+menu-


  • Category Archives The Science of Uncertainty?
  • Manipulating the Weather for War

    MANIPULATING THE WEATHER FOR WAR

    In his 1931 book The Scientific Outlook, Lord Bertrand Arthur Russell,

    DISCUSSED MANIPULATING THE WEATHER.

    “It may be that God made the world,” Russell proclaimed, “that is no reason why we should not make it over.” (in 1950 he was the winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature)

    ————————————————————————————

    MUCH EFFORT WENT INTO STUDIES OF WEATHER MODIFICATION FROM 1945 INTO THE 1970S.

    ——————————————————————————–

    THE CONCEPT OF WEATHER MODIFICATION FOR USE AS A WEAPON OF WAR STARTED IN JUNE 1944.

    THE WAR THAT CHANGED GLOBAL WEATHER

    D-Day Weather Map Is Most Important in History

    Massive World War II bombing raids altered English weather
    Allied bombing raids during WWII turned the English sky white with 
    contrails, providing a case study for scientists studying how the WEATHER is affected by these long, feathery lines of condensation that form behind aircraft

    THE WEATHER MODIFICATION TECHNIQUE AND DEVELOPMENT AS AN INSTRUMENT OF WAR USED SEEDING UNITS COMPOSED OF SILVER IODIDE WERE STARTED IN 1949 AT THE NAVAL WEAPONS CENTER IN CHINA LAKE CALIFORNIA.

    WEATHER MODIFICATION (CLOUD SEEDING) WAS USED AS AN INSTRUMENT OF WAR 1966 IN VIETNAM.

    DURING THE VIETNAM WAR THE US GOVERNMENT USED WEATHER AS A WEAPON UNDER PROJECT POPEYE, THE PROJECT BEGAN IN 1966, LASTED FOR A HALF A DECADE, AND WAS CONSIDERED A SUCCESS.

    ——————————————————————

    MAY 18, 1977  GLOBALCONCERN AFTER  THE VIETNAM WAR

    The United Nations WEATHER Weapons Treaty of May 1977

    UNGA RES – UN Weather Weapons Treaty

    www.cooperazioneallosviluppo.esteri.it/pdgcs/…/iraq/…/Weather_Weapon_Treaty.pdf

    Adopted by Resolution 31/72 of the United Nations General Assembly on 10 December … The Convention was opened for signature at Geneva on 18 May 1977.

    The United Nations Weather Weapons Treaty of May 1977 warned that scientific and technical developments may open new possibilities with respect to modification of the environment and that the hostile use of these techniques could have effects extremely harmful to human welfare.

    ———————————————————————————–

    MUCH EFFORT?  U.S. CONGRESS WEATHER MODIFICATION OCT. 26, 1977

    Full text of “Weather modification: programs, problems, policy, and …

    https://archive.org/stream/weatificat00unit/weatificat00unit_djvu.txt

    193 Legislative and congressional activities 194 Federal legislation on weather ….. 93th Cong., 1st sess., Oct. 26, 1977Washington, U.S. Government Printing ….. Operation of cloud-seeding equipment near the border of one State may also …

    ——————————————————————————————

    MUCH EFFORT? BY THE UNITED NATIONS OCT 5, 1978

    The United Nations WEATHER Weapons Treaty of May 1977 was opened for signature at Geneva on 18 May 1977 and entered into force on 5 October 1978. warned that scientific and technical developments may open new possibilities with respect to modification of the environment and that the hostile use of these techniques could have effects extremely harmful to human welfare.

    ——————————————————————————————-

    GOOD GRIEF…

    THE U.S. SIGNED A UNITED NATIONS WEATHER WEAPONS TREATY IN 1978

    AND IN JUNE 17, 1996  THE DOD IS PLANNING TO OWN THE WEATHER IN 2025

    The Scientific Outlook 2025 “It may be that God made the world,” the DOD  proclaimed, “that is no reason why we should not make it over.”

    —————————————————————————–

     Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in … – UK Skywatch

    by CTJ House – ‎1996 – ‎Cited by 26 – ‎Related articles

    Aug 5, 1996 – OWNING THE WEATHER IN 2025. A Research Paper … Presented on 17 June 1996,

    ———————————————————————————-

    MUCH EFFORT?  WEATHER MODIFICATION AUG 17, 2013

    US Climate Change Study Explores Weather Modification

    www.accuweather.com/en/weather-news/us-climate-change-study-under/16368732

    AUG 17, 2013A U.S. STUDY IS UNDER WAY TO EVALUATE SEVERAL POSSIBLE WAYS TO LIMIT CLIMATE CHANGE INCLUDING SOLAR RADIATION MANAGEMENT AND CARBON DIOXIDE …

    So, when I found out about the study on  “WEATHER MODIFICATION” study and evaluation

    I SENT THIS

    Earth Day Message to Congress

    Posted on April 22, 2015 7:38 am by Pearl Rains Hewett

    I am asking for an email response from our Federal and State Elected Representative with the RESULTS/scientific finding  of the US Climate Change Study Explores WEATHER Modification.

    The U.S. study was expected to be finished in the fall of 2014. (I did not get a response)

    ———————————————————————-

    MAY 2014 THE SHUTTING DOWN OF HAARP’S  WEATHER MODIFICATION

    “WE’RE MOVING ON TO OTHER WAYS OF MANAGING THE IONOSPHERE WHICH THE HAARP WAS REALLY DESIGNED TO DO,” he said. “TO INJECT ENERGY INTO THE IONOSPHERE TO BE ABLE TO ACTUALLY CONTROL IT.

     AND.. THAT WAY TO MANAGE WAS?

    Behind My Back | Albedo modification?

    www.behindmyback.org/category/albedo-modification/

    By definition. Albedo is the technical term for the proportion of sunlight. that Earth’s surface and atmosphere reflect back to space. Albedo modification AKA…

    ————————————————————————————

    OBAMA’S CLIMATE CHANGE AGENDA?

    DEC 2016 AFTER MUCH EFFORT BY THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION IN COLLUSION WITH THE U.S. GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH PROGRAM…

    THE DRAFT REPORT, KNOWN AS THE CLIMATE SCIENCE SPECIAL REPORT (CSSR), WAS QUIETLY RELEASED IN LATE DECEMBER 2016, JUST BEFORE THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION LEFT OFFICE, BY THE UNITED STATES GLOBAL CHANGE RESEARCH PROGRAM…

    OBAMA ADMINISTRATION CLIMATE SCIENCE SPECIAL REPORT (CSSR)

    WAS LEFT BEHIND FOR THE TRUMP ADMINISTRATION TO FINISH

    ————————————————————————————–

    The bottom line…

    PRESIDENT TRUMP JUST WIPED OUT THE OBAMA CLIMATE CHANGE AGENDA. DO YOU SUPPORT THIS ORDER?  


  • WA State Accused of “Cloud Rustling”

    YEP,  IN 1977  WA STATE WAS  ACCUSED OF “CLOUD RUSTLING”

    Rainmaking and Cloud Rustling – The New York Times

    www.nytimes.com/1977/03/09/archives/rainmaking-and-cloud-rustling.html

    Mar 9, 1977 – THE ATTORNEY GENERAL OF IDAHO HAS ACCUSED THE NEIGHBORING STATE OF WASHINGTON OF “CLOUD RUSTLING,” AND ANNOUNCED PLANS TO FILE SUIT IN FEDERAL …

    THE HISTORY OF “CLOUD RUSTLING,” WEATHER MODIFICATION, AKA CLOUD SEEDING FROM 1944 THROUGH 2017 IS VERY, VERY INTERESTING

    ————————————————————–

    HMMM?  HOW INTERESTING…

    A CLOUD SEEDING LAWSUIT WAS FILED AGAINST WA STATE  IN 1956

    Washington State 1956

    Auvil Orchard Company, Inc. v. Weather Modification, Inc.,

    Nr. 19268 (Superior Court, Chelan County, Wash. 1956).

    This is an UNREPORTED case that has been mentioned briefly in several law review articles.4Auvil was able to get a temporary injunction prohibiting cloud seeding for hail suppression.

    HOWEVER, AUVIL WAS UNABLE TO OBTAIN A PERMANENT INJUNCTION, BECAUSE HE WAS UNABLE TO PROVE THAT THE CLOUD SEEDING HAD CAUSED A FLOOD.

    —————————————————————

    AND, In 1977 WA State passed a law on CLOUD SEEDING

    Chapter 43.37 RCW: WEATHER MODIFICATION – Access Washington

    app.leg.wa.gov/rcw/default.aspx?cite=43.37

    LIABILITY OF STATE DENIEDLegal rights of private persons not affected. 43.37.200. Penalty. 43.37. … PROGRAM OF EMERGENCY CLOUD SEEDING AUTHORIZED. 43.37.220.

    ———————————————————

    INDEED….

    THE HISTORY OF CLOUD SEEDING  MAKES AN INTERESTING CASE STUDY

    in the interaction between, Department of Defense, DoD, USDOD, or DOD scientists and society: not only about the obligations and ethics of scientists, but also about Owning the Weather in 2025. A Research Paper … Presented on 17 June 1996,

    AND, HOW COURTS HAVE AVOIDED DECIDING CASES INVOLVING TECHNICAL ISSUES ABOUT WEATHER MODIFICATION.

    ——————————————————————-

    UNBELIEVABLE?

    Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025 – US Gov

    For those who would like to read the rest of Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in 2025, or are still having doubts about weather modification, Earth Changes Central has made a copy of the original US Air Force PDF file available for reading, which can be located here:
    http://earthchangescentral.com/research/Project2025/vol3ch15.pdf

    Aug 5, 1996 – Owning the Weather in 2025. was A Research Paper … Presented on 17 June 1996, this report was produced in the Department of Defense, DoD, USDOD, or DOD) school.

    WHO?

    The Department of Defense (DoD, USDOD, or DOD) is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating …

     WHAT?

    THE INFLUENCE OF THE WEATHER ON MILITARY OPERATIONS HAS LONG BEEN RECOGNIZED. During World War II, Eisenhower said, [i]n Europe bad weather is the worst enemy of the air [operations]. Some soldier once said, “The weather is always neutral.” Nothing could be more untrue. Bad weather is obviously the enemy of the side that seeks to launch projects requiring good weather, or of the side possessing great assets, such as strong air forces, which depend upon good weather for effective operations. If really bad weather should endure permanently, the Nazi would need nothing else to defend the Normandy coast!

    WHEN?

    D-Day Weather Map Is Most Important in History
    The forecast for northwest France on June 6, 1944 stands as history`s most important weather forecast. Conditions at Omaha Beach and the other landing zones within 50 miles of Normandy had to be just right so as to allow troops to parachute to their landing zones, as well as maneuver their way onshore via amphibious vehicles. With so many military assets being deployed — more than 5,000 ships, 13,000 aircraft and 160,000 Allied troops — THE WEATHER FORECAST, AT A TIME WHEN MODERN METEOROLOGY WAS STILL IN ITS INFANCY, WAS CRUCIAL TO THE SUCCESS OF THE MISSION.
    (mashable.com)
    http://hitlernews.cloudworth.com/weather-wwII-mud-war.php

    WHERE?

    Massive World War II bombing raids altered English weather
    Allied bombing raids during WWII turned the English sky white with contrails, providing a case study for scientists studying how the weather is affected by these long, feathery lines of condensation that form behind aircraft. Contrails form when the hot, moist plume of engine exhaust mixes with cold air. Liquid droplets form and then freeze, forming a straight, white line. Contrails, which can last days, have complex effects on the Earth`s surface temperature: They can reflect sunlight, causing cooling, or they can trap long-wave radiation, and preventing it from escaping to space.
    (livescience.com)
    http://hitlernews.cloudworth.com/weather-wwII-mud-war.php

    WHY?

     Weather as a Force Multiplier: Owning the Weather in … – UK Skywatch

    www.uk-skywatch.co.uk/Weather%20as%20a%20Force%20Multiplier.%20Owning%…

    by CTJ House – ‎1996 – ‎Cited by 26 – ‎Related articles

    Aug 5, 1996 – Owning the Weather in 2025. A Research Paper … Presented on 17 June 1996, this report was produced in the Department of Defense, DoD, USDOD, or DOD) school.

    The Department of Defense is an executive branch department of the federal government of the United States charged with coordinating and supervising all agencies and functions of the government concerned …

    Earth Changes Central has made a copy of the original US Air Force PDF file available for reading, which can be located here:
    http://earthchangescentral.com/research/Project2025/vol3ch15.pdf

    ———————————————————–

    READ THE 1996 DOCUMENT ABOVE

     ————————————————

    READ THE TWO DOCUMENTS BELOW…

    ————————————————

    Full text of “Weather modification: programs, problems, policy, and …

    https://archive.org/stream/weatificat00unit/weatificat00unit_djvu.txt

    193 Legislative and congressional activities 194 Federal legislation on weather ….. 93th Cong., 1st sess., Oct. 26, 1977, Washington, U.S. Government Printing ….. Operation of cloud-seeding equipment near the border of one State may also …

    ———————————————-

    Weather Modification Law in the USA – Dr. Ronald B. Standler

    www.rbs2.com/weather.pdf

    Oct 22, 2006 – Washington state 1956 . … South Dakota 1977 . …. The best-known kind of weather modification is cloud seeding, with the goal of producing …

    ———————————————————

    WHO OWNS THIS WEATHER MAY 2, 2017

    Towns Flooded Across Arkansas, Missouri as Rivers Rise; 20 Dead in …

    https://weather.com/…/severe-weather-tornadoes-flooding-storms-texas-missouri-arka…

    May 2 2017 01:00 PM EDT … Story Highlights. At least 20 people have … Flooding triggered by deadly storms over the weekend prompted ….

    —————————————————————-

    Deadly storms and flooding in US Midwest, South | News | DW.COM …

    www.dw.com/en/deadly-storms-and-flooding-in-us-midwest-south/a-38658400

    13 hours ago – TOP STORIES … Deadly storms and flooding in US Midwest, South … Date 02.05.2017; Related Subjects Weather; Keywords US, Midwest, …

     ——————————————————————————————

    Weather Manipulation – Fact or Fantasy? – Earth Changes Central

    earthchangescentral.com/eccarticles/WeatherManipulation_Fact_or_Fantasy01.html

    Sep 11, 2005 – IN THE UNITED STATES, WEATHER-MODIFICATION will likely become a part of … has made a copy of the original US Air Force PDF file available for …

    ————————————————————————

    WHETHER WEATHER MANIPULATION IS FACT OR FANTASY?

    WHETHER CLOUD SEEDING CAUSES FLOODING?

    WHETHER CHEMTRAILS ARE A CONSPIRACY OR FACT?

     YOU DECIDE…

    ———————————————————————

    CHANGING THE NAME DOES NOT CHANGE THE GAME. period

    Behind My Back | Albedo modification?

    www.behindmyback.org/category/albedo-modification/

    www.sciencemag.org/…/fight-global-warming-senate-calls-study-… —————-. Science Apr 19, 2016 – Controversial “albedo modification” should be explored …

    Behind My Back | $5.4 Billion for DOE’S “albedo modification”?

    www.behindmyback.org/2016/04/29/5-4-billion-for-does-albedo-modification/

    Apr 29, 2016 – By Adrian Cho Apr. 19, 2016 , 4:00 PM www.sciencemag.org/. … Albedo modificationis not a solution to global warming, it is only a way to …

    ——————————————–

    Climate intervention (also called geoengineering)

    Climate Intervention – National Academies

    dels.nas.edu/…/cli
    National Research Council (U.S.) Commission on Ge…
    David Keith, an atmospheric physicist at Harvard University, says,
    “Ignorance is not a good basis for making decisions?
    so learning more about this is extremely valuable ($5.4 billion?)
     even if we find out that it will never work?
    ———————————————————
    The bottom line
    REALLY?

    To be continued……


  • President Trump’s Better Mousetraps

    Lightning up and Doubling down with and for  “MY” President Trump

    From the old saying, “If you build a better mousetrap, the world will beat a path to your door”…

    Donald J. Trump,  did write a better book “The Art Of the Deal”, Trump did preach a better sermon, or make a better mousetrap. Trump did develop or invent something superior to a device that WAS widely used for 8 years. “If a man can, the world will make a beaten path to his door.”

    The truth is in the pudding,  Nov 8, 2016, The idiom is usually stated the proof is in the pudding and means that the end result is the mark of the success or failure of one’s efforts or planning.

    Feb 20, 2017 “AMERICA FIRST” FOLLOW THE LAW. period.

    One way or another whatever it takes

    TURNABOUT IS FAIR PLAY.

    OBAMA AND HIS  DEMOCRATS  HAD THEIR  TURN, NOW IT’S ONLY FAIR THAT, TRUMP AND HIS REPUBLICANS SHOULD HAVE THEIRS.

    THE DEMOCRATS VOTED, WE ONLY NEED A MAJORITY VOTE

    OBAMA SAID AFTER MY ELECTION I HAVE MORE FLEXIBILITY

    OBAMA SAID, ELECTIONS HAVE CONSEQUENCES.

    OBAMA HAD A PEN AND A PHONE

    OBAMA WROTE A GAZILLION EXECUTIVE ORDERS

    OBAMA WROTE A GAZILLION MEMORANDUMS

    OBAMA WROTE A GAZILLION PROCLAMATIONS

    OBAMA DID NOT NEED CONGRESSIONAL APPROVAL

    OBAMA RELEASED OVER 200 TERRORISTS FROM GITMO

    OBAMA TRADED FIVE TERRORIST FOR ONE DESERTER

    OBAMA PARDONED AND RELEASED  839 FEDERAL PRISONERS.

    OBAMA SHORTENED THE SENTENCES OF OVER 1,000 FEDERAL PRISON INMATES

    ————————————————————————————–

    WHEN THE CAT’S AWAY, THE MICE WILL PLAY. WITHOUT SUPERVISION, PEOPLE WILL DO AS THEY PLEASE, ESPECIALLY IN DISREGARDING OR BREAKING RULES.

    FOR EXAMPLE RIOTERS CAUSED AN estimated $100,000 IN PROPERTY DAMAGE IN BERKELEY ON WEDNESDAY,

    AND ONLY ONE PERSON WAS ARRESTED.

    Bank windows and ATMs were smashed, a Starbucks was looted, anti-Trump graffiti was painted on store fronts, Molotov cocktails were thrown, and garbage fires were lit in the streets.

    On Thursday, Trump responded to the rioting by threatening to cancel federal funding for colleges that failed to protect the right of free speech.

    FOR EXAMPLE, WHEN CONFRONTED WITH VIOLENT RIOTERS, Etal.  In some cases, COLLEGE STUDENTS do not fully develop the capacity to notice and respond to social cues, and may have difficulty interacting in a group

    FOLLOW THE LAW. period

    NO IFS, ANDS, OR BUTS ABOUT IT…..

    THEY WILL ALL NOTICE IF PRESIDENT TRUMP TAKES AWAY THEIR ALLOWANCE.

    “If U.C. Berkeley does not allow free speech and practices violence on innocent people with a different point of view – NO FEDERAL FUNDS?” Trump wrote on Twitter.

    ———————————————————————————–

    Lightning up with Carl Sagan Quotes and Doubling down with and for “MY” President Trump

    IMMIGRATION VETTING?

    Widespread intellectual and moral docility may be convenient for leaders in the short term, but it is suicidal for nations in the long term. One of the criteria for national leadership should therefore be a talent for understanding, encouraging, and MAKING CONSTRUCTIVE USE OF VIGOROUS CRITICISM. . Carl Sagan

    —————————————————————–

    NECULAR WAR?

    Imagine a room awash in gasoline, and there are two implacable enemies in that room. One of them has nine thousand matches. The other has seven thousand matches. Each of them is concerned about who’s ahead, who’s stronger. Well that’s the kind of situation we are actually in. The amount of weapons that are available to the United States and the Soviet Union are so bloated, so grossly in excess of what’s needed to dissuade the other, that if it weren’t so tragic, it would be laughable. What is necessary is to reduce the matches and to clean up the gasoline.  Carl Sagan

    —————————————————————————————-

    GLOBAL WARMING?

    In science it often happens that scientists say, ‘You know that’s a really good argument; my position is mistaken,’ and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn’t happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. Carl Sagan:

    ——————————————————————

    ENDANGERED AND THREATENED SPECIES?

    The secrets of evolution are death and time—the deaths of enormous numbers of lifeforms that were imperfectly adapted to the environment; and time for a long succession of small mutations. . Carl Sagan

    ——————————————————————————-

    CONTROLLING THE WEATHER 1996?

    It is the responsibility of scientists never to suppress knowledge, no matter how awkward that knowledge is, no matter how it may bother those in power; we are not smart enough to decide which pieces of knowledge are permissible, and which are not. . Carl Sagan

    ————————————————————-

    POLITICS AND RELIGION?

    In science it often happens that scientists say, “You know that’s a really good argument; my position is mistaken,” and then they would actually change their minds and you never hear that old view from them again. They really do it. It doesn’t happen as often as it should, because scientists are human and change is sometimes painful. But it happens every day. Carl Sagan

    I CANNOT RECALL THE LAST TIME SOMETHING LIKE THAT HAPPENED IN POLITICS OR RELIGION.


  • $5.4 Billion for DOE’S “albedo modification”?

    To fight global warming, Senate calls for study of making Earth reflect …

    By Adrian Cho 
    www.sciencemag.org/…/fight-global-warming-senate-calls-study-…
    —————-
    Science Apr 19, 2016 – Controversial “albedo modification” should be explored, scientists say. … Albedo modification “is not a solution to global warming, it is only a way to …. of the U.S. Government documents (patents, climate/weather modification …To fight global warming, Senate calls for study of making Earth reflect more light
    ————————————————–
    By definition
    Albedo is the technical term for the proportion of sunlight
    that Earth’s surface and atmosphere reflect back to space
     Albedo modification  AKA…. “geoengineering”
    ————————————
    Unedited full text

    Budgetmakers in the U.S. Senate want the Department of Energy (DOE) to study the possibility of making Earth reflect more sunlight into space to fight global warming. Earth’s reflectivity is known as its albedo, and the request to study “albedo modification” comes in the details of a proposed spending bill passed by the Senate appropriations committee to fund DOE, the Army Corps of Engineers, and related agencies for fiscal year 2017, which begins 1 October. The bill does not specify how much money should be spent on the research.

    Critics argue that albedo modification and other “geoengineering” schemes are risky and would discourage nations from trying to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide, the heat-trapping gas that comes from the burning of fossil fuels and that is causing global warming by absorbing increasing amounts of energy from sunlight. Still, climate researchers say they should find out what its potential of albedo modification might be.

    “The recommendation is great,” says Joyce Penner, an atmospheric scientist at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. Albedo modification “is not a solution to global warming, it is only a way to avoid, perhaps, a tipping point in the climate.” David Keith, an atmospheric physicist at Harvard University, says, “Ignorance is not a good basis for making decisions, so learning more about this is extremely valuable even if we find out that it will never work.” Keith adds, however, that the few existing studies suggest albedo modification could help ameliorate some effects of global warming.

    The call for further research comes in a bill that would provide $5.4 billion for DOE’s Office of Science next year. It also builds on the recommendations of a February 2015 report from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) entitled Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. That report warned explicitly that albedo modification shouldn’t be deployed now because the risks and benefits were far too uncertain. Still, the committee urged further research to find out what those risks and benefits might be.

    The Senate appropriations committee wants DOE to do that research. “As other nations have launched research programs on albedo modification, the Committee recommends the Department review the findings of the NAS report … and leverage existing computational and modeling capabilities to explore potential impacts of albedo modification,” says a report that accompanies the Senate budget bill. The direction is included in a section outlining priorities for the Office of Science program in biological and environmental research, which currently has an annual budget of $609 million.

    Albedo modification would work by lacing the atmosphere with tiny particles or aerosols that would reflect sunlight and mimic natural processes. For example, in 1991 the volcano Mount Pinatubo in the Philippines spewed 20 million tons of sulfur dioxide into the stratosphere, which spans altitudes from 10 to 50 kilometers. There, the sulfur dioxide produced aerosols that reflected enough sunlight to reduce global temperature by an estimated 0.3°C for 3 years. Albedo modification might also work by using aerosols to seed cloud formation in a lower atmospheric layer called the troposphere.

    However, the NAS report also noted that the potential effects of albedo modification remain poorly understood and quantified. Scientists lack even the observational tools to measure the effects of albedo modification, the report states. To make up for those shortcomings, the report called for a research program, including smaller scale field trials, whose goal “should be to improve understanding of the range of climate and other environmental effects of albedo modification, as well as understanding of unintended impacts.”

    For decades studying albedo modification has been taboo in the United States, Keith says, for fear that it would distract from the ultimate goal of zeroing out carbon emissions. But given the potentially catastrophic effects of global warming, scientists have an obligation to study the idea, he says. “Because the burden will fall so disproportionately on the poor I think there’s a moral imperative to do it,” he says.

    Even if albedo modification won’t work, the research would pay big dividends, Penner predicts. Among the most uncertain elements in climate models are the effects of aerosols and their interactions with clouds—just the things involved in albedo modification—she says. Because of those uncertainties, researchers can estimate only that doubling atmospheric carbon dioxide from preindustrial levels would increase global temperature between 1°C and 5°C. “If we knew the aerosol forcing we could reduce that range,” Penner says.

    If the federal government turns a blind eye to albedo modification, the research will be done anyway by countries such as China and researchers sponsored by nongovernmental organizations such as the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Keith says.

    So the real choice is between exploring albedo modification openly or in relative secrecy, he says: “I believe in sunshine and democracy, and I really think this should be done by the U.S. government and in a transparent way.”

    The Senate language is a long way from becoming law. The full Senate has yet to act on the measure, which ultimately would have to be reconciled with DOE spending levels approved by the House of Representatives. Any final bill would have to be signed by the president.

    DOI: 10.1126/science.aaf4148

    ————————————————————

    Public Release Event: Climate Intervention Reports » Climate Change …

    nas-sites.org/americasclimatechoices/public-release-event-climateinterve

    Feb 14, 2015Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration and Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth.

    —————————————————————————–

    Climate Intervention – National Academies

    dels.nas.edu/…/cli
    National Research Council (U.S.) Commission on Ge…

    Climate Intervention. Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. CLIMATE INTERVENTION IS NO SUBSTITUTE for …

    Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, Ocean Studies Board

    Climate Intervention
    Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration
    Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth
    CLIMATE INTERVENTION IS NO SUBSTITUTE
    for reductions in carbon dioxide emissions andadaptation efforts aimed at reducing the negative consequences of climate change. However, as our planet enters a period of changing climate never before experienced in recorded human history, interest is growing in the potential for deliberate intervention in the climate system to counter climate change.
    ——–
    This study assesses the potential impacts, benefits, and costs of two different proposed classes of climate intervention:
    (1) carbon dioxide removal and
    (2) albedo modification (reflecting sunlight). Carbon dioxide removal strategies address a key driver of climate change, but research is needed to fully assess if any of these technologies could be appropriate for large-scale deployment. Albedo modification strategies could rapidly cool the planet’s surface but pose environmental and other risks that are not well understood and therefore should not be deployed at climate-altering
    scales; more research is needed to determine if albedo modification approaches could be viable in the future.
    ———————————————-
    To date, most research on countering the impacts of climate change has focused on
    mitigating climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions or on adapting human and natural systems to make them more resilient to the effects of a changing climate. In contrast, climate intervention—purposeful intervention in the climate system to counter climate change—has received little attention.
    ———————————————–
    Despite growing interest in climate intervention (also called geoengineering)
    ———————————————————————-
    over recent years, there is a lack of information on the impacts, benefits, and costs of these technologies. These reports provide a scientific assessment to help inform the technological, ethical, legal, economic, and political discussions surrounding the topic of climate intervention.
    ———————————————————-
    Box 1.
    Proposed Climate Intervention Strategies
    This study considers two proposed classes of climate intervention:

    Carbon dioxide removal strategies would actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequester it reliably.–

    Albedo modification strategies would reduce the amount of sunlight absorbed by Earth in order to cool the planet’s surface.
    As the Committee analyzed specific carbon dioxide removal and albedo modification
    strategies, it became apparent that there are vast differences in the research needs, and the extent of the environmental and social risks associated with the two classes of approaches.This led the Committee to separate the climate intervention topics considered in this study into two separate reports
    ———————————————–
    Box 2.
    Carbon Dioxide Removal Strategies
    Considered in This Study
    •Changes in land use management to enhance natural carbon sinks such as forests and agricultural lands
    •Accelerated weathering in the ocean and on land to enhance natural processes that remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere •Bioenergy with carbon capture and sequestration
    •Direct air capture and sequestration of carbon dioxide
    •Ocean iron fertilization to boost phytoplankton growth
    and enhance take-up of carbon dioxide
    ———————————
    Box 3.
    Albedo Modification Strategies Considered in This Study
    •Stratospheric aerosols that help reflect sunlight back into space
    •Marine cloud brightening to enhance reflection of sunlight
    ———————————————————————-
    ALBEDO MODIFICATION POSES POORLY UNDERSTOOD RISKS
    Theoretical and observational data indicate albedo modification has the potential to offset some of the consequences of global warming within years and at a relatively low direct cost. However, deploying albedo modification techniques at climatically important scales
    would bring an array of environmental, social, legal, economic, ethical, and political risks.
    —————————————————————–
    FOR FULL TEXT PLEASE GO TO…..

    PDF]Climate Intervention – National Academies

    dels.nas.edu/…/cli
    National Research Council (U.S.) Commission on Ge…

    Climate Intervention. Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration. Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth. CLIMATE INTERVENTION IS NO SUBSTITUTE for …

    —————————————————————
    CONCLUSION
    Climate change is a global challenge, and addressing it will require a portfolio of responses with varying degrees of risk and efficacy. There is no substitute for dramatic reductions in greenhouse gas emissions to mitigate the negative consequences of climate change, together with adaptation of human and natural systems to make them more resilient to changing climate.
    However, if society ultimately decides to intervene in Earth’s climate,
    the Committee most strongly recommends any such actions be informed by a far more substantive body of scientific research—
    encompassing climate science and economic, political, ethical, and other dimensions—than is available at present ———————————————————-

    The call for further research comes in a bill that would provide $5.4 billion for DOE’s Office of Science next year.

    It also builds on the recommendations of a February 2015 report from the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) entitled Climate Intervention: Reflecting Sunlight to Cool Earth.

    That report warned explicitly that albedo modification shouldn’t be deployed now because the risks and benefits were far too uncertain.

    Still, the committee urged further research to find out what those risks and benefits might be. The Senate appropriations committee wants DOE to do that research.

    —————————————————————————-
    The bottom line
    So the real choice is between exploring albedo modification openly or in relative secrecy, he says: “I believe in sunshine and democracy, and I really think this should be done by the U.S. government and in a transparent way.”
    —————————————————————–
    Just saying
    I NEVER RECEIVED ANY RESPONSE FROM THIS REQUEST

    US Climate Change Study Explores Weather Modification

    The U.S. study was expected to be finished in the fall of 2014.

    —————————————————————————————
    Just saying…. Just asking???
    David Keith, an atmospheric physicist at Harvard University, says,
    “Ignorance is not a good basis for making decisions?
    so learning more about this is extremely valuable ($5.4 billion?)
     even if we find out that it will never work?
    REALLY?

  • The Importance of Federal Water Control?

    Contact: Rosemarie Calabro Tully
    rct@energy.senate.gov
    (202) 224-7556

    Dear Rosemarie,

    I just called your office, left a message and now as instructed, I am emailing you.

    Re: Senator Cantwell Releases a Bold Vision for Water in the 21st Century

    THE IMPORTANCE OF FEDERAL WATER CONTROL

    Congress is one  way  Executive Order  is another a presidential memorandum to institutionalize the National Drought Resilience Partnership (NDRP)

    —————————————————————-

    Feb 5, 2013 WA STATE HAD THINGS UNDER CONTROL.

    6 (3) The provisions of this chapter apply only to waters of the
    7 Yakima river basin.

    It appears that the WA State Legislators can change WA State DOE Water Rules with a House Bill 1414 ?

    Behind My Back | Water Rules Not Etched In Stone

    www.behindmyback.org/2013/02/05/water-rules-not-etched-in-stone/

    Feb 5, 2013 – ARE WA STATE WATER RULES ETCHED IN STONE? PERHAPS NOT… 6 BE IT ENACTED BY THE LEGISLATURE OF THE STATE OF … WASHINGTON:
    7 Sec. 1. RCW 90.38.005 and 1989 c 429 s 1 are each amended to read
    8 as follows:
    9 (1) The legislature finds that:

    It appears that the WA State Legislators can change WA State DOE Water Rules with a House Bill 1414 ?
    36 to satisfy both existing rights, and other presently unmet as well as
    37 future needs of the basin;

    6 (3) The provisions of this chapter apply only to waters of the
    7 Yakima river basin.

    What do we need in Clallam County to change the Dungeness Water Rule?
    Elected officials that represent us, Van De Wege, Senator Hargrove and Tharinger, to do their job and propose legislation
    36 to satisfy both existing rights, and other presently unmet as well as
    37 future needs of the basin;

    What do they need in Skagit County to change the Skagit River Water Rule?
    Elected officials that represent them, do their job and propose legislation
    36 to satisfy both existing rights, and other presently unmet as well as
    37 future needs of the basin;

    Feb 5, 2013 WA STATE HAD THINGS UNDER CONTROL.

    GOD FORBID THAT THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ALLOW ANYTHING BE UNDER STATE CONTROL

    ————————————————————————

    WOW in 2015? Last year, Sen. Cantwell introduced the Yakima Basin bill

    THE IMPORTANCE OF FEDERAL WATER CONTROL

    Senator Cantwell Releases a Bold Vision for Water in the 21st Century

    DOUBLE WOW 2016, Sen. Cantwell said. “The Yakima water bill is a national model for watershed management. The federal government has a responsibility to act now to support these efforts.”

    —————————————————————————————

    Indeed, step by step, one way or another, from WOTUS to Wetland Delineation, to Cantwell.

    First the Feds TAKE all of our water using WOTUS

    WOTUS “Water Runs Down Hill”

    Posted on September 4, 2015 8:52 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    WOTUS Water Runs Down Hill
    So, the LAW OF GRAVITY becomes the EPA WOTUS WATER LAW OF THE LAND?

    ———————————
    I DON’T NEED AN APPLE TO FALL ON MY HEAD TO UNDERSTAND THE GRAVITY OF WATERS OF THE UNITED STATES (WOTUS)

    Last year the administration wrote new definitions that would have subjected all waters (running down hill) within 4,000 feet of a navigable water to EPA review and control.

    Behind My Back | Congress Must Act on Water Issues

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/12/04/congressmustact-on-water-issues/

    Dec 4, 2015 – Congress Must Act on Water Issues May 24, 2014 It takes an act of the U.S. … www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/high–dry-and-destitute/.

    ——————————————————————————-

    WA State Reform on Wetland Delineation?

    Posted on February 11, 2016 11:29 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    Re: WA State Legislative reform ideas for SMPs and wetlands delineation update?

    Wetland delineation is also an element of a “jurisdictional determination. ... A WETLAND IS A WOTUS “water of the United States” and thus regulated under the federal Clean …

    Wetland delineation establishes the existence (location) and physical limits (size) of a wetland for the purposes of federal, state, and local regulations.

    Wetland delineation is also an element of a “jurisdictional determination.” This process identifies which water bodies within a project’s boundaries meet the definition of “waters of the United States.” For more information on this, see the Corps’ of Engineers (Corps) Regulatory Guidance Letter 08-02, Jurisdictional Determinations.

    —————————————————————————————

    SO WHAT’S OLD?

    Behind My Back | “Ecology Sucks”

    www.behindmyback.org/2013/04/15/ecologysucks/

    Apr 15, 2013 – Ecology Sucks” And, the rest of the story. The local news papers did report that I said it. WHAT THE LOCAL NEWSPAPERS DID NOT REPORT …

    Behind My Back | High, Dry and Destitute

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/highdry-and-destitute/

    Feb 1, 2015 – High, Dry and Destitute WA State citizens, private property owners and … category and have previously been posted on “behindmyback.org”.

    AND WHAT’S OLD?

    FEB 5, 2013, It appears that the WA State Legislators can change WA State DOE Water Rules with a House Bill 1414 ?

    behindmyback.org/2013/02/05/ The provisions of this chapter apply only to waters of the 7 Yakima river basin.

    ————————————————————————–

    MARCH 25, 2016  SO WHAT’S REALLY NEW?

    BY HOOK OR BY CROOK, ONE WAY OR ANOTHER

    TOTAL FEDERAL CONTROL OF ALL WATER

    Senator Cantwell Releases a Bold Vision for Water in the 21st Century

    New white paper outlines a national policy framework for drought and water security

    Congress is one  way  Executive Order  is another a presidential memorandum to institutionalize the National Drought Resilience Partnership (NDRP),

    National Drought Resilience Partnership – US Drought Portal

    www.drought.gov/drought/content/ndrp

    National Drought Resilience Partnership Fact Sheet: Learn more about the NDRP, the importance of drought preparedness, and THE IMPORTANCE OF FEDERAL and …

    ————————————————————————-

    Senator Cantwell Releases a Bold Vision for Water in the 21st Century

    New white paper outlines a national policy framework for drought and water security

    Read Sen. Cantwell’s white paper here.

    Washington, DC – Today, on World Water Day, Ranking Member of the Energy and Natural Resources Committee U.S. Senator Maria Cantwell (D-Wash.) released a white paper to advance the development of a 21st century national framework for addressing drought and water security in the United States.  
    body{font-family: Geneva,Arial,Helvetica,sans-serif;font-size:9pt;background-color:

    An unprecedented drought last year and 15 years of drought across the American West have demonstrated the need to rethink U.S. water management in the 21st century. Since 1980, droughts have cost the United States more than $200 billion. The drought last year caused widespread and serious impacts for communities, agriculture, industry and the environment. As drought is predicted to continue in the coming years and as communities throughout the United States face significant water-security challenges, it is a crucial time to evaluate and develop new strategies at the national level.  

    Sen. Cantwell’s paper lays out a national framework to address water challenges through the modernization of federal programs to support and finance sustainable, watershed-scale solutions; advance science and technology; and promote partnerships with communities. The purpose of the paper is to foster a public dialogue and to develop a comprehensive policy agenda to address national drought and water security needs, as called for by states, tribes, local governments, utilities, agricultural producers and conservation groups.

    Modernizing federal programs is critical to supporting a more water-secure future,” Sen. Cantwell said. “The Yakima water bill is a national model for watershed management. The federal government has a responsibility to act now to support these efforts.”

    The framework document reflects lessons learned from Washington’s Yakima River Basin, where an extraordinary collaboration has led to a watershed planning effort that has become a national model. Last year, Sen. Cantwell introduced the Yakima Basin bill (S. 1694) to authorize federal participation in this effort, which will help usher in a new era in water management. The bill will help to restore ecosystems and endangered species, conserve water and provide water security for families, fish and farmers for years to come. Last month, Deputy Secretary of the Department of the Interior Michael Connor called the Yakima process a model not only for working through water challenges, but any natural resource management challenge.

    The white paper released today builds on that approach and outlines five policy principles as a national framework for drought and water security:

    1. Supporting collaborative watershed-scale solutions that are locally-driven. Governance solutions should support and incentivize collaborative, locally driven, watershed solutions by modernizing, coordinating, and streamlining federal programs to make them more effective.

    2. Financing solutions through partnerships and streamlined federal funding. Innovative water financing solutions should utilize an integrated watershed funding approach that streamlines federal funding and increases opportunities for public-private partnerships.

    3. Using and advancing the best science, technology and tools. Science and technology solutions should focus on accelerating innovation and the advancement of tipping points in science, technology and tools to transform water management.

    4. Advancing sustainable water supply solutions for people and the environment. Water supply solutions should take an integrated, portfolio approach that balances the needs of both people and the environment, including: (1) increased use of water markets, efficiency, conservation, recycling, reuse and desalination; (2) improvements in existing infrastructure, operations and low-impact infrastructure (such as aquifer storage and recovery); and (3) nature-based solutions and restoration of ecosystems and fisheries.

    5. Partnering with Tribal Nations, Arctic and Island Communities. The federal government should partner with and support Tribal Nations, Arctic and Island communities as they face unique challenges in responding to and addressing long-term water security needs.

    Addressing long-term drought is also a priority for the Obama administration. Ahead of today’s White House Water Summit, the administration released a presidential memorandum to institutionalize the National Drought Resilience Partnership (NDRP), which seeks to reduce the vulnerability of communities to the impacts of drought.

    Download Sen. Cantwell’s white paper on drought here.
    Read the presidential memorandum on long-term drought resilience here.

    ###

    Permalink: http://www.energy.senate.gov/public/index.cfm/2016/3/senator-cantwell-releases-a-bold-vision-for-water-in-the-21st-century

    How does drought response relate to climate preparedness?

    • The President’s Climate Action Plan: In June 2013, President Obama released his Climate Action Plan to cut the carbon pollution that causes climate change and affects public health, including increased risk of drought wildfires.
    • Executive Order – Preparing the United States for the Impacts of Climate Change: On November 1, 2013, President Obama established a Task Force on Climate Preparedness and Resilience to advise the Administration on how the Federal Government can respond to the needs of communities nationwide that are dealing with the impacts of climate change, including drought and wildfires.
    • Fact Sheet: Executive Order on Climate Preparedness
    • National Drought Forum Report: In December 2012, Federal agencies and states held the  ational Drought Forum (NDF) to focus on improving government coordination to support the planning and preparedness needed for enhancing resilience to ongoing or reoccurring drought. The NDRP is one important outcome of this forum and continues the Obama Administration’s commitment to helping communities get the drought assistance they need.
    • Federal Actions to Assist the Drought Emergency: A list of recent Federal actions, programs, and funding opportunities to support communities currently facing drought and to prepare for future drought events
    • Drought Recovery Matrix (download): An “at a glance” overview of federal resources, programs, funding, and authorities available to policy experts, federal and state agencies, and other impacted sectors to navigate the numerous programs and opportunities available to assist in building greater drought resilience (Last Updated in 2012).

     


  • 1946 Weather and Climate Modification

    1946 WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION

    The tip of the MELTING ICEBERGS starts here. Over the past twenty years (1946-1966) experiments have been conducted on WEATHER MODIFICATION, particularly on the effects of SEEDING CLOUDS with such materials as – silver iodide crystals.

    ————————————————————
    FEDERAL COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (a 97 page government document)

    November 1963, to appoint a Panel on “WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION”

    MARCH 29, 1966 “WHO IS DOING WHAT IN WEATHER MODIFICATION?”

    Final Report of the Panel on “WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION” to the Committee on  Atmospheric Sciences, National Academy of Agencies -National Research Council;
    “WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION,” Volume I-Summary and Recommendations, Publication No. 1350, 1966, pg vii
    ——————————————————————————–
    FEDERAL COUNCIL FOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (a 97 page government document)
    INTERDEPARTMENTAL COMMITTEE FOR ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WASHINGTON, D.C. 20230
    ICAS Report No. 10a November 7, 1966
    MEMORANDUM FOR DR. DONALD F. HORNIG
    Subject: WEATHER MODIFICATION
    Program At its meeting of March 29, 1966 the Federal 61 Council asked
    ICAS to prepare a report outlining “who is doing what in WEATHER MODIFICATION, the future plans of the agencies (particularly Commerce and Interior) and their interrelationships, and the considerations that should affect decisions on the division of responsibilities for research in WEATHER MODIFICATION.” Forwarded herewith is a Report prepared for ICAS by Dr. Homer E. Newell, the NASA member of ICAS. It has been thoroughly considered by our Committee and is endorsed as the ICAS response to the Council’s request above.

    J. Herbert Hollomon Chairman
    A Recommended National Program In Weather Modification
    A Report to the Interdepartmental Committee for Atmospheric Sciences
    by Homer E. Newel
    Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications National
    Aeronautics Space Administration Washington, D.C
    1 October 1966

    A RECOMMENDED NATIONAL PROGRAM IN WEATHER MODIFICATION INTRODUCTION
    The earth’s Weather has a profound influence on agriculture, forestry, water resources, industry, commerce, transportation, construction, field operations, commercial fishing, and many other human activities. Adverse effects of weather on man’s activities and the earth’s resources are extremely costly, amounting to billions of dollars per year, sometimes causing irreparable damage as when human lives are lost in severe storms. There is, therefore, great motivation to develop effective countermeasures against the destructive effects of weather, and, conversely, to enhance the beneficial aspects. The financial and other benefits to human welfare of being able to modify weather to augment water supplies, reduce lightning, suppress hail, mitigate tornados, and inhibit the full development of hurricanes would be very great.
    —————————————————————————————–
    Timeline for reference , as dated above, 1 October 1966- below, Over the past twenty years On this day in History, United Nations created on Jan 01, 1942. The United Nations officially came into existence on October 24, 1945, after the Second World War by 51 countries committed to …
    ——————————————————————————————-
    Over the past twenty years (1946-1966)experiments have been conducted on weather modification, particularly on the effects of seedinq clouds with such materials as – silver iodide crystals.

    The results are limited. Under suitable circumstances it has been possible to
    augment precipitation by ten to twenty percent, and to reduce the frequency of
    fire-producing lightning strokes. Effects on hail production have been noted, sometimes suppression and sometimes augmentation. These results probably would be of only passing interest were it not for the potential importance to mankind of further progress in this field. Perhaps the most significant result of the experiments to date has been to bring about a change in attitude from one of skepticism to one of cautious optimism. The limited success to date is encouraging, and underscores the importance of pressing forward with the necessary research to understand the dynamics of weather systems that will have to be dealt with in any efforts at WEATHER MODIFICATION. The gradually accumulating evidence of positive results from efforts at WEATHER MODIFICATION led the Committee on Atmospheric Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences, in November 1963,to appoint a Panel on WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION “to undertake a deliberate and thoughtful review of the present status and activities in this field and of its potential and limitations for the future.” The Panel made its report at the beginning of this
    calendar year (Ref. 1). The composition of the NAS Panel is given in App. I, together with
    a list of the Panel’s recommendations. Elaboration and discussion of these recommendations may be found in Ref. 1. On June 16, 1964, the Director of the National Science Foundation
    announced the appointment of a Special Commission on WEATHER MODIFICATION. in its
    review of the field, the Commission activated seven subgroups to study the physical, biological, statistical, social, international, legal and legislative, and administration and funding aspects of WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION. The membership of the Commission and a list of the principal recommendations of the Commission are attached (App. 11). Further elaboration and discussions of those recommendations may be found in the Commission’s report and the report of the subgroups (Refs. 2 and 3).
    —————————————————————————————-
    Note: INCLUSIVE  “WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION”
    WEATHER MODIFICATION. in its review of the field, the Commission activated seven subgroups to study the physical, biological, statistical, social, international, legal and legislative, and administration and funding aspects of

    “WEATHER AND CLIMATE MODIFICATION”
    —————————————————————-

    National Weather Modification Policy Act (1976; 94th …

    https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/94/s3383
    GovTrack

    Oct 13, 1976. S. 3383 (94th). An Act to authorize and direct the Secretary of Commerce to develop a national policy on weather modification, and for other …

    ——————————————————————————–

    CAUTION THIS 383,552 WORD DOCUMENT

    Full text of “Weather modification: programs, problems …

    https://archive.org/stream/…/weatificat00unit_djvu.txt

    Internet Archive

    Science, and Transportation, U.S. Senate: I am pleased to transmit herewith for your …. on U.S. weather modification activities 233 Federal studies and reports on ….. XXIII 1978 six agency programs were reported, those of Transportation and …

    A 383,552 WORD DOCUMENT  1,317 PAGES

    ————————————————————————

    Kyoto Protocol – unfccc

    unfccc.int/kyoto_…
    United Nations Framework Convention on Climate C…

    The Kyoto Protocol is an international agreement linked to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which commits its Parties by setting …

    —————————————————————————-

    They U.S. GOVERNMENT changed the name from Weather modification to GeoEngineering

    Behind My Back | HB 5480 AKA Weather Modification

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/05/…/h-b-5480-aka-weather-modification…
    May 29, 2015 – House Bill 5480 GeoEngineering Defining and limiting the use of GeoEngineering in the state AMEND THE TITLE “HOUSE BILL 5480 …

    ———————————————

    The best laid plans of mice and men often go awry.
    to be continued….


  • Quadrennial Fire Review

    Quadrennial Fire Review

    The QFR is not reviewed or approved by any government entity.

    Social networking will become the most effective means of informing and educating the public about FIRE, as traditional media and informational techniques continue to decline in popularity.

    It was called the fire community’s “CRYSTAL BALL,” by Tom Harbour, Director of Fire and Aviation Management for the USDA Forest Service.[1]

    —————————————————————————–

    References

    The International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC) Donald K. Artley, Contractor  August, 2009 Address by Tom Harbour before the International Association of Fire Chiefs Conference, March 26, 2009 Written by Don Artley, January 2009, in IAFC newsletter, article titled, “Quadrennial Fire Review.”

    —————————————————————————————-

    The 2009 Quadrennial Fire Review (QFR) is a publication that examines the future of wildfire in the United States and provides insight and predictions about potential changes in mission, roles and responsibilities.

    It was called the fire community’s “CRYSTAL BALL,” by Tom Harbour, Director of Fire and Aviation Management for the USDA Forest Service.[1]

    The QFR is not a policy or decision document, nor does it contain specific recommendations. Its purpose is to stimulate thought and discussion within the wildfire community about how the nation can best prepare for future wildfire seasons. According to the International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC), the QFR “was designed as a strategic evaluative process that develops an internal assessment of capabilities of current programs and resources in comparison to future needs for fire management.” [2]

    The QFR is published every four years. The first QFR was completed in 2005 and the second published in January 2009 by the National Interagency Fire Center in Boise, Idaho; and the National Advanced Fire Research Institute in Tucson, Arizona. It is modeled on the Department of Defense’s Quadrennial Defense Review.

    The 2009 QFR was developed by fire experts from federal, state local and tribal organizations, plus assistance from non-governmental organizations and the research and academic communities. The overall effort was coordinated through the Brookings Institution.

    The QFR is not reviewed or approved by any government entity.

    It is meant to be an independent and objective document, free from political or agency influence. The QFR’s projections of future conditions extend to a 10-to-20 year time frame, while the strategies for how to prepare for those future conditions is defined in a four-to-five-year period.

    The QFR looks at trends and makes forecasts about what will need to change within the fire community to deal with future challenges. Among the notable forecasts in the 2009 QFR are:

    • Climate change will produce longer fire seasons, with the potential of 10–12 million acres (40,000–49,000 km2)
    • BURNING IN THE UNITED STATES BY THE YEAR 2014.
    • Also, wildfire will affect more geographic regions than in the past, specifically the Northeast and Great Lakes areas, which generally have been considered at low-risk. Alaska‘s fire vulnerability will increase, as well, as warmer temperatures dry out vegetation.
    • The current drought cycle might last another 25 years, creating more stress on vegetation and contributing to a higher number of fires and more volatile fire behavior.
    • Growth will slow in populated areas prone to wildfire (often called the “wildland-urban interface” or WUI), but they will still be at high risk from wildfires.
    • Fire agency budgets will be strained by increasing demands, rising costs and falling government revenues.
    • The concept of “protecting all communities at all costs” should transition to “fostering self-reliance and increasing resiliency.” The education focus should shift toward more self-reliance and accountability, producing “fire-adapted communities.”
    • Social networking will become the most effective means of informing and educating the public about fire, as traditional media and informational techniques continue to decline in popularity.

    The 2009 QFR also outlines an integrated fuels management plan that would help ensure that fuels treatment investments are tied more closely to land stewardship objectives. It also suggests that small-scale fuels treatments (prescribed burning, mechanical removal of brush, thinning, chemical treatments, and so forth) are not as effective as larger, landscape-scale treatments in terms of ecosystem health.

    The 2005 QFR was prescient. For example, it predicted a significant increase in the number and costs of wildfires, dramatic changes in weather, accelerated WUI growth, and continued fuel build-ups. All of these forecasts proved correct.

    More than 100 people participated in developing the 2009 version of the QFR. The next QFR is scheduled for publication in 2012. Electronic copies of the QFR are available at the NIFC website,[1]

    References

    Address by Tom Harbour before the International Association of Fire Chiefs Conference, March 26, 2009 Written by Don Artley, January 2009, in IAFC newsletter, article titled, “Quadrennial Fire Review.”

    Categories:

    Wildfires in the United States


  • WA State Wildfire History page 2

    SUMMARY OF RECENT WILDFIRES : 1849 TO 1952

    (1864) THE DROUGHT WAS SO SEVERE THAT SUMMER that heavy thunder showers on September 2 (1864) apparently did little to quell the fires.

    Records taken at the mouth of the Columbia River SHOWED THAT THIS WAS THE DRIEST JUNE, JULY, AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER FOR THE 58-YEAR RECORD UP TO THAT TIME.

    THIS APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN THE WORST FIRE SEASON SINCE THE EARLY 1700’S.

    1902.THERE WERE PERHAPS HUNDREDS OF FIRES BURNING IN WESTERN WASHINGTON AND IN WESTERN OREGON IN SEPTEMBER

    IT WAS PERHAPS THE WORST FIRE YEAR OF THE LAST 275 YEARS, BEING MORE SEVERE, EVEN, THAN THE FIRE SEASON OF 1868.

    ————————————————————————————

    WHAT CAN BE LEARNED FROM THIS WILDFIRE HISTORY?

    ————————————————————————————

    I FOUND THIS HISTORY OF WILDFIRE INFORMATION HERE…

    THIS IS A 502 PAGE DOCUMENT (a huge pdf 11.5 MG file)

    FIRE HISTORY page 19

    Plant Associations of the Olympic – Oregon State University

    ir.library.oregonstate.edu/…/Olympic%20NF%20Plant%20Associations.pdf

    by JA Henderson – ‎1989 – ‎Cited by 149 – ‎Related articles

    Acres burned on the Olympic National Forest, 1905 to 1985. 16. Figure 8. …… resistant to erosion than shale or slate (labor 1975) …… Nuttall’s PEAVINE. UBO2.

    ————————————————————————

    1849 Great fires burned in the Coast Range of Oregon, but apparently none occurred in the Olympics.

    1864 to 1868 Many large fires burned in Oregon and Washington in 1864, 1867 and 1868.

    The Ludlow- Quilcene Fire started in slash near Port Ludlow in September 1864 and burned several thousand acres under a high east wind. The fire burned on Mt. Walker, Mt.Turner, and the Quilcene Ridge. Most of the area burned in one or two days. Other fires occurred in the area, including Vancouver Island. In 1868, again many Fires occurred in western Washington and Oregon.

    Much of the area was covered by smoke for extended periods.

    Apparently little of the Olympic National Forest burned in this year, but there were fires all around.

    There was at least one large fire between Olympia and Seabeck (August13) and others in the San Juans, near Montesano, on both sides of Hood Canal, Discovery Bay, near Bellingham, Snoqualmie, and on Vancouver Island.

    These Fires burned into September, flaring up under east wind conditions.

    (1864) THE DROUGHT WAS SO SEVERE THAT SUMMER that heavy thunder showers on September 2 (1864) apparently did little to quell the fires.

    Records taken at the mouth of the Columbia River

    SHOWED THAT THIS WAS THE DRIEST JUNE, JULY, AUGUST AND SEPTEMBER FOR THE 58-YEAR RECORD UP TO THAT TIME.

    THIS APPEARS TO HAVE BEEN THE WORST FIRE SEASON SINCE THE EARLY 1700’S.

    Most of these fires started from land clearing or careless tending of cooking fires.

    1885 The Nellton Burn near Lake Quinault started from right-of-way clearing on the old Quinault trail. it burned about 2000 acres.

     1890 and 1891 Several fires apparently burned in the Soleduck Valley in the early 1890’s. One in Kugel Creek burned about 2000 acres. Others occurred in the Bear Creek, Pysht River and Twin Creeks area.

     In 1890 land clearing fires burned out of control in the foothills near SEQUIM . Rainfall that next winter was light and at least one of these fires survived the winter by moldering in rotted logs or stumps. It flared up the next spring and burned toward the south, Eventually covering about 30,000 acres on the Quilcene District, mostly In the DUNGENESS drainage.

     1902 This was another fire year like 1868. Many fires burned throughout western Washington and Oregon. Much property and at least 16 lives were lost.

    1902 The biggest of the fires during this summer was the famous Yacolt Burn In the Lewis Valley. It burned about 250,000 acres.

    1902 The biggest fire on the Olympic Peninsula, the Elma-Humptulips Fire, burned from near EIma to the Humptulips River mostly on September11. Both the Vacolt and the Elma-Humptulips fires burned under high east wind conditions. A small fire appears to have burned near the Tubal Cain Mine.

    ————————————————————————————

    1902.THERE WERE PERHAPS HUNDREDS OF FIRES BURNING IN WESTERN WASHINGTON AND IN WESTERN OREGON IN SEPTEMBER

    IT WAS PERHAPS THE WORST FIRE YEAR OF THE LAST 275 YEARS, BEING MORE SEVERE, EVEN, THAN THE FIRE SEASON OF 1868.

    1907 The Great Soleduck Fire burned about 12,800 acres in the Soleduck Valley between Lake Crescent and Bear Creek along the south side of Snider Ridge In the summer of 1907. ft started in April when a settler named Cap Mueller was burning ferns in a field (a common practice at the time).

    THE 1907 FIRE WAS NOT PUT OUT, AS WAS ALSO COMMON, AND IT SPREAD TO NEARBY FOREST.

    By July 1907 it was burning out of control and threatening other settlers in the Lake Crescent-Soleduck Valley area. Most of the area burned during one afternoon when a strong east wind came up (Morgenroth 1935).

     1908.. Another fire In the same area burned about 3000 acres in 1908.

    1910 Many fires burned in western Washington and Oregon, but none of any consequence and apparently no fires occurred on the Olympic National Forest.

    1910 The big fires In this summer occurred in Idaho and Montana.

    —————————————————————-

    1916 to 1920 Many small to moderate fires burned on the Forest during these dry years. Most were logging related fires, although some were caused by lightning.Most of these fires occurred in the rainshadow of the Olympics, especially In Environmental Zones 9, 10, and11.

    THE BIGGEST OF THESE FIRES WERE

    Duckabush Fire – 4810 acres (1918)

    Littleton Fire – 3200 acres (1920)

    Slab Camp Fire – 3000 acres (1917)

    Dosewaiilps Fire – 2665 acres (1918)

    Canyon Hill Fire – 2170 acres (1918)

    Mt. Zion Fire – 2000 acres (1916)

    1922 Duckabush Fire, Another 2000 acres burned in the

    Duckabush drainage in 1922.

     

    1924 and 1925 This was another dry period with many fires in the Olympics, mostly in the rainshadow area.

    The biggest of these fires were:

    Green Mt. Fire – 9615 acres (1925)

    Twin Creek Fire – 9250 acres (1924)

    Discovery Bay Fire – 5000 acres (1924)

    Snow Creek Fire – 3825 acres (1925)

    Snow Creek Fire – 3100 acres (1924)

    Phoenix Camp Fire – 3080 acres (1924)

    Penney Creek Fire – 1774 acres (1924)

    1928 The Hobi Fire burned 3507 acres near Quinault. In

    1927 , 35,000 acres of the Vacolt burn in the Lewis River reburned.

    1929 Many lightning fires were started this year. The Forest recorded 85 lightning caused fires.

    The biggest was the Interrorom Fire which burned 8602 acres in the lower Duckabush and Fulton Creek drainages. Also, 1495 acres burned in the Hamma Hamma drainage.

    1930 This was another year with many lightning fires,

    120 on the Forest, but none larger than 1000 acres.

    1932 The Hamma Hamme fire started from logging and burned 2165 acres.

    1933A few small fires burned on the Forest

    The Tillam00k fire in Oregon covered about 250,000 acres.

    1939 The Deep Creek Fire burned 13,000 acres of which 3460 acres were on the Olympic National Forest

    1942 Two fires burned In the Bear Creek-Calawah River area and covered 5844 acres.

    —————————————————————

    1951 The Great Forks Fire, also called the Port Angeles-

    Western (PAW) Fire covered about 33,000 acres (18,500

    acres of National Forest land) (Figure 8).

    In August, a fire started along the Port Angeles-Western right-of-way. The

    fire was contained, but by September 19th it flared up

    again. By the morning of September 20th it was raging

    out of control, carried by a strong east wind. At 2:30 pm

    everyone In the town of Forks was ordered to evacuate.

    The town was thought to be doomed. By evening the

    wind shifted, and an oncoming low pressure system

    helped stop the fire at the outskirts of town. Over 30

    buildings were burned, Including one mill, a motel, and

    28 houses (Smith 1976, Campbell 1979).

     ———————————————————————————

    1952 At least two fires burned in the Bear Creek- Deadman Creek area, and covered about 16,000 acres.

    This was the last big fire to occur on the Forest.

    ————————————————————————–

    OBVIOUSLY WE NEED MORE INFORMATION 1952 TO AUG 21,2015

    I need to do more research…..

    IT SAYS  Acres burned on the Olympic National Forest, 1905 to 1985,  IS  SOMEWHERE IN THE 1989,  502 PAGE DOCUMENT

    Plant Associations of the Olympic – Oregon State University

    ir.library.oregonstate.edu/…/Olympic%20NF%20Plant%20Associations.pdf

    by JA Henderson – ‎1989 – ‎Cited by 149 – ‎Related articles

    Acres burned on the Olympic National Forest, 1905 to 1985. 16. Figure 8. …… resistant to erosion than shale or slate (labor 1975) …… Nuttall’s PEAVINE. UBO2.


  • WA State Wildfire History page 1

    WA State Wildfire History page 1

    THIS WAS A VERY LARGE FIRE OR SERIES OF FIRES WHICH SWEPT WESTERN WASHINGTON AND BURNED AT LEAST HALF OF THE OLYMPIC PENINSULA. IT OCCURRED IN ABOUT THE YEAR 1308.

     5. THIS FIRE OR SERIES OF FIRES APPARENTLY BURNED MORE THAN ONE MILLION ACRES ON THE OLYMPIC PENINSULA, AND 3 TO 10 MILLION ACRES IN WESTERN WASHINGTON.

    WHAT CAN BE LEARNED FROM THIS WILDFIRE HISTORY?

    What can be learned from recent wildfires?

    The Carlton Complex WILDFIRE 2014?

    ——————————————————————————————-

    If you like WA State history and are concerned about the 2015 WA State WILDFIRES?

    You will be fascinated by the snippets found in this historical  502 page document.

    ——————————————————————————————–

    One aspect of the WILDFIRE HISTORY of the Olympics seems certain–One cannot characterize the fire patterns of one period by knowing what it is in another.

    The occurrence of wildfires on the Olympic Peninsula is closely tied to climate and climatic history

    CLIMATE-Climatic History

    Even with our extensive network of climatic stations, modern technology and satellites, we still don’t understand the current climate very well.

    FROM THE WETTEST PART OF THE USA TO AN EMERGENCY DROUGHT?

    To a Major WILDFIRE Disaster Declaration?

    ——————————————————————————————————

    Wildfires | Governor Jay Inslee – Washington Governor

    www.governor.wa.gov/tags/wildfires

    Jay Inslee late yesterday urged President Obama to approve his request for a Major Disaster Declaration, which would provide much needed federal assistance …

    —————————————————————————————

    Our earliest evidence of fire in the Olympics comes from a bog in the Hoh River drainage. two fires which appeared to have burned in the lower Hoh River drainage between 7200 and 8700 years ago.

    ————————————————————————————–

    Three great burning periods occurred from 1300 to1750 during the Little Ice Age. The first occurred at the end of the Medieval Optimum and the beginning of the Little Ice Age.

    THIS WAS A VERY LARGE FIRE OR SERIES OF FIRES WHICH SWEPT WESTERN WASHINGTON AND BURNED AT LEAST HALF OF THE OLYMPIC PENINSULA. IT OCCURRED IN ABOUT THE YEAR 1308.

     5. THIS FIRE OR SERIES OF FIRES APPARENTLY BURNED MORE THAN ONE MILLION ACRES ON THE OLYMPIC PENINSULA, AND 3 TO 10 MILLION ACRES IN WESTERN WASHINGTON.

     —————————————————————————–

    An interesting aspect to these three great burning episodes is their correlation with the long-term sunspot cycle (Figure 6). Since the Medieval Optimum, there have been three extended periods when there were virtually no sunspots on the sun.

    These periods were the Wolf Sunspot Minimum from 1282 to 1342 (Stuiver and Quay 1980), the Sporer Minimum from 1416 to 1534 (Eddy 1977,Stuiver and Quay 1980) and the Maunder Minimum from 1645 to 1715 (Eddy 1976).

    THE THREE BURNING PERIODS AND THE FIVE BIGGEST FIRES (I.E. ABOUT 1308,1448, 1508, 1668, AND 1701) ALL OCCURRED DURING THESE THREE PERIODS OF VERY LOW SUNSPOTS.

    The correlation between low sunspot numbers and increased fires in western Washington is speculative.

     ————————————————————————–

    WHO KNEW? I FOUND THIS HISTORY OF WILDFIRE INFORMATION HERE…

    GO ONLINE AND READ IT….

    Plant Associations of the Olympic – Oregon State University

    ir.library.oregonstate.edu/…/Olympic%20NF%20Plant%20Associations.pdf

    by JA Henderson – ‎1989 – ‎Cited by 149 – ‎Related articles

    Acres burned on the Olympic National Forest, 1905 to 1985. 16. Figure 8. …… resistant to erosion than shale or slate (labor 1975) …… Nuttall’s PEAVINE. UBO2.

    —————————————————————————————————————

    Forested Plant Associations of the Olympic National Forest

    United States Department of Agriculture- Forest Service- Pacific Northwest Region

    R6-ECOL-TP 001-88 1989

    THIS IS A 502 PAGE DOCUMENT (a huge pdf 11.5 MG file)

    FIRE HISTORY page 19

    The occurrence of wildfires on the Olympic Peninsula is closely tied to climate and climatic history (see p. 32). It appears that the pattern of fires has been as variable as the pattern of past climates. Some periods have had many stand destroying fires, others have had almost none. Still other periods may have had a pattern of high fire frequency but low fire intensity.  Because of this variability and the many factors involved, one aspect of the fire history of the Olympics seems certain–one cannot characterize the fire patterns of one period by knowing what it is in another.

    I have COMPILED  a 5736 word document related to 

    WILDFIRE HISTORY beginning  between 7200 and 8700 years ago.

    SUMMARY OF RECENT FIRES: BEGINNING IN 1849

    Including…

    1951 The Great Forks Fire, also called the Port Angeles-Western (PAW) Fire covered about 33,000 acres (18,500acres of National Forest land) (Figure 8).In August, a fire started along the Port Angeles-Western right-of-way. The fire was contained, but by September 19th it flared up again. By the morning of September 20th it was raging out of control, carried by a strong east wind. At 2:30 pm everyone In the town of Forks was ordered to evacuate.The town was thought to be doomed. By evening the wind shifted, and an oncoming low pressure system helped stop the fire at the outskirts of town. Over 30buildings were burned, Including one mill, a motel, and 28 houses (Smith 1976, Campbell 1979).

    ———————————————————————————————————–

    Our family was evacuated from Sol Duc Hot Springs, in a government car, with fire on both sides of the road.

    ————————————————————————————–

    CLIMATE-Climatic History

    This is a time scale that spans millions of years

    THE CLIMATE OF THE PACIFIC NORTHWEST CANNOT BE RELIABLY RECONSTRUCTED FOR PERIODS EARLIER THAN ABOUT 25,000 YEARS AGO.

    THE CLIMATE CAN ALSO BE CHARACTERIZED BY HAVING A SUMMER DROUGHT.

    THIS RELATES TO THE HIGH FREQUENCY OF FIRES DURING THE SAME PERIOD

    ——————————————————————————————————-

    AND I HAVE INCLUDED THE HISTORIC CHANGES IN SEA LEVEL. (because it was there)

    AFTER THE RISE OF THE CASCADE AND OLYMPIC MOUNTAINS.

    The effect of this was for sea level to recede rapidly to a level contemporary with ice age sea level or about 400 feet below its present level. This occurred about 11,000 years ago

    ———————————————————————————————————–

    Indeed, it shall take several more chapters in the book of Revelations by Pearl Revere,  to  post more snippets of this amazing historical documentation on my website.

     


  • WOW “Stop Wild Olympic” Signs

    WOW “Stop Wild Olympic” Signs

    WHAT THE LOOK LIKE, WHAT THEY SAY  

    OPEN THE ATTACHMENT (email images)

    AND WHERE YOU CAN ORDER THEM

    Brooke and Muddy… muddyshoes@olynet.com

    www.wildolympicsscam.com

    ———————————————————–

    I ORDERED 20 “STOP WILD SIGNS’

    I have one in my front yard on 5th St. in PA WA and one across the street.

    Tomorrow, Ross and I will put the rest of the signs on highway 101 and highway 112 West of Port Angeles in Clallam County WA.

    WILDERNESS  is not just a local issue.

    ———————————————-

    or for other images WHAT THE LOOK LIKE, WHAT THEY SAY  

     as posted on this website go to

    Images for STOP WILD OLYMPICS SIGN Report images

    Stop Wild Olympics Propaganda @VisitorCenter in Amanda Park, WA …

    ————————————————————————————————

    MORE WILDERNESS  is not just a local issue.

    MORE WILDERNESS IS A FEDERAL ISSUE

    Behind My Back | Public Access to Public land

    www.behindmyback.org/category/public-access-to-public-land/

    Jun 8, 2015 – ALL NATIONAL PARK WILDERNESS LAND DEPRIVES OVER 300 MILLION … www.behindmyback.org/2014/01/27/part-1-wow-a-war-on-wild/ … CONGRESS HAS ABUSED US, BY DENYING “WE THE PEOPLE” OUR …. George C. Rains Sr. my Dad, as a private property owner of 3000 acres of timberland …

    ————————————————————————

    About Brooke and Muddy

    (I love these two “WILD” fighters)

    WOW, EFFECTED,VESTED PRIVATE PROPERTY OWNING AMERICAN CITIZENS,

    FIGHTING BACK WITH HANDMADE “STOP WILD OLYMPICS” SIGNS

    Brooke and Muddy… muddyshoes@olynet.com

    www.wildolympicsscam.com

    THIS WEBSITE PROVIDES A HISTORICALLY DOCUMENTED INTRODUCTION TO “WILD”

    The website is now being  upgraded

    scamnews scamnews@wildolympicsscam.com

    ————————————————————–

    WHO NOTICED THOSE 2012 HANDMADE “STOP WILD OLYMPICS” SIGNS?

    WIKIPEDIA NOTICED…..

    Opposition of Wild Olympics Proposal

    Wild Olympics – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wild_Olympics

    Wikipedia

    HANDMADE “STOP WILD OLYMPICS” SIGNS can be seen in the Aberdeen area and on the peninsula, expressing displeasure, and an opposition group, Working Wild …

    ———————————————————————————————-

    Images for STOP WILD OLYMPICS SIGN Report images

    Stop Wild Olympics Propaganda @VisitorCenter in Amanda Park, WA …

    www.youtube.com2592 × 1936Search by image

    ————————————————————————-

    READ ALL ABOUT THE 2012 OPPOSITION TO THE WILD OLYMPICS CAMPAIGN

    Editorial by Karl Spees (also appeared in the 5/23/12 issue of Peninsula Daily News). Posted June 4, 2012. Seattle Times “gossip columnist” Danny Westneat’s …

    snippet

    2012 The following organizations have formally stated their opposition to it: the Port of Port Angeles, Port Angeles Business Association, Clallam County Republican Party led by Dick Pilling, the ranges, North Olympic Timber Action Committee, Friends of Lake Crescent, Crescent Water District and Clallam County chapter of Citizens Alliance for Property Rights and NOTAC.

    The same bottom line May 23, 2012,  July 19, 2015

    The Wild Olympics plan is an incremental taking of public and private lands and rivers by artificially designating them as “wild and scenic rivers” or “wilderness.” Thus there will be no roads and no chainsaws – therefore almost no access.

    WE NEED FOREST MANAGEMENT TO PREVENT CATASTROPHIC WILDFIRES AND TIMBER HARVEST TO SUPPORT OUR SCHOOLS, ROADS AND GOVERNMENT.

    read the complete text of this 1400 word “WILD” comment on behindmyback.org

    ———————————————————————————

    Editorial: Toss Wild Olympics plan completely | Citizen …

    citizenreviewonline.org/editorial-toss-wild-olympics-plan-completely/

    Editorial by Karl Spees (also appeared in the 5/23/12 issue of Peninsula Daily News). Posted June 4, 2012. Seattle Times “gossip columnist” Danny Westneat’s …

    SEATTLE TIMES “gossip columnist” Danny Westneat’s column “Wild Olympics … We rubes, WHO ABSOLUTELY OPPOSE THE WILD OLYMPICS PLAN, don’t apologize for our …

     ————————————————————————–

    5/23/12 PDN ARTICLE ON WILD OLYMPICS

    A re-print of an article by Dr. Karl Spees, Port Angeles in the Peninsula Daily News, May 23, 2012 “Toss Wild Olympics Plan Completely”

    Seattle Times “gossip columnist” Danny Westneat’s column “Wild Olympics Perception Prevails” (PDN, May 11) shed more heat than light on the subject of the Wild Olympics plan.

    His column portrays all citizens who oppose the plan as rubes.

    On May 10, this rube attended a Wild Olympics forum in Grays Harbor County where a show of hands of the 250 in attendance revealed the rubes outnumbered the elites by a margin of three to one.

    Those who support the Wild Olympics proposal feel man is destroying the Earth and only by turning the North Olympic Peninsula into a big wildlife park devoid of humans can they help save the planet.

    We rubes, who absolutely oppose the Wild Olympics plan, don’t apologize for our existence and would like to continue calling the Peninsula home.”Bring-home-the-bacon” Congressman Norm Dicks would like to add another scalp to his legacy along with the destruction of the Elwha lakes and the removals of the (too much power producing) Elwha dams. All powerful Congressman Dicks won’t be joining his D.C. Beltway cronies next year. In my opinion, Dicks got his bacon fried when a pesky citizen, Doug Cloud, filed a Freedom on Information request involving FBI files from the lobbyist PMA Group. This, I and others believe, finally caused Dicks to step aside for having his hand in the cookie jar one too many times.

    As to the concession by Wild Olympics’ supporters who dropped the “willing-buyer, willing-seller provision,” this happened because they were trying to appease us. But instead they may have made it worse. They threw “that bunny back into the briar patch.”

    Despite the strong and repeated denials by Sarah Crum (Dicks’ Girl Friday in Grays Harbor ounty), multiple bridges, culverts and roads in Olympic National Park’s buffer zones are being removed using public funds while other forest and public roads in the buffer zones are neglected for lack of funding. When the government takes out roads and the citizens lose access to their private property, homes, and timber stands, they suddenly become “willing sellers.” The bureaucrats have made a huge concession to those rascally rubes and dropped the

    “willing-buyer, willing-seller” provision. Now instead of paying pennies on the dollar to property owners who have lost their access, the government won’t pay them anything.

    This is like the Army recruit getting his first government haircut. The barber asks him if he wants to keep his hair. After his GI buzz cut, the barber sweeps the floor and gives him a bag full of air.

    Few know that Olympic National Park is a UN biosphere. My belief, and that of others, is that the United Nations wants to totally exclude all human activities from the biosphere and severely limit human activity in the buffers.

    The Wild Olympics plan is an incremental taking of public and private lands and rivers by artificially designating them as “wild and scenic rivers” or “wilderness.” Thus there will be no roads and no chainsaws – therefore almost no access.

    In the PDN there have been about a dozen quarter-page ADS BY OUT-OF-TOWN ORGANIZATIONS. One of the ads’ themes is there is broad-based support for Wild Olympics. This is Orwellian, which is a polite way to say it’s a lie. The opposite is true. The reality is there is solid local opposition to the Wild Olympics plan.

    The following organizations have formally stated their opposition to it: the Port of Port Angeles, Port Angeles Business Association, Clallam County Republican Party led by Dick Pilling, the ranges, North Olympic Timber Action Committee, Friends of Lake Crescent, Crescent Water District and Clallam County chapter of Citizens Alliance for Property Rights.

    Norm Schaaf, vice president of timberlands and administrator for Merrill & Ring, indicated that the private timber companies are willing to accept the compromised plan. For us rubes, we see that as the private timber companies “throwing everyone else to the crocodiles, hoping that they will be eaten last.”

    We all want clean air and water. I and others believe that our air, water and land are the cleanest they have been in 40 years. We currently have multiple layers of protection. We are in a severe economic crisis, not an environmental crisis. Only prosperous countries can afford to protect the environment.

    We are broke, and the Wild Olympics plan will make the problem worse.

    All wealth comes from beneficial use of the land and water resources.

    All human activity have a degree of impact, some of it good.

    We must balance preservation with conservation and stewardship.

    We already have almost a million acres of land set aside in Olympic National Park.

    Timber and brush grow like weeds on the Peninsula. WE NEED FOREST MANAGEMENT TO PREVENT CATASTROPHIC WILDFIRES AND TIMBER HARVEST TO SUPPORT OUR SCHOOLS, ROADS AND GOVERNMENT.

     I would urge everyone to face the harsh realities of our current situation, oppose the Wild Olympic Plan and embrace the status of adulthood, even if the do-gooders call us rubes.

    Karl Spees, Port Angeles

    2012 Dr. Spees is the president of the Clallam County chapter of Citizens Alliance for Property Right