 350,000 of the 800,000. And even though those two states have large overall populations, Dreamers there represent the largest percentages of any state populations—0.57% in California and 0.45% in Texas. Vermont has the lowest absolute number of DACA recipients, with just 42.

    CLICK ON THE QUARTZ LINK ABOVE CHECK OUT THE CHARTS

    OR FOR YOUR CONVENIENCE, BELOW, I TYPED OUT THE DACA  DATA ON THE STATE CHART.

     IT’S  A GOOD INDICATION OF WHERE THE STATES WITH THE LARGEST POPULATION OF DACA RECIPIENTS WILL STAGE AND HAVE THE BIGGEST PROTESTS IN OPPOSITION TO TRUMP’S DACA REPEAL.

    WHEN IT COMES TO DACA PROTESTS (IN FACT ANY LIBERAL(D) PROTESTS) A STATES BIG CITIES POPULATION, COLOR  AND POLITICS IN (D) BLUE STATES ARE PREDICTABLE.

    AND MORE LIBERAL MELTDOWNS ARE SURE TO COME period

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    SO WHAT’S NEW WITH THE LIBERAL (D) PROTESTORS?

    NOT MUCH…

    PREDICTABLE PROTESTS BROKE OUT ACROSS THE COUNTRY on Tuesday after the president’s decision to rescind the Obama-era program that gave around 800,000 young undocumented immigrants temporary protection from deportation.

    PREDICTABLE Protests have already broken out across the country—just hours after the Trump administration’s decision—AND MORE ARE SURE TO COME.

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    AND THE IRONY IS

    AFTER KICKING THE DACA KIDS DOWN THE ROAD FOR 16 YEARS

    THE DEMOCRATS SAY PRESIDENT TRUMP IS CRUEL

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    WHERE WILL LIBERAL (D) DACA PROTESTORS BE  PROTESTING?

    IN EXACTLY THE SAME BLUE (D) BIG CITIES AND STATES WHERE LIBERAL PROTESTORS PREDICTABLY ALWAYS PROTEST

    DACA RECIPIENTS BY PERCENTAGE OF STATE POPULATION SHALL PREDICTABLY PROTEST

    BLUE (D)  CALIFORNIA 0.57%

    RED (R) TEXAS  0.45%

    BLUE (D)  NEVADA 0.44%

    RED (R) ARIZONA 0.44%

    BLUE (D)  ILLNOIS 0.33%

    BLUE (D)  NEW MEXICO 0.33%

    RED (R) UTAH 0.32%

    BLUE (D) COLORADO 0.31%

    RED (R) NORTH CAROLINA 0.27%

    BLUE (D) NEW JERSEY 0.25%

    BLUE (D) WASHINGTON STATE 0.24%

    BLUE (D)  OREGON 0.24%

    RED (R) GEORGIA 0.23%

    RED (R) KANSAS 0.23%

    BLUE (D) NEW YORK 0.21%

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    PLEASE CLICK ON  GREAT QUARTZ WEBSITE ABOVE , THE WHO, WHAT, WHEN, WHERE AND WHY OF THE DREAMERS …

    https://qz.com/1069844/who-are-the-dreamers-and-where-do-they-live/

    President Obama was a dreamer, He had dreams from his father


  • Who is Responsible for DACA’s Dreamers?

    Parents are responsible for their own children.

    I am responsible for mine and you are responsible for yours. period

    Another chapter in the book of Revelations By Pearl Revere

    WHO KNEW? GO FIGURE?

    WHY AREN’T ILLEGAL IMMIGRANT PARENTS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR OWN DACA CHILDREN?

    To make a long story short (documentation below)

    JUNE 15, 2012 PRESIDENT- OBAMA  SAID DACA IS SPECIFICALLY FOR CERTAIN YOUNG PEOPLE SOMETIMES CALLED “DREAMERS.”

    AT LEAST SIX STATES—CALIFORNIA, MINNESOTA, NEW MEXICO, OREGON, TEXAS AND WASHINGTON—CURRENTLY ALLOW UNDOCUMENTED STUDENTS TO RECEIVE STATE FINANCIAL AID.  

    WHY ARE COERCED TAXPAYERS IN WASHINGTON STATE RESPONSIBLE FOR ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS CHILDREN’S?

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    WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR MAKING DACA’S DREAMERS A FINANCIAL NIGHTMARE FOR HARD WORKING, TAXPAYING AMERICAN CITIZENS?

    ANOTHER TRICKLEDOWN UNFUNDED MANDATE CAUSED BY OBAMA (D)  ADMINISTRATION OF  TOP DOWN GOVERNMENT?

    SEPT 6, 2017 WHAT IS DACA?

    I am looking for a PDF or website that has the actual text of the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) order that President Obama issued in 2012. Is there a PDF out there for it?

    DACA was not legislation or an executive order; IT TECHNICALLY comes from a memo issued by then Secretary of Homeland Security Janet Napolitano on June 15th 2012.

    IT IS NOT CALLED DACA IN THE MEMO THOUGH (WHICH IS WHY IT’S NOT AS EASY TO GOOGLE FOR).

    June 15, 2012, DHS Janet Napolitano’s memo and Obama’s announcement the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).

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    WHO KNEW? GO FIGURE?

    Obama’s DREAMERS, DACA recipients are not children or orphans, they are called individuals, THEY ARE ALLOWED TO LIVE, WORK AND STUDY IN THE U.S.A.

    In the U.S.A, the land of law and order, there are 11 million illegal’s (the majority are law abiding) immigrants, there are 800 hundred thousand illegal foreign  mostly young adults, (the majority are law abiding)

    BUT, UNDER DACA  THEY ARE NOT CHILDREN  THE USCIS PROCESS SHALL ALSO BE AVAILABLE TO INDIVIDUALS SUBJECT TO A FINAL ORDER OF REMOVAL REGARDLESS OF THEIR AGE.

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     JUNE 15TH 2012 Read Obama’s new DHS Policy full remarks

    snippets….

    THE PRESIDENT- OBAMA:  Good afternoon, everybody.  This morning, Secretary Napolitano announced new actions my administration will take to mend our nation’s immigration policy, to make it more fair, more efficient, and more just — SPECIFICALLY FOR CERTAIN YOUNG PEOPLE SOMETIMES CALLED “DREAMERS.”

    THE FOREIGNER  DREAMERS  ACT?

    THE PRESIDENT- OBAMA:  Now, both parties wrote this legislation.  And a year and a half ago, Democrats passed the DREAM ACT in the House, but Republicans walked away from it.  It got 55 votes in the Senate, but Republicans blocked it.

    The DACA went into effect in August, within the 60 day DHS memo new policy requirement..

    THE PRESIDENT- OBAMA:  Over the next few months, eligible INDIVIDUALS who do not present a risk to national security or public safety will be able to request temporary relief from deportation proceedings and apply for WORK authorization.

    JUNE 15TH 2012 Obama ignored two important questions.

    THE AMERICAN DREAMERS?

    Q    — foreigners over American workers.

    THE PRESIDENT:  Excuse me, sir.  It’s not time for questions, sir.

    Q    What about American workers who are unemployed while you import foreigners?

    END

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    SEPT 5, 2017, EXCUSE ME, OBAMAIT IS TIME FOR QUESTIONS, SIR.

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    WHAT IS DACA?

    DACA: AG Sessions said Obama-era immigration plan ending | AL.com

    www.al.com/news/index.ssf/2017/09/what_is_daca_ag_jeff_sessions.html

    1 day ago – What is DACA?  Friday, September 1, 2017. AG Jeff Sessions making Tuesday announcement on ‘Dreamers:’ Watch live, live updates. Updated on September 5, 2017

    The program that allowed as many as 800,000 undocumented immigrants to remain in the U.S. will soon end, Attorney General Jeff Sessions announced Tuesday.

    “The program known as DACA that was effectuated under the Obama administration is being rescinded,” Sessions said.

    Sessions said Congress will be given six months to address the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals- or DACA – program. The policy was put in place by former President Barack Obama in 2012 and allows certain undocumented immigrants who were brought into the U.S. as children to receive for work permits and deferments from deportation.

    “DACA was effectuated by the previous administration through executive action, without proper statutory authority and with no established end-date, after Congress’ repeated rejection of proposed legislation that would have accomplished a similar result,” Sessions wrote in a letter explaining the decision. “Such an open-ended circumvention of immigration laws was an unconstitutional exercise of authority by the Executive Branch.”

    DACA covers those who were brought to the U.S. before age 16 and who were under age 31 as of June 15, 2012, among other criteria.

    NBC News is reporting the Trump administration will stop considering new applications for legal status dated after Tuesday but will allow any DACA recipients with a permit set to expire before March 5, 2018 to apply for a two-year renewal.

    Under the plan announced by Attorney General Jeff Sessions, the Trump administration will stop considering new applications for legal status dated after Tuesday, but will allow any DACA recipients with a permit set to expire before March 5, 2018, the opportunity to apply for a two-year renewal

    As many as 800,000 people – known as “Dreamers” – have applied for DACA status, according to the Justice Department. Mexico is the most common country of origin, followed by El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras. Over half of all Dreamers live in California and Texas.

    Nationwide, more than 1.9 million people are eligible for DACA status.

    President Trump has signaled he wants to end the program but vowed any changes to DACA would be made “with heart.” Early reports said Trump plans to end the program but will allow a six-month delay to give Congress time to address the status of those already covered under DACA.

    Sessions announcement came on the same day as a deadline imposed by several Republican-led states threatening to challenge the plan in court if it was not rescinded.

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    BREAKING: Texas AG Paxton is joined by 9 other state AGs & 1 gov in urging Trump administration to end #DACA. If not, they say they’ll sue.

    12:58 PM – Jun 29, 2017

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    TECHNICALLY THIS IS  DACA                               

    MEMO, JUNE 15TH 2012  FROM:  JANET NAPOLITANO SECRETARY OF HOMELAND SECURITY

    Secretary U.S. Department of Homeland Security

    Washington, DC 20528

    Homeland Security

    June 15, 2012

    MEMORANDUM

    FOR: David V. Aguilar

    Acting Commissioner, U.S. Customs and Border Protection

    Alejandro Mayorkas Director, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration

    Services

    John Morton Director, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement

    FROM: Janet Napolitano Secretary of Homeland security

    SUBJECT: Exercising Prosecutorial Discretion with Respect to

    Individuals Who Came to the United States as Children

    By this memorandum, I am setting forth how, in the exercise of

    our prosecutorial discretion, the Department of Homeland Security

    (DHS) should enforce the Nation’s immigration laws against certain

    young people who were brought to this country as children and know

    only this country as home.

    As a general matter, these individuals lacked the intent to violate the law

    and our ongoing review of pending removal cases is already offering administrative closure to many of them.

    However, additional measures are necessary to ensure that our enforcement resources are not expended on these low priority cases but are instead appropriately focused on people who meet our enforcement priorities.

    The following criteria should be satisfied before an individual is considered

    for an exercise of prosecutorial discretion pursuant to this memorandum:

    • came to the United States under the age of sixteen;
    • has continuously resided in the United States for a least five years

    preceding the date of this memorandum and is present in the United

    States on the date of this memorandum;

    • is currently in school, has graduated from high school, has obtained

    a general education development certificate, or is an honorably discharged

    veteran of the Coast Guard or Armed Forces of the United States;

    • has not been convicted of a felony offense, a significant misdemeanor

    offense, multiple misdemeanor offenses, or otherwise poses a threat to

    national security or public safety; and

    • is not above the age of thirty.

    Our Nation’ s immigration laws must be enforced in a strong and sensible

    manner. They are not designed to be blindly enforced without consideration

    given to the individual circumstances of each case. Nor are they designed

    to remove productive young people to countries where they may not have

    lived or even speak the language.

    Indeed, many of these young people have already contributed to our country

    in significant ways. Prosecutorial discretion, which is used in so many other

    areas, is especially justified here. As part of this exercise of prosecutorial

    discretion, the above criteria are to be considered whether or not an individual

    is already in removal proceedings or subject to a final order of removal.

    No individual should receive deferred action under this memorandum unless

    they first pass a background check and requests for relief pursuant to this

    memorandum are to be decided on a case by case basis.

    DHS cannot provide any assurance that relief will be granted in all

    cases.

    1. With respect to individuals who are encountered by U.S. Immigration

    and Customs Enforcement (ICE), U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP)

    , or U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS):

    • With respect to individuals who meet the above criteria, ICE and CBP

    should immediately exercise their discretion, on an individual basis, in

    order to prevent low priority individuals from being placed into removal

    proceedings or removed from the United States.

    • USCIS is instructed to implement this memorandum consistent with

    its existing guidance regarding the issuance of notices to appear.

    1. With respect to individuals who are in removal proceedings but

    not yet subject to a final order of removal, and who meet the above

    criteria:

    • ICE should exercise prosecutorial discretion, on an individual basis

    , for individuals who meet the above criteria by deferring action for a period

    of two years, subject to renewal, in order to prevent low priority individuals

    from being removed from the United States.

    • ICE is instructed to use its Office of the Public Advocate to permit

    individuals who believe they meet the above criteria to identify themselves

    through a clear and efficient process.

    • ICE is directed to begin implementing this process within 60 days of

    the date of this memorandum.

    • ICE is also instructed to immediately begin the process of deferring

    action against individuals who meet the above criteria whose cases

    have already been identified through the ongoing review of pending

    cases before the Executive Office for Immigration Review.

    1. With respect to the individuals who are not currently in removal

    proceedings and meet the above criteria, and pass a background check:

    • USCIS should establish a clear and efficient process for exercising

    prosecutorial discretion, on an individual basis, by deferring action

    against individuals who meet the above criteria and are at least 15

    years old, for a period of two years, subject to renewal, in order

    to prevent low priority individuals from being placed into removal

    proceedings or removed from the United States.

    • The USCIS process shall also be available to individuals subject

    to a final order of removal regardless of their age.

    • US CIS is directed to begin implementing this process within 60

    days of the date of this memorandum. For individuals who are granted deferred action by either ICE or USCIS, USCIS shall accept applications to determine

    whether these individuals qualify for work authorization during this period of deferred action.

    This memorandum confers no substantive right, immigration status or pathway to citizenship.

    Only the Congress, acting through its legislative authority, can confer these rights.

    It remains for the executive branch, however, to set forth policy for the exercise of discretion within the framework of the existing law.

    I have done so here.

    Janet Napolitano Secretary of Homeland security

    ———————————————————————————

    THIS IS AN INTERESTING $$$ SITUATION

    Undocumented Student Tuition: Overview

    www.ncsl.org/research/education/undocumented-student-tuition-overview.aspx

    Since 2001, 18 states—California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Illinois, Kansas, Maryland, Minnesota, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oklahoma*, Oregon, Texas, Utah, Washington, and Wisconsin—have passed legislation extending in-state tuition rates to undocumented students who meet specific requirements.

    to be continued…


  • Removing the Cross and 10 Commandments

    Physically Removing, Banning American historical monuments, the Cross, 10 Commandments, the Bible, prayer, songs and books?  

    Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.

    JUN 28, 2017

    Arkansas Ten Commandments memorial rammed 24 hours after …

    www.foxnews.com/…/arkansas-ten-commandments-memorial-rammed-24-hours-after-i…

    JUN 28, 2017 – A Ten Commandments monument on the grounds of the Arkansas state capitol has been destroyed

    State Sen. Jason Rapert “The first thought that came to me – who else in the world destroys monuments – is it the same hatred that ISIS uses in the communities that they go into,” he said.

     “When people are so disturbed and they carry out acts of evil – it all comes from the same place – it’s the root of evil,” he said. “You have people taking sticks and bats on college campuses and covering their faces just like Hamas does in the Middle East. In California they tore up a student’s sign – much like the same act of violence that was perpetrated on the Arkansas state capitol grounds.”

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    WHAT’S NEXT?  WHO’S NEXT? WHERE DOES IT STOP?

    After Charlottesville, Thousands Expected to Attend Boston Counter-Protests

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    WHAT’S NEXT?  SAVING OUR CHRISTIAN AMERICAN HERITAGE

     The Holy Bible Was Printed by Robert Aitken and Approved & Recommended by the Congress of the United States of America in 1782.

    1781 THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, WHO WILL NOT NEGLECT SPIRITUAL SECURITY.

    1781 THAT Robert Aitken BOTH BEGUN AND MADE CONSIDERABLE PROGRESS IN A NEAT EDITION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS.

     “THE TRUTH IS INCONTROVERTIBLE, MANIC MAY RESENT IT, IGNORANCE MAY DERIDE IT, MALICE MAY DISTORT IT, BUT HERE IT IS.”

    Behind My Back | 1781 The First American Bible

    www.behindmyback.org/2014/09/18/1781-the-first-american-bible/

    1781 THE FIRST AMERICAN BIBLE “The truth is incontrovertible, manic may resent it, ignorance … read more at: http://logosresourcepages.org/Versions/1st.htm.

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    WHAT GOD HAS JOINED TOGETHER, ONE NATION UNDER GOD, LET NO MAN PUT ASUNDER.

    ASUNDER IT IS A SOMEWHAT ARCHAIC AND UNCOMMON WORD AND MOST OF US KNOW IT ONLY FROM MARRIAGE CEREMONIES: “WHAT GOD HAS JOINED TOGETHER LET NO MAN PUT ASUNDER.” In most cases you can use its more common synonym “apart” and convey the same meaning….

    UNLESS YOU WANT TO EXPRESS A PARTICULARLY VIOLENT OR FORCEFUL RIPPING.

    PARTICULARLY VIOLENT, FORCEFUL RIPPING  INDEED, REMOVING AND BANNING THE CROSS, 10 COMMANDMENTS THE BIBLE, PRAYER, SONGS AND BOOKS.

     ASUNDER IS DEFINED AS BEING SHATTERED OR BROKEN UP INTO LITTLE PIECES. IF YOU HIT A WATERMELON WITH A SLEDGEHAMMER AND IT BURST INTO MANY PIECES, THAT IS AN …

    —————————————————————————————-

     “IF WE EVER FORGET THAT WE ARE ONE NATION UNDER GOD, THEN WE WILL BE A NATION GONE UNDER.” – RONALD REAGAN

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    1781 The First American Bible

    Posted on September 18, 2014 11:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett

    1781 THE FIRST AMERICAN BIBLE

    “THE TRUTH IS INCONTROVERTIBLE, MANIC MAY RESENT IT, IGNORANCE MAY DERIDE IT, MALICE MAY DISTORT IT, BUT HERE IT IS.”

    January 21, 1781, Robert Aitken presented the following memorial to Congress:

    1. Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 28, folio 203

    To the Honourable The Congress
    of the United States of America
    The Memorial of Robert Aitken
    of the City of Philadelphia, Printer

    Humbly Sheweth

    That in every well regulated Government in Christendom The Sacred Books of the Old and New Testament, commonly called the Holy Bible, are printed and published under the Authority of the Sovereign Powers, in order to prevent the fatal confusion that would arise, and the alarming Injuries the Christian Faith might suffer from the Spurious and erroneous Editions of Divine Revelation.

    That your Memorialist has no doubt but this work is an Object worthy

     the attention of THE CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, WHO WILL NOT NEGLECT SPIRITUAL SECURITY,

    while they are virtuously contending for temporal blessings. Under this persuasion your Memorialist begs leave to inform your Honours

    THAT HE BOTH BEGUN AND MADE CONSIDERABLE PROGRESS IN A NEAT EDITION OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES FOR THE USE OF SCHOOLS,

     But being cautious of suffering his copy of the Bible to Issue forth without the sanction of Congress, Humbly prays that your Honours would take this important matter into serious consideration & would be pleased to appoint one Member or Members of your Honourable Body to inspect his work so that the same

    MAY BE PUBLISHED UNDER THE AUTHORITY OF CONGRESS.

     And further, your Memorialist prays, that he may be commissioned or otherwise appointed & Authorized to print and vend Editions of the Sacred Scriptures, in such manner and form as may best suit the wants and demands of the good people of these States, provided the same be in all things perfectly consonant to the Scriptures as heretofore Established and received amongst us.

    ———————————————————————————–

     The Holy Bible Was Printed by Robert Aitken and Approved & Recommended by the Congress of the United States of America in 1782.

    Journals of Congress, September 1782, pages 468-469. (Library of Congress)

    The entire Congressional resolution reads as follows:

     “Whereupon, Resolved, THAT THE UNITED STATES IN CONGRESS ASSEMBLED, HIGHLY APPROVE THE PIOUS AND LAUDABLE UNDERTAKING OF MR. AITKEN, as subservient to the interests of religion as well as an instance of the progress of arts in this country, and being satisfied from the above (chaplain’s) report, of his care and accuracy in the execution of the work, THEY RECOMMEND THIS EDITION OF THE BIBLE TO THE INHABITANTS OF THE UNITED STATES, and hereby authorize him to publish this recommendation in the manner he shall think proper.”

    ——————————————————————————

    “The only foundation for . . . a republic is to be laid in Religion. Without this there can be no virtue, and without virtue there can be no liberty, and liberty is the object and life of all republican governments.”

    Benjamin Rush United States Congress 1782

     “Of all the dispositions and habits which lead to political prosperity, religion and morality are indispensable.”
    – George Washington

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     “If we ever forget that we are One Nation Under God, then we will be a nation gone under.” – Ronald Reagan

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    BOTTOM LINE…

    Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passion, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.

    “The truth is incontrovertible, manic may resent it, ignorance may deride it, malice may distort it, but here it is.”

    read more at:  http://logosresourcepages.org/Versions/1st.htm

    References

    1. Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 28, folio 203
    2. Journals of Congress, pages 468-469. September 1782. Found at the Library of Congress at http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/vc006473.jpg
    3. Papers of the Continental Congress, No. 28, folio 203
    4. Journals of Congress, Thursday, September 12, 1782, page 468
    5. Journals of Congress, Thursday, September 12, 1782, page 469
    6. From George Washington to John Rodgers, 11 June 1783
    • Journals of Congress, September 1782, pages 468-469. (Library of Congress)
    • Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who’s Who, 1967.

    The Holy Bible as Printed by Robert Aitken and Approved & Recommended by the Congress of the United States of America in 1782. New York: Arno Press, 1968.

    ————————————————————————————

    “The truth is incontrovertible, manic may resent it, ignorance may deride it, malice may distort it, but here it is.”

    TO EACH HIS OWN

    FAITH? HOPE? CHARITY? MORALITY? LOVE? FREEDOM? LIFE? LIBERTY? PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS? EQUALITY?

    GUARANTEED  UNDER THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, THE BILL OF RIGHTS AND THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF  AMERICA.

    This entry was posted in American priorities THEN? and NOW?, FACTS are troublesome things, Faith? Hope? and Charity?, FAMILY VALUES, God Bless American Independence, Informing “We the People”, Learning From History?, Silencing The Majority, The Law of Our Land, WHAT A CONCEPT?.

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    POSTED BY HISTORY MATTERS    Labels: Christian Roots of the U.S.

    Many question whether our Founders really were Christians. Here are some facts about the signers of the Declaration of Independence. (See also the post from 10/25 about signers of the Constitution.)

    Signers of the Declaration of Independence – Christian Background

    churchvstate.blogspot.com/2007/10/signers-of-declaration-of-independence.html

    Oct 27, 2007 – (See also the post from 10/25 about signers of the Constitution.) … the Christian religion is the established religion; and all sects and … and said once, “”Nothing short of the Almighty Power of God can Save us-it is not in our …


  • June 22, 2017 DOI New Federal Indian Policy?

    People send me stuff….

    Thanks to Liz Bowen this Indian news is getting around in cyberspace

    News from Klamath Basin Crisis.org 8-11-17

    Aug 12, 2017

    On June 22, 2017, the Department of Interior published a “Notice of Regulatory Reform” with an open public comment period on the Indian Reorganization Act .

    ———————————————————————–

    Federal Indian Policy: “Mom Always Liked YOU best!”

    https://www.thenewamerican.com/…/26600-federal-indian-policy-mom-always-liked-…

    Jul 31, 2017Federal Indian Policy: “Mom Always Liked YOU best!” It’s 83 years late in coming, but at long last the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (IRA) is …

    full text below….

    ————————————————————————————-

    Thanks to Liz Bowen this Indian news is getting around in cyberspace

    News from Klamath Basin Crisis.org 8-11-17

    Aug 12, 2017

    Klamath Basin Crisis.org

    KBC News

    SEND COMMENTS NOW!!! Federal Indian Policy: “Mom Always Liked YOU best!”, Elaine Willman for New American, posted to KBC 8/11/17. “It’s 83 years late in coming, but at long last the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (IRA) is finally getting its first-ever review, and hopefully serious reform. IRA (48 stat. 984) forms the backbone of federal Indian policy across the country and has been extended, expanded, and abused far beyond the original intent of Congress…Johnny’s governments (tribes) may directly finance political parties, incumbents, or candidate election officials.

    Jimmy’s government may not.

    Johnny’s businesses are all tax-exempt and growing enormously. Jimmy’s businesses are taxed to the max. Johnny’s government members can hold elected office anywhere across the country, passing land use and taxation laws upon Jimmy that do not apply to Johnny. Johnny has priority over most of the river and water systems throughout the Western states because Johnny was here first, and Jimmy’s needs don’t matter — he shouldn’t exist.”   Willman’s Biography

    www.klamathbasincrisis.org

    —————————————————————

    This West Is OUR West: Uniting Western States – Protecting Our Rights

    www.thiswestisourwest.com/

    On June 22, 2017, the Department of Interior published a “Notice of Regulatory Reform” with an open public comment period on the Indian Reorganization Act .

    ————————————————————————————-

    Presidential Executive Order on Reducing Regulation and Controlling …

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/…/2017/…/presidential-executive-order-reducing-regulati…

    Jan 30, 2017Presidential Executive Order 12291 on Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs … (b) For fiscal year 2017, which is in progress, the heads of all agencies are directed that the total incremental … DONALD J. TRUMP.

    ——————————————————————————-

    The good news is that on June 22, 2017, the Department of Interior published a “Notice of Regulatory Reform” with an open public comment period on the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) and four other major federal statutes.

    The Notice reads: “This document also provides an overview of Interior’s approach for implementing the regulatory reform initiative to alleviate unnecessary burdens placed on the American people.”

    ——————————————————————————–

    UNNECESSARY BURDENS PLACED ON THE AMERICAN PEOPLE?

    Jan 23, 2015 – In 2013, A FEDERAL JUDGE ordered Washington state to replace nearly 1,000 culverts that block or impede fish passage along Western … it could cost WA State Taxpayers about $2.4 billion to replace

    IS $2.4 BILLION TO REPLACE FISH CULVERTS AN UNNECESSARY  BURDEN PLACED ON WA STATE TAXPAYERS?

    May 19, 2017 – “Fixing fish-blocking culverts under state roads will open up … COURT’S DECISION FORCES THE STATE TO SPEND BILLIONS TO REPLACE CULVERTS…

    —————————————————————————–

    UNNECESSARY BURDENS PLACED ON THE AMERICAN CITIZENS?

    THE TAKING OF TAXPAYERS WATER IN WASHINGTON STATE, OREGON AND CALIFORNIA

    Behind My Back | High, Dry and Destitute

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/high-dry-and-destitute/

    Feb 1, 2015 – High, Dry and Destitute WA State citizens, private property owners and … category and have previously been posted on “behindmyback.org”.

    ————————————————————————————-

    full unedited text….

    News from Klamath Basin Crisis.org 8-11-17

    Aug 12, 2017

    Klamath Basin Crisis.orgKBC NewsSEND COMMENTS NOW!!! Federal Indian Policy: “Mom Always Liked YOU best!”, Elaine Willman for New American, posted to KBC 8/11/17. “It’s 83 years late in coming, but at long last the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (IRA) is finally getting its first-ever review, and hopefully serious reform. IRA (48 stat. 984) forms the backbone of federal Indian policy across the country and has been extended, expanded, and abused far beyond the original intent of Congress…Johnny’s governments (tribes) may directly finance political parties, incumbents, or candidate election officials.

    Jimmy’s government may not.

    Johnny’s businesses are all tax-exempt and growing enormously. Jimmy’s businesses are taxed to the max. Johnny’s government members can hold elected office anywhere across the country, passing land use and taxation laws upon Jimmy that do not apply to Johnny. Johnny has priority over most of the river and water systems throughout the Western states because Johnny was here first, and Jimmy’s needs don’t matter — he shouldn’t exist.”   Willman’s Biography

    www.klamathbasincrisis.org

    ———————————————————

    full unedited text….

    Monday, 31 July 2017

    FEDERAL INDIAN POLICY: “MOM ALWAYS LIKED YOU BEST!”

    Written by  Elaine D. Willman

    It’s 83 years late in coming, but at long last the Indian Reorganization Act of 1934 (IRA) is finally getting its first-ever review, and hopefully serious reform. IRA (48 stat. 984) forms the backbone of federal Indian policy across the country and has been extended, expanded, and abused far beyond the original intent of Congress.

    In order to understand IRA and its major impacts on America, let me share an analogy. Imagine an American household with a single mom and a couple of sons, Johnny and Jimmy. One day Mom calls the family together to make an announcement. “Johnny, you were here first; Jimmy you were here second. Therefore, Johnny, you are more valuable and important than your brother. And Jimmy, you have intruded upon Johnny’s room, his life and his world, so a big chunk of everything you earn from now on and forever will be given to me, Mom, and I will redirect your earnings to Johnny. You really don’t belong here, Jimmy, because you were here second.”

    This is exactly what has been happening in our country for 83 years. Since the Tribes (Johnny) tell the government (Mom) that they were here first, the non-tribal inhabitants (Jimmy) have become second-class citizens.

    The mantra foisted upon Americans for decades is, “We were here first; you stole our land.” Neither is true. But even if it were true, the response as of 1789 should have been, “So what?” That was the way of the world in the 1600s under the Doctrine of Discovery. Life changed on this continent in September 1789.

    One could hardly call the poor souls arriving on the Mayflower and other ships to establish a new life on this continent, conquerors. They had fled religious oppression under a tyrannical king, and were seeking liberty, religious and individual freedom. These were the seeds that became the Great American Experiment. But for that “transgression,” apparently, Americans are to be forever damned.

    In my analogy, Mom is our Mother Country. Imagine that Mom’s folks come to visit their grandsons and discover the new household rules. Mom’s folks, representing our Founders, would be astonished. The seeds planted in the early 1600s by arrivals from Europe gave birth to the Framers of our Constitution and our republican form of government. Regardless of historical decisions, some right, some wrong, the reality is that the United States of America, as of September 1789, is our government, inclusive of the now 50 separate and sovereign states. Revisionist history has been common practice for far too long, but the actual reversal of history occurring today is the slumbering thunder creeping across this country.

    There is no tribal sovereignty recognized in the U.S. Constitution, but such sovereignty (just like Jimmy paying perpetual debt to Johnny) has acquired a power beyond the Constitution’s declared sovereign authority of individual citizens and states. States such as Washington, Montana, Idaho, and some Midwestern states have continually relinquished their state authority in deference to all tribal whims. Many states have created de facto “trust” relationships with tribes where none existed; only the federal government has a court ordered (but not constitutional) “trust” relationship with their “dependent wards — Indian tribes.”

    Johnny’s governments (tribes) may directly finance political parties, incumbents, or candidate election officials. Jimmy’s government may not. Johnny’s businesses are all tax-exempt and growing enormously. Jimmy’s businesses are taxed to the max. Johnny’s government members can hold elected office anywhere across the country, passing land use and taxation laws upon Jimmy that do not apply to Johnny. Johnny has priority over most of the river and water systems throughout the Western states because Johnny was here first, and Jimmy’s needs don’t matter — he shouldn’t exist.

    There is a wondrous Statue of Liberty in New York harbor that welcomes all to come, as the early Jamestown settlers, legally to the United States. We are a country forged and thriving by “intruders” from all over the world. Our republican form of government does not classify those who were here first as superior, nor does it distinguish a priority between the person naturalized yesterday as a full American citizen and the child born here five minutes ago. But federal Indian policy requires perpetual debt and shame for all who came second.

    And now we take a deeper look at the Indian Reorganization Act and its impact on the lives of American citizens. In 2009, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Carcieri v Salazar that IRA was intended to reorganize only those tribes on existing reservations and “now under federal jurisdiction” in June 1934. There were only some 65-70 actual Indian reservations in the United States in 1934. Therefore, the IRA was to reorganize only those 65-70 tribes, and no more. The Carcieri ruling was a political earthquake.

    The Department of Interior and Bureau of Indian Affairs have not just reorganized reservations in existence in 1934; they have federally recognized a current total of 567 tribal governments, each acquiring and expanding their reservations, each receiving tax exemptions, and each receiving money from Jimmy (“second-class” citizens).

    The response to Carcieri under the Obama administration was to utterly ignore it, along with other Supreme Court rulings where the High Court rolled back tribal governing authority, replacing state sovereign authority.

    The good news is that on June 22, 2017, the Department of Interior published a “Notice of Regulatory Reform” with an open public comment period on the Indian Reorganization Act (IRA) and four other major federal statutes. The Notice reads: “This document also provides an overview of Interior’s approach for implementing the regulatory reform initiative to alleviate unnecessary burdens placed on the American people.”

    No doubt Johnny’s 567 tribal governments and the entire Indian industry will be weighing in with their comments to legitimize and further expand decades of IRA unauthorized overreach.

    This is our very first opportunity to truly confront the erroneous and detrimental policies that one ethnicity that was here “first” is superior to all others in this country because all other ethnicities are intruders on this continent, and that communalism, socialism, and tribalism is preferable to individual liberty.

    It is imperative that states, counties, towns, and Jimmy — who lives within an Indian reservation — describe their “burden” at this time. If Jimmy stays silent, Jimmy’s wallet will continue to be annually poached for the expansion of tribalism as a governing system, replacing our constitutional republic form of government.

    Please get your comments on the record to the Department of Interior in one of two ways:

    1) Submit comments to the federal “eRulemaking Portal,” www.regulations.gov. In the Search box, enter the appropriate document number (DOI-2017-0003-0002). Or,

    2) Mail a hard-copy of your comments to: Office of the Executive Secretariat, ATTN: Reg. Reform; U.S. Department of Interior; 1859 C Street NW. MailStop 7328; Washington, DC 20240.

    All other Americans are up against 567 tribal governments with 400 more waiting in the wings for their recognition (not “reorganization”). How long must Jimmy owe his older brother who was here “first” and who seldom says “thank you,” and never says “enough”?

    I am not a secondary American citizen. Are you?

    Image: screenshots of advertisements at indiangaming.com

    Related videos and articles:

    Warpath: Obama’s Indian Policy Threatens All Americans, Both Tribal and Non-tribal Citizens 

     


  • Hyper-globalization by Hook or by Crook?

    Starting were I left off on my last post, in the beginning, the 2001 preface was redefining globalization.

    THE CHANGE IN THE ROLE OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS (INCLUDED NEUTRALIZING THE POWER AND THE SOVEREIGNTY OF  U.S.A.) IS THE MOST EVIDENT IN THE CASE OF THE WCD.

    2001 IN THE END, THE ISSUE WAS NOT AND IS NOT ABOUT DAMS.

    Most of the critical reaction was expected. The report represented a significant departure from traditional thinking on the role of large dams in WATER and energy development.It introduced several considerations that were not previously given much weight in decision-making. This will take some getting used to.

    ————————————————————————————–

    After over six years of research and documentation on everything U.S. GOVERNMENT, from Albedo Modification to Zeniphobia

    I’ll call my #965 posting on behindmyback.org

     THE THEORY OF HYPERGLOBALISATION BY HOOK OR BY CROOK?

     (you decide)

     Hmmm…AUG 9, 2017 EXPOSING THE HOOKERS AND CROOKS.

     ———————————————————————————-

     AS NOTED IN THE 2001 COMMENT. SPECIFICALLY REWORDED REGARDING THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA INCLUDING THE PAST THREE DECADES OF HYPERGLOBALISATION.

     —————————————————————————–

    WE THE PEOPLE of The United States government,  have witnessed a three-way migration of the authority-voluntary or INVOLUNTARY-once vested in US:

    The upward migration to supranational structures WITH FUNCTIONS ONCE VESTED  SOLELY THE UNITED STATE GOVERNMENT, WE THE PEOPLE,  such as the European Union (“EU”), the International Monetary Fund (“IMF”), or the World Trade Organization (“WTO”);  and outward migration to the GLOBAL market, corporations, and elements of civil society.

    GLOBALIZATION OF THE  UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, IN KEEPING WITH THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY

    PROMINENT AMONG THESE ARE THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTIONS  AT THE  FOREFRONT OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT-THE WORLD BANK, THE IMF,  THE WTO AND TO A LESSER EXTENT THE ORGANIZATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS.

    ——————————————————————————-

    The downward migration to regional and local levels go and IN RESPONSE TO WE THE PEOPLE OF AMERICA DEMAND FOR LIGHTER U.S. GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES;

    MANY FUNCTIONS FORMERLY RESTING WITH THE US GOVERNMENT IN CONGRESS,

    ARE NOW PRIVATIZED,  OR ABANDONED AND ADOPTED BY NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (“NGOS”) and other elements of civil society.

    INDEED,  THESE GLOBAL NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (“NGOS”) RETAIN A DECISION-MAKING STRUCTURE THAT IS BARELY ACCOUNTABLE TO THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT AND  WE THE PEOPLE, HARD WORKING, TAXPAYING, VOTING  AMERICAN CITIZENS.

    ————————————————

    WHY PRIVATIZED PROFITEERING ARAMARK is bring in FOREIGN VISA WORKERS from NIGERIA, INDIA, PAKISTAN, ROMANIA etc. And taking jobs away from American citizens in a very small communities in WA State?

    Ever wonder why the federal government would be allowing hundreds of foreign refugees to work in a relatively small town in Idaho?  including all of the above but not limited to, and for other purposes? Wonder no more. Many of them end up working in the world’s largest yogurt factory.

    ———————————————————————————-

    THE THEORY OF HYPERGLOBALISATION BY HOOK OR BY CROOK?  (you decide)

    ———————————————————————————

    GLOBALIZATION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA (A SOVEREIGN COUNTRY)

    GLOBALIZATION BY THE WORLD BANK, UNITED NATIONS in the USA, the European Union (EU), UNESCO, World heritage sites, man and the Biosphere, NATO, including all of the above but not limited to, and for other purposes

    GLOBALIZATION by giving away the control and use of Americas public land

    GLOBALIZATION AN INSIDE JOB, BY OBAMA’S DEMOCRATS IN CONTROL OF CONGRESS for eight years.

    GLOBALIZATION by civil service members in the USA is the Senior Executive service (SES)

    GLOBALIZATION BY IMMIGRATION

    GLOBALIZATION BY OBAMA’S APPOINTED. AN INSIDE JOB, giving away the control and use of Americas public land AND WATER.

    PUBLIC WATER TAKEN BY “RULE” EPA AND ARMY CORP (WOTUS)

    PUBIC LAND USE AND CONTROL TAKEN BY USFS  “AUTHORITY” AN NPS TAKEN BY “SELECTION”.

    GLOBALIZATION BY PRIVATIZATION, IN THE USA? START WITH ARAMARK CORP

    IN 2001 THE END ISSUE,WAS NOT AND IS STILL NOT DAMS.THE BOTTOM LINE WAS AND IS THE WORLD BANKS OVERLAPPING ATTEMPTS FOR THE GLOBALIZATION OF THE U.S.A.

    WHO IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PAST THREE DECADES OF HYPERGLOBALISATION?

     —————————————————————-

    THE HOOKS AND THE CROOKS?  (AN INSIDE JOB?)

    In April 2011, the EPA, under the Barack Obama administration, proposed a new set of guidelines to replace the two issued under the Bush administration. These guidelines formed the basis of what became the Clean Water Rule. In contrast to the manner in which the 2003 and 2007 guidelines were issued, THE EPA AND THE USACE CONDUCTED PEER-REVIEWED HYDROLOGICAL STUDIES, INTERAGENCY REVIEWS, AND ECONOMIC ANALYSES BEFORE PUBLISHING A FORMAL PROPOSED RULE ON APRIL 21, 2014.[12][15]

    On May 27, 2015, after a public comment period and numerous meetings with state entities, public and private stakeholders, then-EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy along with Assistant Army Secretary Jo-Ellen Darcy signed the Clean Water Rule, set to become effective in August of that year 2015.[1]

    ——————————————————————————————–

    The World Bank was Banking on WOTUS

    Posted on August 7, 2017 9:40 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    ———————————————————————————-

    THE RULE HAS BEEN CONTESTED IN LITIGATION. ITS IMPLEMENTATION HAS BEEN STAYED BY COURT RULINGS SINCE 2015.[3]

    —————————————————————————–

    THE GLOBAL HOOKS AND THE CROOKS?

    THIS ARTICLE IS 3 YEARS OLD The president of the World Bank Jim Yong Kim saidTHE WATER ISSUE IS CRITICALLY RELATED TO climate change. People say that carbon is the currency of climate change. WATER IS THE TEETH. FIGHTS OVER WATER AND FOOD ARE GOING TO BE THE MOST SIGNIFICANT DIRECT IMPACTS OF climate change in the next five to 10 years. There’s just no question about it.

    The president of the World Bank Jim Yong Kim said ,DO WE HAVE A PLAN? ‘What do you mean a plan?’ I said a plan that’s equal to the challenge. A plan that will convince anyone who asks us that we’re really serious about climate change, and that we have a plan that can actually keep us at less than 2C warming. We still don’t have one.DO WE HAVE A PLAN? THE ANSWER, three years ago  WAS NO.

    ————————————————————————————

    DID THE WORLD BANK JUST GET LUCKY?

    Two years later the World Bank had a Global plan. Thanks to Obama and his appointed Administration WOTUS BY RULE.

    ————————————————————————————

    2001 REDEFINING GLOBALIZATION (a 24 page report)

    INTRODUCTION: WORLD COMMISSION ON  DAMS REPORT,

    Late February 2001 – DAMS  AND DEVELOPMENT

    Professor Kader Asmal, Chair World Commission On Dams

    2001 REDEFINING GLOBALIZATION INTRODUCTION: WORLD COMMISSION ON  DAMS REPORT, Late February 2001 – DAMS  AND DEVELOPMENT

    PREFACE  GLOBALIZATION

    REDEFINING ROLES
    The Collapse of the Washington Consensus
    Elements of the New Development Paradigm

    Origins of the WCD

    WHAT WENT WRONG?

    A LOOK AT HOW THE DAM INDUSTRY CHANGED

    INNOVATIONS IN TECHNOLOGY
    EXTENSIVE INFRASTRUCTURE
    ACCOUNTABILITY
    ROLE OF THE WORLD BANK
    THE GLAND MEETING

    III. THE WORLD COMMISSION ON DAMS

    THE SECRETARIAT
    THE WCD FORUM
    THE PROCESS
    A PERSONAL ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS
    Legitimacy of the WCD
    The Results Will Show Success

    Consideration of All Factors

    Formalistic Guidelines Step-by-Step Approach

    HOW THE WCD REPORT HAS BEEN RECEIVED

     

    The WCD presented its report, Dams and Development, in November 2000 ten months have passed since the Commission’s findings were made public. Most of the critical reaction was expected.  it also introduced several considerations that were not previously given much weight in decision-making. This will take some getting used to.

    ————————————————————————————

    AFTER THE PAST THREE DECADES OF HYPERGLOBALISATION?

    DONALD J. TRUMP SAID“AMERICANIZATION NOT GLOBALIZATION”

    DONALD J. TRUMP WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE U.S.A. NOV 8, 2016

    AND THIS WILL REALLY TAKE SOME TIME GETTING USED TO

    THAT’S WHEN THE HOLY COW HIT THE FAN, (in more ways than one).

    NOV 8, 2016  WAS THE DAY SECOND AMERICAN REVOLUTION WAR STARTED FOR AMERICAS SOVEREIGNTY, AND IT STARTED ON A GLOBAL SCALE.

    AND, THAT SAME DAY, THE SECOND CIVIL (UN-CIVIL) WAR BROKE OUT IN AMERICA.

    ———————————————————————————

    AND IT DIDN’T TAKE VERY LONG BEFORE THE REAL BULL, RUSSIA, RUSSIA, RUSSIA, HIT THE PUBLIC MEDIA FAN.

    ——————————————————————–

    WHEN TRUMP PROMISES HE DELIVERS. “AMERICA FIRST”   AND PRESIDENT TRUMP IS DELIVERING FOR THE PATRIOTIC VOTING TAXPAYING HARD WORKING AMERICAN CITIZENS, THAT ELECTED HIM

    ———————————————————————————

    West Wing Reads for 7/6/17 | whitehouse.gov

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/blog/2017/07/06/west-wing-reads-7617

    July 6, 2017 at 2:56 PM ET by West Wing Reads … “Congressional lawmakers have gone all in on PRESIDENT TRUMP’S BID TO SLASH OBAMA-ERA REGULATIONS. Each day we round up the best stories the West Wing is reading and share … is KILLING 16 OBAMA-ERA REGULATIONS for every one  (Trumps) administration has enacted ….


  • The World Bank was Banking on WOTUS

    WORLD BANK’S POLICY IS DETAILED AND EXPLICIT FOR INTERNATIONAL WATERWAYS

    The World Commission on Dams (“WCD”) completed its work in the second part of 2000. …. GLOBAL ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT-THE WORLD BANK….

    ————————————————————————-

    INDEED, THE WORLD BANK…. DID RESPOND TO DIFFERENT MARKETS IN TERMS OF FINANCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROFITABILITY. ($$$ stakeholders)

    ——————————————————————————————

    2001-INTRODUCTION: WORLD COMMISSION ON DAMS REPORT, DAMS AND DEVELOPMENT

    PROFESSOR KADER ASMAL, CHAIR WORLD COMMISSION ON DAMS

    American University International Law Review 16, 6 (2001): 1411-1433

    ———————————————————————

    PREFACE  REDEFINING GLOBAL ROLES IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    1. GLOBALIZATION IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    ………………………………….

    Attributable to GLOBALIZATION or not, the roles of corporations, the public sector, and civil society have been redefined.

     THE CHANGE IN THE ROLE OF NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS IS THE MOST EVIDENT-AND MOST SIGNIFICANT FOR THE CASE OF THE WCD.

    ———————————————

    GLOBAL IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS HAVE WITNESSED A THREE-WAY MIGRATION OF THE AUTHORITY-VOLUNTARY OR INVOLUNTARY-ONCE VESTED IN THEM:

    ———————————————

    GLOBAL IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    UPWARD MIGRATION TO SUPRANATIONAL STRUCTURES WITH FUNCTIONS ONCE VESTED

    SOLELY IN THE STATE, SUCH AS THE EUROPEAN UNION (“EU”), THE INTERNATIONAL

    MONETARY FUND (“IMF”), OR THE WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION (“WTO”);

     DOWNWARD MIGRATION TO REGIONAL AND LOCAL LEVELS OF GOVERNMENT, IN KEEPING WITH THE PRINCIPLE OF SUBSIDIARITY

    —————————————————–

    GLOBAL IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    AND IN RESPONSE TO PUBLIC DEMAND FOR LIGHTER CENTRAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURES;

     AND OUTWARD MIGRATION TO THE MARKET, CORPORATIONS, AND ELEMENTS OF CIVIL SOCIETY.

    ————————————————————-

    GLOBAL IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    MANY FUNCTIONS FORMERLY RESTING WITH GOVERNMENT ARE NOW PRIVATIZED,

    OR ABANDONED AND ADOPTED BY NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS (“NGOS”)

    and other elements of civil society.

    —————————————————————–

    I SUGGEST ABOVE THAT THOSE GROUPS WITH THE GREATEST ADAPTIVE CAPACITY

    HAVE BENEFITED FROM RAPID GLOBAL CHANGE, WHILE THOSE WITH THE GREATEST DIFFICULTY IN EMBRACING CHANGE HAVE SUFFERED.

    ————————————————

    IN 2001- PRIORITY IN 2017

    PROMINENT AMONG THESE ARE THE INTERGOVERNMENTAL INSTITUTIONS  AT THE

    FOREFRONT OF GLOBAL ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT-THE WORLD BANK, THE IMF,

    THE WTO-AND TO A LESSER EXTENT THE ORGANIZATIONS OF THE UNITED NATIONS.

    —————————————————————-

    GLOBAL IN 2001- AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    THESE ORGANIZATIONS, DESPITE ATTEMPTS AT COMMUNICATION WITH NGOS, RETAIN A

    DECISION-MAKING STRUCTURE THAT IS BARELY ACCOUNTABLE TO GOVERNMENTS.

     ———————————————————————-

    1. The Collapse of the Washington Consensus

     

    1. Elements of the New Development Paradigm

     

    1. Origins of the WCD

    …………………………….

    1. WHAT WENT WRONG?

    A LOOK AT HOW THE DAM INDUSTRY CHANGED

    ……………………………..

    1. ACCOUNTABILITY

    ………………………………….

    1. ROLE OF THE WORLD BANK

    …………………………

    GLOBAL PREFACE  IN 2001 OR AMERICA’S PRIORITY IN 2017

    IN THE END, THE ISSUE IS NOT DAMS. Eliminating poverty and deprivation,

    helping to meet human needs and bettering human prospects is what

    the process of development must address. THESE GOALS MUST BE PLACED

    IN THE FOREFRONT.

    ————————————————————————————

    1991-2017 IN THE END, THE ISSUE IS NOT DAMS.

    IN 2017 THE PRIORITIES OF THE PRESIDENT (POTUS)

    “AMERICANIZATION NOT GLOBALIZATION”

    AMERICAN PRIORITIES HAVE BEEN PLACED IN THE FOREFRONT.  period

    —————————————————————————————–

      A BRIEF HISTORY OF “WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES” (WOTUS).

    The World Commission on Dams (“WCD”) completed its work in the second part of 2000. …. GLOBAL ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT-THE WORLD BANK….

    2000 THE WORLD BANK’S POLICY IS DETAILED AND EXPLICIT FOR INTERNATIONAL WATERWAYS

    2000 The World Bank was Banking on WOTUS

    FROM THE GLOBAL 2000 POLICY TO AMERICA’S  2017 PRIORITY

    —————————————————————————

     Drain the Swamps: A Brief History of “Waters of the United States” and …

    https://gelr.org/…/drain-the-swamps-a-brief-history-of-waters-of-the-united-states-and…

    MAR 2, 2017 – Drain the Swamps: A Brief History of “Waters of the United States” and … Under Scalia’s plurality opinion, WOTUS should only include waters …

    —————————————————————————–

    Behind My Back | Feb 28, 2017 POTUS Executes WOTUS

    www.behindmyback.org/2017/03/02/feb-28-2017-potus-executes-wotus/

    MAR 2, 2017 – Feb 28, 2017 POTUS Executes WOTUS. Posted on March 2, … www.behindmyback.org/2015/09/04/wotus–water-runs-down-hill/. Posted on …

     

    For the understanding of a reasonable person

    THE POTUS, PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES DONALD J. TRUMP

    SIGNED A EXECUTIVE ORDER

    ON WOTUS WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES.

    ———————————————————————-

    ]Introduction: World Commission on Dams Report, Dams and …

    digitalcommons.wcl.american.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1252&context=auilr

    by K Asmal – ‎2001 – ‎Cited by 11 – ‎Related articles

    The World Commission on Dams (“WCD”) completed its work in the second part of 2000. …. GLOBAL ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT-the World Bank, the IMF,

     

    1. REDEFINING ROLES

     

    THE WORLD BANK IS THE AGENCY in this group most relevant to the

    dams debate. Its traditional mode of operation-high-level dealing

    with central governments on the basis of a technical dossier-too

    often leads to results that are problematic, leaving behind a number

    of failures. The factors behind these failures are significant for the dams debate, as

    DOCUMENTED IN THE LINKS PROVIDED.

    ————————————————————————————-

    A PREFACE  IN 2001- A PRIORITY IN 2017

    the world bank & the world commission on dams report q&a

    siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWRD/…/WB&WCDQ&A.p…

    THE WORLD BANK believes that the World Commission on Dams Report has made a great contribution in framing many of the major issues in this CONTENTIOUS and …

    —————————————————————————

    SO CONTENTIOUS THAT SOMEBODY WROTE A 446 PAGE BOOK IN 1996

    Dams and Development: A New Framework for Decision-making – The Report of the World Commission on Dams

    Common terms and phrases ENVIRONMENTAL BUZZ WORDS REFERENCED IN THE DAM BOOK

    AND In terms of financial and economic profitability, the bottom line is World Bank

    alternatives application of SEA applying SEA Background and objectives budget support capacity development capacity-building civil society conflict consultation cont context country’s decision makers decision-making developing countries development agencies development co-operation agencies DFID economic ensure entry points environment environmental and social environmental considerations Environmental Impact Assessment environmental issues environmental management environmental risks environmental sustainability Espoo European Commission evaluation framework GPRS Guidance Note hydropower identify implementation improve involved Key questions linkages MDGs Millennium Development Goals Ministry mitigation monitoring natural resources Note and Checklist OECD opportunities options organisations participatory partner countries plans and programmes policy reforms potential Poverty Reduction Strategy priorities private sector proposed provides PRSP PSIA public engagement recommendations regional relevant requirements SEA approach SEA process sector programme sectoral policies Social Impact Assessment social impacts specific stakeholders Strategic Environmental Assessment sustainable development Tanzania transboundary UNDP UNECE World Bank

    ——————————————

    The World Bank Versus the World Commission on Dams

    WWW.WATER-ALTERNATIVES.org/index.php/allabs/99-a3-2-22/file

    by R Goodland – 2010 – ‎Cited by 9 – ‎Related articles

    KEYWORDS: WORLD BANK, hydropower, big dams, oustees, displacement, ….

    ——————————————————————————

    STARTED WITH A SIMPLY PREFACE  IN 2001

    ENDED IN 2017 WITH THE ELECTION OF PRESIDENT TRUMP (POTUS)

    “AMERICANIZATION NOT GLOBALIZATION”

    AMERICAN PRIORITIES HAVE BEEN PLACED IN THE FOREFRONT.  period

     


  • Fixing Too Big to Fail 2008-2017

    OBAMACARE CAN BE CERTAINLY BE COMPARED TO ANOTHER DEMOCRATS’ TOO BIG TO FAIL ACT

    Comment on “TOO BIG TO FAIL” seven years ago

    Is it possible for taking care of financial crisis by allowing each state to work on their own because each state has different needs?

    and they could spot the problem easier and can easily find the solution.

    ? Solving the Global financial Crisis is so complex. I have no idea what the solutions is going to be.

     THE BOAT HAS TOO MUCH WATER ON IT AND ITS ON THE DANGER ZONE. WE MAY HAVE TO ALLOW THE BOAT SINK AND LET THEM SWIM OUT OF IT.

    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/need-to-know/economy/the-true-cost-of-the-bank-bailout/3309/

    —————————————————————————————

    OBAMACARE IS TOO BIG TO FAIL AND IT’S TOO BIG. (financial experts say)

    OBAMACARE,  THE PATIENT PROTECTION AFFORDABLE CARE ACT, TOOK EFFECT ON MARCH 23, 2010 IT IMMEDIATELY CAUSED A SHARP PARTISAN DIVISION. THIS STAGGERINGLY LARGE LEGISLATION et al. —2,300 PAGES.

    IT PASSED WITHOUT A SINGLE REPUBLICAN VOTE.

    ———————————————————————————

    JULY 21, 2010 THE “TOO BIG TO FAIL”ACT

    THE DODD-FRANK WALL STREET REFORM AND CONSUMER PROTECTION ACT TOOK EFFECT ON JULY 21, 2010, IT IMMEDIATELY CAUSED A SHARP PARTISAN DIVISION. THIS STAGGERINGLY LARGE LEGISLATION—2,300 PAGES—

    IT PASSED THE HOUSE WITHOUT A SINGLE REPUBLICAN VOTE AND RECEIVED ONLY THREE GOP VOTES IN THE SENATE.

    ———————————————————————————-

    * Note, the term “Too Big to Fail” was coined with regard to TARP (the bail out of big banks)  A program of Obama’s  U. S. government to purchase toxic assets and equity from financial institutions. In 2010 the Democrats TARP, had lent, spent or guaranteed as much as $12.8 trillion for toxic assets.

    ———————————————————–

    OBAMACARE AND DODD-FRANK –TARP…… IMMEDIATELY CAUSED A SHARP PARTISAN DIVISION (these are too big to fail comments)

    Jun 20, 2009But if a company IS TOO BIG TO FAIL, SHOULD IT BE CONSIDERED TOO BIG TO EXIST … THEY WILL LOSE MONEY EVEN IF THE GOVERNMENT HAS TO STEP IN

    Oct 15, 2009 Greenspan said what I HAVE HEARD MANY OTHER CREDIBLE FINANCIAL EXPERTS SAY, NAMELY … GREENSPAN: “IF THEY’RE TOO BIG TO FAIL, THEY’RE TOO BIG

    OBAMACARE IS TOO BIG TO FAIL AND IT’S TOO BIG, AND OBAMCARE  SHOULD IT BE CONSIDERED TOO BIG TO EXIST. (financial experts say)

    2008-2017 THE MOST OUTRAGEOUS THINGS ABOUT ADDRESSING OBAMACARE IN CONGRESS

     OBAMACARE SHOULD IT BE REPEALED BECAUSE IT’S TOO BIG TO EXIST AND NO MATTER WHO STEPS IN, HARD WORKING AMERICAN TAXPAYERS WILL LOSE MONEY.

    * Nov 9, 2014 Gruber said, it passed because of ‘The Stupidity of The American Voter

    ————————————————————————————

    NOV 8, 2016 AMERICA’S HARD WORKING CITIZEN’S VOTED FOR PRESIDENT TRUMP TO REPEAL OBAMACARE!

    1. OBAMCARE IS TOO-BIG-TO-FAIL
    2. OBAMACARE IS TOO BIG TO EXIST
    3. OBAMACARE IS A REALLY BIG DEMOCRAT’S DISASTER.
    4. AND REALLY, OBAMACARE IS TOO BIG REPEAL?
    5. AND OBAMACARE IS TOO BIG TO PASS BECAUSE OF OBAMA’S 100% DEMOCRAT’S HOLDING OUT IN CONGRESS?

    EVERYBODY IN CONGRESS LEFT AND RIGHT AGREES,  to disagree on everything, SOME SAY IT GOES TOO FAR, WHILE OTHERS ARGUE IT DOES NOT GO FAR ENOUGH, BUT NO MATTER WHO STEPS IN AND COMPROMISES,  AMERICA’S HARDWORKING TAXPAYERS WILL BE THE BIGGEST LOSERS  WITH OBAMACARE.

    THAT IS WHY OBAMACARE MUST BE REPEALED, BECAUSE IT CAN’T BE FIXED. period

    ——————————————————————————–

    PRESIDENT TRUMP HAS MORE THEN ONE WAY TO FIX OBAMACARE.

    President Donald Trump on Tuesday declared that Republicans should “let Obamacare fail,” saying the collapse would force Democrats to work with the GOP

    Whether they repeal Obamacare immediately or not, Trump has said Democrats would be forced to come to the table to negotiate with Republicans on a path forward for the nation’s healthcare system.

    —————————————————-

    My favorite… how to fix OBAMACARE

    THE BOAT HAS TOO MUCH WATER IN IT AND IT’S IN THE DANGER ZONE. WE MAY HAVE TO ALLOW THE BOAT TO SINK AND LET THE DEMOCRATS SWIM THEIR WAY OUT OF IT.

    ——————————————————————————

    SEPTEMBER 3, 2010 WE ALL KNOW ABOUT TARP? OR NOT?

    THE TROUBLED ASSET RELIEF PROGRAM (TARP) IS A PROGRAM OF THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT TO PURCHASE TOXIC ASSETS AND EQUITY FROM FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS TO …

    ——————————————————————–

    SEPTEMBER 3, 2010 WE ALL KNOW ABOUT TARP,  THE TROUBLED ASSET RELIEF PROGRAM, which spent $700 billion in taxpayers’ money to bail out banks after the financial crisis. According to a team at Bloomberg News, at one point last year ( 2010) THE U.S. HAD LENT, SPENT OR GUARANTEED AS MUCH AS $12.8 TRILLION to rescue the economy.

    ——————————————————————————————-

    2008-2016 HARD WORKING AMERICAN VOTERS WATCHED, THEY LOOKED AT THE CONGRESSIONAL DEBACLES, OBAMA’S COLLUSION WITH HIS DEMOCRAT ADMINISTRATORS, THE LAWLESS IMMIGRATION, CRIMINAL ILLEGAL ALIENS, TERRORISM, THE WHITE HOUSE SUPPORT OF THE WHAT DO WE WANT “DEAD COPS”PROTESTORS, THE VETERAN ADMINISTRATION SCANDAL.

    AND, THEY LOOKED AT AMERICAS $20,000,000,000,000.00 TRILLION DOLLAR PERPETUAL DEBT OF THE DEAD. (NEARLY HALF WAS ACCUMULATED BETWEEN 2008 AND 2016 DURING OBAMA’S RULE)

    THE TWO DEMOCRATS “TOO BIG TO FAIL LAWS” OBAMACARE AND DODD-FRANK, TO SCRAP THEM ENTIRELY AND START OVER, QUICKLY BECAME  A PRIME WINNING POINT EARLY IN THE 2016 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN.

    JUN 16, 2015 -DONALD J.TRUMP ANNOUNCED HIS  RUN FOR PRESIDENT

    A PATRIOTIC AMERICA CITIZEN STEPPED UP TO THE PLATE AND SAID, AMERICA FIRST.

    THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IS TOO BIG TO FAIL.

     ————————————————————————-

    2015 A profound Canadian comment

    Without America there is no free world

    Without Trump there is no America.

     ———————————————————————————

    JUN 16, 2015 DONALD J. TRUMP HAD A PLAN TO MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN

    NOV 8, 2016, PATRIOTIC HARD WORKING AMERICA CITIZEN’S STEPPED UP TO THE PLATE AND VOTED FOR  “DONALD J. TRUMP” AMERICA FIRST.

    WE THE PEOPLE, ONLY HAVE ONE COUNTRY THAT WE LOVE AND, THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IS TOO BIG TO FAIL.

    NOV 8, 2016 AMERICA’S HARD WORKING CITIZEN’S VOTED FOR PRESIDENT TRUMP TO REPEAL OBAMACARE!

    ————————————————————————-

    THE ESTABLISHMENT REPUBLICANS PLANNED A BIG WIN BY  RESTING ON THEIR LAURELS

    LAURA’S INDEED, RESTING ON ONE’S LAURELS, TO BE SATISFIED WITH DISTINCTION WON BY PAST ACHIEVEMENTS AND CEASE TO STRIVE FOR FURTHER ACHIEVEMENTS

    ———————————————————————————

    THE DEMOCRATS AND SOCIALISTS HAD HILLARY AND BERNIE

    FROM 2008-2016 EVEN WITH NO VIABLE LEADERSHIP IN THE WHITE HOUSE,  THERE WAS NO QUESTION ON HOW TO WIN THE PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION, IT WAS ALREADY FIXED WITH  A SURE WIN FOR HILLARY. NO WORRIES

    ———————————————————–

    Moving  BACK TO TO BIG TO FAIL

    April 2, 2014- the concept of being too big or too strategic to fail is alive and well.

    TOO BIG TO FAIL BANKS CAN KEEP YOUR MONEY IF THEY FAIL.

     ——————————————————————————

    07/31/2014 Big Banks Remind Us Why We Should Be Scared Three separate events in Washington Thursday served as reminders that America’s big banks continue to pose risks to college students, consumers, and taxpayers.

    ———————————————————————————-

    JUL 29, 2015 –  ‘Too Big to Fail’ Is Still a Problem. Here’s How D.C. Wants to End It.

    REMEMBER THIS WAS POSTED JULY 29, 2015

    The scariest thing about addressing “too-big-to-fail” banks is that there’s no dress rehearsal. For all the plans, simulations, and preparations, the only way to know that the problem of banks being excessively interconnected in the wider economy has been solved is when one of these banks fails — but doesn’t take the rest of the economy with it.

    Until that happens, elected officials and regulators are left to look back at the 2008 debacle and argue about whether they’ve put the pieces in place to keep it from happening again.

    Leaders in the world of financial regulation talk about how to pick up where Dodd-Frank left off — or how to scrap the law and start over entirely.

    But in the midst of that argument, this much is clear: These banks are as big, or bigger, than they ever have been.

    “THEY HAVE A POTENTIAL TO HAVE A CATASTROPHIC EFFECT,” says Thomas Hoenig, vice chairman of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. “THEY ARE LARGER THAN THEY WERE AT THE LAST CRISIS.”

    That does not mean that there haven’t been attempts to mitigate the problem of banks being so large that they require a bailout. IN THE FIVE YEARS SINCE CONGRESS PASSED the Dodd-Frank Wall Street reform law,(OBAMA’S) regulators have implemented a suite of measures aimed at ensuring that the nation’s largest banks are sound and that, should they wobble, the economy won’t go with them.

    IN 2010 THE DEMOCRATS TWO “TOO BIG TO FAIL LAWS” BECAME LAW OBAMACARE AND DODD-FRANK

    AND WHAT WOULD I SAY, IF ANYONE ASK ME WHY, IN THE SEVEN YEARS SINCE THE DEMOCRATS IN CONGRESS PASSED THEM,  THEY HAVEN’T BEEN REGULATED?

    ———————————————————————————–

    THANK GOD DONALD J. TRUMP WAS ELECTED PRESIDENT ON NOV 8, 2016

    Jan 20, 2017 DONALD J. TRUMP  TOOK OFFICE

    Trump pledged during the transition that rolling back regulations, particularly 2010 Dodd-Frank law, would be a priority of his administration.

    Feb 3, 2017 – Trump signed an executive order directing the Treasury secretary to consult with regulators about what needs to be done to fix the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act and to report back. That report is due in four months.

     “We expect to be cutting a lot out of Dodd-Frank,” Trump said, after morning … that rolling back regulations, particularly 2010 Dodd-Frank law, would be a priority of … In its regulatory rollback, the administration has a willing partner in the … plans to reintroduce the Financial Choice Act in the coming weeks.

    ————————————————————————-

    Presidential Executive Order on Core Principles for Regulating the …

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/…/presidential-executive-order-core-principles-regulatin…

    Feb 3, 2017 – Presidential Executive Order on Core Principles for Regulating the United States Financial System. EXECUTIVE ORDER … (a) Nothing in this order shall be construed to impair or otherwise affect: … DONALD J. TRUMP.

    INDEED, FIVE DAYS EARLIER…..

    Too big to fail – It’s happening again – Business Insider

    www.businessinsider.com/too-big-to-fail-its-happening-again-2017-1

    JAN 29, 2017 TOO BIG TO FAIL IS RETURNING WITH A VENGEANCE. The same risk that major Wall Street banks posed in the 2008 crisis when they were too complex, …

    ————————————————————

    The bottom line on “TOO BIG TO FAIL” seven years ago

    SIMPLY PUT….

    Is it possible for taking care of financial crisis by allowing each state to work on their own because each state has different needs?

    and they could spot the problem easier and can easily find the solution.

    ? Solving the Global financial Crisis is so complex. I have no idea what the solutions is going to be.

     THE BOAT HAS TOO MUCH WATER ON IT AND ITS ON THE DANGER ZONE. WE MAY HAVE TO ALLOW THE BOAT SINK AND LET THEM SWIM OUT OF IT.

    ——————————————————————————

    My bottom line July 29, 2017 (seven years later)

    Solving the Obamacare and Global financial Crisis is so complex. I have no idea what the solutions are going to be.

    BUT, THIS IS MY FAVORITE SOLUTION TO OBAMACARE

    THE BOAT HAS TOO MUCH WATER IN IT AND IT’S IN THE DANGER ZONE. WE MAY HAVE TO ALLOW THE BOAT TO SINK AND LET THE DEMOCRATS SWIM THEIR WAY OUT OF IT.


  • 526 VA Officials Fired for Misconduct

    FOX NEWS REPORTED, JULY 7, 2017  THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAS FIRED 526 VA OFFICIALS FOR MISCONDUCT

    Patriotic Americans  remember the May 2014 The VA Scandal.

    Did you ever hear this? May 21, 2014 Veterans Affairs officials said Wednesday that their mission was precisely the same as the one President Abraham Lincoln described in his second Inaugural Address in 1865: “To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan.”

    ——————————————————————

    OCTOBER 27, 2015  DONALD TRUMP QUOTE SIOUX CITY, IOWA (CNN)

    A QUESTION FROM A WOUNDED VETERAN  COMPELLED TRUMP’S RESPONSE  

    OCTOBER 27, 2015  “I AM GOING TO PUT PRESSURE ON THE (DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS) LIKE YOU WOULDN’T BELIEVE,” TRUMP SAID,  “AS PRESIDENT, I CAN GUARANTEE IT.

    ————————————————————

    Hundreds of VA officials fired since Trump’s inauguration – CBS News

    www.cbsnews.com/news/hundreds-of-va-officials-fired-since-trumps-inauguration/

    By Bo Erickson and Ellee Watson CBS News July 7, 2017, 2:12 PM. Hundreds of VA officials fired since Trump’s inauguration … than 500 officials have been fired for misconduct since President Trump took office … The list outlines a total of 747 disciplinary actions including 526 employees who were fired since January 20, 2017.

    ——————————————————————-

    INDEED, DONALD J. TRUMP’S MISSION HAS ALWAYS BEEN  PRECISELY THE SAME AS THE ONE PRESIDENT ABRAHAM LINCOLN DESCRIBED IN HIS SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS IN 1865: “TO CARE FOR HIM WHO SHALL HAVE BORNE THE BATTLE, AND FOR HIS WIDOW, AND HIS ORPHAN.” AND,  LEST WE FORGET, AS IN LINCOLN’S NOV 19, 1863, GETTSBURG ADDRESS.

    ON OCT 31, 2015 TRUMP’S PLAN TO REFORM THE VA… HE WOULD FIRE “THE CORRUPT AND INCOMPETENT VA EXECUTIVES WHO LET OUR VETERANS DOWN.”

    REMEMBER ON OCTOBER 27, 2015, TRUMP SAID,  “AS PRESIDENT, I CAN GUARANTEE IT”.

    INDEED AS GUARANTEED, FOX NEWS REPORTED, JULY 7, 2017  THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION HAS FIRED 526 VA OFFICIALS FOR MISCONDUCT

    —————————————————————————————–

    Donald Trump Offers To Personally Help Wounded Vet in Iowa (10-27 …

    ▶ 4:12

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AAwY5XsE4-k

    OCT 27, 2015 – Uploaded by Right Side Broadcasting Network

    Donald Trump Offers To Personally Help Wounded Vet in Iowa (10-27-15). Right Side BroadcastingDonald Trump Offers To Personally Help Wounded Vet in Iowa (10-27-15) Right Side Broadcasting Network 1,626,450 views

    —————————————————————————————–

    Donald Trump’s surprise promise to a wounded veteran

    By Noah Gray, CNN Updated 11:19 PM ET, Tue OCTOBER 27, 2015

    ——————————————————————–

    Donald Trump Rally For Veterans! (Full Rally) – YouTube

    ▶ 56:29

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EwKgWhzeaOM

    JAN 28, 2016 – Uploaded by wwwMOXNEWScom

    January 28, 2016 C-SPAN News http://MOXNews.com.

    ———————————————————————————–

    JAN 29, 2016  CNBC ASKS WHY ABSENT TRUMP WON THE DEBATE?

    and, trash talking the establishment GOP contenders..

    An absent Trump won this debate: Why – CNBC.com

    www.cnbc.com/2016/01/29/an-absent-trump-won-this-debate-why.html

    JAN 29, 2016 – By missing the GOP debate, Donald Trump was spared all but glancing blows from those battling to catch up.

    DES MOINES, Iowa — Donald Trump won. The Republican debate lost — and so did his rivals.

    The Republican candidate skipped the final televised faceoff before Iowans vote in caucuses on Monday. That spared him all but glancing, humorous blows from those battling to catch up.

    “Let me say, I’m a maniac and everyone on this stage is stupid, fat and ugly,” Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas began. “And Ben, you’re a terrible surgeon. Now that we’ve gotten the Donald Trump portion out of the way …”

    Later, Cruz jokingly threatened to leave the stage if he received any more challenging questions. He drew a few chuckles — but also drew attention to what moderator Megyn Kelly called “The elephant not on the stage.”

    The altered dynamic left more room than usual for other candidates. Cruz and Sen. Marco Rubio of Florida both received heightened scrutiny of their stances

    Similar scrutiny of Trump, whose reversals have appeared more stark, would have amplified attacks he is suffering in TV attack ads. With his absence, he avoided it.

    Former Florida Gov. Jeb Bush, who once was expected to become the top Republican candidate, displayed more assertiveness and command in the absence of the bombastic real estate magnate whose success so far has dumbfounded the son and brother of former presidents. Yet he has fallen so far behind that his ability to take advantage is questionable.

    The same is true of libertarian Sen. Rand Paul of Kentucky, the iconoclastic legacy candidate who had hoped to inherit the base of his father, Ron Paul,

    Govs. John Kasich of Ohio and Chris Christie of New Jersey also enjoyed moments of command. But their messages underscored their hope merely to survive caucuses here and score a breakthrough in New Hampshire eight days after the Iowa caucuses.

    Yet they never got a chance to lay a glove on the runaway leader in New Hampshire, and in the South Carolina primary after that, and in national polls. That’s Trump, who managed another feat of media jujitsu after having dominated headlines before the debate with drama about whether he’d show up.

    ——————————————————————————-

    01/28/16 02:56 LIBERAL MEDIA’S FAVORITE SUBJECT TRASH TALKING DONALD J. TRUMP

    BEFORE TRUMP’S  JAN 28, 2016 RALLY FOR VETERAN’S

    Ever since Donald Trump launched his campaign for president last summer, he has linked himself closely to the cause of veterans he believes have been mistreated by the federal government. Most recently, he has pledged to headline a high-profile fundraiser in Des Moines on behalf of the Wounded Warrior Project instead of attending a potentially crucial Republican debate on Thursday prior to the Iowa caucuses. Trump has scheduled his fundraiser to air opposite the Fox News-hosted debate.

    Trump has been widely criticized by veteran’s groups FOR NOT PROVIDING SPECIFICS about what he would do to address the concerns and challenges of the veteran community

     “We’re going to take care of those wounded warriors and we’re going to take care of our vets better than anybody,” he said on the USS Wisconsin last October, 2015. “[My] plan will ensure our veterans get the care they need, wherever and whenever they need it.”

    the only specific policy shift he outlined was that he would support allowing veterans to seek medical care covered by Medicare from non-VA affiliated hospitals in a  competitive marketplace

    ON OCT 31, 2015 TRUMP’S PLAN TO REFORM THE VA… HE WOULD FIRE “THE CORRUPT AND INCOMPETENT VA EXECUTIVES WHO LET OUR VETERANS DOWN.”

    REMEMBER ON OCTOBER 27, 2015, TRUMP SAID,  “AS PRESIDENT, I CAN GUARANTEE IT”.

    ——————————————————————————————

    Donald Trump Plan To Reform Veterans Affairs – Trump Norfolk Rally …

    ▶ 17:31

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3Q2bwmq6PBs

    OCT 31, 2015 – Uploaded by Les Grossman NEW OFFICIAL CHANNEL

    Donald Trump unveiled his plan Saturday to reform the Department of Veterans Affairs on the USS Wisconsin

    ————————————————————————————-

    JULY 6, 2017 … Concerned Veterans for America (CVA) is partnering with Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) in Austin, Texas for a … Defend and Reform Town Hall Series

    Concerned Veterans for America – Home | Facebook

    https://www.facebook.com › Places › Arlington, Virginia

    416503 likes · 3036 talking about this. … Concerned Veterans for America Defend and Reform Town Hall in . …. Concerned Veterans for America Defend and Reform Town Hall Series in Austin, TX July 6, 2017Concerned Veterans for America (CVA) is partnering with Senator Ted Cruz (R-TX) in Austin, Texas for a …

    —————————————————————————————

    May 2014, It was whistleblowers who exposed the VA Scandal over long waits for care, over three years ago.

    October 27, 2015  Donald Trump quote…

    “I am going to put pressure on the (Department of Veterans Affairs) like you wouldn’t believe”

    Trump said,  “AS PRESIDENT, I CAN GUARANTEE IT.

    INDEED….


  • USA Supporting President Trump at the G20

    Our President Trump represents  the United States Of America, at the G-20 as one of 19 individual countries.

    Just asking?  What is President Trump up against at the G20?

    There are members of the G-20 that are not members of NATO, and there are members of NATO that don’t pay their GNP fair share.

    President Donald J. Trump not only criticized, he shamed NATO and its underpaying-paying members, German chancellor Angela Merkel was one of the worst underpaying-paying NATO members.

    There was BREXIT, then President Trump was elected and shocked the world, then Trump’s Policy, America First, Americanization not globalization….

    ——————————————–

    So,  before the G20 German chancellor Angela Merkel is criticizing and  warning the most powerful leader in the world President Trump?

    This week, German chancellor Angela Merkel criticized the Trump administration’s protectionism, saying “globalization is seen by the American administration more as a process that is not about a win-win situation but about winners and losers.” There are few options but to make a success of globalization, Merkel warned earlier in a report (pdf) laying out the meeting’s priorities. “There can be no return to a pre-globalisation world.”

    —————————————————————————–

    You’ve got to love it when this happens…

    7 July 2017 • 3:37pm French President Emmanuel Macron left his position during the family picture to place himself next to US President Donald Trump as German Chancellor Angela Merkel watched on.

    Emmanuel Macron jostles his way to the front of G20 photo to stand by …

    www.telegraph.co.uk › News

    8 hours ago – Emmanuel Macron jostles his way to the front of G20 photo to stand by Donald Trump … Donald Trump as German Chancellor Angela Merkel watched on. … Merkel tapped Mr Macron on the shoulder to get his attention but the …

    There was a noticeable gap on the top row as G20 leaders posed for their traditional family photo Credit: Stefan Rousseau/Getty Images Europe

    ——————————————————————-

    The G20 nations are, Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Turkey, United Kingdom, United States of America, China, South Africa, And Spain also attends all G20 summits as a permanent guest.

    You can skip what you want of this Globalization Money Gobble De Coup …

    But  please go to the bottom lines…..

    Membership of the individual countries plus the European Union (EU). The EU is represented by the European Commission and by the European Central Bank.

    The G20 heads of government or heads of state have periodically conferred at summits since their initial meeting in 2008, and the group also hosts separate meetings of finance ministers and foreign ministers DUE TO THE EXPANSION OF ITS AGENDA IN RECENT YEARS.

    —————————————————————————————

    Brazil, Russia, India, China, South Africa,

    The New Development Bank (NDB), formerly referred to as the BRICS Development Bank, is a multilateral development bank established by the BRICS states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa).[1] According to the Agreement on the NDB, “the Bank shall support public or private projects through loans, guarantees, equity participation and other financial instruments.” Moreover, the NDB “shall cooperate with international organizations and other financial entities, and provide technical assistance for projects to be supported by the Bank.”[1]

    ————————————————————————–

    2012 AN EXPANSION OF GLOBALIZATION AGENDA REPORT FROM ….. two economists, Jaromir Benes and Michael Kumhof, working for the International Monetary Fund, published a working paper called The Chicago Plan Revisited

    EXPANDED AGENDA INDEED, THE  CENTRAL BANK SHOULD BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL THE CREATION OF ALL FORMS OF MONEY, NOT JUST PAPER MONEY AND COINS.

    —————————————————————————

    The G20 (or G-20 or Group of Twenty) is an international forum for the governments and central bank governors from 20 major economies founded in 1999. The G20 aims to discuss policy issues pertaining to the promotion of international financial stability.[3] It seeks to address issues that go beyond the responsibilities of any one organization.[3] The G20 heads of government or heads of state have periodically conferred at summits since their initial meeting in 2008, and the group also hosts separate meetings of finance ministers and foreign ministers due to the expansion of its agenda in recent years.

    Membership of the G20 consists of 19 individual countries plus the European Union (EU). The EU is represented by the European Commission and by the European Central Bank. Collectively, the G20 economies account for around 85% of the gross world product (GWP), 80% of world trade (or, if excluding EU intra-trade, 75%), and two-thirds of the world population.[2]

    THE EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK (ECB; French: Banque centrale européenne) is the central bank for the euro and administers monetary policy of the eurozone, which consists of 19 EU member states and is one of the largest currency areas in the world. It is one of the world’s most important central banks and is one of the seven institutions of the European Union (EU) listed in the Treaty on European Union (TEU). The capital stock of the bank is owned by the central banks of all 28 EU member states.[2] The Treaty of Amsterdam established the bank in 1998, and it is headquartered in Frankfurt, Germany. As of 2015 the President of the ECB is Mario Draghi, former governor of the Bank of Italy, former member of the World Bank,[3] and former managing director of the Goldman Sachs international division (2002–2005).[3][4] The bank primarily occupied the Eurotower prior to, and during, the construction of the new headquarters.

    The primary objective of the ECB, mandated in Article 2 of the Statute of the ECB,[5] is to maintain price stability within the Eurozone. Its basic tasks, set out in Article 3 of the Statute,[5] are to set and implement the monetary policy for the Eurozone, to conduct foreign exchange operations, to take care of the foreign reserves of the European System of Central Banks and operation of the financial market infrastructure under the TARGET2 payments system and the technical platform (currently being developed) for settlement of securities in Europe (TARGET2 Securities). The ECB has, under Article 16 of its Statute,[5] the exclusive right to authorise the issuance of euro banknotes. Member states can issue euro coins, but the amount must be authorised by the ECB beforehand.

    The ECB is governed by European law directly, but its set-up resembles that of a corporation in the sense that the ECB has shareholders and stock capital. Its capital is €11 billion held by the national central banks of the member states as shareholders.[2] THE INITIAL CAPITAL ALLOCATION KEY WAS DETERMINED IN 1998 ON THE BASIS OF THE STATES’ POPULATION AND GDP, but the capital key has been adjusted.[2] Shares in the ECB are not transferable and cannot be used as collateral.

    ————————————————————————————————————————

    The two economists, Jaromir Benes and Michael Kumhof, working for the International Monetary Fund, published a working paper called The Chicago Plan Revisited

    The Chicago Plan Revisited is an International Monetary Fund (IMF) report from 2012 by Jaromir Benes and Michael Kumhof. The focus of the study is the so-called Chicago plan of the 1930s which the authors have updated to fit into today’s economy. The basic idea is that banks should be required to have full coverage for money they lend; this is called 100% reserve banking, which would replace the fractional reserve banking system.

    Under this proposal, banks would no longer be allowed to create new money in the form of credit in connection with their lending activities. Instead, THE CENTRAL BANK SHOULD BE SOLELY RESPONSIBLE FOR ALL THE CREATION OF ALL FORMS OF MONEY, NOT JUST PAPER MONEY AND COINS. The advantages of such a system, according to the authors, are a more balanced economy without the booms and busts of the current system, the elimination of bank runs, and a drastic reduction of both public and private debt. The authors rely on economic theory and historical examples, and state that inflation, according to their calculations, would be very low.

    ——————————————————————————–

    THE FEDERAL RESERVE BANKS ARE NOT A PART OF THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, BUT THEY EXIST BECAUSE OF AN ACT OF CONGRESS.

    THE FEDERAL RESERVE, LIKE MANY OTHER CENTRAL BANKS, IS AN INDEPENDENT GOVERNMENT AGENCY BUT ALSO ONE THAT IS ULTIMATELY ACCOUNTABLE TO THE PUBLIC AND THE CONGRESS…..

     BECAUSE THEY EXIST BY AN ACT OF CONGRESS FEBRUARY 25, 1791…

    A CENTRAL BANK, RESERVE BANK, OR MONETARY AUTHORITY is an institution that manages a state’s currency, money supply, and interest rates. Central banks also usually oversee the commercial banking system of their respective countries. In contrast to a commercial bank, a central bank possesses a monopoly on increasing the monetary base in the state, and usually also prints the national currency,[1] which usually serves as the state’s legal tender.

    The main function of a central bank is to control the nation’s money supply (monetary policy), through active duties such as managing interest rates, setting the reserve requirement, and acting as a lender of last resort to the banking sector during times of bank insolvency or financial crisis. Central banks usually also have supervisory powers, intended to prevent bank runs and to reduce the risk that commercial banks and other financial institutions engage in reckless or fraudulent behavior. Central banks in most developed nations are institutionally designed to be independent from political interference.[2][3] Still, limited control by the executive and legislative bodies usually exists.[4][5]

    ————————————————————————————-

    BECAUSE THEY  EXIST BY AN ACT OF CONGRESS FEBRUARY 25, 1791..

    1788 Thomas Jefferson watched as the Euro-Banking conspiracy to control  the United States unfolded.

    THE FIRST BANK OF THE UNITED STATES, WAS A NATIONAL BANK, CHARTERED FOR A TERM OF TWENTY YEARS, BY THE UNITED STATES CONGRESS ON FEBRUARY 25, 1791.

    In 1791 the Bank of the United States (BUS) was founded, WITH THE ROTHSCHILDS AS MAIN OWNERS.


  • SES Sabotage on Trump’s Administration

    Ibid., ¶ 4, line 1 –“Often sabotage is unrecognizable because of the

    virtually invisible ways civil servants can act in bad faith toward

    political executives.”

    —————————————————

    Ibid., ¶ 4, line 6 –“People in the White House are aware of those sub governments but have no obvious control over them.”

    ————————————————————

    Ibid., ¶ 5, line 1 –“…Political executives who try to exercise leadership within

    government may encounter intense opposition that they can neither avoid nor reconcile.”

    ——————————————————–

    1. 252, ¶ 3, line1 –“Political appointees can sometimes encounter

    much more vigorous forms of sabotage. These range from minor

    needling to massive retaliation.”

    ———————————————-

    1. 254, ¶ 1 after quote, line1 –“…[W]hile academics write about

    the iron triangle as if it were an immutable force, or prudent political

    executives recognize that although they cannot stop bureaucratic

    sabotage, neither are they helpless against it.”

    ————————————————————————-

    unedited full text in chronological order   circa unknown

    Reading Number 37 from A Government of Strangers by Hugh Heclo

    www.oswego.edu/~ruddy/Reading%20Number%2037.pdf

    officials has become extraordinarily difficult in Washington.” p. 250, ¶ 1 … Political executives who try to exercise leadership within government may encounter.

    1. 249, introduction/abstract, line 3 –

    “Presidents select a small number (a few thousand) of high-level people to head the executive branch agencies. Among those appointments are cabinet secretaries,

    undersecretaries, assistant secretaries, and the like.

    THE REST OF THOSE WHO WORK IN THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH ARE CIVIL SERVANTS, CHOSEN FOR GOVERNMENT JOBS BY MERIT EXAMS, AND THEY REMAIN IN GOVERNMENT SERVICE FOR MANY YEARS, EVEN DECADES.”

    ———————————–

    Ibid., introduction/abstract, line 9 –“Helco identifies the often-unseen tension

    between a president’s appointees and the bureaucrats.”

    ————————————————–

    Ibid., ¶ 1, line 1 –“Every new administration gives fresh impetus to an age-old

    struggle between change and continuity, between political leadership and bureaucratic power.

    Bureaucrats have a legitimate interest in maintaining the integrity of

    government programs and organizations.”

    ————————————-

    Ibid., ¶ 2, line 1 –“The search for effective  political leadership in a

    bureaucracy of responsible career officials has become extraordinarily

    difficult in Washington.”

    —————————————————

    1. 250, ¶ 1, line1 –“Congress is widely thought to have lost power to

    the executive branch, but congressional rather than executive behavior

    remains a major preoccupation in political research. Observers acknowledge

    that no president can cope with more than a tiny fraction of the decision making

    in government…”

    ———————————–

    Ibid., ¶ 4, line 1 –“…The administrative machinery in Washington represents

    a number of fragmented power centers rather than a set of subordinate unites

    under the President.”

    —————————————————

    Ibid., ¶ 4, line 6 –“People in the White House are aware of those sub governments but have no obvious control over them.”

    ————————————————————–

    Ibid., ¶ 5, line 1 –“…Political executives who try to exercise leadership within

    government may encounter intense opposition that they can neither avoid nor reconcile.”

    ——————————————————

    Ibid., ¶ 5, line 7 –“Many… sincerely believe in their bureau’s purpose and

    feel they must protect its jurisdiction, programs, and budget at all costs.”

    —————————————————————

    1. 251, ¶ 2, line1 –“The structure of most bureaucratic sabotage has been characterized as an ‘iron triangle’

    uniting a particular government bureau, its relevant interest group, and congressional supporters.”

    ————————————————————–

    Ibid., ¶ 3, line 1 –“The common features of these sub governments are

    enduring mutual interests across the executive and legislative branches

    and between the public and private sectors.”

    —————————————————–

    Ibid., ¶ 4, line 1 –“Often sabotage is unrecognizable because of the

    virtually invisible ways civil servants can act in bad faith toward

    political executives.”

    ——————————————————–

    1. 252, ¶ 3, line1 –“Political appointees can sometimes encounter

    much more vigorous forms of sabotage. These range from minor

    needling to massive retaliation.”

    ———————————————-

    1. 254, ¶ 1 after quote, line1 –“…[W]hile academics write about

    the iron triangle as if it were an immutable force, or prudent political

    executives recognize that although they cannot stop bureaucratic

    sabotage, neither are they helpless against it.”

    ————————————————–

    1. 255, last ¶, line1 –“Thus the political executives’ own positive efforts are the necessary – if not always sufficient – condition for combating sabotage.

    Since some bureaucratic subversion is an ever-present possibility and since punishment is difficult,

    the government executives’ real choice is to build and use their political relationships or forfeit most other strategic resources for leadership.”

    ———————————————————-

    Just saying REALLY?

    Circa 1977  And yet the fact re­mains that whether the President relies mainly on his White House aides or his cabinet officials,

    someone is suppose to be listening to the bureaucracy “out there.”

    For the President, his appointees, and high-ranking bureaucrats, the struggle to control the bureaucracy is usually a leap into the dark.

    Despite the host of management and organizational studies, Washington exposés and critiques of the bureaucracy very little information is available about the working world, and everyday conduct of the top people in government.