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  • U.S. Intelligence Now and Then?

    U.S. Intelligence Now and Then?
    May 11, 2013 The U.S. intelligence community is officially made of 17 organizations — There are 1,271 government organizations and 1,931 private companies working on intelligence, counterterrorism, or homeland security in the U.S. — Just the NSA alone is contracting with more than 250 companies on intelligence work, including big names like Northrop Grumman and SAIC.

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    Oversight of U.S. intelligence agencies generally falls to the Department of Defense or Congress, LEAVING THE AVERAGE CITIZEN WITH PRECIOUS LITTLE KNOWLEDGE OF HOW THEY OPERATE.

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    And, leaving NATO surprised?

    Heimbigner’s latest frustration: “From an alliance perspective, WHAT RUSSIA IS DOING AND THE ABILITY OF RUSSIA TO SURPRISE US ON A VERY CONSISTENT BASIS.”

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    NATO Caught ‘Surprised’ By Russia’s Move Into Syria …
    www.defenseone.com/…/nato-caught-surprised-russias-move-syria/1207…
    Sep 10, 2015 – Intelligence chief says the alliance members can’t even agree whether Moscow or ISIS is the greater threat — AND THERE’S NOT ENOUGH ISR TO GO …

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    FACT Rear Admiral Brett Heimbigner is currently assigned as the director of INTELLIGENCE, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) …

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    SNIPPETS…
    ONE PROBLEM, Heimbigner said, is there are not enough INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) assets to go around:
    “WE HAVE A WOEFUL SHORTAGE OF ISR. WHEN WE GO TO ASK THE NATIONS TO CONTRIBUTE, IT’S ALL COMMITTED AND JUST NOT AVAILABLE.”
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    Hmmm… ALL THINGS CONSIDERED?

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    POST 9-11 INTELLIGENCE?
    PR Push for Iraq War Preceded Intelligence Findings
    “White Paper” Drafted before NIE even Requested
    National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 254
    Posted – August 22, 2008

    SNIPPET..
    U.S. Intelligence and Iraq WMD
    Compiled and edited by Dr. John Prados
    There was also a source of intelligence failure that flowed not from bad information but from analytical procedures.

    American intelligence knew that Saddam had worked through the 1990s to deceive UN weapons inspectors—they assumed he was hiding his WMDs rather than concealing the lack of them.

    On specific weapons, for example long-range Iraqi missiles, intelligence took a standard accounting approach, and since they could not account for every Iraqi missile, assumed Saddam was hiding a covert force of ballistic missiles.

    U.S. intelligence was coming off a record of underestimating Iraqi WMD progress in the 1980s and now overcompensated in the other direction.
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    If you want to be an informed American citizen?
    Keep reading….

    These 17 Agencies Make Up The Most Sophisticated Spy …

    www.businessinsider.com/17agencies-of-the-us-intellige…
    Business Insider

    May 11, 2013 – Angela Merkel’s incredible rise from quantum chemist to the world’s most. …. These 17 Agencies Make Up The Most Sophisticated Spy Network In The World … The U.S. intelligence community is vast, composed of 17 distinct …

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    SNIPPETS… repeated for emphasis and clarity
    OVERSIGHT OF THESE 17 AGENCIES GENERALLY FALLS TO THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE OR CONGRESS, LEAVING THE AVERAGE CITIZEN WITH PRECIOUS LITTLE KNOWLEDGE OF HOW THEY OPERATE.
    The U.S. intelligence community is officially made of 17 organizations — There are 1,271 government organizations and 1,931 private companies working on intelligence, counterterrorism, or homeland security in the U.S. — Just the NSA alone is contracting with more than 250 companies on intelligence work, including big names like Northrop Grumman and SAIC.

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    COMMENT…
    It appears that there is more than “ONE PROBLEM” with U.SA. INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR)

    When, Rear Admiral Brett Heimbigner the director of INTELLIGENCE, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) …

    SAYS,THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) ASSETS TO GO AROUND? AND, IT’S ALL COMMITTED AND JUST NOT AVAILABLE?

    WHAT HAS ALL OF THE U.S. INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) BEEN COMMITTED TO?

    REALLY? THERE ARE NOT ENOUGH ASSETS TO GO AROUND ?
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    These 17 Agencies Make Up The Most Sophisticated Spy …

    www.businessinsider.com/17agencies-of-the-us-intellige…
    Business Insider

    May 11, 2013 – Angela Merkel’s incredible rise from quantum chemist to the world’s most. …. These 17 Agencies Make Up The Most Sophisticated Spy Network In The World … The U.S. intelligence community is vast, composed of 17 distinct …
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    (1) The U.S. intelligence community is vast, composed of 17 distinct organizations each operating under its own shroud of secrecy.
    Oversight of these agencies generally falls to the Department of Defense or Congress, leaving the average citizen with precious little knowledge of how they operate.
    Funded by largely classified budgets, it’s difficult to assess how much the U.S. annually spends on these clandestine operations, but one 2012 estimate pegs the cost at about $75 billion.
    The following slides highlight the expansive reach of the U.S. intelligence community.
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    (2) The Central Intelligence Agency spies on foreign governments and organizes covert ops.
    The CIA is the most well-known U.S. spying agency, formed by the passage of the National Security Act of 1947. The agency has its roots with the Office of Strategic Services (OSS) that operated during World War II.
    Headquarters: Langley, Va.
    Mission: CIA collects, analyzes, and disseminates intelligence gathered on foreign nations. This comes through signals and human intelligence sources.
    Budget: Classified. On their website, the CIA states, “neither the number of employees nor the size of the Agency’s budget can, at present, be publicly disclosed. A common misconception is that the Agency has an unlimited budget, which is far from true.”
    There have been some slips, however. In 2005, a CIA deputy director inadvertently revealed the annual intelligence budget was $44 billion.
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    (3) The National Security Agency was once so secretive it was jokingly called ‘No Such Agency.’
    The NSA was established in 1952 with a mission primarily dedicated to code breaking, after the Allies’ success in cracking German and Japanese codes during World War II. For a long time, the NSA, which operates under the Dept. of Defense, was not even recognized by the government, commonly referred to as “No Such Agency.”
    Headquarters: Fort Meade, Md.
    Mission: The main functions of the NSA are signals intelligence — intercepting and processing foreign communications, cryptology — cracking codes, and information assurance. IA is, put simply: preventing foreign hackers from getting secret information.
    Budget: Classified. Some estimate the NSA is actually the largest intelligence organization in the world — three times the size of the CIA. The headquarters alone takes up 6.3 million square feet — around the same size as the Pentagon — with 112 acres of parking spaces, reports the Washington Post.
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    (4) The Defense Intelligence Agency works to understand what foreign militaries will do before they do it.
    The DIA was established in 1961 with the goal of sharing information collected by the major military intelligence outfits (such as Army or Marine Corps Intelligence). More recently, the DIA has been expanding its overseas spy network to collect first-hand intelligence.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: The DIA serves as the lead intelligence agency for the Dept. of Defense, coordinating analysis and collection of intelligence on foreign militaries, in addition to surveillance and reconnaissance operations. The DIA is the common link between military and national intelligence agencies.
    Budget: Classified. The DIA does not reveal budget information, although they do say they have more than 16,500 men and women working for them and are under DoD and congressional oversight.
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    (5) The State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research provides diplomats the necessary tools for effective foreign policy.
    The State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR) has ties to the Office of Strategic Services from World War II, but was transferred to State after the war. INR now reports directly to the Secretary of State, harnessing intelligence from all sources and offering independent analysis of global events and real-time insight.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: This agency serves as the Secretary of State’s primary advisor on intelligence matters, and gives support to other policymakers, ambassadors, and embassy staff.
    Budget: $49 million in 2007, according to documents obtained by FAS.
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    (6) Air Force Intelligence provides reconnaissance for US ground troops.
    Formerly known as the Air Intelligence Agency, the agency is now known as the Air Force ISR — Intelligence, Surveillance, Reconnaissance. Air Force intelligence was established in 1948 to get information to troops on the ground, and most recently, the ISR has collected that intelligence from aerial drones.
    Headquarters: Lackland Air Force Base, Texas
    Mission: Air Force ISR collects and analyzes intelligence on foreign nations and hostile forces, both in and out of combat zones. They also conduct electronic and photographic surveillance, and provide weather and mapping data to troops in the field.
    Budget: Unknown. The budget of ISR apparently falls under the Air Force’s Operation & Maintenance budget, which includes other areas outside of the agency’s scope such as flying operations and logistics. That number for 2012, however, was just over $46 million.
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    (7) The FBI’s National Security Branch oversees counterterrorism and intelligence gathering.
    The Federal Bureau of Investigation’s National Security Branch (NSB) was established in 2005, combining resources that include counterterrorism, counter-intelligence, weapons of mass destruction, and intelligence under a single FBI leader.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: Formed after 9/11 and the Iraq WMD commission — when intelligence agencies were not sharing data with each other — the NSB integrates intel on national security and criminal threats from a variety of sources that are often intertwined in order to protect U.S. interests.
    Budget: Total FBI budget was approximately $8.1 billion in 2012, which included an increase of $119 million “to enhance our counterterrorism, computer intrusions, and other programs,” according to their website.
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    (8) Army Intelligence and Security Command offers essential intel to troops on the battlefield.
    Army intelligence has been around since spies worked for the Continental Army in 1775, but the U.S. Army’s Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) was established in 1977 to become the major unifying command of army intelligence.
    Headquarters: Fort Belvoir, Va.
    Mission: INSCOM provides commanders on the ground with information they may need on the battlefield: intercepted enemy radio communications, maps, ground imagery, and information on force structure and numbers.
    Budget: Unknown. The total military intelligence budget was $21.5 billion in 2012.
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    (9) The Department of Energy, Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence gathers information on foreign nuclear weapons.
    Surprisingly, the Energy Department even has an intelligence service. The Office of Intelligence and Counterintelligence focuses on technical intelligence on nuclear weapons and nonproliferation, nuclear energy (especially foreign), and energy security.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: The Dept. of Energy doesn’t have the ability to conduct foreign intelligence, instead relying on information passed to them by other agencies (such as the CIA or NSA). If it involves weapons of mass destruction, the DoE offers up the analytical expertise.
    Budget: Unknown. Like other government budgets, the intelligence activity is not specifically mentioned, although it may fall under “Atomic Energy Defense Activities” which had a total budget of more than $16 billion in 2012.
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    (10) Coast Guard Intelligence provides information on maritime security and homeland defense.
    Coast Guard Intelligence (CGI) was formed in 1915 and now falls under the Dept. of Homeland Security, providing information on maritime and port security, search and rescue, and counter-narcotics.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: Although CGI is technically an intelligence agency, its primary mission is as an investigative arm of the Coast Guard. CGI special agents “conduct criminal, counterintelligence and personnel security investigations within the Coast Guard’s area of responsibility,” with the majority being criminal offenses violating military law, according to the Coast Guard’s official website. However, the Coast Guard does have specialists conducting analysis and collection of intelligence.
    Budget: Unknown. Like the Army, the budget has some overlap, although the 2014 budget request includes $60 million for C4ISR systems, an acronym for Command, Control, Communications, Computers, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance.
    CGI headquarters is relatively small, only employing about 280.
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    (11) The Treasury’s Office of Intelligence and Analysis collects terrorism and financial intelligence.
    The Office of Intelligence and Analysis is fairly new, established in 2004 by the Intelligence Authorization Act. OIA’s focus is mainly on providing information to combat terrorism and illicit financial transactions.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: OIA safeguards the U.S. financial system “against illicit use and combating rogue nations, terrorist facilitators, weapons of mass destruction proliferators, money launderers, drug kingpins, and other national security threats,” according to DNI.
    Budget: Around $340 million.
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    (12) The Drug Enforcement Administration hunts down illegal drugs.
    The DEA has been gathering intelligence for anti-drug operations since its establishment in 1973. The agency collects and provides intelligence to other law enforcement agencies and helps with investigations.
    Headquarters: El Paso, Texas
    Mission: DEA assists local and federal law enforcement in conducting major drug investigations, along with developing “information that leads to seizures and arrests, and provid[ing] policy makers with drug trend information upon which programmatic decisions can be based,” according to their website.
    Budget: $2 billion (total DEA budget in 2013)
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    (13) The Marine Corps Intelligence Activity monitors the Corp’s battlefields.
    Like Army intelligence, the Marine Corps provides their own agency to collect and analyze information for troops on the ground. This includes map making, radio intercepts, human intelligence, and counter-intelligence.
    Headquarters: Quantico, Va.
    Mission: The primary function of Marine IA is to give tactical and operational intelligence to battlefield commanders. They also serve as the “go-to” unit for the Commandant of the Marine Corps on understanding intel.
    Budget: Unknown. The total military intelligence budget was $21.5 billion in 2012.
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    (14) The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency provides advanced mapping for military forces.
    Having its roots from the 1972 formation of the Defense Mapping Agency and formerly known as NIMA, the agency was renamed the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency in 2003. The agency has the task of collecting and understanding Earth’s physical and man-made attributes. Using advanced imagery (mainly from satellites), it was NGA watching Osama bin Laden’s compound in Pakistan.
    Headquarters: Ft. Belvoir, Va.
    Mission: NGA employs cartographers and analysts that collect and generate information about the Earth. This data is used in navigation, national security, military operations, and humanitarian aid efforts.
    Budget: Classified. NGA employs approximately 14,500 government civilians.
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    (15) The National Reconnaissance Office is responsible for America’s spy satellites.
    While the NGA is responsible for gaining information from satellite data, the National Reconnaissance Office — created secretly in 1961 and not acknowledged until 1992 — is in charge with satellite design, building, launch, and maintenance.
    Headquarters: Chantilly, Va.
    Mission: NRO gives its mission as “innovative overhead intelligence systems for national security.” Simply put, the NRO provides their “customers” at the CIA, DoD, and elsewhere with technologically advanced spy satellites.
    Budget: Classified.
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    (16) The Office of Naval Intelligence provides information on the world’s oceans to sailors everywhere.
    The Office of Naval Intelligence was established in 1882 for “the purpose of collecting and recording naval information” that could be useful in war and peace. Like other military intelligence services, ONI gives maritime commanders information they need on foreign forces.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: ONI gathers intelligence and moves it rapidly to decision makers. “We produce maritime intelligence on weapons and technology proliferation and smuggling and illicit maritime activities that directly supports the U.S. Navy, joint war fighters and national decision makers and agencies,” according to their website.
    Budget: Unknown. The total military intelligence budget was $21.5 billion in 2012.
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    (17) The Department of Homeland Security Office of Intelligence and Analysis looks for information on any potential threats to the US.
    The DHS Office of Intelligence and Analysis works primarily on homeland threats — collecting and analyzing information, and sharing intelligence with local and federal law enforcement through the use of “fusion centers.”
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: They work on four main areas: understanding threats through analysis, collecting information relevant to homeland security, sharing that information with the agencies that need it, and managing the homeland security enterprise, according to DNI.
    Budget: Classified. In a Congressional Research Service report, it was noted that “DNI does not publicly disclose details about the intelligence budget, but … reported that the aggregate amount appropriated to the [national intelligence program] for FY2009 was $49.8 billion.”
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    The Office of the Director of National Intelligence is where all the intelligence should come together for delivery to the president.
    Established in 2004, the Office of the Director of National Intelligence (ODNI) manages the efforts of the entire U.S. intelligence community. Director James R. Clapper serves as the principal advisor to the president as well as the National Security and Homeland Security Councils.
    Headquarters: Washington, D.C.
    Mission: The DNI has two main missions: to lead intelligence integration, and “forge an intelligence community that delivers the most insightful intelligence possible.”
    Budget: The specifics of the office itself are unknown, but the total aggregate amount for the national intelligence program is more than $48 billion.
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    the bottom line….
    BONUS: The ‘intelligence state’ has been expanding drastically since 9/11.
    The U.S. intelligence community is officially made of 17 organizations, but there is even more to the story.
    A groundbreaking investigation from the Washington Post found some rather daunting figures:
    — 1,271 government organizations and 1,931 private companies are working on intelligence, counterterrorism, or homeland security in the U.S.
    — Just the NSA alone is contracting with more than 250 companies on intelligence work, including big names like Northrop Grumman and SAIC.
    — Many intelligence agencies are doing redundant work, such as 51 federal and military organizations that track the flow of money in and out of terror networks.
    — One reason why those intelligence budgets are classified: millions of dollars in so-called “ghost money” given to foreign governments.
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    WHO’S PROVIDING THE INTELLIGENCE? AND HOW VALID IS IT?

    Counterinsurgency (COIN) Intelligence, Surveillance, and …

    www.acq.osd.mil/dsb/reports/ADA543575.pdf

    Feb 23, 2011 – The DSB Advisory Group on Defense Intelligence Task Force on Counter Insurgency. (COIN) Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance …
    A 122 page document from the U.S. Department of Defense
    Feb 23, 2011 – (COIN) Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) Operations ….. The lack of a single authoritative definition of COIN is impeding a …
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    Spying on American Allies an U.S. Citizens?
    ALL’S FAIR IN LOVE AND WAR?

    4 Things To Know About Spying On Allies : Parallels : NPR

    www.npr.org/…/parallels/…/four-things-to-know-about-spying-on-allie

    NPR

    Oct 28, 2013 – Disclosures about the National Security Agency’s spying on U.S. allies, including France and Germany, have sparked outrage in Europe and …

    NPR Oct 28, 2013 – Disclosures that the National Security Agency has spied on U.S. … surveillance: the Brits can spy on our citizens, we can spy on theirs, and then …
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    NSA Spying: A Threat To US Interests? – YaleGlobal Online

    yaleglobal.yale.edu/content/nsaspyingthreatusinterests
    Yale University

    Dec 5, 2013 – Big-data snooping by the NSA and US companies unnerves many Europeans, polls suggest.
    Dec 5, 2013 – Big-data snooping by the NSA and US companies unnerves many … telephone and internet data of citizens in other allied countries even as part of an … The exposure of NSA spying has had an impact on America’s image …
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    NSA Fesses Up To Improper Surveillance Of U.S. Citizens

    www.huffingtonpost.com/…/nsa-spying-report_n_6…
    The Huffington Post

    Dec 26, 2014 – While you were drinking eggnog on Christmas Eve, the National Security Agency released hundreds of pages of heavily redacted documents …
    The Huffington Post
    Dec 26, 2014 – … privacy and civil liberties while safeguarding the nation and our allies.” … NSA Spied On Five Politically Active American Citizens, The .
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    Term. Definition. INTELLIGENCE SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) An activity that synchronizes and integrates the planning and operation of sensors, assets, and processing, exploitation, and dissemination systems in direct support of current and future operations.
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    Oct 8, 2015

    Nato renews pledge amid Russia ‘escalation’ – BBC

    www.bbc.co.uk/…/world-europe-34471…
    British Broadcasting Corporation

    3 days ago – Nato has renewed assurances to defend allies in view of the “escalation of Russian military activities” in Syria, the alliance’s secretary-general …
    43 mins ago – NATO WILL DEFEND YOU, NATO IS ON THE GROUND, NATO IS READY.” He also urged Moscow to … This principle of collective defence commits them to protect each other. On Wednesday, Russia … 8 October 2015 • Russia’s intervention …
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    COMMENT…..
    As for NATO, Heimbigner described an alliance divided?
    Oct 8, 2015

    Ready or not? NATO determines such action as it deems necessary, FOR THE SYRIAN RUSSIA TURKEY CRISIS, INCLUDING THE USE OF ARMED FORCE, to restore and maintain the security of THE CONFLICT AND CRISIS IN THE MIDDLE EAST….

    NATO HAS THE MILITARY CAPACITY (of 28 nation including the U.S.A.) needed to undertake CRISIS- MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS

    Hmmm. Sept. 28, 2015 PRESIDENT OBAMA told the United Nations international body that he commands the most powerful military force on the planet.

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    Sep 10, 2015
    NATO Caught ‘Surprised’ By Russia’s Move Into Syria …
    www.defenseone.com/threats/2015/09/nato-caught…russias…/120764/
    Sep 10, 2015 – INTELLIGENCE chief says the alliance members can’t even agree whether Moscow or ISIS is the greater threat — and there’s not enough ISR to go …
    When Russia sent military forces into Syria last weekend, it caught NATO by surprise and proved that its members can neither stay ahead of threats nor even decide which ones are the most pressing, the ALLIANCE’S INTELLIGENCE DIRECTOR said.
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    Who is NATO’S alliance’s INTELLIGENCE DIRECTOR?
    Major General Joseph T. Guastella, Jr. is the Deputy Chief of Staff, OPERATIONS AND INTELLIGENCE, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers Europe (SHAPE), Casteau, Belgium. He is responsible for supervising and directing the SHAPE Comprehensive Crisis Operations Management Center, J2, J3, and J9.
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    “Are we keeping up with threats?…Absolutely not,” said U.S. Navy Rear Adm. Brett Heimbigner Thursday. “The demands for intelligence… to accurately deal with some of these crises is clearly insufficient.”
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    Who is U.S. Navy Rear Adm. Brett Heimbigner?
    Rear Admiral Brett Heimbigner is currently assigned as the director of INTELLIGENCE, North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) …
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    Heimbigner’s latest frustration: “From an alliance perspective, WHAT RUSSIA IS DOING AND THE ABILITY OF RUSSIA TO SURPRISE US ON A VERY CONSISTENT BASIS.”

    As for NATO, Heimbigner described an alliance divided: its Baltic and eastern members worry MORE ABOUT RUSSIA, while southern members ARE MORE CONCERNED ABOUT THE ISLAMIC STATE, whose “growth is exponentially higher than what they anticipated.”

    “In fact, we are now in a situation where, as an alliance (NATO), WE CAN’T EVEN COME UP WITH A COORDINATED THREAT ASSESSMENT OVERALL” because both groups want their concerns to take priority, he said.

    One problem, Heimbigner said, is there are not enough INTELLIGENCE, SURVEILLANCE AND RECONNAISSANCE (ISR) assets to go around: “WE HAVE A WOEFUL SHORTAGE OF ISR. WHEN WE GO TO ASK THE NATIONS TO CONTRIBUTE, IT’S ALL COMMITTED AND JUST NOT AVAILABLE.”
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    the bottom line? What can I say?
    The U.S. Didn’t Have The Intelligence?
    Posted on October 8, 2015 11:55 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    Behind My Back.org