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  • Category Archives The We’s who WANT
  • $5.4 Billion for DOE’S “albedo modification”?

    To fight global warming, Senate calls for study of making Earth reflect …

    By Adrian Cho 
    www.sciencemag.org/…/fight-global-warming-senate-calls-study-…
    —————-
    Science Apr 19, 2016 – Controversial “albedo modification” should be explored, scientists say. … Albedo modification “is not a solution to global warming, it is only a way to …. of the U.S. Government documents (patents, climate/weather modification …To fight global warming, Senate calls for study of making Earth reflect more light
    ————————————————–
    By definition
    Albedo is the technical term for the proportion of sunlight
    that Earth’s surface and atmosphere reflect back to space
     Albedo modification  AKA…. “geoengineering”
    ————————————
    Unedited full text

    Budgetmakers in the U.S. Senate want the Department of Energy (DOE) to study the possibility of making Earth reflect more sunlight into space to fight global warming. Earth’s reflectivity is known as its albedo, and the request to study “albedo modification” comes in the details of a proposed spending bill passed by the Senate appropriations committee to fund DOE, the Army Corps of Engineers, and related agencies for fiscal year 2017, which begins 1 October. The bill does not specify how much money should be spent on the research.

    Critics argue that albedo modification and other “geoengineering” schemes are risky and would discourage nations from trying to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, the heat-trapping gas that comes from the burning of fossil fuels and that is causing global warming by absorbing increasing amounts of energy from sunlight. Still, climate researchers say they should find out what its potential of albedo modification might be.

    “The recommendation is great,” says Joyce Penner, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Albedo modification “is not a solution to global warming, it is only a way to avoid, perhaps, a tipping point in the climate.” David Keith, an atmospheric physicist at Harvard University, says, “Ignorance is not a good basis for making decisions, so learning more about this is extremely valuable even if we find out that it will never work.” Keith adds, however, that the few existing studies suggest albedo modification could help ameliorate some effects of global warming.

    The call for further research comes in a bill that would provide $5.4 billion for DOE’s Office of Science next year. It also builds on the recommendations of a February 2015 report from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) entitled Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. That report warned explicitly that albedo modification shouldn’t be deployed now because the risks and benefits were far too uncertain. Still, the committee urged further research to find out what those risks and benefits might be.

    The Senate appropriations committee wants DOE to do that research. “As other nations have launched research programs on albedo modification, the Committee recommends the Department review the findings of the NAS report … and leverage existing computational and modeling capabilities to explore potential impacts of albedo modification,” says a report that accompanies the Senate budget bill. The direction is included in a section outlining priorities for the Office of Science program in biological and environmental research, which currently has an annual budget of $609 million.

    Albedo modification would work by lacing the atmosphere with tiny particles or aerosols that would reflect sunlight and mimic natural processes. For example, in 1991 the volcano Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines spewed 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere, which spans altitudes from 10 to 50 kilometers. There, the sulfur dioxide produced aerosols that reflected enough sunlight to reduce global temperature by an estimated 0.3°C for 3 years. Albedo modification might also work by using aerosols to seed cloud formation in a lower atmospheric layer called the troposphere.

    However, the NAS report also noted that the potential effects of albedo modification remain poorly understood and quantified. Scientists lack even the observational tools to measure the effects of albedo modification, the report states. To make up for those shortcomings, the report called for a research program, including smaller scale field trials, whose goal “should be to improve understanding of the range of climate and other environmental effects of albedo modification, as well as understanding of unintended impacts.”

    For decades studying albedo modification has been taboo in the United States, Keith says, for fear that it would distract from the ultimate goal of zeroing out carbon emissions. But given the potentially catastrophic effects of global warming, scientists have an obligation to study the idea, he says. “Because the burden will fall so disproportionately on the poor I think there’s a moral imperative to do it,” he says.

    Even if albedo modification won’t work, the research would pay big dividends, Penner predicts. Among the most uncertain elements in climate models are the effects of aerosols and their interactions with clouds—just the things involved in albedo modification—she says. Because of those uncertainties, researchers can estimate only that doubling atmospheric carbon dioxide from preindustrial levels would increase global temperature between 1°C and 5°C. “If we knew the aerosol forcing we could reduce that range,” Penner says.

    If the federal government turns a blind eye to albedo modification, the research will be done anyway by countries such as China and researchers sponsored by nongovernmental organizations such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Keith says.

    So the real choice is between exploring albedo modification openly or in relative secrecy, he says: “I believe in sunshine and democracy, and I really think this should be done by the U.S. government and in a transparent way.”

    The Senate language is a long way from becoming law. The full Senate has yet to act on the measure, which ultimately would have to be reconciled with DOE spending levels approved by the House of Representatives. Any final bill would have to be signed by the president.

    DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf4148

    ————————————————————

    Public Release Event: Climate Intervention Reports » Climate Change …

    nas-sites.org/americasclimatechoices/public-release-event-climateinterve

    Feb 14, 2015Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration and Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth.

    —————————————————————————–

    Climate Intervention – National Academies

    dels.nas.edu/…/cli
    National Research Council (U.S.) Commission on Ge…

    Climate Intervention. Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. CLIMATE INTERVENTION IS NO SUBSTITUTE for …

    Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Ocean Studies Board

    Climate Intervention
    Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration
    Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth
    CLIMATE INTERVENTION IS NO SUBSTITUTE
    for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions andadaptation efforts aimed at reducing the negative consequences of climate change. However, as our planet enters a period of changing climate never before experienced in recorded human history, interest is growing in the potential for deliberate intervention in the climate system to counter climate change.
    ——–
    This study assesses the potential impacts, benefits, and costs of two different proposed classes of climate intervention:
    (1) carbon dioxide removal and
    (2) albedo modification (reflecting sunlight). Carbon dioxide removal strategies address a key driver of climate change, but research is needed to fully assess if any of these technologies could be appropriate for large-scale deployment. Albedo modification strategies could rapidly cool the planet’s surface but pose environmental and other risks that are not well understood and therefore should not be deployed at climate-altering
    scales; more research is needed to determine if albedo modification approaches could be viable in the future.
    ———————————————-
    To date, most research on countering the impacts of climate change has focused on
    mitigating climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions or on adapting human and natural systems to make them more resilient to the effects of a changing climate. In contrast, climate intervention—purposeful intervention in the climate system to counter climate change—has received little attention.
    ———————————————–
    Despite growing interest in climate intervention (also called geoengineering)
    ———————————————————————-
    over recent years, there is a lack of information on the impacts, benefits, and costs of these technologies. These reports provide a scientific assessment to help inform the technological, ethical, legal, economic, and political discussions surrounding the topic of climate intervention.
    ———————————————————-
    Box 1.
    Proposed Climate Intervention Strategies
    This study considers two proposed classes of climate intervention:

    Carbon dioxide removal strategies would actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequester it reliably.–

    Albedo modification strategies would reduce the amount of sunlight absorbed by Earth in order to cool the planet’s surface.
    As the Committee analyzed specific carbon dioxide removal and albedo modification
    strategies, it became apparent that there are vast differences in the research needs, and the extent of the environmental and social risks associated with the two classes of approaches.This led the Committee to separate the climate intervention topics considered in this study into two separate reports
    ———————————————–
    Box 2.
    Carbon Dioxide Removal Strategies
    Considered in This Study
    •Changes in land use management to enhance natural carbon sinks such as forests and agricultural lands
    •Accelerated weathering in the ocean and on land to enhance natural processes that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere •Bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration
    •Direct air capture and sequestration of carbon dioxide
    •Ocean iron fertilization to boost phytoplankton growth
    and enhance take-up of carbon dioxide
    ———————————
    Box 3.
    Albedo Modification Strategies Considered in This Study
    •Stratospheric aerosols that help reflect sunlight back into space
    •Marine cloud brightening to enhance reflection of sunlight
    ———————————————————————-
    ALBEDO MODIFICATION POSES POORLY UNDERSTOOD RISKS
    Theoretical and observational data indicate albedo modification has the potential to offset some of the consequences of global warming within years and at a relatively low direct cost. However, deploying albedo modification techniques at climatically important scales
    would bring an array of environmental, social, legal, economic, ethical, and political risks.
    —————————————————————–
    FOR FULL TEXT PLEASE GO TO…..

    PDF]Climate Intervention – National Academies

    dels.nas.edu/…/cli
    National Research Council (U.S.) Commission on Ge…

    Climate Intervention. Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. CLIMATE INTERVENTION IS NO SUBSTITUTE for …

    —————————————————————
    CONCLUSION
    Climate change is a global challenge, and addressing it will require a portfolio of responses with varying degrees of risk and efficacy. There is no substitute for dramatic reductions in greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the negative consequences of climate change, together with adaptation of human and natural systems to make them more resilient to changing climate.
    However, if society ultimately decides to intervene in Earth’s climate,
    the Committee most strongly recommends any such actions be informed by a far more substantive body of scientific research—
    encompassing climate science and economic, political, ethical, and other dimensions—than is available at present ———————————————————-

    The call for further research comes in a bill that would provide $5.4 billion for DOE’s Office of Science next year.

    It also builds on the recommendations of a February 2015 report from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) entitled Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth.

    That report warned explicitly that albedo modification shouldn’t be deployed now because the risks and benefits were far too uncertain.

    Still, the committee urged further research to find out what those risks and benefits might be. The Senate appropriations committee wants DOE to do that research.

    —————————————————————————-
    The bottom line
    So the real choice is between exploring albedo modification openly or in relative secrecy, he says: “I believe in sunshine and democracy, and I really think this should be done by the U.S. government and in a transparent way.”
    —————————————————————–
    Just saying
    I NEVER RECEIVED ANY RESPONSE FROM THIS REQUEST

    US Climate Change Study Explores Weather Modification

    The U.S. study was expected to be finished in the fall of 2014.

    —————————————————————————————
    Just saying…. Just asking???
    David Keith, an atmospheric physicist at Harvard University, says,
    “Ignorance is not a good basis for making decisions?
    so learning more about this is extremely valuable ($5.4 billion?)
     even if we find out that it will never work?
    REALLY?

  • How Dam Dumb is the US Government?

    How Dam Dumb is The US Government?

    Drought and Flooding in U.S.A are a DAM  shame.

    APRIL 14, 2016 EMAIL FROM SENATOR MARIA CANTWELL

     She’s Just saying… DROUGHT IS A  SHAME

    An unprecedented drought last year and 15 YEARS OF DROUGHT ACROSS THE AMERICAN WEST have demonstrated the need to rethink U.S. water management for the 21st Century. Since 1980, droughts have cost the United States more than $200 billion. The drought last year caused widespread and serious impacts for communities, agriculture, industry and the environment. As drought is predicted to continue in the coming years and as communities throughout the United States face significant water-security challenges, it is a crucial time to evaluate and develop new strategies at the national level.

    Just saying…Senator Cantwell does not mention the removal of Dams or Flooding, period

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    MAR 24, 2016 – FLOOD IS THE LARGEST CONTRIBUTOR TO CATASTROPHIC LOSS WORLDWIDE.

    Just asking? April 16, 2016

    WHY DOES THE U.S. GOVERNMENT (MEMBERS OF CONGRESS)

    REFUSE TO CONNECT THE COST OF THE REMOVAL OF DAMS?

    WITH LOSS OF HYDROELECTRIC WATER POWER?

    WITH  THE COST OF DROUGHT?

    THE COST OF FLOODING?

    THE COST OF FEMA?

    AND THE COST OF MANDATORY NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE?

    How Dam Dumb do they think American Voting Taxpaying citizens are?

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    Just saying… June 28, 2013,  nearly three years ago

    Flooding is a Dam Shame

    Posted on June 28, 2013 7:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    DROUGHT IS A DAM SHAME

    CHINA WAS SO DAM SMART THAT THEY BUILT THE BIGGEST DAM IN THE WORLD.

    The U.S. Government (CONGRESS) IS SO DAM  DUMB THEY HAVE allowed the removal  800/1100 DAMS IN THE USA

    A DAM shame drought and flooding … A Congressional Disaster

    THE USA DAM REMOVAL POLICY CREATES LOSS OF DAM LIFE, DAM MISERY AND DAM SUFFERING FOR MILLIONS OF DAM AMERICANS EVERY DAM YEAR.

    ——————————————-

    HE WHO CONTROLS THE WATER CONTROLS THE WORLD?

    Behind My Back | WOTUS “Water Runs Down Hill”

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/09/04/wotus-water-runs-down-hill/

    Sep 4, 2015 – … fields that are fallow, sitting idle this year, because of the drought,” he said. … A Congressional Disaster · A DAM SHAME DROUGHT AND FLOODING …

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    The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is the primary underwriter of flood insurance policies in the United States. The program was established in 1968 through the passage of the National Flood Insurance Act.

    SO?  Congress mandated federally regulated or insured lenders to require flood insurance on properties that are located in areas at high risk of flooding.

    FEMA Flood Map Service Center | Welcome!

    https://msc.fema.gov/

    Federal Emergency Management Agency

    The FEMA Flood Map Service Center (MSC) is the official public source for flood hazard information produced in support of the National Flood Insurance …

    ADDING INSULT TO MANDATORY FLOOD INSURANCE…

    Behind My Back | 2014 FEMA’s Warped Data?

    www.behindmyback.org/2014/03/22/2014-femaswarpeddata/

    Mar 22, 2014 – From Maine to Oregon 2014 FEMA FLOOD MAPS have often been built using outdated, inaccurate data. Homeowners, in turn, have to bear the …

    THE USA DAM REMOVAL POLICY CREATES LOSS OF DAM LIFE, DAM MISERY AND DAM SUFFERING FOR MILLIONS OF DAM AMERICANS EVERY DAM YEAR.

    ———————————————————————–

    Just saying… June 28, 2013,  nearly three years ago

    Flooding is a Dam Shame

    ————————————————————————–

    Just saying… April 16, 2016

    A NON- GOVERNMENT AGENCY CLAIMS THEY ARE THE NATIONAL LEADERS OF/IN  THE U.S. CONGRESS FOR REMOVING DAMS.

    HAS THE CONGRESS OF UNITED STATES GOT A GREEN RING IN IT’S NOSE?

    JULY 6TH, 2009

    WA DC AMERICAN RIVERS CALLED ON CONGRESS TO FULLY FUND THE LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND (LWCF) THIS YEAR.  UNDER REPRESENTATIVE NORM DICKS’S (D-WA) LEADERSHIP, THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PROVIDED AN INVESTMENT OF ALMOST $400 MILLION FOR THE LWCF. 

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    ACCORDING TO AMERICAN RIVERS THEY ARE THE NATIONAL LEADER IN REMOVING OUTDATED AND UNSAFE DAMS, and improving the operations of hydropower dams. Learn More »

    Jun 12, 2013 – According to American Rivers, 65 US dams were removed in 2012, joining the nearly 1,100 dams that have been removed across the US since 1912. Nearly 800 of those dams were removed in the past 20 years. … World Map …

    ACCORDING TO AMERICAN RIVERS WE ARE HELPING COMMUNITIES IMPROVE THEIR FLOOD PROTECTION

    ACCORDING TO AMERICAN RIVERS THEY FIGHT TO PROTECT OUR NATION’S LAST, BEST FREE-FLOWING RIVERS WITH WILD AND SCENIC RIVER DESIGNATIONS.

    ————————————————————————

    JULY 6TH, 2009

    WA DC AMERICAN RIVERS CALLED ON CONGRESS TO FULLY FUND THE LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND (LWCF) THIS YEAR.  UNDER REPRESENTATIVE NORM DICKS’S (D-WA) LEADERSHIP, THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PROVIDED AN INVESTMENT OF ALMOST $400 MILLION FOR THE LWCF. 

    EASY-TO-SEARCH FEDERAL FUNDING DATABASE FOR SUCH PROJECTS

    This database provides information on

    STATE AND FEDERAL FUNDING AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS FOR RECREATION AND CONSERVATION PROJECTS. IT INCLUDING MORE THAN 80 FEDERAL AND 30 STATE SPECIFIC PROGRAMS FOR PROJECTS RANGING FROM NEW RIVER ACCESS POINTS TO HABITAT RESTORATION AND LAND PROTECTION.

    THESE FUNDS WILL BE USED ACROSS THE COUNTRY to protect critical watersheds and, in conjunction with previously preserved waterways, WILL FORM THE BASE OF THE NATIONAL BLUE TRAILS SYSTEM. – October 1st, 2014  American Rivers Launches New Blue Trails Guide

    SINCE 2008, THE CONSERVATION ALLIANCE HAS GENEROUSLY SUPPORTED AMERICAN RIVERS’ WORK to protect 150 miles of the most pristine Wild & Scenic Rivers in the North Cascades.

    THE CONSERVATION ALLIANCE IS A GROUP OF MORE THAN 185 OUTDOOR INDUSTRY COMPANIES THAT DISBURSES COLLECTIVE ANNUAL MEMBERSHIP DUES TO GRASSROOTS ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS, SUCH AS AMERICAN RIVERS.

    ———————————————————————-

    behindmyback.org

      CATEGORY ARCHIVES LWCF $450 MILLION IN 2016

      Obama Plus the LWFC Land Grabs

    Posted on February 22, 2016 1:19 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    OBAMA’S PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LAND GRABS PLUS THE LWFC?

    Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) is a Federal program

    AS OF OCTOBER 2015, DESCRIBING IT (LWCF) AS A “SLUSH FUND”, ROB BISHOP (R) OF UTAH, CHAIRMAN OF THE HOUSE NATURAL RESOURCES COMMITTEE, HAD BLOCKED A VOTE ON REAUTHORIZATION.

    ——————————————————-

     JULY 6TH, 2009

    (Washington, DC) —  A new wide-ranging report released today by the private, bipartisan Outdoor Resources Review Group recommends creating a new nationwide system –

    AMERICAN RIVERS CALLED ON CONGRESS TO FULLY FUND THE LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND (LWCF) THIS YEAR.  UNDER REPRESENTATIVE NORM DICKS’S (D-WA) LEADERSHIP, THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES PROVIDED AN INVESTMENT OF ALMOST $400 MILLION FOR THE LWCF. 

    October 1st, 2014

    – See more at: http://www.americanrivers.org/blog/american-rivers-launches-blue-trails-guide/#sthash.wUNCgH58.dpuf and boost river health. Learn More »

    Blue Trails Climate Change Dams & Dam Removal Discover Rivers Floods & Floodplains Fracking Grants Hydropower Most Endangered Rivers National River Cleanup River Restoration Stormwater & Sewage Take Action Urban Rivers Water Pollution Water Supply Wild and Scenic Rivers

    —————————————————————————

    Flooding is a Dam Shame

    Posted on June 28, 2013 7:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    DROUGHT IS A DAM SHAME

    CHINA WAS SO DAM SMART THAT THEY BUILT THE BIGGEST DAM IN THE WORLD.

    HE WHO CONTROLS THE WATER CONTROLS THE WORLD?

    IN THE USA THE GOVERNMENT WAS AND IS SO DAM STUPID THEY DECIDED THAT HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER WAS NOT DAM CLEAN, DAM CHEAP, DAM RENEWABLE DAM ENERGY, NOT DAM FLOOD CONTROL AND NOT DAM DROUGHT AND DAM PROPERTY LOSS PREVENTION.

    THE DAM CHINESE GOVERNMENT IS SO DAM SMART THEY WORK IN THE BEST INTEREST OF THE DAM PEOPLE.

    THE CHINESE DAM PREVENTS THE DAM LOSS OF LIFE, BILLIONS OF DAM DOLLARS IN PROPERTY DAMAGE, PROVIDES DAM CHEAP, DAM CLEAN, DAM RENEWABLE, DAM ENERGY AND HELPS KEEP THEIR DAM ECONOMY STRONG.

    THE CHINESE DAM CONTROLS THE DAM WATER RELEASES THE DAM WATER TO ELIMINATE THE DAM DROUGHTS

    WHAT PART OF THIS DAM CHINESE POLICY DOES THE DAM US GOVERNMENT NOT UNDERSTAND?

    THE US GOVERNMENT IS SO DAM DUMB

     THEY WORK FOR THE DAM NON-GOVERNMENT LOBBYIST

    AND THE DAM NON-GOVERNMENT SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS.

     SAVE THE DAM SALMON AT WHAT COST?

    AS DICTATED BY THE DAM US GOVERNMENT

    THE BEST DAM INTEREST OF THE DAM PEOPLE IN THE USA BE DAMMED

    THE DAM PEOPLE IN THE DAM USA ARE FLOODED AND CLEANING UP THE DAM WATER DAMAGE FOR SIX DAM MONTHS OF THE YEAR.

    THE DAM PEOPLE IN THE USA SUFFER THE DAM DROUGHT FOR THE OTHER SIX DAM MONTHS OF THE YEAR

    THE CHINESE DAM CONCEPT IS TO BUILD AND KEEP DAMS TO PROVIDE CLEAN RENEWABLE ELECTRIC POWER, CONTROL THE DAM WATER AND PREVENT THE DAM FLOODING AND RELEASE THE DAM WATER TO PREVENT DROUGHT

    THE USA DAM REMOVAL POLICY CREATES LOSS OF DAM LIFE, DAM MISERY AND DAM SUFFERING FOR MILLIONS OF DAM AMERICANS EVERY DAM YEAR.

    ————————————————————————————

    Flooding is a Dam Shame

    Posted on June 28, 2013 7:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    Just saying… June 28, 2013

    Just asking?  April 16, 2016

    How Dam Dumb is The US Government?

    Drought and Flooding in U.S.A are a DAM  shame.

     FLOODING IS A DAM SHAME

    MAR 24, 2016 – FLOOD IS THE LARGEST CONTRIBUTOR TO CATASTROPHIC LOSS WORLDWIDE.

    HE WHO CONTROLS THE WATER CONTROLS THE WORLD?

    Behind My Back | WOTUS “Water Runs Down Hill”

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/09/04/wotus-water-runs-down-hill/

    SEPT 4, 2015 – … fields that are fallow, sitting idle this year, because of the drought,” he said. … A Congressional Disaster · A DAM SHAME DROUGHT AND FLOODING …

    ———————————————————-

    MAR 24, 2016 – FLOOD IS THE LARGEST CONTRIBUTOR TO CATASTROPHIC LOSS WORLDWIDE. … Agency and the US Congress to determine how the National Flood Insurance Program … and the inertia around the status quo could endure until loss events occur that force reactionary funding from the public sector

    —————————————————————————————

    ‘Catastrophic damage’: Midwest flood death toll rises to 24 …

    www.theguardian.com › US News › Missouri The Guardian Jan 3, 2016

    Spate of storms and flooding results in $3.5bn loss to U.S. …

    aon.mediaroom.com/2016-04-06-Spate-of-storms-and-flooding-results-i… Apr 6, 2016 – The report reveals that seven severe U.S. convective storm events

    Nat Cat | GCCapitalIdeas.com

    www.gccapitalideas.com/tag/nat-cat/

    March 22nd, 2016

    Risk Financing for Flood: Emerging Opportunities

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    Flood is the largest contributor to catastrophic loss worldwide. Recent initiatives from Guy Carpenter and Marsh & McLennan Companies, both involving the peril of flood, demonstrate the diversity of approaches that can be brought to bear. In the United Kingdom, we are involved in a project where the insurance industry is working in concert with the government to adjust the industry’s approach to the peril of flood and maintain the private sector’s role as the source of insurance protection without a resultant increase in the public sector’s liability.

    IN THE UNITED STATES, A PROJECT IS BEING SPONSORED BY THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY AND THE US CONGRESS TO DETERMINE HOW THE NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM MIGHT BE PRIVATIZED AND HOW IT MIGHT UTILIZE REINSURANCE TO SUPPORT ITS RISK MANAGEMENT EFFORTS, AND THEREBY MOVE POTENTIAL LOSS EXPOSURE OFF THE PUBLIC BALANCE SHEET.

    Continue reading…

    March 24th, 2016

    US Flood – The Road Ahead

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    The National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is the primary underwriter of flood insurance policies in the United States. The program was established in 1968 through the passage of the National Flood Insurance Act.

    Continue reading…

    March 29th, 2016

    Risk Analytic Tools, Part I

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    Public sector-related data can be expansive, containing census data, property risk characteristics, historical loss information, risk rating matrices and natural hazard event scientific tracking. In order to facilitate packaging the sometimes unwieldy data in a way that is useful for risk decision making, utilizing outside resources to improve data transparency can be valuable. Public sector resources devoted to building tools that measure risks that are perceived as “uninsurable” can unlock private sector funding.

    Continue reading…

    ——————————————–

    Risk Analytic Tools, Part II

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    In addition to internal risk management, models are typically used in risk transfer negotiations. Both traditional and alternative risk markets require extensive analysis of portfolios when considering risk transfer. Sharing a portfolio’s standardized model output is critical to imparting the loss potential of a particular portfolio from which risk-capital can be unlocked to support the risk financing needs of a reinsurance buyer. Using technology is critical when partnering governments with the private sector. Whether partnering with developed or emerging economies, these tools bring together the risk knowledge and historical data of the public sector with risk management techniques of the insurance industry. The result is an enhanced understanding of risk that provides stability and attracts partners.

    Continue reading…

    ———————————————————-

    March 28th, 2016

    Closing the Protection Gap

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    We have identified seven preconditions essential in the movement towards resiliency and de-risking public sector exposure.

    Continue reading…

    ————————————————

    April 7th, 2016

    US Residual Markets, Part I

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    The US residual property insurance market segment is comprised of Fair Access to Insurance Requirements (FAIR) Plans, Beach and Windstorm Plans and two state run insurance companies – Florida Citizens Property Insurance Company (Florida Citizens) and Louisiana Citizens Property Insurance Corporation (Louisiana Citizens). These insurance facilities grew out of the civil strife in the 1960s to ensure continued access to insurance in urban areas. Over time they have evolved and their mandate has grown beyond their urban focus. Today these facilities are significant providers of some of the most wind- and earthquake-exposed property insurance in the country.

    Continue reading…

    ——————————————

    April 11th, 2016

    US Residual Markets, Part II

    Posted at 1:00 AM ET

    The recent 2015 reinsurance renewals in this area demonstrated further expansion in the manner and means by which these insurance providers utilize private-sector capital to support their businesses. Traditional reinsurance remains a core component of most residual market risk financing programs. Typically these risk financing plans will also rely on retained profit, assessments and debt facilities in concert with the various forms of reinsurance to manage their exposures. The utilization of alternative risk financing capital through catastrophe bonds and/or collateralized reinsurance continues to grow with eight of 12 facilities that utilize traditional reinsurance also accessing risk transfer capacity through catastrophe bonds and/or collateralized reinsurance to help manage their loss exposures. The chart below details the increasingly diverse set of risk financing approaches employed by 11 coastal markets.

    Continue reading…

    ———————————————————–

    MAR 24, 2016 – FLOOD IS THE LARGEST CONTRIBUTOR TO CATASTROPHIC LOSS WORLDWIDE. Agency and the US Congress to determine how the National Flood Insurance Program … and the inertia around the status quo could endure until loss events occur that force reactionary funding from the public sector (1). … February 25th, 2016 …

    In the United States, a project is being sponsored by the Federal Emergency Management Agency and the US Congress to determine how the National Flood Insurance Program might be privatized and how it might utilize reinsurance to support its risk management efforts, and thereby move potential loss exposure off the public balance sheet.

    —————————————————————————

    WHAT HAS THE WORLD BANK AND THE WORLD COMMISSION ON DAMS REPORT GOT TO DO WITH  DAMS IN THE U.S.A.?

    WHAT HAS THE UNITED STATES INSTITUTE OF PEACE, TRUTH COMMISSION: COMMISSION FOR HISTORICAL CLARIFICATION (COMISIÓN PARA EL … UNITY (URNG),

    AND THE U.N. SECRETARY GENERAL ON FEBRUARY 25, 1999.

    GOT TO DO WITH  DAMS IN THE U.S.A.?

    ——————————————

    the world bank & the world commission on dams report q&a

    siteresources.worldbank.org/INTWRD/…/WB&WCDQ&A.p…

    World Bank

    The World Bank believes that the World Commission on Dams Report has made a great contribution in framing many of the major issues in this contentious and …

    The World Bank Versus the World Commission on Dams

    www.water-alternatives.org/index.php/allabs/99-a3-2-22/file

    by R Goodland – ‎2010 – ‎Cited by 9 – ‎Related articles

    KEYWORDS: World Bank, hydropower, big dams, oustees, displacement, …..

    Truth Commission: Guatemala | United States Institute of …

    www.usip.org/…/truth-commissionguate

    United States Institute of Peace

    Truth Commission: Commission for Historical Clarification (Comisión para el … Unity (URNG), and the U.N. Secretary General on February 25, 1999. The report …

     


  • Exceptionalism Made American Great

    Exceptionalism Made American Great

    American Exceptionalism stems from the United States emergence from the American Revolution.

    Political scientist Seymour Martin Lipset called it “THE FIRST NEW NATION” DEVELOPING A UNIQUELY AMERICAN IDEOLOGY, “AMERICANISM”, BASED ON LIBERTY, EGALITARIANISM, INDIVIDUALISM, REPUBLICANISM, DEMOCRACY AND LAISSEZ-FAIRE FOR BUSINESS.

    As Abraham Lincoln put it in the Gettysburg address (1863),
    Americans have a duty to see that “government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.”

    It is our obligation to our dead—it is our sacred obligation’ to their children and to our children-

    THAT WE MUST NEVER FORGET WHAT WE HAVE LEARNED.

    AMERICAN PEOPLE FOUGHT AND WON THE REVOLUTION, THE U.S. GOVERNMENT ACTED, WROTE, SIGNED, SEALED AND DELIVERED THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE,THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND THE BILL OF RIGHTS TO THE AMERICAN PEOPLE.

    —————–
    AMERICAN EXCEPTIONALISM IS ONE OF THREE RELATED IDEAS.
    THE FIRST IS THAT THE HISTORY OF THE UNITED STATES IS INHERENTLY DIFFERENT FROM OTHER NATIONS.
    SECOND IS THE IDEA THAT AMERICA HAS A UNIQUE MISSION TO TRANSFORM THE WORLD.
    THIRD IS THE SENSE THAT ITS HISTORY AND ITS MISSION GIVE THE UNITED STATES A SUPERIORITY OVER OTHER NATIONS.

    ——————————————————————
    MR TRUMP IS AN EXCEPTIONAL CANDIDATE FOR AMERICAN PRESIDENT.

    THE GOP HIGH COMMAND SEEMS INCAPABLE OF STOPPING HIM.

    A HOSTILE TAKEOVER OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY BY DONALD TRUMP?

    A hostile takeover is the acquisition of one company (called the target company) by another (called the acquirer) that is accomplished not by coming to an agreement with the target company’s management, BUT BY GOING DIRECTLY TO THE COMPANY’S SHAREHOLDERS or fighting to replace management in order to get the acquisition …

    ON SUPER TUESDAY DONALD TRUMP’S HOSTILE TAKEOVER

    NOT BY COMING TO AN AGREEMENT WITH THE GOP’S ESTABLISHMENT

    BUT BY GOING DIRECTLY TO THE COUNTRY’S SHAREHOLDERS

    THE AMERICAN PRESIDENT MUST BE AN EXCEPTIONAL DEAL MAKER.

    TRUMP MADE AN EXCEPTIONAL DEAL WITH WORKING  AMERICAN PEOPLE.

    TRUMP- SHALL “MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN”

    THE GOP HIGH COMMAND SEEMS INCAPABLE OF STOPPING HIM.

    Mar. 3, 2016, Republican presidential frontrunner Donald Trump’s dominant start to the presidential primary process looks LIKE IT COULD CONTINUE OVER THE NEXT SEVERAL WEEKS, ACCORDING TO POLLS surveying upcoming state’s contests.

    Thirteen states hold primaries or caucuses over the next two weeks. Of them, TRUMP IS LEADING POLLS IN NINE, according to the RealClearPolitics average, including some of the most important, winner-take-all states.

    Polls were accurate in predicting Trump wins in New Hampshire, South Carolina, Nevada, Vermont, Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Massachusetts, and Tennessee.

    ————————————–

    Brewer: GOP Establishment’s Attacks on Trump Will Backfire

    Fox News Insider2 days ago She said she’s disappointed that the GOP establishment has their chosen candidates and …
    ——————-

    THE HARDEST TUMBLE A PARTY CAN TAKE IS TO FALL OFF HIS OWN BLUFF

    ————————————————————————–

    Beyond Distrust: How Americans View Their Government …

    www.people-press.org/…/beyond-distrust-how-americans-view-their-gov

    Nov 23, 2015 – A year ahead of the presidential election, the American public is deeply … Currently, just 19% say they can trust the government always or most ….

    ———————————————————————–

    American Presidential Candidate Marco Rubio, a member of the GOP Establishment actually said…..

    You know what they say about men with small hands — you can’t trust them.”

    81% OF AMERICAN PUBLIC  SAID,

    “YOU CAN’T TRUST THE AMERICAN GOVERNMENT”

    —————————-

    THE HARDEST TUMBLE A PARTY CAN TAKE IS TO FALL OFF HIS OWN BLUFF

    ——————————————————————————————
    MR TRUMP IS AN EXCEPTIONAL CANDIDATE FOR PRESIDENT.

    THE POLITICO ESTABLISHMENT’S 2016 PRESIDENTIAL CAMPAIGN HOPEFULS DISCUSS?

    1. GREAT MINDS DISCUSS IDEAS
    2. AVERAGE MINDS DISCUSS EVENTS
    3. SMALL MINDS DISCUSS PEOPLE

    ——————————————-
    WHAT KIND OF CRUDE MINDS DISCUSS THE SIZE OF A MAN’S HANDS?

    THE CBC TV NATIONAL REPORTER SMIRKED AND SAID SPECIFICALLY, “YOU ALL KNOW WHAT THEY SAY ABOUT MEN WITH SMALL HANDS? THEY HAVE A SMALL PENIS. ” AND SENT THE WHOLE WORD LAUGHING.

    ————————–
    American Presidential Candidate Marco Rubio was in full attack mode on Donald Trump Sunday night. Rubio said at a rally in Roanoke, Virginia, on Sunday “Have you seen his hands? You know what they say about men with small hands “Little Marco,” did a short bit about what he called Trump’s short digits during his rally in Roanoke, Virginia. “He’s like 6-2, which is why I don’t understand why his hands are the size of someone who is 5-2,”. “Have you seen his hands?

    You know what they say about men with small hands — you can’t trust them.”
    Indeed, and even A FORMER GOP CANDIDATE and Wisconsin Gov. Scott Walker got into the action on Tuesday afternoon sending out a picture of his hand.

    ————————————————————————————–
    ON March 3, 2016 FOX NEWS TV 2016 REPUBLICAN DEBATE HAD THREE MODERATORS MEGYN KELLY, BRET BAIER AND CHRIS WALLACE.

    THE FOX REPUBLICAN DEBATE DISCLOSED THREE PRESIDENTIAL MIND RELATED MENTALITIES

    I WATCHED, RUBIO, CRUZ, TRUMP AND KASICH DEBATE

    1. GREAT MINDS DISCUSSED IDEAS
    2. AVERAGE MINDS DISCUSSED EVENTS
    3. SMALL MINDS DISCUSSED PEOPLE

    I watched Trump’s response to Rubio’s attack on his man hands.
    ——————————————————————-
    The March 3, 2016 FOX NEWS REPUBLICAN DEBATE
    THE GRAVE RESPONSIBILITY OF PUBLIC MEDIA, ALL RADIO STATIONS, NEWSPAPERS AND TV

    TO ALL NEWSPAPERS AND RADIO STATIONS—ALL THOSE WHO REACH THE EYES AND EARS OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE—I SAY THIS: YOU HAVE A MOST GRAVE RESPONSIBILITY TO THE NATION NOW AND FOR THE DURATION OF THIS (ELECTION) WAR.

    If you feel that your Government is not disclosing enough of the truth, you have every right to say so.

    BUT—IN THE ABSENCE OF ALL THE FACTS, AS REVEALED BY OFFICIAL SOURCES—YOU HAVE NO RIGHT IN THE ETHICS OF PATRIOTISM TO DEAL OUT UNCONFIRMED REPORTS IN SUCH A WAY AS TO MAKE PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THEY ARE GOSPEL TRUTH.
    ————————————————————
    I’m just asking? Just saying…
    WHAT IS THE GRAVE RESPONSIBILITY OF FOX NEWS TV 2016 REPUBLICAN DEBATE MODERATORS ON MEGYN KELLY, BRET BAIER AND CHRIS WALLACE?

    WHAT IS THE  GRAVE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE March 3, 2016 DEBATING PRESIDENTIAL CANDIDATES?
    RUBIO? CRUZ? TRUMP? KASICH?

    IN THE ABSENCE OF ALL THE FACTS, AS REVEALED BY OFFICIAL SOURCES—YOU HAVE NO RIGHT IN THE ETHICS OF PATRIOTISM TO DEAL OUT UNCONFIRMED REPORTS IN SUCH A WAY AS TO MAKE PEOPLE BELIEVE THAT THEY ARE GOSPEL TRUTH.
    ————————————————————-
    THE ELECTION OF A PRESIDENT IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA?

    FOX NEWS CHANNEL (FNC), ALSO KNOWN AS FOX NEWS, is an American basic cable and satellite news television channel that is owned by the Fox Entertainment …

    ———————————–
    The March 3, 2016 FOX REPUBLICAN DEBATE PROVIDED SOME REALLY CRUDE ENTERTAINMENT
    (If you like Pee Wee Herman)

    ————————————-
    Stay connected with the most-trusted name in cable news through exclusive videos, show highlights and behind-the-scenes details.
    ———————————————————-
    CAMPAIGN SLOGANS FOR CANDIDATES?
    TRUMP- MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN
    CRUZ – Reigniting the Promise of America
    RUBIO – A New American Century
    KASICH – K for US

    ———————————————

    The bottom line….

    AS A HARDWORKING AMERICA CITIZEN

    WHO DO YOU TRUST TO MAKE AMERICA GREAT AGAIN?


  • An Endangered Gopher Tax?

    The Thurston County Commissioners in collusion with the US Fish and Wildlife Service have created a novel method of extracting additional tax dollars from prospective new homeowners in Washington State.  According to public documents, Thurston County staff has proposed a new gopher tax, up to $42,000 for new homeowners who might consider building a home on or near land that might be inhabited by a rodent called the Mazama Pocket Gopher.  This gopher tax (called “mitigation” in planner-speak) would be in addition to any other fees, permits, taxes, or other costs that might be imposed on the construction of a new home in Thurston County, Washington.  For direct links to the concept files written and presented by Thurston County planning staff go here and here.

    For Whistleblowers, please go here to learn more 

    The $42,000 gopher tax is likely to become law later this year.   Two of the three Commissioners (Sandra Romero and Cathy Wolfe) have been supportive of the plan and the process for many years now.  In addition, the Thurston County Planning Department has been largely controlled by the US Fish & Wildlife Service for years – many of the county employees are entirely subsidized by USFWS grant money.  This has been a concern of property rights advocates for many years because local county staff won’t question their orders from USFWS when their jobs depend on grant dollars from that federal agency.

    Another aspect of the gopher tax that has local observers concerned is the current plan for much of this money to be transferred to an out-of-state nonprofit organization.  Some of these gopher tax monies would stay in Thurston County, but it appears that after insiders get their cut, most of these funds would be sent to an out-of-state organization to manage local taxpayer-purchased land that could be set aside as bonus pocket gopher habitat.

    The Pocket Gopher – Endangered Animal or Convenient Excuse?

    The Thurston County Mazama pocket gopher was listed as a threatened species by the USFWS in April,  2014.  The listing process was controversial, and generated a lot of local citizen backlash as well as open ridicule by rural Thurston County residents directed at the Commissioners, USFWS, and others who championed the original listing process.  Most casual observers could see that something was very wrong in Thurston County.

    Protesting pocket gopher listing
    A pirate might know it is stealing, but Thurston County calls it a tax or a “fee.” It is all about the money.

    Pocket gophers are considered pest rodents throughout most of the United States where they live.  They are prolific and resilient creatures, often found in areas that have been heavily disturbed by agriculture or forestry efforts.  In fact, the two largest concentrations of pocket gophers in Thurston County were found at the Olympia Airport and the surrounding industrial park and at the nearby Fort Lewis Firing Range.  Interestingly, the very gophers who USFWS claims are threatened, thrive in the middle of the artillery impact range on a piece of land that has been repeatedly pulverized, destroyed, and burned for most of a century.  Now, both USFWS and the Thurston County planning department argue that building a home on 5 acres will so harm the gophers that a prospective homeowner must pay $42,000 for permission to apply for a home – maybe.

    Few observers accuse the USFWS of staying true to science or the facts when it comes to listing endangered species.  On the east side of Washington State, USFWS attempted to list the “White Bluffs Bladder Pod” as an endangered species certain that this plant was so rare that it justified land restrictions.  However, a local agricultural organization took samples of the “endangered” plant, conducted DNA tests, and determined that it was a very common weed found in many Western States.  USFWS still plans to list the plant as endangered regardless of the truth or science.  This wouldn’t be the first time USFWS has listed an animal on the Endangered Species list that wasn’t endangered.  In some cases, the listed animals haven’t even been proven to exist.

    The pocket gopher listing process has become just as silly.  No USFWS employee is willing to say how many of these endangered pocket gophers actually exist.  In fact, they tend to become angry if anyone dares ask.  Partly, this is because past population counts have proven to be wildly inaccurate.  Another reason government staff requires forced ignorance of the gopher population numbers is that it would lead to a logical question which they also refuse to answer – how many gophers do you need for them to no longer be considered threatened?  None dare even think these thoughts, at least not if you want the grant gravy train to continue.  Solving a real problem has never been the goal.

    Gophers can be killed, just not by humans
    Gophers are a natural part of the food chain, but Thurston County is the ultimate predator and plans to profit from the gopher tax they impose on new home owners.

    Interestingly enough, the DNA samples for this “endangered” gopher exist at the Washington State Department of Fish & Wildlife, but they refuse to allow an outside organization to take samples for an independant DNA test.  It is illegal for someone to trap a gopher and take independent samples – you could be arrested and get a criminal record like this guy.  Willful ignorance appears to be the order of the day in Thurston County and at the USFWS.  Science and the facts are entirely irrelevant.  The process is the point and the punishment.

    ———————————————————————–

    Thurston County Invents $42,000 Gopher Tax for New …

    https://www.wethegoverned.com/thurstoncountyinvents42000gopher

    We the GovernedThurston County Invents $42,000 Gopher Tax for New Homeowners. March 1, 2016 Glen Morgan 2 Comments. The Thurston County Commissioners in collusion with the US Fish and Wildlife Service have ….. gallup poll results, they are here: http://www.gallup.com/poll/5392/trust-government.aspx.

    ———————————————————————–

    Subject: County Gopher Tax??

    BRILLIANT! These greenies in Thurston County have outdone themselves here. Is this coming to all WA Counties in the future? Great article by our CAPR Director, Glen Morgan:

    Glen Morgan – Short Bio | We the Governed

    https://www.wethegoverned.com/glenmorgan-short-bio/

    Jan 10, 2016 – Glen Morgan was the Grassroots Director and the Property Rights Director … Alliance for Property Rights (CAPR) “for exemplary performance in …

    https://www.wethegoverned.com/thurston-county-invents-42000-gopher-tax-for-new-homeowners/

    You can all learn a LOT from Glen’s website at: www.wethegoverened.com

    Stevens County CAPR,Chapter 15
    Rene’ Holaday
    www.capr.us/STEVENS/
    email: mrromantico@earthlink.net…don’t send anything to: rholaday7@hughesnet.com -I never open it. 😉
    509-935-8377

    ———————————————–

    unedited full text…..

    bottom line

    Just asking? Just saying….

    MORE PETTY LARCENY IN WASHINGTON STATE?


  • The Promised Land Olympic National Park

    The Promised Land Olympic National Park

    Sept. 30, 1937 President Roosevelt came to Port Angeles WA
    A banner hung across the courthouse saying: “Mr. President, we children need your help. Give us our Olympic National Park.”
    President Roosevelt said “Mr. Mayor and my friends of Port Angeles,” “That sign is the appealingest appeal I have ever seen in my travels. I am inclined to think it counts more to have the children want that park than all the rest of us put together.
    “So, you boys and girls, I think you can count on my help in getting that national park, not only because we need it for us old people and you young people, but for a whole lot of young people who are going to come along in the next hundred years of America.”
    ————————————————————————-
    And, indeed as promised by President Roosevelt, The Promised Land Olympic National Park was CREATED AND enacted.

    —————————————
    An Act To establish the Olympic National Park, in the State of Washington, and for other purposes, approved June 29, 1938 (52 Stat. 1241)

    Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives
    of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

    16. Olympic National Park Establishment of park Act of June 29, 1938
    Establishment of park Act of June 29, 1938 An Act To establish the Olympic National Park, in the State of Washington, and for other purposes, approved June 29, 1938 (52 Stat. 1241)
    II. NATIONAL PARKS – OLYMPIC
    all west of the Willamette meridian,
    in Washington, are hereby reserved and withdrawn
    from settlement, occupancy, or disposal

    ——————
    UNDER THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES AND DEDICATED AND SET APART AS A PUBLIC PARK FOR THE BENEFIT AND ENJOYMENT OF THE PEOPLE AND SHALL BE KNOWN AS THE OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK

    ——-

    and all lands formerly
    included in the Mount Olympus National Monument
    and not included in the above description are hereby transferred
    to and made a part of the Olympic National Forest.
    (16 U.S.c. sec. 251.)
    —————————————————————
    II. NATIONAL PARKS – OLYMPIC

    SUBJECT TO ALL LAWS AND REGULATIONS APPLICABLE TO OTHER LANDS
    WITHIN SUCH PARK:
    Provided, That the total area of the
    said park shall not exceed eight hundred and ninety-eight
    thousand two hundred and ninety-two acres:

    ——————–
    PROVIDED FURTHER, THAT BEFORE ISSUING ANY SUCH PROCLAMATION, THE
    PRESIDENT “SHALL” CONSULT WITH THE GOVERNOR OF THE STATE OF
    WASHINGTON, THE SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR, AND THE SECRETARY
    of Agriculture
    AND ADVISE THEM OF THE LANDS WHICH HE PROPOSES
    TO ADD TO SUCH PARK, AND SHALL AFFORD THEM A REASONABLE
    OPPORTUNITY TO CONSULT WITH AND COMMUNICATE TO HIM
    THEIR VIEWS AND RECOMMENDATIONS WITH RESPECT TO THE ADDITION
    OF SUCH LANDS TO SUCH PARK.! (16 U.S.c. sec. 255.)

    ———————————–
    SEC. 3. THE INCOME OF EACH COUNTY RECEIVING MONEYS
    FROM THE OLYMPIC NATIONAL FOREST, under the Act of May
    23, 1908 (35 Stat. 260, ch. 192), as amended, shall be proportional to the total area of each county in the Olympic National Forest and the Olympic National Park combined.
    (16 U.S.c. sec. 253.)
    ———————————————————-
    SEC. 4. The administration, protection, and development
    of the Olympic National Park shall be exercised under
    the direction of the Secretary of the Interior BY THE NATIONAL
    PARK SERVICE, subject to the provisions of the Act of August
    25, 1916 (39 Stat. 535), entitled “An Act to establish a
    National Park Service, and for other purposes”, as amended.
    (16 D.S.C. sec. 254.)
    ——————————————————
    SEC. 5. NOTHING HEREIN CONTAINED “SHALL” AFFECT ANY VALID
    EXISTING CLAIM, LOCATION, OR ENTRY MADE UNDER THE LAND LAWS
    OF THE UNITED STATES, WHETHER FOR HOMESTEAD, MINERAL,
    RIGHT~ OF-WAY,
    OR ANY OTHER PURPOSE WHATSOEVER,
    OR SHALL AFFECT THE RIGHT OF ANY SUCH CLAIMANT, LOCATOR,
    OR ENTRYMAN TO THE FULL USE AND ENJOYMENT OF HIS LAND
    —————————————————————
    WHY I AM HAVING A PROBLEM WITH

    The 1938 Promised Land Olympic National Park

    Behind My Back | Access Denied

    www.behindmyback.org/category/access–denied/
    Dec 12, 2015 – Derek Kilmer, Senators Maria Cantwell and Patty Murray. ONP ACCESS DENIED TO ALL CITIZENS – PUBLIC LAND – U.S. POPULATION 320 …

    ————————

    NOTHING HEREIN CONTAINED “SHALL” AFFECT OR ANY OTHER PURPOSE WHATSOEVER
    SHALL AFFECT THE RIGHT OF ANY SUCH CLAIMANT, LOCATOR, OR ENTRYMAN TO THE FULL USE AND ENJOYMENT OF HIS LAND

    The 1938 Promised Land Olympic National Park?

    Behind My Back | Part 1 (WOW) a War on Wild?

    www.behindmyback.org/2014/01/27/part1wow-a-war-on-wild/

    Jan 27, 2014 – Now is the time for many of us to speak of a War On Wild and keep … Endangered Species Act, in the Federal Register of Friday, July 1, 2011.

    ————————————————————————
    REFRESH YOUR MEMORY… WHY I AM HAVING A PROBLEM WITH THIS?

    Behind My Back | NPS Connectivity 101

    Posted on October 21, 2013 2:37 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    The designation of these World Heritage Sites was authorized by the World Heritage Convention, a treaty signed by President Richard Nixon and ratified in 1973. The World Heritage Program is carried out by UNESCO, to which the United States doesn’t even belong. President Ronald Reagan pulled us out of UNESCO because it was totally corrupt.
    The UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program was created in 1970. The United States joined in 1974 when our State Department signed a memorandum of understanding (not a treaty) to put us in the Biosphere Program and pledge that the United States will adhere to the Biosphere conditions and limitations laid down by UNESCO. Paragraph 44 of the World Heritage Operational Guidelines states that “natural” Heritage Sites (as contrasted to “cultural”) can be interchanged with “core reserves” of the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program. These core protected areas are planned to be surrounded by highly regulated buffer zones, all for the sake of “biodiversity.”

    ——————————
    So, the Park Service is choking off the local economy by refusing to maintain certain highways and by buying up any property available. Of course, there will be plenty available as more and more owners are denied the use of their own private property which causes businesses to shut down and the economy to slow.
    http://pages.map.com/bkpowell/unparksofflimits.html
    ——————————————————————————————-
    REFRESH YOUR MEMORY…

    WHY WOULD ANY ONE OBJECT TO  THE PROMISED PUBLIC LAND OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK BEING GIVEN TO THE UNITED NATIONS IN 1976?

    AS A WILD UNESCO, UN WORLD HERITAGE SITES AND A U.N. MAN AND THE BIOSPHERE.

    IN 1988, CONGRESS DESIGNATED 95% OF OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK AS WILDERNESS. …

    The Wild Olympics Scam

    www.wildolympicsscam.com/

    stop the wild olympics, agenda 21, land grabs; will devastate rural communities.

    ————————————————————————

    WOW…. OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK LONG-RANGE Interpretive Plan
    November 2010 Plan Highlights
    During the next seven to ten years Olympic National Park interpretive services will provide visitors with opportunities to increase their understanding and appreciation for the park and its resources; to engage in educational opportunities; and to protect the park resources. To provide an active, engaging interpretive program, park staff and partners will work together focused on the following goals:

    INTERPRET ELWHA RIVER 2010-2017 RESTORATION?

    —————————————————
    OR SHALL WE THE PEOPLE

    INTERPRET ELWHA RIVER 2015-2016 DEVASTATION?

    IGNORED BY OUR WA DC ELECTED REPRESENTATIVE Derek Kilmer, Senators Maria Cantwell and Patty Murray

    Behind My Back | Access Denied

    www.behindmyback.org/category/access–denied/
    Dec 12, 2015 – Derek Kilmer, Senators Maria Cantwell and Patty Murray. ONP ACCESS DENIED TO ALL CITIZENS – PUBLIC LAND – U.S. POPULATION 320 …

    ——————————————————————-
    REFRESH YOUR MEMORY…
    1944 OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK LONG-RANGE PLAN

    “George, I should not tell you this, but the long range plan of the National Park Service is to take the whole Olympic Peninsula over and put it in the Olympic National Park and move everyone off the Olympic Peninsula.”
    ————————————————————————-
    REFRESH YOUR MEMORY… ON THE LOSS OF THE PROMISED  OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK PUBLIC LAND… in the step by step acquisition of private and DNR land by the National Park Service, as this is being written and during the last 21 years from 1992 to 2013.

    ————————————————————–

    Behind My Back | “Conspiracy Exposed”

    The notarized document “Conspiracy Exposed” was written on Oct. 8, 1992 by George C. Rains Sr. when he was 77 years old.
    The referenced “Conspiracy” was exposed in a conversation at Sol Duc Hot Springs between the acting Olympic National Park Superintendent Preston Macy and my father George C. Rains Sr. in 1944.
    ———————————————————————-

    If you are interested? snippets of info on UN AGENDA..

    From the beginning, biosphere reserves were conceived as addressing three
    basic needs or “concerns”:
    1. Conservation Concern -conservation of ecosystems and the genetic resources
    they contain
    2.Logistic Concern-international net work for research, monitoring, and education
    3.Development Concerns of sustainable human uses of ecosystems

    In 1988,the National Committee declined approval of U.S. participation in
    nominating a multi-site biosphere reserve in northern Minnesota and adjacent Canada

    BASED ON CONCERNS OF LOCAL CITIZENS GROUPS OVER THE IMPLICATIONS OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE DESIGNATION ON TRADITIONAL RESOURCE USES.

    Although the concerns lacked a factual basis, the Committee’s unprecedented rejection of a nomination underscored the need to enlist stakeholder participation in the biosphere reserve planning process

    ——————————————————————–

    ATTACHMENT II EXECUTIVE
    OFFICE OF TUB PRESIDENT
    OFFICE Of SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICY OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT
    AND BUDGET $$$$$
    Washington,D.C.10503
    MARCH 9,1979
    MEMORANDUM FOR HEADS OF “CERTAIN” DEPARTMENTS AND AGENCIES
    SUBJECT: U.S. Participation in UNESCO’s Man and the Biosphere Program

    Designation of sites administered by state and local governments, nongovernmental organizations, and private institutions has increased steadily during the past decade (see Attachment IV). In 1976, all BR sites were Federal. Non-Federal participation has been the principal factor in growth of the network since 1983
    ———————————————————————–


  • Page (1) She Said American’s Are Not Stupid

    Page (1) She Said American’s Are Not Stupid

    And, I resent the hell out of clever elected politician’s that think we are.

    Gruber said,  “It’s a very clever, you know, basic exploitation of the lack of economic understanding of the American voter,” And, “They proposed it and passed OBAMACARE, because the American people are too stupid to understand the difference,”

    REALLY, Politicians are clever and American people are stupid

    The law was written behind closed doors  DEMOCRATS intentionally made the law confusing to mask the fact that the law instituted a new tax. Why’d the DEMOCRATS do this? Voters don’t like new taxes.

    DEMOCRATIC Policymakers crafting the law had to take POLITICS into account. And ALL POLITICIANS know that Voters don’t like new taxes.

    “It’s a very clever, you know, Elected politicians passed the Obama care Act  in the senate on December 24, 2009, and passed in the house on March 21, 2010. because the American people are too stupid to understand?  Call it the stupidity of the American voter or whatever?

    POLITICIANS ARE CLEVER? AND REALLY, AMERICAN VOTERS ARE TOO STUPID TO  VOTE THEM OUT IN 2016

    As a concerned American Citizen, WATCH, THE NEWS, Be informed.

    —————–
    WATCH THE NEWS RESEARCH AND DOCUMENT
    (1) C-SPAN CABLE-SATELLITE PUBLIC AFFAIRS NETWORK, IS AN AMERICAN CABLE AND SATELLITE TELEVISION NETWORK THAT WAS CREATED IN 1979 BY THE CABLE TELEVISION INDUSTRY AS A PUBLIC SERVICE.
    ————————————————————————————-
    SHE SAID, DON’T BOTHER TO WATCH
    WA STATE KBTC-TV PUBLIC TELEVISION. WHO KNEW THAT

    THE WA STATE KBTC TV PUBLIC TELEVISION IS “CERTAINLY NOT NEWS”?
    Starting in the spring of 2012, New Media Solutions (NMS) was contracted to re-format and produce the KBTC PROGRAM.

    KBTC New Media Solutions (NMS) Tom Layson HE SAID HE SPECIALIZES IN BRAND JOURNALISM. IT IS CERTAINLY NOT NEWS OR JOURNALISM, BUT IS RATHER A FLAVOR OF VIDEO PRODUCTION AND MARKETING THAT BORROWS FROM NEWS’ documentary and cinema verite styles.

    TO BRING VISUAL STORYTELLING TO THE PEOPLE, ORGANIZATIONS AND ENTITIES most importantly, more effectively harnesses authentic performances
    New Media Solutions (NMS) is here with to help KBTC NONPROFIT PUBLIC TELEVISION tell it, the BATES TECHNICAL COLLEGE WAY with video production designed to grow sales, solicit funding, win clients, explain and train, and elevate brands
    http://www.newmediasolutions.tv/about/

    The KBTC station originally signed on the air September 25, 1961 as KTPS-TV, owned by TACOMA PUBLIC SCHOOLS Its offices and broadcasting center are located on the campus of owner BATES TECHNICAL COLLEGE

    WA STATE KBTC-TV PUBLIC TELEVISION IS OWNED BY BATES TECHNICAL COLLEGE.

    Over half of KBTC’s funding comes from viewers who support local public television through generous donations.

    Pacific Legal Foundation, QUESTION EVERYTHING

    WHERE DOES THE REST OF KBTC’s funding COME FROM?
    —————————————————————
    (2) WATCH CBC Canada program “The National” for the global prospective
    ————————————————————-
    (3) WATCH FOX NEWS for the most urgent NEW problems
    ———————————————————
    (4) WATCH The Local News for local crime and violence
    ———————————————————–
    (5) WATCH THE WEATHER CHANNEL the Global weather phenomena, whether the weather is global warming? climate change? or just part of Natural Born Monsters. Apr 16, 2014 – The jet stream’s plunging pattern is a long-standing natural phenomenon?

    ———————–
    WATCH THE GROWING ….
    ‘Climate change industry’ now a $1.5 trillion global business …
    www.washingtontimes.com/…/climate-change-ind…
    The Washington Times
    Aug 11, 2015 – “The $1.5 trillion global ‘climate change industry’ grew at between 17 and …. 1.5 trillion dollar industry BUILT ON GOVERNMENT FUNDING OF AGENDA DRIVEN APPOINTED AGENCIES, GRANTS AND FUNDING TO NGO GLOBAL, NON-GOVERNMENT NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS.
    DON’T FORGET THE PRESIDENTIAL EXECUTIVE ORDERS… GOVERNMENT UNIONS AND APPOINTED JUDGES.
    —————————————————————–
    WATCH THE GROWING NATIONAL DEBT OF THE DEAD ….
    BUILT ON GOVERNMENT FUNDING OF AGENDA DRIVEN APPOINTED AGENCIES, UNIONS, GRANTS AND FUNDING TO NGO GLOBAL, NON-GOVERNMENT NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS AND PRIVATE FOUNDATIONS .
    DON’T FORGET THE PRESIDENTIAL EXECUTIVE ORDERS… GOVERNMENT UNIONS AND APPOINTED JUDGES. (redundant? hardly)

    ——————————————————————————-
    SHE SAID, LAST BUT NOT LEAST, WATCH WHAT’S GOING ON BEHIND OUR BACKS BEHIND CLOSED DOORS AND QUESTION EVERYTHING ABOUT THE GOVERNMENT’S PARTISAN POLITICAL AGENDA, period….
    ———————————————————————————
    This is my 608th documented, investigative report posted on my website. Each published report requires several hours of research, to read thousands of words online, to become informed, to fully document the facts, from more than one reliable source, connect the dots, “She Said He Said” and track down the TRUTH AND POLITICS (today’s 6:45am to 2:00pm)
    —————————————————————————————
    LEARNING FROM HISTORY
    Below, is just ONE CLASSIC EXAMPLE of what you can document, when you watch, when you do in-depth research and question everything.
    Every time I watched KBTC-TV PUBLIC TELEVISION, I knew there was something really weird going on with their political liberally slanted agenda programming?
    INDEED, QUESTION EVERYTHING
    ——————————————————————————————
    IF YOU ARE A CONCERNED CITIZEN AND REALLY WANT TO KNOW WHAT THE HELL IS GOING ON IN THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICAN?
    WATCH THE NEWS LISTED ABOVE NUMBERS (1) THRU (5).

    ———————

    IF YOU WANT PUBLIC ENTERTAINMENT WATCH PUBLIC BROADCAST STATION (PBS)
    OR IF YOU WANT? YOU CAN WATCH THE ” BS” FROM NEW MEDIA SOLUTIONS (NMS) ON KBTC-TV PUBLIC TELEVISION.
    WATCH THE VISUAL STORYTELLING TO THE PEOPLE, WATCH THE AUTHENTIC PERFORMANCES AND, TASTE THE FLAVOR OF(NMS) VIDEO PRODUCTIONS CINEMA VERITE STYLES.
    VERITE STYLES a documentary technique developed by the Soviet filmmaker Dziga Vertov (1896-1954)

    One of Dziga Vertov films is famous for the range of cinematic techniques.

    VERTOV INVENTS, DEPLOYS OR DEVELOPS, such as double exposure, fast motion, slow motion, freeze frames, jump cuts, Dutch cuts, extreme close-ups tracking shots, footage played backwards, stop motion animation and self-reflexive visuals (at one point it features a split-screen tracking shot; the sides have opposite Dutch angles).

    ———————–
    she said “NOW THAT’S WHAT I CALL (NMS) 2015 ENTERTAINMENT”

    VIDEO PRODUCTIONS CINEMA VERITE STYLES.
    The Man with the Kinocamera, or Living Russia)[1] is an experimental 1929 silent documentary film, with no story and no actors,[2] by Soviet director Dziga Vertov, edited by his wife Elizaveta Svilova.
    Vertov’s feature film, produced by the film studio VUFKU, presents urban life in the Soviet cities of Kiev, Kharkov, Moscow and Odessa.[3] From dawn to dusk Soviet citizens are shown at work and at play, and interacting with the machinery of modern life.
    TO THE EXTENT THAT IT CAN BE SAID TO HAVE “CHARACTERS,” THEY ARE THE CAMERAMEN OF THE TITLE, THE FILM EDITOR, and the modern Soviet Union THEY DISCOVER AND PRESENT IN THE FILM.

    ————————–
    Page 1, She Said – He Said, is just another chapter in the Book of Revelations by Pearl Revere
    to be continued….


  • WA State Maritime Heritage Area

    H.R. 2833 WA State Maritime Heritage Area Maps

    A MAP IS WORTH A THOUSAND WORDS

    Citizens  be warned   look at your county maps

    —————————————————

     WA STATE  IN NOT A “NANNY STATE” …. YET

    ——————————————————————————–

    AND IF YOU WANT TO KEEP YOUR DOCTOR?

    There is no increased federal regulation associated with National Heritage Areas

    and no private land is affected or acquired.

    ————————————————————-

    Maritime Heritage Area Maps

    kilmer.house.gov/…/MaritimeHeri…

    United States House of Representatives

    Service Layer Credits: Esri, DeLorme, GEBCO, NOAA. Legend. Maritime Heritage Area. County Boundary. Overview Map. The proposed Maritime Heritage.

    ———————————————————–

    This MAPPED AREA OF MOST  OF WESTERN WASHINGTON’S SALTWATER SHORELINE  in Act, H.R.2833, is AN UNDERSTATEMENT. There are 19 maps

     ———————————————————–

     A red flag warning by Pearl Revere

    ONE IF BY LAND… TWO IF BY SEA…

    The proposed Maritime Heritage

    Area includes the area one-quarter

    mile landward and one-quarter mile

    seaward of the median shoreline

    ———————————————-

    Clallam County

    Jefferson County

    Pierce County

    King County

    Grays Harbor County

    Mason County

    Whatcom County

    Skagit County

    Snohomish County

    Kitsap County

    Thurston County

    Island County

    San Juan County

    ———————————————————

     AND IF YOU WANT TO KEEP YOUR DOCTOR?

    There is no increased federal regulation associated with National Heritage Areas

    and no private land is affected or acquired.

    ————————————————————

     DID YOU KNOW ABOUT THIS ACT?

    ————————————-

     HOW LONG HAS THIS BEEN GOING ON?

    The feasibility study was managed by the Washington State Department of Archaeology and Historic Preservation and was completed in 2010.

    ———————————————————-

     WHO’S  BIG IDEA WAS IT? WHO SET US UP?

    The study was conducted with guidance by A STEERING COMMITTEE assembled for this project, including representatives FROM TRIBES, LOCAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT, HERITAGE ORGANIZATIONS, AND OTHER INTERESTED STAKEHOLDERS.

    ———————————————————————————

     WHO KNEW? WHO REPRESENTS “WE THE PEOPLE” OF WA STATE?

    NOT REPRESENTATIVES FROM OUR LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    I even called WA State DNR media?  (She had never heard of it?)

    I sent an email to our County Commissioner? (He had never heard of it)

     ———————————————————–

    WA STATE  IN NOT A “NANNY STATE” …. YET

    ——————————————————-

     WHO’S  STEERING WA STATE IN THE WRONG DIRECTION?

    THE STEERING COMMITTEE recommended to the Director of National Park Service that a Washington State National Maritime Heritage be considered.

    ———————————————————————————–

     THEY ARE FROM THE GOVERNMENT AND THEY ARE HERE TO HELP US?

    Governor Inslee has written a support letter for this legislation, which was sponsored by Senators Maria Cantwell and Patty Murray and  Representatives Derek Kilmer, Suzan DelBene, Denny Heck, Rick Larsen and Adam Smith

    —————————————————————-

    WHO’S GOING TO MANAGE US?

    At this time, the study team expects that A PRIVATE NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION is the most likely type of management group for a National Heritage Area in Washington State.

    —————————————————————————

      A NATIONAL PARK PARTNERSHIP SERVICE?

    National Park Service National Heritage Areas are partnerships between the National Park Service, states, and LOCAL communities through which the National Park Service supports LOCAL and state efforts to preserve natural resources and promote tourism.

     TAXPAYER $$$ SUPPORTS THE National Park Service

     ———————————————————–

    WHO ARE THE BIG OPERATORS?

    They are operated by LOCAL boards that are ESTABLISHED BY LEGISLATION. National Heritage areas are not part of the National Park system, which are lands that are federally-owned and managed.

     ———————————————————————

    AND IF YOU WANT TO KEEP YOUR DOCTOR?

    There is no increased federal regulation associated with National Heritage Areas

    and no private land is affected or acquired.

    Instead, the designation supports LOCAL CITIZENS  to preserve, share and promote our own heritage, WITH FULL LOCAL CONTROL

    ——————————————————————–

    How stupid do they think AMERICAN CITIZENS are?

    Gruber then trumpeted the value of a “lack of transparency” — and called American voters stupid.

    “Lack of transparency is a huge political advantage,” Gruber said. “And basically, call it the stupidity of the American voter OR WHATEVER?  but basically that was really really critical for the thing to pass.”

    said the law was written in a deliberately “tortured” way and relied on the “stupidity of the American voter” to ensure its passage.

    —————————————————————————

     SO? How stupid do they think LOCAL CITIZENS are?

    WITH FULL LOCAL CONTROL?

    OPERATED BY LOCAL BOARDS?

    OF  PRIVATE NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION?

    ESTABLISHED BY LEGISLATION?

    AND IF YOU WANT TO KEEP YOUR DOCTOR?

     

    H.R.2833 – Maritime Washington National Heritage Area Act114th Congress (2015-2016) | Get alerts

    Sponsor: Rep. Kilmer, Derek [D-WA-6] (Introduced 06/18/2015)
    Committees: House – Natural Resources
    Latest Action: 06/18/2015 Referred to the House Committee on Natural Resources.

    The House Committee on Natural Resources membership consists of 44 Representatives, 26 Republicans and 18 Democrats, listed in order of seniority.

     

    TO BE CONTINUED…

    Pearl Rains Hewett


  • Past and Present Drought in WA State

    History of Droughts in Washington State

    An interesting read on WA State DROUGHT PLANS

    BEFORE THE INSTREAM FLOW RULES.

    History of Droughts in Washington State_1977.pdf  A 43 page document

    ———————————————————————————–

    PRESENT DROUGHT PLANS FOR CITIZENS IN WA STATE?

    AFTER THE INSTREAM FLOW RULES?

    May 24, 2015  The WA statewide drought emergency PLAN?.

    Hmmm…  LAWMAKERS have yet to act on DOE’s request for $9.6 million in drought relief funds. The request came in late March, weeks after legislators began putting together spending plans.

    UPDATE: WHAT’S THE HOLDUP ON THE $9.6 MILLION IN DROUGHT RELIEF FUNDS?

    What’s the problem?

    WATER FOR CITIZENS IS WORTH FIGHTING FOR…

    IT’S A VALUE JUDGMENT

    At a drought committee meeting Monday, Honeyford reminded Stanford that he had been willing to embrace Stanford’s drought preparation bill in exchange for the House approving legislation to let the city of Lynden draw water from the Nooksack River in Whatcom County.

    Tribes and environmental groups oppose the bill, which passed the Senate.

    ————————————————————————-

    THE “CITIZENS  REVIEW” OF ECOLOGY’S DROUGHT PLANS IN WA STATE?

    What YOU can expect at a COMMUNITY DROUGHT FORUM?

    This  Report by Lois Krafsky-Perry
    for Citizen Review
    Posted Saturday, May 23, 2015

    Sequim/Dungeness community listens to drought concerns

    IT’S A MUST READ

    http://citizenreviewonline.org/sequimdungeness-community-listens-to-drought-concerns/

    CITIZENS REVIEW  is an online  resource for disseminating critical information to keep citizens informed

    —————————————————————————————————

    AS PROVIDED ABOVE BY LOIS…

    We the people have partners too….

    My website, behindmyback.org,  is dedicated to investigating, researching, documenting, UPDATING and disseminating critical information to help keep American citizens informed by posting and reporting things they don’t know. This is just one chapter in the book of revelations by Pearl Revere.

    ————————————————————————————————

     A 43 page document History of Droughts in Washington State_1977.pdf

    MEDIA Drought alert Sun., Feb. 6, 1977  

    WOW! THE ASSOCIATED PRESS

    Dear Reader: On February 16, 1977, Governor Dixy Lee Ray established the “Governor’s … drought occurrences in the State of Washington since 1900. Various.

    OCR Text

    Northwest Officials ponder energy outlook By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Some nfflntnla HUn n*a« nn n_.. «-L. nn«<m.»». .i~-i_i_n.. M .-. THE DAILY NEWS—21 Angeles, Wash., Sun., Feb. 6, 1977

    By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Nervous government weather- watchers are mobilizing for battle should a Pacific Northwest drought short-circuit electric power and whither crops this spring. Homeowners may be asked — or forced — to reduce their electrical use. During Christmas, Seattle City Light asked its 370,000 customers not to use outdoor decorative lighting. Further sacrifices may be around the corner if a serious drought occurs.

    —————————————————————————-

    MEDIA COVERAGE?   2015 WA STATE DROUGHT?  

    NOT SO MUCH..

    CAPITAL PRESS  Published:  

    Their full media report is  here

    Washington’s late reaction to drought revives legislation …

    www.capitalpress.com/Washington/…/washingtons-late-react

    Capital Press May 14, 2015 – A House bill to revise how the state prepares for a drought sank in the Senate, but may resurface in the special session.

    ——————————————————————————-

    Ecology’s  current drought report is sort of an interesting reading.

    Last revised: May 22, 2015

    Washington Drought 2015 | Washington State Department …

    www.ecy.wa.gov/drought/

    3 days ago – Washington State Weekly Drought Update – Office of Washington State … Current Snow Water Equivalent (SWE) % of Normal – View Map …

    ——————————————————–

    And more history…. a response from Ecology

    —– Original Message —–

    From: Marti, Jeff (ECY)

    To: pearl hewett

    Sent: Friday, May 22, 2015 5:23 PM

    Subject: RE: History of Droughts in Washington State

    Pearl, good sleuthing.   1977 was indeed a bad drought year, which triggered the (still ongoing) Yakima water rights adjudication.

    Here’s a couple more reports that you might find interesting.

    Jeff

    ————————————

    Jeff Marti

    Water Resources Program

    360-407-6627

    jeff.marti@ecy.wa.gov

    2005 Drought Response Report to the Legislature

    www.ecy.wa.gov/biblio/0611001.html

    • 2005 Drought Response Report to the Legislature … While it is generally viewed as a climate anomaly, in fact drought is the dry part of the normal climate cycle.

    Drought Response 2001: Report to the Legislature

    www.ecy.wa.gov/biblio/0111017.html

    Author(s), Curt Hart. Description, This legislative report outlines how the state agencies responsible for managing Washington’s emergency drought activities .

    ——————————————————————————-

    History of Droughts in Washington State 1900 to 1977 etc…

    Title History of Droughts in Washington State
    Publication Type Report
    Year of Publication 1977
    Authors Staff, GAHEWEC
    Keywords climate, droughts, environment, historic, history, washington, water
    Title History of Droughts in Washington State
    Publication Type Report
    Year of Publication 1977
    Authors Staff, GAHEWEC
    Keywords climate, droughts, environment, historic, history, washington, water

     



  • Are You A Normal Person?

    Are You A Normal Person?

    The is a DIRECT QUOTE OF ECOLOGY’S ANSWER  to a basic question.

    Aren’t people more important than fish?

    IF YOU’RE A NORMAL PERSON, YOU’D ANSWER “YES, PEOPLE USUALLY ARE MORE IMPORTANT THAN FISH.”

    HOWEVER, the issue of instream flow isn’t that simple.  It actually boils down to a “VALUE JUDGMENT” of what we want our world to look like.

    ————————————————————————

    VALUE JUDGMENT by definition

    An assessment of a person, situation, or event. The term is often restricted to assessments that reveal the values of the person making the assessment rather than the objective realities of what is being assessed.

    ——————————————————————————–

    WA STATE DEPT OF ECOLOGY  Answers to your basic questions,

    http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wr/instream-flows/isf101.html

    ————————————————————————————————-

    ARE INSTREAM FLOWS ALL ABOUT PROTECTING FISH? WHAT ABOUT PEOPLE?

    ——————————————————————————————————

    SO? WHAT ABOUT PEOPLE?

    ARE YOU A NORMAL PERSON?

     By definition.. NORMAL is also used to describe individual behaviour that CONFORMS TO THE MOST COMMON BEHAVIOUR IN SOCIETY (known as conformity). Definitions of normality vary by person, time, place, and situation – it changes along with changing societal standards and norms.

    —————————————————————-

    ARE PEOPLE USUALLY MORE IMPORTANT THAN FISH?

    By definition.. USUALLY?

    1. Commonly encountered, experienced, or observed

    2. Regularly or customarily used

    3. In CONFORMITY with regular practice or procedure:

    ———————————————————————————

    ARE PEOPLE  MORE IMPORTANT THAN FISH?

    USUALLY…….

    By definition.. HOWEVER

    1. In spite of that

    2. nevertheless

    3.  by whatever means

    4.  in whatever manner

    ——————————————————————

    It actually boils down to aVALUE JUDGMENT” (by definition)

    An assessment of a person, situation, or event. The term is often restricted TO ASSESSMENTS THAT REVEAL THE VALUES OF THE PERSON MAKING THE ASSESSMENT rather than the objective realities of what is being assessed.

    ———————————————————————————

    THE VALUES OF THE PERSON MAKING THE ASSESSMENT?

     WA STATE DEPT OF ECOLOGY VALUES FISH BEFORE PEOPLE?

     —————————————————————————

    Hmmm… THE $$$ VALUES  OF EARTH ECONOMICS ?

    devoted to promoting ecosystem health and ecological economics

    ———————————————————————-

    WA STATE DEPT OF ECOLOGY

    Introduction to Instream Flows and Instream Flow Rules
    Answers to your basic questions,

    http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/wr/instream-flows/isf101.html

    ———————————————————————————

    What was the question?

    Are instream flows all about protecting fish? What about people?

    What was ECOLOGY’S Answer?

    Isn’t instream flow really an issue of “water for fish” vs. “water for people”?  Aren’t people more important than fish?  If you’re a normal person, you’d answer “yes, people usually are more important than fish.”  However, the issue of instream flow isn’t that simple.  It actually boils down to a value judgment of what we want our world to look like.  Fish are in fact just one of many organisms that live in streams but they often offer a gauge of overall environmental health.

     Instream flow is an issue of water and river management – seeking ways to maintain healthy, diverse ecosystems that contribute to a high quality of life while sustaining our basic life functions and economies.  Accomplishing this goal is never easy, as it involves integration of scientific knowledge and societal demands within a set of legal limitations.

    But informed and effective instream flow management should afford a healthy, enjoyable existence for people while maintaining healthy, diverse aquatic resources.   It’s much more complicated than “keeping a little water in the creek for the fish.”

    Instream Flow Council

    ————————————————————————————–

    WA STATE ELECTED LEGISLATORS VALUE JUDGMENT?

     INSTREAM FLOW IS AN ISSUE OF WATER FOR CITIZENS

    An assessment of a person, situation, or event. THE TERM IS OFTEN RESTRICTED TO ASSESSMENTS THAT REVEAL THE VALUES OF THE PERSON MAKING THE ASSESSMENT rather than the objective realities of what is being assessed.

    —————————————————————-

    THE OBJECTIVE REALITIES OF WHAT IS BEING ASSESSED?

    Start here

    EVEN,  BEFORE GOVERNOR INSLEE’S WA STATE DROUGHT DECLARATION

    INSTREAM FLOW WAS AN ISSUE OF WATER FOR CITIZENS

    ——————————————————–

    Behind My Back | High, Dry and Destitute

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/highdry-and-destitute/

    Feb 1, 2015 – High, Dry and Destitute WA State citizens, private property owners and farmers, in Skagit and Clallam County have been left HIGH, DRY AND 

    DESTITUTE  by definition, WITHOUT THE BASIC NECESSITIES OF LIFE.

    ———————————————————————————-

    WHAT’S NEXT?

    AFTER, GOVERNOR INSLEE’S WA STATE DROUGHT DECLARATION?

    INSTREAM FLOW IS NOW A  CRITICAL ISSUE OF WATER FOR CITIZENS

    —————————————————-

    WHAT’S NEXT?

    Community Drought Forum

    May 21, 2015

    6:00-8:30PM

    Guy Cole Convention Center

    202 North Blake Avenue, Sequim, WA 98382

     ————————————————————-

    Please GO PUBLIC with this.

    Invite every “CITIZEN” that is critically affected by

    Ecology’s WA State Drought Response?

    2015 Dungeness Dry Year Leasing Program FAQs

    GOT QUESTIONS? WANT ANSWERS?

    PLEASE  attend this Clallam County Community Drought Forum

    JEFF MARTI DROUGHT COORDINATOR WASHINGTON DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY WILL BE THERE TO ANSWER YOUR QUESTIONS.

    ————————————————————————————————————

    ARE YOU CONCERNED ABOUT ECOLOGY’S WATER VALUE JUDGMENT?

    GOT QUESTIONS? WANT ANSWERS?

    WATER RESOURCES ADVISORY COMMITTEE (WRAC)

    Meetings are normally attended by about FORTY PEOPLE WHO REPRESENT STATE AGENCIES, LOCAL GOVERNMENTS, WATER UTILITIES, INDIAN TRIBES, ENVIRONMENTAL GROUPS, CONSULTANTS, LAW FIRMS AND OTHER WATER STAKEHOLDERS. 

     GOT QUESTIONS? WANT ANSWERS?

    CONTACT

    Chris Anderson
    Department of Ecology, Water Resources Program
    e-mail: chris.anderson@ecy.wa.gov
    Phone: 360-407-6634

     


  • WA Drought Tribes Fish and Water

    INFLUENCE ON WA STATE ECOLOGYS (DOE) DROUGHT RESPONSE?

    The chain of circumstantial evidence…..

    1. ALL 24 Water Resource Inventory Areas (WRIA’s)  IN WA STATE THAT HAVE BEEN “DECLARED AS DROUGHT EMERGENCY” Have a SALMON RECOVERY PLAN.

    2. 1998 MOU ECOLOGY WILL SERVE AS THE …. COORDINATION BETWEEN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND SALMON RECOVERY:

    3.  DROUGHT LAWS and Rules. Chapter 43.83B RCW – Water Supply Facilities. Law which gives THE DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY AUTHORITY TO RESPOND TO A DROUGHT …

    4.RCW 43.83B.410  DROUGHT CONDITIONS — Withdrawals and diversions — Orders, authority granted.

    5. Upon the issuance of an order under RCW 43.83B.405, THE DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY IS EMPOWERED …..

    ——————————————————————————————

    RCW 43.83B.410  DROUGHT CONDITIONS

    The department of ECOLOGY may issue such withdrawal authorization WHEN, AFTER INVESTIGATION AND AFTER PROVIDING APPROPRIATE FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL BODIES AN OPPORTUNITY TO COMMENT

    Just asking?

    IS CLALLAM COUNTY GOVERNMENT AN “APPROPRIATE” LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL BODY?

    WAS CLALLAM COUNTY GOVERNMENT  GIVEN AN OPPORTUNITY TO COMMENT?
    ————————————————————————————————

    RCW 43.83B.405

    Drought conditions — Withdrawals and diversions — Orders, procedure.

    (1) Whenever it appears to the department of ecology that a drought condition either exists or is forecast to occur within the state or portions thereof, the department of ecology is authorized to issue orders, pursuant to rules previously adopted, to implement the powers as set forth in RCW 43.83B.410 through 43.83B.420.

    THE DEPARTMENT SHALL, IMMEDIATELY UPON THE ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER UNDER THIS SECTION, CAUSE SAID ORDER TO BE PUBLISHED IN NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN THE AREAS OF THE STATE TO WHICH THE ORDER RELATES.

    PRIOR TO THE ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER, THE DEPARTMENT SHALL (A) CONSULT WITH AND OBTAIN THE VIEWS OF THE FEDERAL AND STATE GOVERNMENT ENTITIES IDENTIFIED IN THE DROUGHT CONTINGENCY PLAN periodically revised by the department pursuant to RCW 43.83B.410(4), and (b) obtain the written approval of the governor. Orders issued under this section shall be deemed orders for the purposes of chapter 34.05 RCW.

    (2) Any order issued under subsection (1) of this section shall contain a termination date for the order. The termination date shall be not later than one calendar year from the date the order is issued. Although the department may, with the written approval of the governor, change the termination date by amending the order, no such amendment or series of amendments may have the effect of extending its termination to a date which is later than two calendar years after the issuance of the order.

    (3) The provisions of subsection (2) of this section do not preclude the issuance of more than one order under subsection (1) of this section for different areas of the state or sequentially for the same area as the need arises for such an order or orders.

    [1989 c 171 § 2.] Notes:     Severability — 1989 c 171: See note following RCW 43.83B.400

    ————————————————————————

    RCW 43.83B.410  DROUGHT CONDITIONS — Withdrawals and diversions — Orders, authority granted.

    Upon the issuance of an order under RCW 43.83B.405, THE DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY IS EMPOWERED TO:

    (1)(a) Authorize emergency withdrawal of public surface and ground waters, including dead storage within reservoirs, on a temporary basis AND AUTHORIZE ASSOCIATED PHYSICAL WORKS WHICH MAY BE EITHER TEMPORARY OR PERMANENT. The termination date for the authority to make such an emergency withdrawal may not be later than the termination date of the order issued under RCW 43.83B.405 under which the power to authorize the withdrawal is established.

    The department of ECOLOGY may issue such withdrawal authorization when, after investigation and after providing appropriate FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTAL BODIES AN OPPORTUNITY TO COMMENT, the following are found:

    (i) The waters proposed for withdrawal are to be used for a beneficial use involving a previously established activity or purpose;

    (ii) The previously established activity or purpose was furnished water through rights applicable to the use of a public body of water that cannot be exercised due to the lack of water arising from natural drought conditions; and

    (iii) THE PROPOSED WITHDRAWAL WILL NOT REDUCE FLOWS OR LEVELS BELOW ESSENTIAL MINIMUMS NECESSARY (A) TO ASSURE THE MAINTENANCE OF FISHERIES REQUIREMENTS, AND (B) TO PROTECT FEDERAL AND STATE INTERESTS INCLUDING, AMONG OTHERS, POWER GENERATION, NAVIGATION, AND EXISTING WATER RIGHTS;

    (b) All withdrawal authorizations issued under this section SHALL CONTAIN PROVISIONS THAT ALLOW FOR TERMINATION OF WITHDRAWALS, IN WHOLE OR IN PART, WHENEVER WITHDRAWALS WILL CONFLICT WITH FLOWS AND LEVELS as provided in (a)(iii) of this subsection. Domestic and irrigation uses of public surface and ground waters shall be given priority in determining “beneficial uses.” As to water withdrawal and associated works authorized under this subsection, the requirements of chapter 43.21C RCW and public bidding requirements as otherwise provided by law are waived and inapplicable. All state and local agencies with authority to issue permits or other authorizations for such works shall, to the extent possible, expedite the processing of the permits or authorizations in keeping with the emergency nature of the requests and shall provide a decision to the applicant within fifteen calendar days of the date of application. All state departments or other agencies having jurisdiction over state or other public lands, if such lands are necessary to effectuate the withdrawal authorizations issued under this subsection, shall provide short-term easements or other appropriate property interest upon the payment of the fair market value. This mandate shall not apply to any lands of the state that are reserved for a special purpose or use that cannot properly be carried out if the property interest were conveyed;

    (2) Approve a temporary change in purpose, place of use, or point of diversion, consistent with existing state policy allowing transfer or lease of waters between willing parties, as provided for in RCW 90.03.380, 90.03.390, and 90.44.100.

    HOWEVER, COMPLIANCE WITH ANY REQUIREMENTS OF (A) NOTICE OF NEWSPAPER PUBLICATION OF THESE SECTIONS OR (B) THE STATE ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT, CHAPTER 43.21C RCW, IS NOT REQUIRED WHEN SUCH CHANGES ARE NECESSARY TO RESPOND TO DROUGHT CONDITIONS AS DETERMINED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY.

    An approval of a temporary change of a water right as authorized under this subsection is not admissible as evidence in either supporting or contesting the validity of water claims in State of Washington, Department of Ecology v. Acquavella, Yakima county superior court number 77-2-01484-5 or any similar proceeding where the existence of a water right is at issue.

    (3) Employ additional persons for specified terms of time, consistent with the term of a drought condition, as are necessary to ensure the successful performance of the activities associated with implementing the emergency drought program of this chapter.

    (4) Revise the drought contingency plan previously developed by the department; and

    (5) Acquire needed emergency drought-related equipment.

    [1989 c 171 § 3.]

    Notes: Severability — 1989 c 171: See note following RCW 43.83B.400

    ——————————————————————————————————-

    When Jeff  Marti, Drought Coordinator for DOE (360-407-6627). was asked, how much influence do TRIBES have in the drought decision-making process.

    He said, “Absolutely none”!

    ———————————————————————-

    The chain of circumstantial evidence…..

    That’s like asking  how much influence did the TRIBES have on the Boldt decision?

    And, how much influence did the TRIBES have on the removal of the Elwha River Dams?

    And, how much influence did the TRIBES have on the 1998: SALMON RECOVERY PLAN?

    And, how much influence did the TRIBES have on the instreamflow?

    —————————————————————————-

    Washington State’s Salmon Recovery Network (online report)

    15 YEARS AGO, THE STATE OF WASHINGTON AND THE 29 TREATY TRIBES, CO-MANAGERS OF THE SALMON RESOURCE, SUPPORTED THE ESTABLISHMENT OF NEW REGIONAL SALMON RECOVERY ORGANIZATIONS TO GUIDE LOCALLY-DRIVEN SALMON RECOVERY.

    Most certainly, the tribes and the fish have much to do with ECOLOGY’S WA States Drought Response.

    —————————————————————————————–

    1998: WA STATE SALMON RECOVERY PLANNING

    Memorandum of Understanding – ESHB 2514 and ESHB 2496

    www.ecy.wa.gov/Watershed/misc/MOU.html

    Memorandum of Understanding for the Coordinated Implementation of Chapter 247, … Laws of 1998: Salmon Recovery Planning (Engrossed Substitute House Bill 2496) By … For watershed management planning, ECOLOGY WILL SERVE AS THE …. COORDINATION BETWEEN WATERSHED MANAGEMENT PLANNING AND SALMON RECOVERY:.

    —————————————————————————————-

    Washington State’s Salmon Recovery Network (cont.)

    Our success is a result of salmon recovery being implemented by local jurisdictions, conservation districts, TRIBAL NATIONS, REGIONAL FISHERIES ENHANCEMENT GROUPS, STATE AND FEDERAL PROGRAMS, AND DOZENS OF LOCAL NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATIONS relying on the volunteer hours of thousands of Washington citizens across the state.

    The benefits to all of Washington’s citizens are clear: cleaner water, less flooding, more productive farmland, improved bridges and roads, healthier forests and rivers and shorelines, more productive wildlife habitat, and improved opportunities for sustainable fishing and outdoor recreation.

    THIS WORK ENABLES US TO HONOR OUR COMMITMENT TO TRIBAL TREATY FISHING RIGHTS.

    Together, our efforts form a network for salmon recovery across our state, rebuilding and strengthening our fish, water, and land resources today to maintain what we love about the Pacific Northwest into the future.

    TOGETHER, WE ARE BUILDING THE FUTURE WE WANT FOR OUR CHILDREN.

    Read more for details about the Network

    http://www.stateofsalmon.wa.gov/

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    WHO’S BUILDING THE WATER FUTURE THAT CITIZENS WANT FOR THEIR CHILDREN?

    THE SOCIAL ENVIRONMENT, social context, socialtural context, or milieu, refers to THE IMMEDIATE PHYSICAL AND SOCIAL SETTING IN WHICH PEOPLE LIVE OR IN WHICH SOMETHING HAPPENS OR DEVELOPS. It includes the culture that the individual was educated or lives in, and the people and institutions with whom they interact.

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    THE NUTS AND THE BOLDT’S OF IT?

    NO MORE FISH BEFORE PEOPLE.

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    UPON THE ISSUANCE OF AN ORDER UNDER RCW 43.83B.405, THE DEPARTMENT OF ECOLOGY IS EMPOWERED