+menu-


  • Category Archives The Written Law
  • Agencies That Serve Us?

    EMPLOYEES of the majority of these agencies are considered CIVIL SERVANTS. ARE “We the People” Being SERVED? or OPPRESSED?
    —————————————————————-
    WA State Law RCW 42.56.030 THE PEOPLE OF THIS STATE DO NOT YIELD THEIR SOVEREIGNTY TO THE AGENCIES THAT SERVE THEM

    THE PEOPLE, in delegating authority, do not give their PUBLIC SERVANTS the right to decide what is good for the people to know and what is not good for them to know.

    —————————————————————–

    List of United States federal agencies
    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    This is a list of agencies of the United States federal government.
    The executive branch of the federal government includes the Executive Office of the President and the United States federal executive departments (whose secretaries belong to the Cabinet).

    EMPLOYEES of the majority of these agencies are considered CIVIL SERVANTS.

    The majority of the independent agencies of the United States government are also classified as executive agencies (they are independent in that they are not subordinated under a Cabinet position). There are a small number of independent agencies that are not considered part of the executive branch, such as the Library of Congress and Congressional Budget Office, which are administered directly by Congress and thus are legislative branch agencies. The status of these agencies is an open question, however, as Judge Brett Kavanaugh noted in a brief concurrence in SoundExchange, Inc. v. Librarian of Congress. There is one independent agency in the judicial branch.
    Contents
    • 1 Legislative branch
    • 2 Judicial branch
    • 3 Executive branch
    o 3.1 Executive Office of the President
    o 3.2 United States Department of Agriculture
    o 3.3 United States Department of Commerce
    o 3.4 United States Department of Defense
    o 3.5 United States Department of Education
    o 3.6 United States Department of Energy
    o 3.7 United States Department of Health and Human Services
    o 3.8 United States Department of Homeland Security
     3.8.1 Agencies
     3.8.2 Offices
     3.8.3 Management
     3.8.4 National Protection and Programs
     3.8.5 Science and Technology
     3.8.5.1 Portfolios
     3.8.5.2 Divisions
     3.8.5.3 Offices and Institutes
    o 3.9 United States Department of Housing and Urban Development
     3.9.1 Agencies
     3.9.2 Offices
     3.9.3 Corporation
    o 3.10 United States Department of the Interior
    o 3.11 United States Department of Justice
    o 3.12 United States Department of Labor
     3.12.1 Agencies and Bureaus
     3.12.2 Boards
     3.12.3 Offices
    o 3.13 United States Department of State
     3.13.1 Agencies and Bureaus
     3.13.1.1 Reporting to the Secretary
     3.13.1.2 Reporting to the Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources
     3.13.1.3 Reporting to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security
     3.13.1.4 Reporting to the Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs
     3.13.1.5 Reporting to the Under Secretary for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs
     3.13.1.6 Reporting to the Under Secretary for Management
     3.13.1.7 Reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs
     3.13.1.8 Reporting to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
     3.13.2 Permanent Diplomatic Missions
    o 3.14 United States Department of Transportation
     3.14.1 Agencies
    o 3.15 United States Department of the Treasury
     3.15.1 Agencies and Bureaus
     3.15.2 Offices
    o 3.16 United States Department of Veterans Affairs
     3.16.1 Agencies
     3.16.2 Boards and offices
    • 4 Independent agencies and government-owned corporations
    • 5 Proposed government-owned corporation
    • 6 Inspectors general
    • 7 Boards and commissions
    • 8 Chartered organizations
    • 9 Quasi-official agencies
    • 10 Private regulatory corporations
    o 10.1 Government entities created by acts but are independent or other entities
    • 11 Government-sponsored enterprises
    • 12 Other
    • 13 Historic or renamed agencies
    • 14 See also
    • 15 External links
    Legislative branch

    Main article: United States Congress
    Agencies within the legislative branch:
    • Architect of the Capitol
    o United States Botanic Garden
    • Government Accountability Office
    • Government Printing Office
    • Congressional Budget Office
    • Library of Congress
    o Congressional Research Service
    o United States Copyright Office
    • Office of Compliance
    • United States Capitol Guide Service
    • United States Capitol Police
    Judicial branch

    Main article: United States federal courts
    Agencies within the judicial branch:
    • Administrative Office of the United States Courts
    • Federal Judicial Center
    • Judicial Conference of the United States
    • Office of Probation and Pretrial Services
    • United States Sentencing Commission
    Executive branch
    Main article: United States federal executive departments
    Executive Office of the President

    Main article: Executive Office of the President of the United States
    Agencies within the Executive Office of the President:
    • Council of Economic Advisers
    • Council on Environmental Quality
    • Domestic Policy Council
    • National Economic Council
    • National Security Council
    • Office of Administration
    • Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
    • Office of Management and Budget
    • Office of National AIDS Policy
    • Office of National Drug Control Policy
    • Office of Intergovernmental Affairs and Public Engagement
    • Office of Science and Technology Policy
    • Office of the President
    o Office of the First Lady
     Office of the First Children
    • Office of the Vice President
    o Office of the Second Lady
     Office of the Second Children
    • President’s Economic Recovery Advisory Board
    • President’s Intelligence Oversight Board
    • President’s Intelligence Advisory Board
    • United States Trade Representative
    • White House Office
    • White House Military Office
    United States Department of Agriculture

    Main article: United States Department of Agriculture
    Agencies within the Department of Agriculture:
    • Agricultural Marketing Service
    • Agricultural Research Service
    • Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service
    • Center for Nutrition Policy and Promotion
    • Economic Research Service
    • Farm Service Agency
    o Commodity Credit Corporation
    • Food and Nutrition Service
    • Food Safety and Inspection Service
    • Foreign Agricultural Service
    • Forest Service
    • Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration
    • Marketing and Regulatory Programs
    • National Agricultural Statistics Service
    • National Institute of Food and Agriculture
    o 4-H
    • Natural Resources Conservation Service
    • Risk Management Agency
    o Federal Crop Insurance Corporation
    • Rural Business and Cooperative Programs
    • Office of Rural Development
    • Research, Education and Economics
    • Rural Housing Service
    • Rural Utilities Service
    United States Department of Commerce

    Main article: United States Department of Commerce
    Agencies within the Department of Commerce:
    • Census Bureau
    • Bureau of Economic Analysis
    • Bureau of Industry and Security
    • Economic Development Administration
    • Economics and Statistics Administration
    • Export Enforcement
    • Import Administration
    • International Trade Administration
    o Office of Travel and Tourism Industries
    o Invest in America
    • Manufacturing and Services
    • Marine and Aviation Operations
    • Market Access and Compliance
    • Minority Business Development Agency
    • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
    o NOAA Commissioned Corps
    o National Environmental Satellite, Data, and Information Service
    o National Marine Fisheries Service
    o National Oceanic Service
    o National Weather Service
    • National Telecommunications and Information Administration
    • Patent and Trademark Office
    • National Institute of Standards and Technology
    o National Technical Information Service
    • Trade Promotion and the U.S. And Foreign Commercial Service
    United States Department of Defense

    Main article: United States Department of Defense
    Agencies within the Department of Defense:
    • Department of the Army
    o United States Army
    o Army Intelligence and Security Command
    o Army Corps of Engineers
    • Department of the Navy
    o United States Navy
     Office of Naval Intelligence
     U.S. Naval Academy
    o Marine Corps
     Marine Corps Intelligence Activity
    • Department of the Air Force
    o United States Air Force
     Civil Air Patrol
    o Air Force Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance Agency
    • Joint Chiefs of Staff
    o J-2 Intelligence
    • National Guard Bureau
    o Natural Disaster and Disaster Help Program
    o J-2 Intelligence Directorate
    o Air National Guard
    o Army National Guard
    • Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
    • Defense Clandestine Service
    • Defense Commissary Agency
    • Defense Contract Audit Agency
    • Defense Contract Management Agency
    • Defense Finance and Accounting Service
    • Defense Information Systems Agency
    • Defense Intelligence Agency
    • Defense Logistics Agency
    • Defense Security Cooperation Agency
    • Defense Security Service
    • Defense Technical Information Center
    • Defense Threat Reduction Agency
    • Missile Defense Agency
    • National Security Agency
    o Central Security Service
    • National Reconnaissance Office
    • National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
    • Naval Criminal Investigative Service
    • Pentagon Force Protection Agency
    • United States Pentagon Police
    • American Forces Information Service
    • Defense Prisoner of War/Missing Personnel Office
    • Department of Defense Education Activity
    • Department of Defense Dependents Schools
    • Defense Human Resources Activity
    • Office of Economic Adjustment
    • TRICARE Management Activity
    • Washington Headquarters Services
    • West Point Military Academy
    United States Department of Education
    Main article: United States Department of Education
    The United States Department of Education’s mission is to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.
    ED was created in 1980 by combining offices from several federal agencies. ED’s 4,400 employees and $68 billion budget are dedicated to:
    Establishing policies on federal financial aid for education, and distributing as well as monitoring those funds.
    Collecting data on America’s schools and disseminating research.
    Focusing national attention on key educational issues.
    Prohibiting discrimination and ensuring equal access to education.
    Strategic Plans
    The Department of Education Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2011-2014 describes the key policy and operational priorities for the agency. The Plan details our strategic performance goals and measures and highlights data for our national outcome goals that focus on reaching the President’s 2020 goal that America will once again have the highest proportion of college graduates in the world. The Plan also provides an overview of our Fiscal Year 2012-2013 agency Priority Goals. For additional information on our Priority Goals, please visit www.Performance.gov.
    What Is the U.S. Department of Education?
    The U.S. Department of Education is the agency of the federal government that establishes policy for, administers and coordinates most federal assistance to education. It assists the president in executing his education policies for the nation and in implementing laws enacted by Congress. The Department’s mission is to serve America’s students-to promote student achievement and preparation for global competitiveness by fostering educational excellence and ensuring equal access.
    In 2007-08, the Department’s elementary and secondary school programs served approximately 55 million students (pre-K through grade 12) attending some 100,000 public schools and 34,000 private schools. Department programs also provided grant, loan and work-study assistance to about 10 million undergraduate students. *
    When Congress created the Department in 1979, it declared these purposes:
    to strengthen the Federal commitment to ensuring access to equal educational opportunity for every individual;
    to supplement and complement the efforts of States, the local school systems and other instrumentalities of the States, the private sector, public and private educational institutions, public and private nonprofit educational research institutions, community-based organizations, parents, and students to improve the quality of education;
    to encourage the increased involvement of the public, parents, and students in Federal education programs;
    to promote improvements in the quality and usefulness of education through federally supported research, evaluation, and sharing of information;
    to improve the coordination of Federal education programs;
    to improve the management and efficiency of Federal education activities, especially with respect to the process, procedures, and administrative structures for the dispersal of Federal funds, as well as the reduction of unnecessary and duplicative burdens and constraints, including unnecessary paperwork, on the recipients of Federal funds; and
    to increase the accountability of Federal education programs to the President, the Congress and the public. (Section 102, Public Law 96-88)
    The Department’s History
    Although the Department is a relative newcomer among Cabinet-level agencies, its origins goes back to 1867, when President Andrew Johnson signed legislation creating the first Department of Education. Its main purpose was to collect information and statistics about the nation’s schools. However, due to concern that the Department would exercise too much control over local schools, the new Department was demoted to an Office of Education in 1868.
    Over the years, the office remained relatively small, operating under different titles and housed in various agencies, including the U.S. Department of the Interior and the former U.S. Department of Health Education and Welfare (now Health and Human Services).
    Beginning in the 1950s, political and social changes resulted in expanded federal funding for education. The successful launch of the Soviet Union’s Sputnik in 1957 spurred nationwide concern that led to increased aid for science education programs. The 1960s saw even more expansion of federal education funding: President Lyndon Johnson’s “War on Poverty” called for the creation of many programs to improve education for poor students at all levels—early childhood through postsecondary. This expansion continued in the 1970s with national efforts to help racial minorities, women, people with disabilities and non-English speaking students gain equal access to education. In October 1979, Congress passed the Department of Education Organization Act (Public Law 96-88). Created by combining offices from several federal agencies, the Department began operations in May 1980.
    In the 1860s, a budget of $15,000 and four employees handled education fact-finding. By 1965, the Office of Education had more than 2,100 employees and a budget of $1.5 billion. As of mid-2010, the Department has nearly 4,300 employees and a budget of about $60 billion.
    • SOURCES: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey for the 2007-08 school year; the 2007-08 Private School Universe Survey; and the 2007-08 National Postsecondary Aid Study. For the most current data visit http://nces.ed.gov.
    United States Department of Energy

    Main article: United States Department of Energy
    List of agencies within the Department of Energy:
    • Energy Information Administration
    • Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
    • National Laboratories & Technology Centers
    o University Corporation for Atmospheric Research
    • National Nuclear Security Administration
    • Power Marketing Administrations:
    o Bonneville Power Administration
    o Southeastern Power Administration
    o Southwestern Power Administration
    o Western Area Power Administration
    United States Department of Health and Human Services

    Main article: United States Department of Health and Human Services
    Agencies within the Department of Health and Human Services:
    • Administration on Aging
    • Administration for Children and Families
    o Administration for Children, Youth and Families
    • Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
    • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
    o National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health
    o Epidemic Intelligence Service
     National Center for Health Statistics
    • Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
    • Food and Drug Administration
    o Reagan-Udall Foundation
    • Health Resources and Services Administration
    • Patient Affordable Healthcare Care Act Program {to be implemented fully in 2014}
    o Independent Payment Advisory Board
    • Indian Health Service
    • National Institutes of Health
    o National Institute of Mental Health
    • National Health Intelligence Service
    • Public Health Service
    o Federal Occupational Health
    o Office of the Surgeon General
    o United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps
    • Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
    United States Department of Homeland Security

    Main article: United States Department of Homeland Security
    Agencies
    • Federal Emergency Management Agency
    o FEMA Corps
    o U.S. Fire Administration
    o National Flood Insurance Program
    • Federal Law Enforcement Training Center
    • Transportation Security Administration
    • United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
    • United States Coast Guard (Transfers to Department of Defense during declared war or national emergency)
    o Coast Guard Intelligence
    o National Ice Center
    o United States Ice Patrol
    • United States Customs and Border Protection
    o Office of Air and Marine
    o Office of Border Patrol
     U.S. Border Patrol
     Border Patrol Intelligence
    o Office of Field Operations
    • United States Immigration and Customs Enforcement
    • United States Secret Service
    o Secret Service Intelligence Service
    Offices
    • Domestic Nuclear Detection Office
    • Office of Health Affairs
    o Office of Component Services
    o Office of International Affairs and Global Health Security
    o Office of Medical Readiness
    o Office of Weapons of Mass Destruction and Biodefense
    • Office of Intelligence and Analysis
    • Office of Operations Coordination
    • Office of Policy
    o Homeland Security Advisory Council
    o Office of International Affairs
    o Office of Immigration Statistics
    o Office of Policy Development
    o Office for State and Local Law Enforcement
    o Office of Strategic Plans
    o Private Sector Office
    Management
    • Directorate for Management
    National Protection and Programs
    • National Protection and Programs Directorate
    o Federal Protective Service
    o Office of Cybersecurity and Communications
     National Communications System
     National Cyber Security Division
     United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team
     Office of Emergency Communications
    o Office of Infrastructure Protection
    o Office of Risk Management and Analysis
    o United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology (US-VISIT)
    Science and Technology
    • Science and Technology Directorate
    o Environmental Measurements Laboratory
    Portfolios
    • Innovation/Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency
    • Office of Research
    o Office of National Laboratories
    o Office of University Programs
    o Program Executive Office, Counter Improvised Explosive Device
    • Office of Transition
    o Commercialization Office
    o Long Range Broad Agency Announcement Office
    o Product Transition Office
    o Safety Act Office
    o Technology Transfer Office
    Divisions
    • Border and Maritime Security Division
    • Chemical and Biological Division
    • Command, Control and Interoperability Division
    • Explosives Division
    • Human Factors Division
    • Infrastructure/Geophysical Division
    Offices and Institutes
    • Business Operations Division
    o Executive Secretariat Office
    o Human Capital Office
    o Key Security Office
    o Office of the Chief Administrative Officer
    o Office of the Chief Information Officer
    o Planning and Management
    • Corporate Communications Division
    • Interagency and First Responders Programs Division
    • International Cooperative Programs Office
    • Operations Analysis Division
    o Homeland Security Studies and Analysis Institute
    o Homeland Security Systems Engineering and Development Institute
    • Strategy, Policy and Budget Division
    • Special Programs Division
    • Test & Evaluation and Standards Division
    United States Department of Housing and Urban Development

    Main article: United States Department of Housing and Urban Development
    Agencies
    • Federal Housing Administration
    • Federal Housing Finance Agency
    Offices
    • Center for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (HUD)
    • Departmental Enforcement Center
    • Office of Community Planning and Development
    • Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Relations
    • Office of Equal Employment Opportunity
    • Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity
    • Office of Field Policy and Management
    • Office of the General Counsel
    • Office of Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control
    • Office of Hearings and Appeals
    • Office of Labor Relations
    • Office of Policy Development and Research
    • Office of Public Affairs
    • Office of Public and Indian Housing
    • Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
    • Office of Sustainable Housing and Communities
    Corporation
    • Government National Mortgage Association (Ginnie Mae)
    United States Department of the Interior

    Main article: United States Department of the Interior
    • Bureau of Indian Affairs
    • Bureau of Land Management
    • Bureau of Reclamation
    • Fish and Wildlife Service
    • Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
    • Bureau of Safety and Environmental Enforcement
    • National Park Service
    • Office of Insular Affairs
    • Office of Surface Mining
    o National Mine Map Repository
    • United States Geological Survey
    United States Department of Justice

    Main article: United States Department of Justice
    • Antitrust Division
    • Asset Forfeiture Program
    • Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives
    • Civil Division
    • Civil Rights Division
    • Community Oriented Policing Services
    • Community Relations Service
    • Criminal Division
    • Diversion Control Program
    • Drug Enforcement Administration
    • Environment and Natural Resources Division
    • Executive Office for Immigration Review
    • Executive Office for Organized Crime Drug Enforcement Task Forces
    • Executive Office for United States Attorneys
    • Executive Office for United States Trustees
    • Federal Bureau of Investigation
    • Federal Bureau of Prisons
    o UNICOR
    • Foreign Claims Settlement Commission
    • INTERPOL – United States National Central Bureau
    • Justice Management Division
    • National Crime Information Center
    • National Drug Intelligence Center
    • National Institute of Corrections
    • National Security Division
    • Office of the Associate Attorney General
    • Office of the Attorney General
    • Office of Attorney Recruitment and Management
    • Office of the Chief Information Officer
    • Office of the Deputy Attorney General
    • Office of Dispute Resolution
    • Office of the Federal Detention Trustee
    • Office of Information Policy
    • Office of Intergovernmental and Public Liaison
    • Office of Intelligence and Analysis
    • Office of Justice Programs
    o Bureau of Justice Assistance
    o Bureau of Justice Statistics
    o Community Capacity Development Office
    o National Criminal Justice Reference Service
    o National Institute of Justice
    o Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
    o Office for Victims of Crime
    • Office of Legal Counsel
    • Office of Legal Policy
    • Office of Legislative Affairs
    • Office of the Pardon Attorney
    • Office of Privacy and Civil Liberties
    • Office of Professional Responsibility
    • Office of Public Affairs
    • Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering and Tracking
    • Office of the Solicitor General
    • Office of Special Counsel
    • Office of Tribal Justice
    • Office on Violence Against Women
    • Professional Responsibility Advisory Office
    • Tax Division
    • United States Attorneys
    • United States Marshals
    • United States Parole Commission
    • United States Trustee Program
    United States Department of Labor

    Main article: United States Department of Labor
    Agencies and Bureaus
    • Bureau of International Labor Affairs
    • Bureau of Labor Statistics
    • Center for Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships (DOL)
    • Employee Benefits Security Administration
    • Employment and Training Administration
    • Job Corps
    • Mine Safety and Health Administration
    • Occupational Safety and Health Administration
    • Veterans’ Employment and Training Service
    • Wage and Hour Division
    • Women’s Bureau
    Boards
    • Administrative Review Board
    • Benefits Review Board
    • Employees’ Compensation Appeals Board
    Offices
    • Office of Administrative Law Judges
    • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Administration and Management
    • Office of the Assistant Secretary for Policy
    • Office of the Chief Financial Officer
    • Office of the Chief Information Officer
    • Office of Congressional and Intergovernmental Affairs
    • Office of Disability Employment Policy
    • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs
    • Office of Labor-Management Standards
    • Office of the Solicitor
    • Office of Worker’s Compensation Program
    • Ombudsman for the Energy Employees Occupational Illness Compensation Program
    United States Department of State

    Main article: United States Department of State
    Agencies and Bureaus
    • National Council for the Traditional Arts
    Reporting to the Secretary
    • Bureau of Intelligence and Research
    • Bureau of Legislative Affairs
    • Office of the Legal Adviser
    Reporting to the Deputy Secretary for Management and Resources
    • Executive Secretariat
    • Office of the Chief of Protocol
    • Office for Civil Rights
    • Office of the Coordinator for Counterterrorism
    • Office of the United States Global AIDS Coordinator
    • Office of Global Criminal Justice
    • Policy Planning Staff
    Reporting to the Under Secretary for Arms Control and International Security
    • Bureau of International Security and Nonproliferation
    • Bureau of Political-Military Affairs
    • Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance
    Reporting to the Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs
    • Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
    • Bureau of Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
    • Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration
    • Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
    Reporting to the Under Secretary for Economic, Energy and Agricultural Affairs
    • Bureau of Economic, Energy and Business Affairs
    Reporting to the Under Secretary for Management
    • Bureau of Administration
    • Bureau of Consular Affairs
    o Office of Overseas Citizens Services
    • Bureau of Diplomatic Security (DS)
    o Diplomatic Security Service (DSS)
    o Office of Foreign Missions (OFM)
    o Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC)
    • Bureau of Human Resources
    o Family Liaison Office
    • Bureau of Information Resource Management
    • Bureau of Overseas Buildings Operations
    • Bureau of Resource Management
    • Foreign Service Institute
    • Office of Management Policy, Rightsizing and Innovation
    Reporting to the Under Secretary for Political Affairs
    • Bureau of African Affairs
    • Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs
    • Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs
    • Bureau for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
    • Bureau of International Organization Affairs
    • Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs
    • Bureau of South and Central Asian Affairs
    • Bureau of Western Hemisphere Affairs
    Reporting to the Under Secretary for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
    • Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs
    • Bureau of International Information Programs
    • Bureau of Public Affairs
    o Office of the Historian
    • Office of Policy, Planning and Resources for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
    Permanent Diplomatic Missions
    • United States Mission to the African Union
    • United States Mission to ASEAN
    • United States mission to the Arab League
    • United States mission to the Council of Europe (and to all other European Agencies)
    • United States Mission to International Organizations in Vienna
    • United States Mission to the European Union
    • United States Mission to the International Civil Aviation Organization
    • United States Mission to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
    • United States Mission to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
    • United States Mission to the Organization of American States
    • United States Mission to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe
    • United States Mission to the United Nations
    • United States Mission to the UN Agencies in Rome
    • United States Mission to the United Nations Office and Other International Organizations in Geneva
    • United States Observer Mission to the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization
    • United States Permanent Mission to the United Nations Environment Program and the United Nations Human Settlements Programme
    United States Department of Transportation

    Main article: United States Department of Transportation
    Agencies
    • Bureau of Transportation Statistics
    • Federal Aviation Administration
    o Air Traffic Organization
    • Federal Highway Administration
    • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
    • Federal Railroad Administration
    • Federal Transit Administration
    • Maritime Administration
    • National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
    • Office of Intelligence, Security and Emergency Response
    • Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration
    • Research and Innovative Technology Administration
    • Saint Lawrence Seaway Development Corporation
    • Surface Transportation Board
    United States Department of the Treasury

    Main article: United States Department of the Treasury
    Agencies and Bureaus
    • Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau
    • Bureau of Engraving and Printing
    • Bureau of the Public Debt
    • Community Development Financial Institutions Fund
    • Federal Consulting Group
    • Financial Crimes Enforcement Network
    • Financial Management Service
    • Internal Revenue Service
    • Office of the Comptroller of the Currency
    o Office of Thrift Supervision
    • Office of Financial Stability
    • United States Mint
    Offices
    • Office of Domestic Finance
    • Office of Economic Policy
    • Office of International Affairs
    • Office of Tax Policy
    • Office of Terrorism and Financial Intelligence
    • Treasurer of the United States
    United States Department of Veterans Affairs

    Main article: United States Department of Veterans Affairs
    Agencies
    • National Cemetery Administration
    • Veterans Benefits Administration
    • Veterans Health Administration
    Boards and offices
    • Board of Veterans’ Appeals
    • Center for Faith-Based and Community Initiatives
    • Center for Minority Veterans
    • Center for Veterans Enterprise
    • Center for Women Veterans
    • Office of Advisory Committee Management
    • Office of Employment Discrimination Complaint Adjudication
    • Office of Survivors Assistance
    • Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization
    • Veterans Service Organizations Liaison
    Independent agencies and government-owned corporations
    Main articles: Independent agencies of the United States government and Government-owned corporation#United_States
    • Administrative Conference of the United States
    • Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
    • African Development Foundation
    • Amtrak (National Railroad Passenger Corporation)
    • Armed Forces Retirement Home
    • Central Intelligence Agency
    • Commission on Civil Rights
    • Commodity Futures Trading Commission
    • Consumer Product Safety Commission
    • Corporation for National and Community Service
    • Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency
    • Corporation for Public Broadcasting
    • Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board
    • Election Assistance Commission
    • Environmental Protection Agency
    • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    • Export-Import Bank of the United States
    • Farm Credit Administration
    • Federal Communications Commission
    • Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
    • Federal Election Commission
    • Federal Housing Finance Board
    • Federal Labor Relations Authority
    • Federal Maritime Commission
    • Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service
    • Federal Mine Safety and Health Review Commission
    • Federal Reserve System
    o United States Consumer Financial Protection Bureau
    • Federal Retirement Thrift Investment Board
    • Federal Trade Commission
    • General Services Administration
    • Helen Keller National Center
    • Institute of Museum and Library Services
    • Inter-American Foundation
    • International Broadcasting Bureau
    • Merit Systems Protection Board
    • Military Postal Service Agency
    • National Aeronautics and Space Administration
    • National Archives and Records Administration
    o Office of the Federal Register
    • National Capital Planning Commission
    • National Constitution Center
    • National Council on Disability
    • National Credit Union Administration
    o Central Liquidity Facility
    • National Endowment for the Arts
    • National Endowment for the Humanities
    • National Labor Relations Board
    • National Mediation Board
    • National Science Foundation
    • United States Antarctic Program
    • United States Arctic Program
    • National Transportation Safety Board
    • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
    • Office of the Federal Coordinator, Alaska Natural Gas Transportation Projects
    • Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission
    • Office of Compliance
    • Office of Government Ethics
    • Office of Personnel Management
    o Federal Executive Institute
    o Combined Federal Campaign
    • Office of Special Counsel
    • Office of the National Counterintelligence Executive
    • Office of the Director of National Intelligence
    o Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity
    • Overseas Private Investment Corporation
    • Panama Canal Commission
    • Peace Corps
    • Postal Regulatory Commission
    • Railroad Retirement Board
    • Securities and Exchange Commission
    • Securities Investor Protection Corporation
    • Selective Service System
    • Small Business Administration
    • Social Security Administration
    • Tennessee Valley Authority
    • U.S. Trade and Development Agency
    • United States Agency for International Development
    • United States International Trade Commission
    • United States Postal Service
    Proposed government-owned corporation
    • Strategic Economic and Energy Development
    Inspectors general
    • Inspector General – full list U.S. Inspectors General
    Boards and commissions
    • Abraham Lincoln Bicentennial Foundation
    • Administrative Committee of the Federal Register
    • American Battle Monuments Commission
    • Appalachian Regional Commission
    • Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board (United States Access Board)
    • Arctic Research Commission
    • Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Interagency Coordinating Committee
    • Barry M. Goldwater Scholarship and Excellence in Education Foundation
    • Broadcasting Board of Governors
    • Chemical Safety and Hazard Investigation Board
    • Chief Acquisition Officers Council
    • Chief Financial Officers Council
    • Chief Human Capital Officers Council
    • Chief Information Officers Council
    • Citizens’ Stamp Advisory Committee
    • Commission of Fine Arts
    • Commission on International Religious Freedom
    • Commission on Security and Cooperation in Europe (United States Helsinki Commission)
    • Commission on Wartime Contracting (Will sunset when announced (currently not announced) )
    • Committee for Purchase from People Who Are Blind or Severely Disabled
    • Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
    • Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States
    • Coordinating Council on Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
    • Defense Acquisition University
    • Delaware River Basin Commission
    • Denali Commission
    • Endangered Species Committee
    • Federal Accounting Standards Advisory Board
    • Federal Advisory Committees
    • Federal Executive Boards
    • Federal Financial Institutions Examination Council
    • Federal Financing Bank
    • Federal Geographic Data Committee
    • Federal Interagency Committee for the Management of Noxious and Exotic Weeds
    • Federal Interagency Committee on Education
    • Federal Interagency Council on Statistical Policy
    • Federal Laboratory Consortium for Technology Transfer
    • Federal Library and Information Center Committee
    • Financial Crisis Inquiry Commission
    • Harry S. Truman Scholarship Foundation
    • Illinois and Michigan Canal National Heritage Corridor Commission
    • Indian Arts and Crafts Board
    • Interagency Alternate Dispute Resolution Working Group
    • Interagency Council on Homelessness
    • Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin
    • J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board
    • James Madison Memorial Fellowship Foundation
    • Japan-United States Friendship Commission
    • Joint Board for the Enrollment of Actuaries
    • Joint Fire Science Program
    • Marine Mammal Commission
    • Migratory Bird Conservation Commission
    • Millennium Challenge Corporation
    • Mississippi River Commission
    • Morris K. Udall and Stewart L. Udall Foundation
    • National Bipartisan Commission on the Future of Medicare
    • National Indian Gaming Commission
    • National Interagency Fire Center
    • National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling
    • National Park Foundation
    • Northwest Power and Conservation Council (Northwest Power Planning Council)
    • Nuclear Regulatory Commission
    • Nuclear Waste Technical Review Board
    • Preserve America
    • Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues
    • President’s Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition
    • Presidents Management Council
    • Presidio Trust
    • Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board
    • Regulatory Service Center (Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs)
    • Social Security Advisory Board
    • Susquehanna River Basin Commission
    • Taxpayer Advocacy Panel
    • United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
    • Veterans Day National Committee
    • Vietnam Educational Foundation
    • White House Commission on Presidential Scholars (Presidential Scholars Program)
    • White House Commission on the National Moment of Remembrance
    Chartered organizations
    These organizations are some of the organizations who hold a congressional charter. They aren’t part of the United States government, even though some are funded by the United States government.
    • YMCA of America Inc.
    • YWCA of America Inc.
    • Boys and Girls Clubs of America
    • American Red Cross
    • American Red Crescent Movement
    • Boy Scouts of America
    • Girl Scouts of the USA
    • National Ski Patrol
    • National Academy of the Sciences
    There are several other organizations that are also chartered.[which?]
    Quasi-official agencies
    • Legal Services Corporation
    • Smithsonian Institution
    • John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts
    • State Justice Institute
    • United States Institute of Peace
    • National Trust for Historic Preservation
    • Brand USA
    • Graduate School USDA
    • Graduate School USA
    Private regulatory corporations
    • Public Company Accounting Oversight Board
    • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers
    • Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board
    • National Futures Association
    Government entities created by acts but are independent or other entities
    • American Institute in Taiwan
    • COMSAT
    • Cotton Incorporated
    • Dairy Management Inc.
    • In-Q-Tel
    • Protestant Episcopal Cathedral Foundation
    o Washington National Cathedral
    • Financial Industry Regulatory Authority
    • Howard University
    • National Consumer Cooperative Bank
    • National Corporation for Housing Partnerships
    • National Endowment for Democracy
    • National Fish and Wildlife Foundation
    • National Technical Institute for the Deaf
    • Neighborhood Reinvestment Corporation
    • Pennsylvania Avenue Development Corporation
    • The Financing Corporation
    • Sister Cities International
    o Twin Cities International
    • United States Olympic Committee (also chartered)
    o United States National Paralympic Committee
    o United States Anti-Doping Agency
    Government-sponsored enterprises
    Main article: Government-sponsored enterprise
    • Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation
    • Federal Agricultural Mortgage Corporation (Farmer Mac)
    • Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac)
    • Federal National Mortgage Association (Fannie Mae)
    • AbilityOne
    • Federal Home Loan Banks
    • Farm Credit System

    Other
    These entities listed almost below are other entities government related that are government related and created in various ways.
    • The MITRE Corporation
    • The RAND Corporation
    Historic or renamed agencies
    Main article: List of defunct or renamed United States federal agencies
    See also: :Category:Defunct agencies of the United States government
    See also
    • List of federally funded research and development centers
    • Arctic policy of the United States
    External links
    • Firstgov Guide to the Federal government
    • US Government Manual (GPO)
    • Federal Agency Directory maintained by LSU Libraries in partnership with the Federal Depository Library Program of GPO
    • A-Z Index of US departments and agencies
    • CyberCemetery for defunct U.S. Federal Agencies, hosted by the University of North Texas Libraries
    • e
    United States topics

    Categories:
    • Agencies of the United States Congress
    • Agencies of the United States government
    • United States federal executive departments
    • This page was last modified on 15 September 2013 at 17:36.
    • Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.


  • SMP Protecting Your Home?

    Protection of single family residence
    Clallam County Update SMP Comment
    Draft 3.18 Shoreline Stabilization
    Regulation as applied to RCW 90.58.100

    A FOLLOW UP COMMENT TO ASSURE COMPLIANCE WITH RCW 90.58.10

    The devil is in the details, first, I fought ESA Margaret Clancy for months, to have the words eminent danger removed from SMP 3.18, because it was in conflict with state law. (which achieve effective and timely protection against loss or damage)

    Since then, I have been fighting for months with ESA Margaret Clancy to have the words primary structure removed, because it did not include appurtenance and have asked repeatedly to have it replaced with, the legal wording and definition

    Pursuant to chapter 90.58 RCW. “Single-family residence” means a detached dwelling designed for and occupied by one family including those structures and developments within a contiguous ownership which are a normal appurtenance.
    ———————————————————————————————–

    April 10, 2013 on line SMP Draft

    ———————————————————————–
    3.18
    Shoreline Stabilization

    3.18.10
    Regulations – Application Requirements
    1.
    Geotechnical reports pursuant to this section that address the need to prevent potential damage to a primary structure shall address the necessity for shoreline stabilization by estimating time frames and rates of erosion and report on the urgency associated with the specific situation. As a general matter, hard armoring solutions shall not be authorized except when a report confirms that there is a significant possibility that such a structure will be damaged within three years as a result of shoreline erosion in the absence of such hard armoring measures, or where waiting until the need is that immediate, would foreclose the opportunity to use measures that avoid impacts on ecological functions. Thus, where the geotechnical report confirms a need to prevent potential damage to a primary structure, but the need is not as immediate as the three years, the report may still be used to justify more immediate authorization to protect against erosion using soft measures.

    2.
    To verify that the provisions of this section are fully addressed, the Administrator may require information to support a permit application for any type of shoreline stabilization. The Administrator shall consult with the appropriate state and federal natural resources agencies to determine the type and level of information that should be provided. Application information required pursuant to this section shall address the urgency and risks associated with the specific site characteristics and shall include:

    ———————————————————————–
    My comment
    I would like to see the SHALLS replaced with wording that would allow more discretion by Clallam County Planning Dept.
    ———————————————————————–

    a. A scaled site plan showing:
    (1) existing site topography,
    and

    (2) the location of existing
    and proposed shoreline stabilization structures, and any fill including dimensions indicating distances to the ordinary high water mark; and

    b.
    A description of the processes affecting the site and surrounding areas, including but not limited to tidal action and/or waves; slope instability or mass wasting; littoral drift; channel migration; and soil erosion, deposition, or accretion; and

    c.
    A description of alternatives to structural approaches, and a thorough discussion of the environmental impacts of each alternative; and

    d.
    A description of any proposed vegetation removal and a plan to revegetate the site following construction; and
    e.
    A hydraulic analysis prepared by a qualified hydrologist, professional engineer, geotechnical engineer or engineering geologist that describes anticipated effects of the project on water and wave elevations and velocities; and

    f. A biological resource inventory and analysis prepared by a qualified professional biologist that describes the anticipated effects of the project on fish and wildlife resources; and

    g.
    A description of opportunities for providing public access to and along the affected shoreline, as well as any proposed on. site recreational features, if applicable; and

    h.
    A description of any waste and debris disposal sites for materials generated during construction; and

    i. Any other information that may be required by the Administrator to demonstrate compliance with the review criteria referenced in this section.
    ———————————————————————–

    An earlier SMP Comment
    Will Clallam County Elected Administrators place it’s private property owners in the same position as Vicki Luhrs?
    “For a decade, as the county has callously looked on, Victoria Luhrs’ property has been eroding at an alarming rate,” said PLF’s Hodges. “In some areas, up to 25
    feet of land has eroded, nearly a third of the land between her house and the bluff. After years of litigating against the county’s obstruction, Ms. Luhrs will finally be
    allowed to lay out the facts, in court, that support her urgent need for a rock revetment.”

    I met and spoke with Vicki Luhrs at the Pacific Legal Foundation meeting in June 2012.
    “In some areas, up to 25 feet of land has eroded, nearly a third of the land between her house and the bluff.
    ———————————————————————–

    Shall Clallam County INTERPRETATION of “STANDARDS”
    UNDER 3.18.10 Regulation as applied to RCW 90.58.100 force private property owners to fight for over 10 years and create a financial hardship

    JUST to get the RCW 90.58.100 protection of their single family residence?

    If in fact 3.18.10 Regulation The ESA ADOLFSON AND CLALLAM COUNTY’S INTERPRETATION OF THE LAW RCW 90.58.100 IS LEGALLY FLAWED BY WORDING, DEFINITION AND THE INTENT OF RCW 90.58.100

    1. The words primary structure ARE NOT included in RCW 90.58.100.

    2. There is no definition of primary structure in the SMP Update

    3. RCW 90.58.100 specifically states the wording single family residences

    4. The intent of RCW 90.58.100 is PROTECTION

    5. HAS THE LEGAL INTENT OF RCW 90.58.100 BEEN MET OR COMPROMISED IN CLALLAM COUNTY SMP UPDATED 3.18.10 Regulations – Application Requirements

    ———————————————————————–

    My last SMP Comment
    To assist ESA in the legal clarification, definition and correction of WA State RCW 90.58.100, I am providing the following documentation for the SMP Update.

    ———————————————————————–

    THIS IS THE RCW 90.58 DEFINITION OF “Single-family residence”

    Pursuant to chapter 90.58 RCW. “Single-family residence” means a detached dwelling designed for and occupied by one family including those structures and developments within a contiguous ownership which are a normal appurtenance.

    An “appurtenance” is necessarily connected to the use and enjoyment of a single-family residence and is located landward of the ordinary high water mark and the perimeter of a wetland. On a statewide basis, normal appurtenances include a garage; deck; driveway; utilities; fences; installation of a septic tank and drainfield and grading which does not exceed two hundred fifty cubic yards and which does not involve placement of fill in any wetland or waterward of the ordinary high water mark.
    ———————————————————————–

    THIS IS THE WA STATE LAW RCW 90.58.100 protection of
    single family residences and appurtenant structures
    (6) Each master program shall contain standards governing the protection of single family residences and appurtenant structures against damage or loss due to shoreline erosion. The standards shall govern the issuance of substantial development permits for shoreline protection, including structural methods such as construction of bulkheads, and nonstructural methods of protection. The standards
    shall provide for methods which achieve effective and timely protection against loss or damage to single family residences and appurtenant structures due to shoreline erosion. The standards shall provide a preference for permit issuance for measures to protect single family residences occupied prior to January 1, 1992, where the proposed measure is designed to minimize harm to the shoreline natural environment.


  • Appearance of Fairness Doctrine?

    THE ILLUSION OF THE RCW 42.36 APPEARANCE OF FAIRNESS DOCTRINE?

    ILLUSION – The ability of APPEARANCES to deceive the mind and senses, or the capacity of the mind and senses to be deceived by APPEARANCES.
    ILLUSION – Something that deceives the senses or mind, e.g. by appearing to exist when it does not or appearing to be one thing when it is in fact another

    READ IT AND WEEP
    I will enlarge no more on the evidence, but submit it to you, gentlemen—Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes, our inclinations, or the dictates of our passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence: nor is the law less stable than the fact.
    1770 John Adams
    ————————————————————————-
    Our courts have not imposed the appearance of fairness doctrine on legislative or political proceedings. This is probably due to the recognition that legislators most often act in policy making roles and are often influenced by their personal predilections and biases as well as those of the people they represent. Because legislators are expected to respond to variations in public opinion, frequent informal contact between elected officials and the public is recognized as necessary for the on-going business of democratic government.
    ———————————————————————-

    Chapter 42.36 RCW (full text)
    APPEARANCE OF FAIRNESS DOCTRINE — LIMITATIONS
    Chapter Listing

    RCW Sections
    42.36.010
    Local land use decisions.
    42.36.020
    Members of local decision-making bodies.
    42.36.030
    Legislative action of local executive or legislative officials.
    42.36.040
    Public discussion by candidate for public office.
    42.36.050
    Campaign contributions.
    42.36.060
    Quasi-judicial proceedings — Ex parte communications prohibited, exceptions.
    42.36.070
    Quasi-judicial proceedings — Prior advisory proceedings.
    42.36.080
    Disqualification based on doctrine — Time limitation for raising challenge.
    42.36.090
    Participation of challenged member of decision-making body.
    42.36.100
    Judicial restriction of doctrine not prohibited — Construction of chapter.
    42.36.110
    Right to fair hearing not impaired.
    42.36.900
    Severability — 1982 c 229.

    ________________________________________
    42.36.010
    Local land use decisions.
    Application of the appearance of fairness doctrine to local land use decisions shall be limited to the quasi-judicial actions of local decision-making bodies as defined in this section. Quasi-judicial actions of local decision-making bodies are those actions of the legislative body, planning commission, hearing examiner, zoning adjuster, board of adjustment, or boards which determine the legal rights, duties, or privileges of specific parties in a hearing or other contested case proceeding. Quasi-judicial actions do not include the legislative actions adopting, amending, or revising comprehensive, community, or neighborhood plans or other land use planning documents or the adoption of area-wide zoning ordinances or the adoption of a zoning amendment that is of area-wide significance.
    [1982 c 229 § 1.]

    ________________________________________
    42.36.020
    Members of local decision-making bodies.
    No member of a local decision-making body may be disqualified by the appearance of fairness doctrine for conducting the business of his or her office with any constituent on any matter other than a quasi-judicial action then pending before the local legislative body.
    [1982 c 229 § 2.]

    ________________________________________
    42.36.030
    Legislative action of local executive or legislative officials.
    No legislative action taken by a local legislative body, its members, or local executive officials shall be invalidated by an application of the appearance of fairness doctrine.
    [1982 c 229 § 3.]

    ________________________________________
    42.36.040
    Public discussion by candidate for public office.
    Prior to declaring as a candidate for public office or while campaigning for public office as defined by RCW 42.17A.005 no public discussion or expression of an opinion by a person subsequently elected to a public office, on any pending or proposed quasi-judicial actions, shall be a violation of the appearance of fairness doctrine.
    [2011 c 60 § 27; 1982 c 229 § 4.]
    Notes:
    Effective date — 2011 c 60: See RCW 42.17A.919.

    ________________________________________
    42.36.050
    Campaign contributions.
    A candidate for public office who complies with all provisions of applicable public disclosure and ethics laws shall not be limited from accepting campaign contributions to finance the campaign, including outstanding debts; nor shall it be a violation of the appearance of fairness doctrine to accept such campaign contributions.
    [1982 c 229 § 5.]
    Notes:
    Public disclosure of campaign finances: Chapter 42.17A RCW.

    RCW 42.36.010
    Local land use decisions.
    Application of the appearance of fairness doctrine to local land use decisions shall be limited to the quasi-judicial actions of local decision-making bodies as defined in this section. Quasi-judicial actions of local decision-making bodies are those actions of the legislative body, planning commission, hearing examiner, zoning adjuster, board of adjustment, or boards which determine the legal rights, duties, or privileges of specific parties in a hearing or other contested case proceeding. Quasi-judicial actions do not include the legislative actions adopting, amending, or revising comprehensive, community, or neighborhood plans or other land use planning documents or the adoption of area-wide zoning ordinances or the adoption of a zoning amendment that is of area-wide significance.
    Appearance of Fairness Doctrine

    [1982 c 229 § 1.]
    History of the Doctrine in Washington State
    The appearance of fairness doctrine is not applied in all states. Washington, Oregon and Idaho are among the minority of states that impose heightened procedural protections on and use matters. . .
    Court-Developed Doctrine
    The appearance of fairness doctrine developed in Washington in the context of zoning hearings. In several 1969 cases, the Washington State Supreme Court invalidated local land use regulatory actions because either the hearings appeared unfair or public officials with apparently improper motives or biases failed to disqualify themselves from the decision-making process. The court decided that the strict fairness requirements of impartiality and procedural fairness mandated in judicial hearings should be applied when administrative bodies hold quasi-judicial hearings that affect individual or property rights.

    This application reflected the court’s belief in the importance of maintaining public confidence in land use regulatory processes. As stated in Chrobuck v. Snohomish County:3
    Circumstances or occurrences arising within such processes that, by their appearance,undermine and dissipate confidence in the exercise of zoning power, however innocent they might otherwise be, must be scrutinized with care and with

    The view that the evils sought to be remedied lie not only in the elimination of actual bias,prejudice, improper influence or favoritism, but also in the curbing of conditions that, by their very existence, create suspicion, generate misinterpretation, and cast a pall of partiality, impropriety, conflict of interest or prejudgment over the proceedings

    To which they relate. Washington courts have consistently contrasted the differences between the political process, which is designed to be responsive to public opinion, and the judicial process, which is designed to ensure that disputes are resolved according to sound legal principles. The Chrobuck court stated the doctrine in this manner: public officers impressed with the duty of conducting a fair and impartial fact-finding hearing upon issues significantly affecting individual property rights as well as
    Appearance of Fairness Doctrine

    As developed in case law, the appearance of fairness doctrine is intended to protect against actual bias, prejudice, improper influence, or favoritism. It is also aimed at curbing conditions that create suspicion, misinterpretation, prejudgment, partiality, and conflicts of interest. If an action is subject to the appearance of fairness doctrine, then all legally required public hearings, as well as the participating public officials, will be scrutinized for apparent fairness.

    Community interests, must so far as practicable, consideration being given to the fact that they are not judicial officers, be open minded, objective, impartial and free of entangling influences or the taint thereof. . . . They must be capable of hearing the weak voices as well as the strong. To permit otherwise would impair the requisite public confidence in the integrity of the planning commission and its hearing
    procedures.4
    Our courts have not imposed the appearance of fairness doctrine on legislative or political proceedings. This is probably due to the recognition that legislators most often act in policy making roles and are often influenced by their personal predilections and biases as well as those of the people they represent. Because legislators are expected to respond to variations in public opinion, frequent informal contact between elected officials and the public is recognized as necessary for the on-going business of democratic government. The elaborate procedural safeguards imposed by courts are not necessary for legislative proceedings because, ultimately, it is the voters who protect the process of legislation.

    The Importance of Impartial Decision-Makers
    From the earliest Washington cases, our courts have demanded that decision-makers who determine rights between specific parties must act and make decisions in a manner that is free of the suspicion of unfairness. The courts have been concerned with “entangling influences” and “personal interest” which demonstrate bias, and have invalidated local land use decisions because either the hearings appeared unfair or public officials with apparently improper motives failed to disqualify themselves from the decision-making process.


  • Focus On The Priorities (ETSD)

    ENDANGERED – THREATENED – SENSITIVE – DEPRIVED (ETSD)

    I started with three.
    EVERY FEDERAL AND STATE AGENCY RESPONSIBLE FOR MY FOCUS ON PRIORITIES IS APPOINTED
    EVERY FEDERAL AND STATE ELECTED OFFICIAL IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THEIR APPOINTMENT

    PRIORITY ONE
    Clallam County Appointed DOE SHORELINE UPDATE
    When American Citizens are afraid of what the government is going to do to them, that is unacceptable to me.” It was quoted in the Port Angeles Daily News. those American citizens were both ENDANGERED AND THREATENED by the appointed WA State DOE Shoreline Management Update.
    I am posting as fast as I can… (read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)

    PRIORITY TWO
    THE Appointed FEDERAL “WILD” PROGRAMS… OLYMPICS AND WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS.
    Wild Deprives 300 Million Americans
    Posted on January 31, 2013 1:57 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    THE TRUTH ABOUT “WILD”
    EVERY AMERICAN CITIZEN ( over 300 million) IS DEPRIVED IN EVERY WILD NATIONAL PARK AND ON EVERY WILD AND SCENIC RIVER.

    DEPRIVED EVEN IF YOU ARE PROTECTED BY FEDERAL LAW.
    Olympic National Park ACCESS DENIED Peninsula Daily News
    Park officials Monday called the incident a misunderstanding.
    mea culpa: ‘Inholder’ blocked from family property
    I am posting as fast as I can… (Read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)

    Back to 1492
    Posted on February 4, 2013 1:05 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    Let me introduce you to MARV CHASTAIN
    He is one of the old timers with a history and he still has “living memories” of how it used to be in America. He has spent many years of his life trying to protect our rights.
    He is one of the many, since day one, who acknowledges, encourages, supports and enables me in my endeavor to become an American Somebody.
    In Marv’s honor, I am adding a new category to this site.
    ENDANGERED, THREATENED AND SENSITIVE

    PRIORITY THREE
    WA STATE WATER RULES
    The Dungeness Water Rule
    The Skagit River Water Rule

    Dungeness Water Rule Appointed WA State DOE
    Posted on January 31, 2013 11:30 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    The Jan. 17, 2013 Dungeness Water Rule Meeting.
    BEST ANALOGY Who’s on First? by Abbott and Costello

    She Knows the Issues
    Posted on February 3, 2013 11:19 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    From Marguerite, a VIP that knows the Dungeness Water issues.
    Kaj’s Questions and answers have been posted separately.

    Questions by Kaj – Response from DOE
    Posted on February 3, 2013 11:27 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    Dungeness Water Rule Ecology responses to questions from Kaj Ahlburg
    January 29, 2013
    I am posting as fast as I can… (Read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)

    The Skagit River Water Rule Appointed WA State DOE
    6000 farmers and rural landowners DENIED WATER in the CLOSED Skagit River watershed
    From Pearl Rains-Hewett
    Posted 11/6/2012
    THE WA STATE DEPT OF ECOLOGY HAS DONE THIS IN SKAGIT COUNTY
    This video is about the atrocities happening to the 6000 farmers and rural landowners DENIED WATER in the CLOSED Skagit River watershed.
    One couple on this “JUST WATER Alliance Video has owned and paid taxes on their retirement property in Skagit County for 25 years.
    They were DENIED a building permit because they were DENIED WATER.
    JustWaterAlliance.org
    Published on Oct 1, 2012 by jeremy smith

    Learn the Truth about Water and Greed in the Skagit River Watershed
    I am posting as fast as I can… I am posting as fast as I can… (Read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)

    Water Rules Not Etched In Stone
    Posted on February 5, 2013 12:55 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    ARE WA STATE WATER RULES ETCHED IN STONE?
    PERHAPS NOT…
    6 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF WASHINGTON:
    7 Sec. 1. RCW 90.38.005 and 1989 c 429 s 1 are each amended to read
    8 as follows:
    9 (1) The legislature finds that:
    It appears that the WA State Legislators can change WA State DOE Water Rules with a House Bill 1414 ?
    36 to satisfy both existing rights, and other presently unmet as well as
    37 future needs of the basin;
    6 (3) The provisions of this chapter apply only to waters of the
    7 Yakima river basin.

    PRIORITY FOUR
    The Appointed FEDERAL taking of 172 San Juan Islands
    San Juan Island National Historical Park
    The San Juan Islands are an archipelago consisting of 172 islands off the coast of the state of Washington.
    When the Olympic National Park took Lake Crescent…
    It was one home, one parcel at a time.
    Now the Federal government is taking entire Chains of Islands with a stoke of a pen and a big green line. How many private homes, how many parcels in an archipelago of 172 islands?
    The Gulag Archipelago a book by Alexander Solzhenitsyn’s once read, it is not an experience anyone is likely to forget. The word archipelago compares the system of labor camps spread across the Soviet Union with a vast “chain of islands”
    Information From: CAPR San Juan Island.
    There are similarities on private property concerns with GMA, CAO, DOE, BAS, SMP Updates, taking, due process, and legal cases are sited.
    I am posting as fast as I can… I am posting as fast as I can… (Read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)

    PRIORITY FIVE
    The Appointed FEDERAL Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge
    For the Protection of Whose Life?
    Posted on January 30, 2013 2:11 am by Pearl Rains Hewett 6 Comments

    Running, horseback riding on Dungeness Spit to disappear …
    citizenreviewonline.org/running-horseback-riding-on-dungen.
    Dec 5, 2012 – Clallam County, WA – No more jogging? … Their preferred option is to remove the right of people to jog and ride their horses on the Spit. posted by Sue on citizenreviewonline.org
    I am posting as fast as I can… I am posting as fast as I can… (Read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)

    PRIORITY SIX
    Trying to keep up with PROPOSED Federal and State LEGISLATORS LAWS. The PROPOSED Federal and State APPOINTED Rules, Regulations, Programs, Designations, WAC’s, etc. Warning and disseminating all that are designed to TAKE American Citizens Constitutional Rights.
    Indeed, we the people are ENDANGERED – THREATENED – SENSITIVE – DEPRIVED (ETSD).
    I am posting as fast as I can… (Read more Google Pearl Rains Hewett)


  • Federal and State Open Meeting Law

    FEDERAL OPEN MEETINGS LAWS
    President Barack Obama signs executive orders Jan. 21, 2009
    At the meeting, Obama issued memos on government transparency and FOIA. “For a long time now, there’s been too much secrecy in this city,” Obama said. “The old rules said that if there was a defensible argument for not disclosing something to the American people, then it should not be disclosed. That era is now over.”

    FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT – ACT SUNSHINE ACT
    Six years after passing the Freedom of Information Act, Congress enacted the Federal Advisory Committee Act to open up to public oversight the advisory process of executive branch agencies. Since 1972, FACA has legally defined how advisory committees operate and has a special emphasis on open meetings. In 1976 Congress followed with the Government in the Sunshine Act, which requires that certain government agency meetings be open to the public. Modeled after FOIA, the Sunshine Act was intended to promote a transparent government and increase agency accountability.
    President Barack Obama signs executive orders during a meeting with their senior staff, Jan. 21, 2009.

    WA STATE OPEN PUBLIC MEETINGS ACT
    Legislative declaration RCW 42.30.010

    The legislature finds and declares that all public commissions, boards, councils, committees, subcommittees, departments, divisions, offices, and all other public agencies of this state and subdivisions thereof exist to aid in the conduct of the people’s business. It is the intent of this chapter that their actions be taken openly and that their deliberations be conducted openly.

    The people of this state do not yield their sovereignty to the agencies which serve them. The people, in delegating authority, do not give their public servants the right to decide what is good for the people to know and what is not good for them to know. The people insist on remaining informed so that they may retain control over the instruments they have created.
    [1971 ex.s. c 250 § 1.]
    Notes:
    Reviser’s note: Throughout this chapter, the phrases “this act” and “this 1971 amendatory act” have been changed to “this chapter.” “This act” [1971 ex.s. c 250] consists of this chapter, the amendment to RCW 34.04.025, and the repeal of RCW 42.32.010 and 42.32.020.

    Department of the Interior v. Klamath Water Users Protective Association, 532 U.S. 1 (2001)
    The federal government may not use Exemption 5 to withhold documents created as a result of communications with an outside consultant, when the consultant’s relationship with the government has been PREDICATED ON THE CONSULTANT’S OWN INTERESTS, rather than the government’s interests.

    “Withholding information is the essence of tyranny. Control of the flow of information is the tool of the dictatorship.”
    ― Bruce Coville