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  • Category Archives Endangered Species Act
  • Marv Chastian – Back to 1492

    Marv Chastian – Back to 1492

    A plan which is now in process of becoming federal policy ~ was hatched many years ago by two radical eco-freaks – Dave Forman the Earthfirst guy and Oregon State prof, Reed Noss.

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    “It is a bold attempt to grope our way back to October 1492 and find a different trail, a trail overgrown and nearly forgotten” – Words of Dave Forman, founder of Earth First – and more recently, a director of The Sierra Club. He goes on to describe his intellectual child, The Wildlands Plan: “We seek wolf tracks rather than gold” . . “Return big, charismatic species such as buffalo, grizzly bears, elk, wolves, puma (otherwise known as cougars) to their pre-Columbian haunts.” These are words he used to describe his plan for America – about 20 years ago. At the time, it appeared to be just another crazy rant. Today, it is a shadow plan being stealthily realized by government fiat.
    He goes on: “a vast system of connected wilderness reserves that would crisscross the continent . These reserves would dwarf the largest national parks. Rather than build roads, laborers would remove existing ones, along with dams, power lines and other human-made structures. Planners would choose the reserve sites with plants and animals, not people , in mind, selecting them not for recreational opportunities, but for their ecological potential. Up to half the contiguous United States would be involved in a transformation whereby “islands” of civilization would be surrounded by wilderness tracts and corridors.”
    Note: since the animals would be connected, the people would not – except by air – and probably we would be forbidden to use airplanes, since they might disturb the animals.

    “We live for the day when grizzlies in Chihuahua have an unbroken connection to grizzlies in Alaska, when grey wolf populations are continuous from New Mexico to Greenland, when vast, unbroken forests and flowing plains again thrive and support pre-Columian populations of plants and animals”. So says Forman and co-author Reed Noss, prof at Oregon State in Corvallis, OR.

    50 Grizzlies require about 12 million acres – about a dozen Olympic National Parks)

    “Our goal is to create a new political reality based on the needs of other species”, Forman. In 1492, Cholera, rabies, smallpox, yellow fever were rampant. Without modern medicine, industry, etc and with people stacked up in big city high rises, they would become rampant again.

    You can bet the half of the US to be converted to an animal park is the Western Half – not the Eastern. It starts with places such as the Olympic Peninsula of Washington State. Not too many people live here. It you destroy their livelihoods and industry, they will leave on their own.

    This is the philosophy behind the Elwha fiasco. Salmon is simply a word thrown in to get the backing of the public. But destroying the only spawning area for Elwha salmon certainly is not the way to enhance them. Forman’s dream is coming true. Do you like it?

    Government has already torn up many forest roads. Bureaucrats are working to deny people water, insist on huge “buffer zones” for most everything. They like to call it “science”. But it has all the earmarks of religion. Real science is that which you can prove. Unproven theories can just as easily be religion as science.

    For a dozen years bureaucrats working on unproven theories have denied us the use of a fabulous 70 acre piece of ground right next to the Port Angeles harbor. A few years ago, they denied us the valuable use of another large tract of waterfront property using the tribe as their excuse. The (so called) natives are simply immigrants who’s ancestors got here earlier than our European ancestors. Yet the WILD LANDS plan hints that maybe they will be allowed to stay in the great animal park to hunt with bow and arrow? I don’t think so. But, the idea is loaded with sentimentality – so they use it.

    One interesting and revealing clue about the true philosophy of modern “animal rights activists” is their selection of the species they attribute rights to. They are nearly all predators. Early settlers battled hugely against predators. Predators killed their livestock and sometimes people. To encourage people with the necessary skills and weapons, they put bounties on wolves and other predatory creatures. And I recall from my youth, men I knew who made their living off those bounties. Today, those bounties have been replaced with fines and/or imprisonment if you do kill predators. All of that helps to discourage folks from living in the country and eliminates attractive species (deer, elk, mountain goats, etc)

    I have video that shows salmon runs in the Elwha were excellent 50 years after the dams were built. Also video of the gorgeous Trumpeter Swans which visit the Elwha each winter – but not again after this coming one, and video showing the disgusting landscape and air full of rock dust when the upper lake was drawn down by only 10% back in the 90s. If your group would like to see it, let me know.

    marv@marvchastain.com

    Back to 1492

    I introduced you to MARV CHASTAIN

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    Let me re-introduce you to GEORGE C. RAINS SR. my Dad.

    The Long Range Plan of NPS 1944-2016

    The Long Range Plan of NPS 1944-2016

    In a conversation at Sol Duc Hot Springs between the acting Olympic National Park Superintendent Preston Macy and my father George C. Rains Sr. in 1944.

    “George, I should not tell you this, but the long range plan of the National Park Service is to take the whole Olympic Peninsula over and put it in the Olympic National Park and move everyone off the Olympic Peninsula.”

    JULY  2011, POSTED  BY CITIZENS REVIEW ONLINE

    Conspiracy Exposed – Citizen Review Online

    www.citizenreviewonline.org/2011/Jul/George_Rains_Statements.pdf

    The notarized document “Conspiracy Exposed” was written on Oct. 8,1992 by. George C. Rains Sr. when he was 77 years old. The referenced “Conspiracy” was …

    Another chapter in the Book of Revelations by Pearl Revere

    The Long Range Plan of the National Park Service 1944-2016  is Exposed

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    My Dad and Marv are gone….

    They were two old timers with a history and  they had “living memories” of how it used to be in America. They spent many years of their lives trying to protect our rights.

    Dad and Marv may rest in peace, now that Donald J. Trump is President of the United States Of America

    They were two of many, since day one, who acknowledged, encouraged, supported and enabled me in my endeavor to become an American Somebody.

    Jan 26, 2011, American Citizens were afraid of what their  government was going to do to them.   That was unacceptable to me. And, I thought somebody should do something about that. Then I realized I was somebody, and I have been doing something about that ever since.

    Donald J. Trump is President. I have “living memories” of how it used to be in America.

    Behind My Back | Find Your Park Forget Me Not

    www.behindmyback.org/2016/02/13/find-your-park-forget-me-not/

    Feb 13, 2016 – UNBELIEVABLE… Find Your Park Forget Me Not. Built in 1910 and 1926 respectively, the Elwha dam (108 feet high) and Glines Canyon dam …
    And, I shall continue to support my President.

     


  • Obama’s 10,000 Executive Commandments?

    Obama’s 10,000 Executive Commandments?

    Presidential Executive Orders and Executive Memoranda

    INTRODUCTION:

    FROM RULE OF LAW TO RULE BY…WHATEVER?

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    IVE GOT A PEN AND I’VE GOT A PHONE.

    AND THAT’S ALL I NEED.

    BARACK OBAMA Jan 14, 2014

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    THE PERTINENT QUESTION AS FAR AS REGULATORY BURDENS ARE CONCERNED IS WHAT THESE EXECUTIVE ORDERS AND MEMORANDA ARE USED FOR AND WHAT THEY DO…….

    Thank God, President Trump, and his  incoming  administration, has promised to restore checks and balances on administrative agencies and appoint federal officials with integrity who will protect the rights of all Americans—not just their preferred special interests.

     WOW.. the more I document and know… The more I must document and post what We the People, American Citizens don’t know……

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    Snippets from TEN THOUSAND COMMANDMENTS 2015  (a 91 page report)

    Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI)

     An Annual Snapshot  of the Federal Regulatory State

    REGULATION: THE HIDDEN TAX

    Federal environmental, safety and health, and economic regulations affect

    the economy by hundreds of billions—perhaps trillions—of dollars annually,

    in addition to the official dollar outlays that dominate the federal policy

    debate.

    THE PRECISE REGULATORY COSTS CAN NEVER BE FULLY KNOWN because, unlike taxes, they are unbudgeted and often indirect. But scattered government and private data exist about the number of regulations issued, their costs and effects, and the agencies that issue them.

    The Weidenbaum Center at Washington University in St. Louis and the

    Regulatory Studies Center at George Washington University in Washington, D.C.,

    JOINTLY ESTIMATE

    THAT AGENCIES SPENT $59.5 BILLION (ON BUDGET) TO ADMINISTER AND POLICE THE REGULATORY ENTERPRISE.

    THE ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, WHICH WAS FORMERLY RANKED CONSISTENTLY IN THE TOP FIVE, IS NOW SIXTH,  BUT ADDING ITS 186 RULES BRINGS THE TOTAL FROM THE TOP SIX RULE MAKING AGENCIES TO 1,639 RULES, OR 48 PERCENT OF ALL FEDERAL RULES.

    ADDING THE $1.88 TRILLION IN OFF-BUDGET COMPLIANCE COSTS BRINGS THE TOTAL RECKONED REGULATORY ENTERPRISE TO ABOUT $1.94 TRILLION.

    The “Unconstitutionality Index,” the ratio of regulations issued by agencies to laws passed by Congress and signed by the president, was 16 for 2014 and 51 for 2013. The average for the decade has been 26. This disparity highlights the delegation of lawmaking power to unelected agency officials.

    Compiling some of that information can make the federal regulatory enterprise somewhat more comprehensible.

     THAT COMPILATION IS ONE PURPOSE OF TEN THOUSAND COMMANDMENTS

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    Presidential Executive Orders and Executive Memoranda

    Ten Thousand Commandments 2016 (an 89 page report)

    An Annual Snapshot of the Federal Regulatory State

    Clyde Wayne Crews • May 3, 2016

    In January 2016, the Congressional Budget  Office (CBO) reported outlays for fiscal year (FY) 2015 of $3.687 trillion and projected spending for FY 2016 at $3.919 trillion. Discretionary, entitlement, and interest spending is projected to surpass $4 trillion in 2017 and to top $5 trillion by FY 2022.2High debt and deficits notwithstanding, $5 trillion in annual spending will soon be the new normal.

    Highlights of the 2016 edition include:

    • The federal regulatory cost reached $1.885 trillion in 2015.
    • FEDERAL REGULATION IS A HIDDEN TAX THAT AMOUNTS TO NEARLY $15,000 PER U.S. HOUSEHOLD EACH YEAR.
    • In 2015, 114 laws were enacted by Congress during the calendar year, while 3,410 rules were issued by agencies. Thus, 30 rules were issued for every law enacted last year.
    • Many Americans complain about taxes, but regulatory compliance costs exceed the $1.82 trillion that the IRS is expected to collect in both individual and corporate income taxes from 2015.
    • Some 60 federal departments, agencies, and commissions have 3,297 regulations in development at various stages in the pipeline.
    • The top five federal rulemaking agencies account for 41 percent of all federal regulations. These are the Departments of the Treasury, Commerce, Interior, Health and Human Services, and Transportation.
    • The 2015 Federal Register contains 80,260 pages, the third highest page count in its history. Of the seven all-time-highest Federal Register total page counts, six occurred under President Obama.
    • The George W. Bush administration averaged 62 major regulations annually over eight years, while the Obama administration has averaged 81 major regulations annually over seven years.

    View the fact sheet

    Ten Thousand Commandments 2016 Table of Contents

    Executive Summary
    Introduction
    Chapter 1: The Cost of Regulation and Intervention
    Chapter 2: Thousands of Pages and Rules in the Federal Register
    Chapter 3: Presidential Executive Orders and Executive Memoranda
    Chapter 4: 24,000 Public Notices Annually
    Chapter 5: Analysis of the Regulatory Plan and Unified Agenda of Federal Regulations
    Chapter 6: GAO Database on Regulation
    Chapter 7: Regulation and the EPA
    Chapter 8: Regulation and the FCC
    Chapter 9: Liberate to Stimulate

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    2015  The Ten Thousand Commandments  a 91 page report

    TEN THOUSAND COMMANDMENTS ARCHIVES

    10KC 2015 (full study in PDF)

    10KC 2014 (full study in PDF)

    10KC 2013 (full study in PDF)

    10KC 2012 (full study in PDF)

    10KC 2011 (full study in PDF)

    10KC 2010 (full study in PDF)

    10KC 2009 (full study in PDF)

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    Pardon my redundancy……

    An Annual Snapshot of  the Federal Regulatory State

    2015 Edition by Clyde Wayne Crews Jr.

    REGULATION: THE HIDDEN TAX

    Federal environmental, safety and health, and economic regulations affect

    the economy by hundreds of billions—perhaps trillions—of dollars annually,

    in addition to the official dollar outlays that dominate the federal policy

    debate.

     THE PRECISE REGULATORY COSTS CAN NEVER BE FULLY KNOWN because, unlike taxes, they are unbudgeted and often indirect. But scattered government and private data exist about the number of regulations issued, their costs and effects, and the agencies that issue them.

    Compiling some of that information can make the federal regulatory enterprise somewhat more comprehensible. THAT COMPILATION IS ONE PURPOSE OF TEN THOUSAND COMMANDMENTS, highlights of which follow:

    Based on the best available federal government data, past reports, and contemporary studies, this report highlights estimated regulatory compliance and economic costs of $1.88 trillion annually.

    In 2014, 224 laws were enacted by Congress during the calendar year, whereas 3,554 rules were issued by agencies. Thus, 16 rules were issued for every law enacted last year.

    The “Unconstitutionality Index,” the ratio of regulations issued by agencies to laws passed by Congress and signed by the president, was 16 for 2014 and 51 for 2013. The average for the decade has been 26. This disparity highlights the delegation of lawmaking power to unelected agency officials.

    If one assumed that all costs of federal regulation and intervention flowed all the way down to households, U.S. households would “pay” $14,976 annually on average in regulatory hidden tax. That payment amounts to 23 percent of the average income of $63,784 and 29 percent of the expenditure budget of $51,100. The “tax” exceeds every item in the budget except housing. More is “spent”on embedded regulation than on health care, food, transportation, entertainment, apparel and services, and savings. The estimated cost of regulation exceeds half the level of the federal spending itself, which was $3.5 trillion in 2014.

    Regulatory costs of $1.88 trillion amount to 11 percent of the U.S. GDP, which was estimated at $17.4 trillion in 2014 by the Commerce Department’s Bureau of Economic Analysis.

    When regulatory costs are combined with federal FY 2014 outlays of $3.5 trillion, the federal government’s share of the entire economy now reaches 30.6 percent.

    The costs of the regulatory “hidden tax” surpass federal income tax receipts. Regulatory compliance costs exceed 2014 total individual income tax revenues of $1.386 trillion.

    Regulatory compliance costs vastly exceed the 2014 estimated U.S. corporate income tax revenues of $333 billion and rival corporate pretax profits of $2.235 trillion.

    If it were a country, U.S. regulation would be the world’s tenth-largest economy, ranking behind Russia and ahead of India.

    U.S. regulatory costs exceed each of the GDPs of Australia and Canada, the highest income nations among the countries ranked most free in the annual Index of Economic Freedom and Economic Freedom of the World reports.

     

    The Weidenbaum Center at Washington University in St. Louis and the Regulatory Studies Center at George Washington University in Washington, D.C.,

    JOINTLY ESTIMATE THAT AGENCIES SPENT $59.5 BILLION (ON BUDGET) TO ADMINISTER AND POLICE THE REGULATORY ENTERPRISE. ADDING THE $1.88 TRILLION IN OFF-BUDGET COMPLIANCE COSTS BRINGS THE TOTAL RECKONED REGULATORY ENTERPRISE TO ABOUT $1.94 TRILLION.

    Among the six all-time-high Federal Register page counts, five have occurred under President Obama.

    The annual outflow of more than 3,500 final rules—sometimes far above that level—means that 90,836 rules have been issued since 1993.

    The Federal Register finished 2014 at 77,687 pages, the sixth-highest level in its history. Federal Register pages devoted specifically to final rules stand at 24,861 in 2014. The record high is 26,417 in 2013.

    The 2014 Federal Register contained 3,554 final rules and 2,383 proposed rules. Since the nation’s founding, more than 15,209 executive orders have been issued.

    PRESIDENT OBAMA ISSUED 215 BY THE END OF 2014.

    President George W. Bush’s administration averaged 62 major rules annually during his eight years in office; Obama’s six years so far have averaged 81.

    Whereas the federal government issues more than 3,500 rules annually, public notices in the Federal Register normally exceed 24,000 annually, with uncounted “guidance documents” and other materials among them. There were 23,970 notices in 2014, and there have been 501,899 since 1995.

    Sixty federal departments, agencies, and commissions have 3,415 regulations at various stages of implementation, according to the 2014 “Regulatory Plan and the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions,” which lists federal regulatory actions at various stages of implementation.

    Of the 3,415 regulations in the pipeline, 200 are “economically significant” rules, which the federal government defines as having annual effects on the economy of $100 million or more. Assuming that those rule making effects are primarily regulatory implies roughly $20 billion yearly in future off-budget regulatory costs.

    Of the 3,415 regulations now in the works, 674 affect small businesses. Of those, 374 required a regulatory flexibility analysis; 300 were otherwise noted by agencies to affect small businesses.

    The five most active rule-producing agencies—the departments of the Treasury, Interior, Commerce, Transportation, and Health and Human Services—account for 1,453 rules, or 43 percent of all rules in the Unified Agenda pipeline.

    The Environmental Protection Agency, which was formerly ranked consistently in the top five, is now sixth, but adding its 186 rules brings the total from the top six rulemaking agencies to 1,639 rules, or 48 percent of all federal rules

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    I started here…

    Chapter 3 May 3, 2016

    Presidential Executive Orders and Executive Memoranda

    https://cei.org/…/Ten%20Thousand%20Commandments%202016%20-%20Chapter%…

    Crews: Ten Thousand Commandments 2016. 23. Presidential Executive Orders and. Executive Memoranda. President Obama famously pledged to use his “pen …

     

    Presidential Executive Orders and Executive Memoranda …

    https://cei.org/10KC/Chapter-3

    May 3, 2016 – [51] Executive orders, presidential memoranda, and other executive actions make up a … [61] In all, four of Obama’s executive orders directly address … Read Chapter 2 – THOUSANDS OF PAGES AND RULES IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER.

    The pertinent question as far as regulatory burdens are concerned is what these executive orders and memoranda are used for and what they do…….

    We live in an era in which the government— without actually passing a law—increasingly dictates parameters of various economic sectors, including health care, retirement, education, energy production, finance, land and resource management, funding of science and research, and manufacturing. Executive actions and decrees issued in a limited government context have different implications than do those issued in an era of activist government, rendering some of what transpires today without precedent………

    Counting rules and regulations, executive orders, memoranda, and other regulatory guidance gets us only so far. These actions need more scrutiny and oversight, because they have become powerful means of working around the constitutional system of legislation made by an elected body.[69]

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    Are you concerned, with any of Obama Executive Orders and Memorandums

    IVE GOT A PEN AND I’VE GOT A PHONE.

    AND THAT’S ALL I NEED.

    BARACK OBAMA

    FROM RULE OF LAW TO RULE BY…WHATEVER?

    President Obama famously pledged to use his “pen and phone” to implement parts of his policy agenda without congressional approval.[51] Executive orders, presidential memoranda, and other executive actions make up a large component of that initiative.[52] This section examines those numbers, but a considerable amount of executive branch activity is not well measured and merits heightened attention, especially when an administration so explicitly emphasizes unilateral action.[53]

    Presidential memoranda since 1999— which presidential scholar Phillip Cooper has termed “executive orders by another name”—are also depicted in Figure 15.[55] Memoranda may or may not be published, depending on the administration’s own determination of “general applicability and legal effect,” making it “difficult to count presidential memoranda.”[56] Obama’s pace since 2009 tops that of George W. Bush, which is unsurprising given his administration’s openness about prioritizing executive action. Bush published 129 memoranda over his entire presidency, whereas Obama issued 219 during his first seven years that were published in the Federal Register

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    This kind of bullying and intimidation of Americans by a federal agency must be shut down. The incoming Trump administration has the opportunity to restore checks and balances on administrative agencies and appoint federal officials with integrity who will protect the rights of all Americans—not just their preferred special interests.

    Originally posted at The Daily Signal. 

    President-elect Donald Trump has a golden opportunity to restrain other overzealous regulators. One place to start is at the National Labor Relations Board (NLRB), which governs private-sector labor relations. Originally built to act as an impartial agency that represents the public in labor disputes, the agency has become overly political and prone to playing favorites.

    How Trump Can Curb the Power of Unelected Regulators

    The Daily Signal Trey Kovacs December 9, 2016

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    From Rule of Law to Rule by…Whatever

    Presidential Memoranda | whitehouse.gov

    https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/presidential…/presidentialmemoranda

    EXECUTIVE ORDERS · PRESIDENTIAL MEMORANDA · PROCLAMATIONS · LEGISLATION · NOMINATIONS & … MEMORANDA. PRESIDENTIAL MEMORANDUM on December 08, 2016 …

    Presidential Memoranda

    Presidential Memorandum on December 09, 2016

    Presidential Memoranda — Minnesota World’s Fair 2023

    Presidential Memorandum on December 09, 2016

    Message to the Senate — UN Convention on Transparency in Treaty-Based Investor-State Arbitration

    Presidential Memorandum on December 09, 2016

    Message to the Senate — Arms Trade Treaty

    Presidential Memorandum on December 08, 2016

    Presidential Determination and Waiver — Pursuant to Section 2249a of Title 10, United States Code, and Sections 40 and 40A of the Arms Export Control Act to Support U.S. Special Operations to Combat Terrorism in Syria

    Presidential Memorandum on December 08, 2016

    Message to Congress — Brazil Social Security Agreement

    Presidential Memorandum on December 05, 2016

    Presidential Memorandum — Steps for Increased Legal and Policy Transparency Concerning the United States Use of Military Force and Related National Security Operations

    Presidential Memorandum on December 05, 2016

    Letter from the President — Supplemental 6-month War Powers Letter

    Presidential Memorandum on December 02, 2016

    Presidential Determination — Pursuant to Section 570(a) of the Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1997

    Presidential Memorandum on December 01, 2016

    Presidential Determination — Suspension of Limitations under the Jerusalem Embassy Act

    Presidential Memorandum on November 16, 2016

    Presidential Memorandum — Eligibility of the Multinational Force and Observers to Receive Defense Articles and Defense Services


  • The Human Toll of WA DC Edicts 2012-2016

    2012 TWO COUNTIES – same problem – water and land use REGULATIONS

    SISKIYOU COUNTY CALIF –  CLALLAM COUNTY WASHINGTON

    WHAT HAVE OUR COUNTY’S GOT IN COMMON?

     WATER AND LAND USE REGULATIONS AND LITIGATION ARE DESTROYING US.

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    2016  THREE  COUNTIES – same problem – water and land use REGULATIONS

    FEBRUARY 26, 2016  THE SOCIAL, ECONOMIC CATASTROPHE CAUSED BY (WA DC Edicts) FEDERAL CONTROL, THREE COUNTIES,  THREE STATE, SISKIYOU COUNTY CALIF –  CLALLAM COUNTY WASHINGTON And JOSEPHINE COUNTY OREGON CAUSED BY THE….

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    THIS IS A MUST READ FIRST

    BLM Bureau of Land Mismanagement

    Posted on February 29, 2016 9:33 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    February 26, 2016 Toni Webb’s  story is here… OREGON CANDIDATE EXPOSES SOCIAL, ECONOMIC CATASTROPHE CAUSED BY FEDERAL CONTROL IN JOSEPHINE COUNTY OREGON

    Liz and I both saw this … As the history of our three counties in three different states. Washington State, Oregon and Calif. Liz Bowen is from Siskiyou County, Calif. Pie N Politics Pearl Rains Hewett is from Clallam County WA

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    JUNE 10, 2016

    The Bottom line….

    Pearl Rains Hewett,  LET ME ASK AMERICA A QUESTION

    HOW HAS THE ‘SYSTEM’ BEEN WORKING OUT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY?

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    By Donald J. Trump April 14, 2016 7:18 p.m. ET

    (unedited full text)

     LET ME ASK AMERICA A QUESTION

    HOW HAS THE ‘SYSTEM’ BEEN WORKING OUT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY?

    Behind My Back | Let Me Ask America a Question

    www.behindmyback.org/2016/04/26/letmeaskamerica-a-question/

    Apr 26, 2016 – Let Me Ask America a Question. How has the ‘system’ been working out for you and your family? No wonder voters demand change.

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    MAY 9, 2016 DONALD J. TRUMP SAID ” AS A BUSINESSMAN I THINK REGULATIONS ARE EVEN WORSE THAN TAXES”.

    WOW, GETTING RID OF THE EPA?  Environmental Protection Agency

    THE ESA THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT?

    May 27, 2016 – Trump accused state officials of denying water to Central Valley farmers so they can send it … so they can send it out to sea ‘to protect a certain kind of threeinch fish‘. The theory that California’s water shortage is all the fault of the Environmental Protection Agency is, like most conspiracy.

    GO FIGURE? WATER FOR PEOPLE NOT A THREE INCH ENDANGERED SMELT.

    The Human Toll of WA DC Edicts 2012-2016

    Apr 26, 2016 – Let Me Ask America a Question. How has the ‘system’ been working out for you and your family? No wonder voters demand change.

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    DONALD J. TRUMP, AS PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, A BUSINESS MAN, WILL BE TRANSFERRING THE CONTROL OF OUR PRIVATE AND PUBLIC LANDS BACK TO WESTERN STATES, LIKE OREGON, BACK TO WE THE PEOPLE, BECAUSE IT IS SO CRITICAL TO OUR SURVIVAL.

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     The Human Toll in Siskiyou County – KARE

    www.klamathalliance.org/information/the-humantoll-in-siskiyoucounty/

    Siskiyou County has been hard hit by the environmental movement during the past twenty years. Time and again, we are promised that tourism will rise and …

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    Nov 18, 2012- June 10, 2016

    CLALLAM COUNTY WASHINGTON- SISKIYOU COUNTY CALIF-  

    OUR TIMBER INDUSTRIES  HAVE BEEN HARD HIT BY THE “ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT” DURING THE PAST TWENTY YEARS.

    TIME AND AGAIN, WE ARE PROMISED THAT TOURISM WILL RISE AND …

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    from Pearl Rains-Hewett

    Posted 11/18/2012

    WHAT HAVE OUR COUNTY’S GOT IN COMMON?

    OUR TIMBER INDUSTRIES AND,

    How Water and Land Use REGULATIONS and Litigation Are DESTROYING Us

    2012 “The hand writing on the wall” is an idiom for “imminent doom or misfortune” and for “the future is predetermined”.

    CLALLAM COUNTY

    Timber harvesting is the dominant land use in the County with 285,842 acres in large commercial timber holdings. Widespread timber harvesting in the area began in the 1920’s and continued intensively through the 1980’s, when the rate slowed significantly due in part to federal listings of the northern SPOTTED OWL AND MARBLED MURRELET.

    At one time, it was the largest timber production area in the state.

    However, OUR FOREST INDUSTRIES HAVE BEEN DEVASTATED BY FEDERAL AND STATE REGULATIONS.

    How many sawmills and wood processing facilities are gone?

    There is no doubt that the restrictions on timber harvest from public lands under the Northwest Forest Plan have played a significant role in this decline.

    Eighty- one % (81%) of the land base in Clallam County proper is in Federal (or state) ownership.

    Olympic National Forest Is over 1 million acres.

    There are more than ? miles of wild and scenic rivers in Clallam County.

    What is the unemployment rate? 9.1% of the labor force Sep 2012

    One aspect of this is land conversion from private to Federal lands.

    acquisition or conservation easements

    new wildlife refuge

    convert acres of farmland to wetlands

    There are many forest-dependent communities in our county where local unemployment is estimated from?

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    SISKIYOU COUNTY

    Siskiyou County accounts for 15% of the timber harvested in California.

    At one time, it was the second largest timber production area in the state.

    However, our forest industries have been devastated by Federal and State regulations.

    There are many forest-dependent communities in our county where local unemployment is estimated from 30-40%.

    There is no doubt that the restrictions on timber harvest from public lands under the Northwest Forest Plan have played a significant role in this decline.

    all 17 sawmills were gone and wood processing facilities

    Sixty-three % (63%) of the land base in Siskiyou County is in Federal (or state) ownership.

    There are more than 152 miles of wild and scenic rivers in the County.

    National Forest’s 1.7 million acres alone comprises 42% of Siskiyou County’s land base.

    In March of 2012, the unemployment rate was 18.7%, ranking Siskiyou 50th out of 56 counties in the state.

    The AP Economic Stress Index ranks Siskiyou County as the 14th most economically stressed county in the United States.

    One aspect of this is land conversion from private to Federal lands.

    Since 1999, 8,625.71 acres valued at $3,922,179 have been converted to Federal land.

    Another 11,236 acres of ranch land in the Shasta Valley is currently proposed for conversion to a new wildlife refuge.

    In addition, the proposed Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement seeks to convert 44,479 acres of farmland in the Upper Klamath Basin to wetlands, (some of which may be in Siskiyou County.)

    It also proposes to secure 21,800 acres of farmland by acquisition or conservation easements in the Scott and Shasta Valleys of Siskiyou County.

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    Pearl Rains Hewett

    Please read on if you are concerned

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    Siskiyou County Supervisor Marcia Armstrong 5/31/12

    “I have completed part I of my report on (Integrated Water Resources Management) IWRM. http://users.sisqtel.net/armstrng/IRWM%20siskiyou%20part1.htm This includes an economic and social impact study, a briefing on each of Siskiyou County’s Agricultural areas in the Klamath, a briefing on water rights and a chronology of the major actions (legal, regulatory) in the Klamath River/Siskiyou County over the past 15 years.”

    Part 1 – Siskiyou County

    How Water and Land Use Regulations and Litigation Are Destroying Us

    By Marcia H. Armstrong © 2012
    armsrtrng@sisqtel.net
    (reprint granted with attribution)

    Background on Siskiyou County and its Economy

     

    GENERAL:

    Sixty-three % (63%) of the land base in Siskiyou County is in Federal (or state) ownership. There are portions of the Klamath National Forest; Shasta-Trinity National Forest; Six Rivers National Forest;Modoc National Forest; and Rogue Siskiyou National Forest in Siskiyou County. The Klamath National Forest’s 1.7 million acres alone comprises 42% of Siskiyou County’s land base. The county also includes the Tule Lake and Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuges, as well as the Lava Beds National Monument. There are various BLM lands administered by the Redding, Medford, Ashland and Susanville BLM offices. There are more than 152 miles of wild and scenic rivers in the County. There are lands held in tribal trust for the Karuk and Quartz Valley Indian tribes.

    The entire land base of Siskiyou County is 4,038,843 acres or 6,287 square miles. Of this, 1,153,246 acres (29%) is in farmland, however only 138,000 acres (3% of tot. county acres) are irrigated. 2,525,216 acres is considered rangeland/woodland/ forest (inc. National Forest.) Our relatively sparse population of 44,301 classifies the county as “frontier.” There are nine small incorporated cities that date back to the California Gold Rush. Eight tenths of one percent of private land is urban.

    In the year 2000, the average unemployment rate for the year was 7.5%. By 2008, it had risen to 10.2%, rising again to 15.8% in 2009. In March of 2012, the unemployment rate was 18.7%, ranking Siskiyou 50th out of 56 counties in the state. There are many forest-dependent communities in our county where local unemployment is estimated from 30-40%. The average wage per job in 2008 was $32,707. That was only 63% of the state average. The median household income was $36,823 — or 60% of the state median. Non-household median income is currently $27,718 — a ranking of 47th in the state. The AP Economic Stress Index ranks Siskiyou County as the 14th most economically stressed county in the United States.

    Siskiyou County has a substantial low income population. In 2010, 18.6% of all residents in Siskiyou County, 26.6% of children under the age of 18 and 7.3% of those 65 years or older lived below the poverty line. In 2010, the economic impact of jobs at Human Services and entitlement benefits to County residents was $71,581,874. This includes: $11.6 million in annual “assistance costs” (CalWorks/welfare, Foster Care;) $8.8 million in annual food stamps; $4.7 million in In-Home-Support-Services for the elderly and disabled; and $36.7 million in Medical Assistance/Medi-Cal.

    Social statistics indicate that Siskiyou County has the second highest child abuse/neglect rate in the state – (3 times the state average.) Compared to Los Angeles County, Siskiyou County has higher rates of all forms of violent crime except homicide. [aggravated assaults, forcible rape, and robbery.] Often these crimes have similar underlying causes, namely, social strain combined with the selective disinhibition fueled by alcohol and drug use (read Robert Nash Parker; Robin Room; and Jeffery A Roth). The premature death rate for the general population is almost twice that of the national average.

    According to Indicators of Alcohol and Other Drug Risk and Consequences for California Counties Siskiyou County 2007, the number of local fatalities in alcohol-involved motor vehicle accidents was three times that of the statewide average; the death rate due to alcohol and drug use was 32.5 deaths per 100,000 persons (compared to a state average of 20.9/1000.) Methamphetamine accounted for 44% of admissions for alcohol and drug treatment. Admissions for alcohol use accounted for 31 percent of admissions in 2004. The death rate for cirrhosis if the liver was three times the Healthy People 2010 goal. Drug-induced deaths were 19 times higher than the Healthy People 2010 goal per 1,000. About 85% of child abuse cases involve methamphetamine.

    THE ECONOMY OF SISKIYOU COUNTY IS BASED ON SMALL BUSINESS. In 2008, there were 6,857 non-farm proprietors in Siskiyou County. According to 2007 data, 61% of non-farming establishments in Siskiyou County had less than 4 employees; 82% had less than 10 employees and 93% had less than 20.

    Agriculture is a major economic sector of the county. Our 2010 Siskiyou County Annual Crop and Livestock Report indicates that the agricultural valuation in the county was $195,711,956 (gross and excluding timber.) According to the USDA Ag Census, in 1992 Siskiyou County had 647,446 acres in farms. By 2007, this had been reduced to 597,534 acres. The 1996-2008 Land Use Summary, Farmland Mapping and Monitoring Program indicates that during the span of the report, Siskiyou County lost 15,164 acres of prime farmland; 3,036 acres of farmland of statewide importance; 40,456 acres of farmland of local importance. With an addition of 16,126 acres of grazing land and 2,390 acres of unique farmland, this mean a total loss of 40,140 acres of farmland. In 2000, there were 895 farm proprietors in Siskiyou County. This declined to only 730 in 2008. The county lost 81 livestock ranches from 1992 to 2007, with an accompanying loss of 20,882 fewer cattle and calves in inventory. According to the CA D.O.T. Siskiyou County Economic Forecast, since 1995, Siskiyou County’s agriculture industries have experienced substantial job loss of about 586 jobs, declining almost 45%.

    During the past 20 years, there has also been a restructuring of size and sales in agricultural operations. Since 1992 to 2007, there has been an increase in the number of small farms: farms under 10 acres doubled to 80. Farms under 50 acres increased 59% to 229. Farms 50-179 acres increased 27% to 228. Farms from 180-449 acres remained about the same at 79. However, there was a 19% reduction in farms 1000 acres or more to 100 farms in 2007. One aspect of this is land conversion from private to Federal lands. Since 1999, 8,625.71 acres valued at $3,922,179 have been converted to Federal land. Another 11,236 acres of ranch land in the Shasta Valley is currently proposed for conversion to a new wildlife refuge. In addition, the proposed Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement seeks to convert 44,479 acres of farmland in the Upper Klamath Basin to wetlands, (some of which may be in Siskiyou County.) It also proposes to secure 21,800 acres of farmland by acquisition or conservation easements in the Scott and Shasta Valleys of Siskiyou County.

    At the same time, farms having less than $2,500 in sales increased 105% to 359. Farms selling $2,500-9,999 stayed about the same at 151. Farms selling $10-$24,999 decreased 10% to 95. Farms selling $25,000-$49,999 decreased about 18% to 60. Farms selling $50,000 to $99,999 decreased 45% to 44 and farms with sales in excess of $100,000 increased by 28% to 137.

    Siskiyou County accounts for 15% of the timber harvested in California. At one time, it was the second largest timber production area in the state. However, our forest industries have been devastated by Federal and State regulations. For instance, the forestry section of Siskiyou County’s 1972 Conservation Element of the General Plan indicated that there were 17 sawmills in the county (employing 2,055 people or 24% of the employment base) and 8 wood processing facilities (employing 294 people or 3% of the employment base). There were 46 logging contractors and support establishments employing 501 people or 5% of the employment base. By 2007, ALL 17 SAWMILLS WERE GONE. The census indicates that there were a total of 6 wood products manufacturing establishments (including veneer mills) employing 380 people (one mill has subsequently closed in Butte Valley). There were 38 Logging, Forestry and Support Establishments employing 157 employees.

    There is no doubt that the restrictions on timber harvest from public lands under the Northwest Forest Plan have played a significant role in this decline. In 1978, 239 MMBF of timber was harvested from the Klamath National Forest (KNF), 274 MMBF from the Shasta Trinity National Forest (STNF) and 73 MMBF from the Six Rivers National Forest (SRNF.) In 2008, 20 MMBF was harvested from the KNF, 22 MMBF from the STNF and 8 MMBF from the SRNF. [Seehttp://users.sisqtel.net/armstrng/regulatory%20impacts.htm for links to tables and reports]

    ————————————————————————–

    The Human Toll in Siskiyou County – KARE

    The Human Toll in Siskiyou County

    SISKIYOU COUNTY HAS BEEN HARD HIT BY THE ENVIRONMENTAL MOVEMENT DURING THE PAST TWENTY YEARS. TIME AND AGAIN,

    WE ARE PROMISED THAT TOURISM WILL RISE AND OFFSET ANY DAMAGE TO OUR RESOURCE DRIVEN ECONOMY, AND YET THOSE DOLLARS REFUSE TO MATERIALIZE.

    For 20 years, timber has been excluded from our national forests (see this shocking graph) which consume nearly two thirds of our entire county. Mining has been all but eliminated, agriculture (the largest remaining industry in this county)

    AND NOW KS WILD HAS THE TEMERITY TO CLAIM THAT OUR COUNTY WILL BE BETTER OFF WITH ANOTHER 200,000 ACRES (OF 600,000 TOTAL) OF TIMBERLAND LOCKED UP IN SOME “CLIMATE REFUGE?” Next time somebody trots out that line, give them some of these demographic statistics:

    Unemployment, July 2011

    (State wide data by county: PDF file)

    • California: 12.4%
    • Siskiyou Co: 16.6%
    • Shasta Co: 15.0%
    • Modoc Co: 13.9%
    • Humboldt Co: 11.9%
    • LA Co: 13.3%
    • Sacramento Co: 12.9%
    • San Franscsco Co: 9.0%

    Siskiyou County 2010 Snapshot

    (PDF file)

    • Population: around 48,000
    • The median age of the population is 43
    • 36% of the population is employed
    • Unemployment is 18.5%
    • Median Household Income $35,692 ($59,928 for CA)
    • 28% of households have children under 18 (46% USA)
    • 18% of the population lives below the poverty line (13% CA)
    • 27% of children live below the poverty line (18.5% CA)
    • 18% of the population is eligible for food stamps
    • 22% are eligible for Medi-Cal programs (18% CA)
    • Substantiation of Child Abuse and Neglect 31.7 per 1,000 ( 9/1,000 for CA)
    • Siskiyou Co. has higher rates of all violent crime (aggravated assaults, forcible rape and robbery) except homicide than Los Angeles Co. 11% of Seniors aged 60 and above have been abused.
    • Methamphetamine accounts for 44% of substance abuse treatment admissions. Roughly 11.9 percent of adolescents under 18 reported binge drinking over the past month (CA 6.6 percent.)
    • Of youth between age 10-17 admitted for treatment, 72% were for marijuana, 17% methamphetamine, and 11% alcohol. 83% were male. This age group also accounts for 13% of drug-related arrests.
    • Individuals between 25 and 34 years account for 25 percent of admissions to alcohol and drug treatment. This age group also accounts for 22 percent of drug related arrests
    • Individuals between 35 and 44 years accounts for 27 percent of alcohol-related arrests

    Twenty Year Trends

    (PDF file)

    • Demographic Trends — Age distribution: The census indicates that between 1990 and 2008, Siskiyou County experienced a 25% loss in the population of children under the age of 18. The County saw a 45% increase in the population age 45-64 and an 18% increase of those age 65 and older. This shows that our population is aging dramatically, and younger family wage earners are migrating elsewhere.
    • Income Trends; The BEA (Bureau of Economic Analysis) indicates that in 1987, the average wage for jobs in Siskiyou County were 73% of the California average. There was a steady decline down to as low as 57% in the year 2000, then the percentage stabilized at 61 % with an increase to 63% in 2008. This shows that our wages are depressed, not keeping pace with inflation and the rest of the state.
    • Unemployment — The EDD statistics indicate that from 1990-2009, the highest rates of unemployment occurred in individual months in 1991-1993 (19.3-21.1%.) The average rate of unemployment for 1991 was 13.2, for 1992 — 15.8 and for 1993 -15.6. This high rate likely reflects the closure of the four timber mills in Siskiyou County between 1989-1999. The rate of unemployment then very gradually decreased each year until it plateaued around 2001 -2007 at 8-9.5% It climbed to an average of 10.2% in 2008 and was at 15.8% average in 2009.
    • Median Household Income The census (SAIPE) reports that in 1989, the median household income of Siskiyou County residents was $22,077. This was 66% of the California median, (down $11,000 from the CA median.) In 2008, the Siskiyou County median was $36,823. It had decreasedto 60% of the California median, (down $24,000 from the CA median household income.) Siskiyou County ranks 51 out of 58 California Counties in median income.
    • Poverty Rates — The census (SAIPE) reports that in 1989, 14.4% of Siskiyou County residents lived below the poverty line. This was 1.7% higher than the poverty rate for California in general. In 1989, 23.5% of children under 18 in Siskiyou County lived in poverty. This was 2.2% higher than the California rate. In 2008, 16.4% of all residents in Siskiyou County lived in poverty. This is a 2 percent increase in the rate over that of 1989 and is 3.1% higher than the California rate. In 2008, 25.4% of children under the age of 18 in Siskiyou County lived in poverty. That is a 2 percent increase in the rate over that of 1989 and is 6.9% greater than the California rate.

    Summary Comment: Siskiyou County is an aging county. A large percentage of children in the county live in poverty and this is getting worse. Average wages are poor compared to the rest of California and getting worse. The household median income in the County has historically lagged far behind that of California and is getting worse. Unemployment has always been substantially higher than California in general. After stabilizing from high employment in the aftermath of mill closures and Forest Service layoffs, unemployment has substantially increased in the past two years and is climbing. It is currently 15.6% (May 2010.) The well-being of a substantial number of Siskiyou County residents is depressed and trending downward.

    ———————————————————–

    JUNE 10, 2016

    The Bottom line….

    Pearl Rains Hewett,  LET ME ASK AMERICA A QUESTION

    HOW HAS THE ‘SYSTEM’ BEEN WORKING OUT FOR YOU AND YOUR FAMILY?

     


  • The Federal Fault of Land Grabbing

    GIVE US BACK OUR STATE LAND

    LET OUR PEOPLE GROW and farm, and sow,, and reap, and ranch, and mow, and harvest, and log, and mill, and mine, and build, and manufacture, and create jobs.

    It is our heritage, it is who we are and what we do, it is our way of life, it is our source of employment and income, it provides our shelter, the roof over our heads, food on our tables and heat from our hearth, indeed it has been  the  lot of our lives for many generations of American  families.

    We are American citizens. We had sovereign enabling state land. We were and are public and private property owners. We the people were and are the best stewards and caretakers of our state and private land.

    So we saw that there is nothing better for a person than to enjoy their work, because that is their lot That each of them may eat and drink, and find satisfaction in all their toil. We know that there is nothing better for people than to be happy and to do good while they live

    —————————————————————————————-

    February 26, 2016 Toni Webb is a candidate for Commissioner of Josephine County, Oregon

    THIS IS SNIPPET OF HER STORY… Oregon candidate exposes social, economic catastrophe caused by federal control in Josephine County

    TO: Candidates running for President of the United States

    This letter is to inform you of the struggles faced by the people of Josephine County, Oregon, due to ongoing problems with the federal government’s control of our public land, including our once-productive forests. Bad policies and misguided management by federal agencies such as the Environmental Protection Agency, U.S. Forest Service and the Bureau of Land Management, have left our rural county economically and socially devastated.

    —————————————————————————————-

    How can  the American people prosper and gain from their toil?

    When Obama’s executive orders, his anointed appointed and  non-government agencies including appointed judges, use every trick in the book, by hook or by crook to grab, control, restrict, regulate and prohibit  all private and state public land use?

    How can  the American people prosper and gain from their toil?

    START HERE

    American Lands Council – A Constitutional Means To Financial …

    www.freedomworks.org/…/americanlandscouncil-consti…

    FreedomWorks

    Nov 29, 2013 – Federal Lands Map The American Lands Council recently came to Oregon to discuss the dichotomy … There is a Federal Fault Line between states that had their lands granted to them after statehood and those that didn’t;.

    States that had their lands granted to them after statehood?

    —————————————————————–

    Read this…

    The ENABLING ACT February 22, 1889

    Posted on March 9, 2014 11:10 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    Way back then, the Federal Government  and the elected representative gave to and enabled American citizens,  they made  donations of public lands to such states.

    Moving forward 125 years, “We the People” of Washington State (the Western United States), are in a battle with the Federal  and state Governments  and our elected representative struggling to preserve, protect,  maintain the use of,  intent and purpose of the  public lands that were given to us in TRUST.

    —————————————————————————————–

    How can the American people prosper and gain from their toil?

    JUST GIVE US BACK OUR STATE LAND?

    IF ONLY IT WAS THAT EASY….. REMEMBER THIS PART?

    Obama’s  executive orders, his executive land grabs, his federally anointed appointed and  NON-GOVERNMENT agencies including appointed judges, use every trick in the book, by hook or by crook to grab, control, restrict, regulate and prohibit all private and state public land use?

    Executive Orders Matter

    Posted on October 5, 2015 6:22 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    EXECUTIVE ORDER 13514, CLIMATE CHANGE Federal Leadership in Environmental, Energy, and Economic Performance, establishes an integrated strategy for sustainability within the Federal Government. Under the Executive Order, each agency is required to evaluate their climate change risks and vulnerabilities to manage the effects of climate

    ——————————————-
    CLIMATE CHANGE: OBAMA EXECUTIVE ORDER 13514
    Things that matter TRUTH AND POLITICS
    IT’S AS EASY AS ONE, TWO THREE…
    (1) FEDERAL Planning Steps Set a Mandate
    The Obama administration estimated the emissions limits will cost $8.4 billion annually by 2030.
    OBAMA’S RULE ASSIGNS CUSTOMIZED TARGETS TO EACH STATE
    “CLIMATE CHANGE WILL NOT BE SOLVED BY GRABBING POWER FROM STATES or slowly hollowing out our economy,” Bush said.
    ———————————————————————————-
    (2) STATE Planning Steps Set a Mandate
    THE ACTUAL PRICE WON’T BE CLEAR UNTIL STATES DECIDE HOW THEY’LL REACH THEIR TARGETS THEN LEAVES IT UP TO THE STATE TO DETERMINE HOW TO MEET THEM.
    IF STATES REFUSE TO SUBMIT PLANS, THE EPA HAS THE AUTHORITY TO IMPOSE ITS OWN PLAN

    (3) 2015 COUNTY Planning Steps Set a Mandate

    ———————————————————————————-

    BLM Bureau of Land Mismanagement

    Posted on February 29, 2016 9:33 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    February 26, 2016 Toni Webb’s  story is here… OREGON CANDIDATE EXPOSES SOCIAL, ECONOMIC CATASTROPHE CAUSED BY FEDERAL CONTROL IN JOSEPHINE COUNTY

    Liz and I both saw this … As the history of our three counties in three different states. Washington State, Oregon and Calif. Liz Bowen is from Siskiyou County, Calif. Pie N Politics Pearl Rains Hewett is from Clallam County WA

    I hope that you, as candidates for President of the United States, will seriously consider why the effort to transfer the ownership and control of public lands back to western states, like Oregon, IS SO CRITICAL TO OUR SURVIVAL.

    Dept. of Interior Deterioration

    Posted on May 4, 2014 10:32 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    —————————————————————-

    Our Public Land Heritage: From the GLO to the BLM

    The document is only 27 pages of how the federal government turned
    The GLOW of the Act Establishing Yellowstone National Park (1872) – Our ..

    AS A PUBLIC PARK OR PLEASURING GROUND FOR THE BENEFIT AND ENJOYMENT OF THE PEOPLE. INTO A OBAMA’S PERSONAL AGENDA. grabbing of our public land for conservation and protection under federal lands.

    —————————————–

    SHALL I GO ON….

    Behind My Back | High, Dry and Destitute

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/highdry-and-destitute/

    Feb 1, 2015 – High, Dry and Destitute WA State citizens, private property owners and farmers, in Skagit and Clallam County have been left HIGH, DRY AND …

    Calif. Farmers High Dry and Destitute

    Posted on February 29, 2016 8:52 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    Calif. Farmers HIGH, DRY AND DESTITUTE

    Obama admin allocates water for endangered fish, leaves …

    m.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/feb/24/obam

    The Washington Times

    Logo: The Washington Times · Home · NewsObama admin allocates water for endangered fish, leaves California farmers high and dry … Wednesday, February 24, 2016 … some farmers are looking at another year of a zero federal water … “We’ve got to not only take a look at providing project [water] yield, we’ve also got …

    Washington State citizens, private property owners and farmers, in Skagit and Clallam County have been left HIGH, DRY AND DESTITUTE by WA State DOE WATER RULES.

    SO WHAT’S NEW? ENDANGERED FISH BEFORE FARMERS, FOOD AND THE ECONOMY.

    YEP… AGAIN AND STILL, FLUSHING TRILLIONS OF GALLONS PEOPLE WATER DOWN THE ENDANGERED SPECIES TOILET.

    ——————————————————————

    Behind My Back | WOTUS “Water Runs Down Hill”

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/09/04/wotus-water-runs-down-hill/

    Sep 4, 2015 – WOTUS rule – Pacific Legal Foundation https://www.pacificlegal.org/wotus. Pacific Legal Foundation PLF Principal Attorney M. Reed Hopper, …

    ————————————————————————————-

      Category Archives Public Access to Public land

      WOW Stop the 2016 WILD OLYMPICS

    Posted on April 23, 2016 8:08 am by Pearl Rains Hewett

     

    ENUF… ONE LAST QUESTION

    Behind My Back | Are You A Normal Person?

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/05/18/are-you-a-normalperson/

    May 18, 2015 – If you‘re a normal person, you‘d answer “yes, people usually are more important … www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/high–dry-and-destitute/.


  • Calif. Farmers High Dry and Destitute

    Calif. Farmers HIGH, DRY AND DESTITUTE

    Obama admin allocates water for endangered fish, leaves …

    m.washingtontimes.com/news/2016/feb/24/obam
    The Washington Times

    Logo: The Washington Times · Home · NewsObama admin allocates water for endangered fish, leaves California farmers high and dry … Wednesday, February 24, 2016 … some farmers are looking at another year of a zero federal water … “We’ve got to not only take a look at providing project [water] yield, we’ve also got …

    Washington State citizens, private property owners and farmers, in Skagit and Clallam County have been left HIGH, DRY AND DESTITUTE by WA State DOE WATER RULES.

    SO WHAT’S NEW? ENDANGERED FISH BEFORE FARMERS, FOOD AND THE ECONOMY.

    YEP… AGAIN AND STILL, FLUSHING TRILLIONS OF GALLONS PEOPLE WATER DOWN THE ENDANGERED SPECIES TOILET.

    ——————————————————-

    New post on Pie N Politics

    Feds allocate water for endangered fish, leave Calif. farmers high and dry
    by Liz Bowen
    By Valerie Richardson – The Washington Times
    Wednesday, February 24, 2016
    Despite wetter-than-average weather in California, some farmers are looking at another year of a zero federal water allocation even as the billions of gallons of water continue to be dumped into the ocean in order to save a three-inch fish.
    The worst part for many lawmakers at Wednesday’s House subcommittee hearing is that the Delta smelt remains as vulnerable as ever after the loss of 1.4 trillion gallons of water since 2008 under the federal Endangered Species Act.

    ———————————————————–

    PLEASE CLICK ON  AND LISTEN TO THE

    subcommittee hearing

    ———————————————————-

    High, Dry and Destitute

    Posted on by Pearl Rains Hewett

    Fish Before People Regardless of Cost

    Fish Before People Regardless of Cost

    The court held that the protection of EVERY ENDANGERED SPECIES is the highest priority of the federal government, REGARDLESS OF THE COST.

    California’s worst drought in 1200 years in pictures – BBC.com

    FARMERS BEFORE FISH?

    Pacific Legal Foundation, CHALLENGED, sought Supreme Court review, but the High Court denied, it set up reconsideration of the Supreme Court’s  ruling…..

    the court held that the protection of every endangered species is the highest priority of the federal government, regardless of the cost. The result has been a heavy-handed, top-down bureaucracy that frustrates human interests and species conservation.

    Status: On July 23, 2014, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denied rehearing before the entire court, leaving an adverse ruling from March in place. PLF attorneys filed a petition for certiorari on September 30, 2014. The petition was denied on January 12, 2015.

    ——————————————————————————————————————–Pacific Legal Foundation, a bit of unedited text..

    Stewart & Jasper Orchards v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    Issue: Representing several California farmers, PLF attorneys are challenging the biological opinion (BiOp) by federal agencies used to restrict water deliveries from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta in order to protect the Delta smelt, a small fish listed under the Endangered Species Act. In 2012, PLF previously sought Supreme Court review of the case on a Commerce Clause challenge because smelt are in intrastate species, but the High Court denied cert. With a recent adverse ruling at the Ninth Circuit on the biological opinion, it sets up reconsideration of the Supreme Court’s TVA v. Hill decision, relied on by the Ninth Circuit to uphold the smelt BiOp. In TVA v. Hill, the court held that the protection of every endangered species is the highest priority of the federal government, regardless of the cost. The result has been a heavy-handed, top-down bureaucracy that frustrates human interests and species conservation.

    Status: On July 23, 2014, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denied rehearing before the entire court, leaving an adverse ruling from March in place. PLF attorneys filed a petition for certiorari on September 30, 2014.

    The petition was denied on January 12, 2015.

    ————————————————————————————————————-

    Complex and contradictory laws, and court decisions, and regulations have made it nearly impossible for water to flow and our communities to grow

    Indeed, a  growing number of communities across the West have become impacted by severe drought conditions,

    Washington State Declares Drought Emergency

    www.huffingtonpost.com/…/washingtondrought-e
    The Huffington Post

    May 15, 2015 – Drought isn’t just a California problem, folks. Washington Gov. Jay Inslee declared a statewide drought emergency on Friday

    ————————————————————————————————–

    How complex is this?

    The court held that the protection of EVERY ENDANGERED SPECIES is the highest priority of the federal government, REGARDLESS OF THE COST.

    ———————————————————————————————————

     As House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy explained, “California is enduring its worst drought in 1,200 years, and a growing number of communities across the West have become impacted by severe drought conditions.”

    This week, the House will consider a bill to address water policies in California and the West:

    What happened to this?

    Western Water and American Food Security Act (HR 2898)

    Pie N Politics In accordance with Title 17 U.S.C. section 107, any copyrighted material herein is distributed without profit or payment to those who have expressed a prior interest in receiving this information for non-profit research and educational purposes only. For more information go to: http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/17/107.shtml
    Liz Bowen | February 29, 2016 at 6:42 pm | Categories: CA. Congressman Tom McClintock, Endangered Species Act, Federal gov & land grabs, Politicians & agencies, Water, Resources & Quality | URL: http://wp.me/p13fnu-6xm
    Comment See all comments

    ——————————————————-

    Dec 4, 2015

    Behind My Back | Congress Must Act on Water Issues

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/12/04/congressmust-act-on-water-issues/

    Dec 4, 2015Congress Must Act on Water Issues May 24, 2014 It takes an act of the U.S. … www.behindmyback.org/2015/02/01/high–dry-and-destitute/.

    Comment


  • Fish Before People Regardless of Cost

    Fish Before People Regardless of Cost

    The court held that the protection of EVERY ENDANGERED SPECIES is the highest priority of the federal government, REGARDLESS OF THE COST.

    California’s worst drought in 1200 years in pictures – BBC.com

    FARMERS BEFORE FISH?

    The petition was denied on January 12, 2015.

    ——————————————————————————————————————–

    Stewart & Jasper Orchards v. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    Issue: Representing several California farmers, PLF attorneys are challenging the biological opinion (BiOp) by federal agencies used to restrict water deliveries from the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta in order to protect the Delta smelt, a small fish listed under the Endangered Species Act. In 2012, PLF previously sought Supreme Court review of the case on a Commerce Clause challenge because smelt are in intrastate species, but the High Court denied cert. With a recent adverse ruling at the Ninth Circuit on the biological opinion, it sets up reconsideration of the Supreme Court’s TVA v. Hill decision, relied on by the Ninth Circuit to uphold the smelt BiOp. In TVA v. Hill, the court held that the protection of every endangered species is the highest priority of the federal government, regardless of the cost. The result has been a heavy-handed, top-down bureaucracy that frustrates human interests and species conservation.

    Status: On July 23, 2014, the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals denied rehearing before the entire court, leaving an adverse ruling from March in place. PLF attorneys filed a petition for certiorari on September 30, 2014. The petition was denied on January 12, 2015.

    ————————————————————————————————————-

    Complex and contradictory laws, and court decisions, and regulations have made it nearly impossible for water to flow and our communities to grow

    Indeed, a  growing number of communities across the West have become impacted by severe drought conditions,

    Washington State Declares Drought Emergency

    www.huffingtonpost.com/…/washingtondrought-e
    The Huffington Post

    May 15, 2015 – Drought isn’t just a California problem, folks. Washington Gov. Jay Inslee declared a statewide drought emergency on Friday

    ————————————————————————————————–

    How complex is this?

    The court held that the protection of EVERY ENDANGERED SPECIES is the highest priority of the federal government, REGARDLESS OF THE COST.

    ———————————————————————————————————

     As House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy explained, “California is enduring its worst drought in 1,200 years, and a growing number of communities across the West have become impacted by severe drought conditions.”

    This week, the House will consider a bill to address water policies in California and the West:

    Western Water and American Food Security Act (HR 2898)

    • Sponsor: Rep. David Valadao (R-CA) —Bipartisan— “Aims to make more water available to families, farmers, and communities in California and bordering Western states. The dedication of vast quantities of water to protect certain species of fish listed under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) is a significant obstacle hindering water delivery in Central and Southern California. HR 2898 will require federal agencies to use current and reliable data when making regulatory decisions, which in turn will provide more water for communities in need,” according to the bill sponsor. The bill will also provide federal regulators with direction and flexibility to capture water during periods of greater precipitation, which can be used to increase California’s water supplies dramatically. (Read bill text)

     


  • Navy Sonobuoys-Bombs-Explosives

    IN “THE  MODIFIED ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT” for Northwest training and testing, the Navy INCREASED THE NUMBER OF PLANNED SONOBUOYS FROM 20 TO 720.

    —————————————————————-

    The Associated Press January 4, 2015

    Navy considers more sonobuoys off Pacific Coast

    PORTLAND, Ore. — The U.S. Navy could significantly increase the number of sonobuoys it plans to deploy off the Pacific Coast.

    The floating, acoustic surveillance devices are used in ANTI-SUBMARINE WARFARE.

    The Oregonian reports (http://is.gd/4JLsbt ) that in a modified environmental assessment for Northwest training and testing, the Navy increased the number of planned sonobuoys from 20 to 720.

    They would be in areas at least 12 miles offshore FROM ALASKA, WASHINGTON, OREGON AND NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.

    Read more here: http://www.fresnobee.com/2015/01/04/4313908_navy-considers-more-sonobuoys.html?sp=/99/406/552/&rh=1#storylink=cpy

    ——————————————————————————————————-

    A basic understanding of the modeling of acoustic and BOMBS, EXPLOSIVE EXPOSURES Undertaken for Training and Testing Draft EIS/OEIS IS NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND.

    ————————————————————————-

    Start here…

    Behind My Back | Navy Bombing-Explosives-Sonar?

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/01/…/navybombingexplosives-and-sona

    5 days ago – FACT IS EXPLOSIVES In the area also are part of the draft document, although the Navy has said that BOMBING exercises take place outside … the Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, which consists of 2,408 square nautical miles off the Olympic Peninsula coastline.

    ———————————————————————————————

    A basic understanding of the modeling of acoustic and BOMBS, EXPLOSIVE EXPOSURES

    ——————————————————————————————–

    AVY: DOLPHINS, WHALES WILL DIE DURING NEW UNDERWATER EXPLOSIVE TESTS

    By Cheryl K. Chumley – The Washington Times – Friday, August 30, 2013

    THE NAVY SAID IN A REPORT ON FRIDAY THAT TRAINING AND TESTING FOR NEW UNDERWATER EXPLOSIVES COULD KILL HUNDREDS OF WHALES AND DOLPHINS, AND INJURE TENS OF THOUSANDS MORE, IN THE COMING FIVE YEARS.

     The training is set for ocean waters off the East Coast, the Gulf of Mexico and Southern California and Hawaii, and is planned from 2014 to 2019, The Associated Press reported.

    ———————————————————————————————————–

    UPDATE JAN 6, 2015 THEY WOULD BE IN AREAS AT LEAST 12 MILES OFFSHORE FROM ALASKA, WASHINGTON, OREGON AND NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.

    ————————————————————————————————-

    Read more: http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2013/aug/30/navy-dolphins-will-die-during-new-underwater-explo/#ixzz3O4BErsVH

    —————————————————————————————–

    A REASONABLE MANS UNDERSTANDING? OF  ACTIVE SONOBUOYS, BOMBS AND EXPLOSIVE EXPOSURES?

    Up Close and Dangerous: Dynamite Fishing – HowStuffWorks

    animals.howstuffworks.com/33806-upclose-and-dangerousdynamitefi

    Dynamite fishing is a very destructive way of fishing — although it stuns fish, it also … LEARN MORE in this clip from Animal Planet’s “Up Close and Dangerous” series.

    ——————————————————————————————-

    Read more STUFF here ( A 48  page document)

    Analysis of Animal Avoidance Behavior and Mitigation …

    mitt-eis.com/…/Avoidance_Mitigation_TR_10%20SEP%202013_MITT_…

    event (i.e., sonars or explosives) and tracks the acoustic exposure history of each animal at (a dosimeter … or reduce marine mammal and sea turtle exposures to explosives and high intensity sound, ….. EXPLOSIVE SONOBUOYS USING 0.6–2.5 LB.

    A basic understanding of the modeling of acoustic and EXPLOSIVE EXPOSURES undertaken for the MarianaI slands Training and Testing DraftEIS/OEIS IS NECESSARY TO UNDERSTAND.

    ————————————————————————

    If Look outs are able to observe the mitigation zone up to and during an explosion, the explosive activity would be halted or delayed if a marine mammal is observed and would not resume until the animal is thought to be out of the mitigation zone

    ———————————————————-

    Really?  After? During an explosion?

    —————————————————————————–

    Read a gazillion more  pages of STUFF  here

    —————————————————–

    Northwest Training and Testing Activities

    Draft Environmental Impact Statement

    /Overseas Environmental Impact Statement

    THE NAVY’S REQUEST FOR THE RENEWAL OF ITS FIVE-YEAR MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT PERMIT, IS AT http://tinyurl.com/PDN-Sonobuoy2.

    VOLUME 1, January 2014 (is a 940 page document)

    NWTT EIS/OEIS Project Manager

    Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Northwest,

    EV21.KK1101 Tautog  Circle Silverdale, WA 98315

    In this EIS/OEIS, the Navy analyzes potential environmental impacts

    that result or COULD RESULT FROM ACTIVITIES under the

    No Action Alternative, Alternative 1, and Alternative 2.

    Resource areas that will be addressed include,

     BUT ARE NOT LIMITED TO,

    sediments and water quality, air quality, marine habitats,

    marine mammals, sea turtles, birds, marine vegetation, marine invertebrates, fish, cultural resources, Native American and Native Alaskan traditional resources, socioeconomic resources, and public health and safety

    Public meetings are planned Jan. 12 in Poulsbo, Jan. 13 in Aberdeen, Jan. 14 in Newport, Ore., and Jan. 16 in Eureka, Calif.

    NO PUBLIC MEETINGS ARE PLANNED ON THE NORTH OLYMPIC PENINSULA.

    The Navy gave no time line for the process, but said that it planned to adjust training and testing activities “to the level needed to support Navy requirements beginning October 2015.”

    The final environmental impact statement will be released for a 30-day wait period before the Nary makes a decision and releases a record of decision.

    ————————————————————————–

    THE DOCUMENTED STUFF

    NWTT EIS/OEIS modified environmental assessment

    Table 3.4-23: Activities with Multiple Non-Concurrent Impulse or Explosions

    Training Bombing Exercise (Air-to-Surface)

    Gunnery Exercise (Surface-to-Surface)–Ship

    Mine Neutralization–Explosive Ordnance Disposal Sinking Exercise

     Note: There are no testing activities in the Study Area for which this applies

    ———————————————————————————

    The Navy increased the number of planned sonobuoys from 20 to 720.

    Under Alternative 1, the number of training events that use chaff (the solid metal and heavy plastic objects?)  in the Offshore Area would increase from 2,900 to 5,000 per year compared to the No Action Alternative, and the number of events that use flares would increase from 184 to 224 per year

    THESE ACTIVITIES WOULD RESULT IN INADVERTENT TAKES OF MARINE MAMMALS IN THE STUDY AREA Pursuant to the MMPA, the use of sonar and other

    active acoustic sources for testing activities as described under

    Alternative 2:

    May expose marine mammals up to 98,220 times annually to sound levels that would be considered Level B harassment

    ————————————————————————————————–

    Conclusion Testing activities under Alternative 2

    include the use of sonar and other active acoustic sources as described in Section3.0.5.3.

    1 (Acoustic Stressors).

    These activities would result in inadvertent takes of marine mammals in the Study Area Pursuant to the MMPA, the use of sonar and other

    active acoustic sources for testing activities as described under

    Alternative 2:

    May expose marine mammals up to 98,220 times annually to sound levels that would be considered Level B harassment

    •May expose marine mammals up to 141 times annually to sound levels that would be considered Level A harassment

    Pursuant to the ESA, the use of sonar and other active acoustic sources during testing activities as described under

    Alternative2:

    May affect, and is likely to adversely affect the humpback whale, blue whale, fin whale, sei whale, Western North Pacific gray whale, sperm whale, southern resident killer whale, and Guadalupe fur seal

    •Would have no effect on North Pacific right whale

    Would have no effect on southern resident killer whale critical HABITAT?

    ————————————————————————–

    Offshore Area

    Under Alternative 1, the number of training events that use chaff (the solid metal and heavy plastic objects)  in the Offshore Area would increase from 2,900 to 5,000 per year compared to the No Action Alternative, and the number of events that use flares would increase from 184 to 224 per year compared to the No Action Alternative Other possible concerns that have been identified include toxic plastic additives and toxic contaminants that could be adsorbed to the plastic from ambient seawater. Pierceet al. (2004)

    ————————————————-

    VOLUME 1, January 2014 (is a 940 page document)

     

    DRAFT ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STUDY, WHICH IS TO SUPPORT THE NAVY’S REQUEST FOR THE RENEWAL OF ITS FIVE-YEAR MARINE MAMMAL PROTECTION ACT PERMIT

    http://tinyurl.com/PDN-Sonobuoy2.

    ———————————————————————————————————-

    READ MUCH LESS STUFF IN THE MEDIA?

    The Associated Press January 4, 2015

    Sunday Full story: The Fresno Bee

    PORTLAND, Ore. — The U.S. Navy could significantly increase the number of sonobuoys it plans to deploy off the Pacific Coast.

    The floating, acoustic surveillance devices are used in anti-submarine warfare. The Oregonian reports (http://is.gd/4JLsbt ) that in a modified environmental assessment for Northwest training and testing, the Navy increased the number of planned sonobuoys from 20 to 720.

    They would be in areas at least 12 miles offshore from Alaska, Washington, Oregon and Northern California.

    The Navy acknowledges that deploying more of them is likely to harm endangered leatherneck turtles. It’s accepting public comments until Feb. 2.

    In addition to more buoys, the document also details additional “maritime security operations” that weren’t reviewed in the earlier environmental assessment, possibly including escorts for submarines, search-and-seizure exercises, and anti-piracy missions.

    Information from: The Oregonian, http://www.oregonlive.com

    Read more here: http://www.fresnobee.com/2015/01/04/4313908_navy-considers-more-sonobuoys.html?sp=/99/406/552/&rh=1#storylink=cpy

    ————————————————————————–

    TO Take action  send an email to The Honorable Charles T. Hagel, U.S. Secretary of Defense. You can email him at charles.t.hagel.mil@mail.mil.

     


  • The Dam Shame Of Flooding

    Derek,

    I posted this on my website last year.
    Flooding is a Dam Shame
    Posted on June 28, 2013 7:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment
    ——————————————————————————–

    Why has Congress spent ALL of it’s time FOR THE LAST 50 YEARS? TAKING AND USING taxpayer dollars? to legislate and fund the NGO’s “Sue and Settle” global agenda on the environment?, “WILDING?” the United States of America, to protect scenic rivers and views?, and to SAVE AND PROTECT endangered species,TAKING PUBLIC AND PRIVATE NATURAL RESOURCE LAND TO PROVIDE Critical Habitat for endangered species,created manipulated balding, breeding, seeding and trans location of endangered plants and animals?

    IN A GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE? FOR THE PEOPLE? BY THE PEOPLE?

    WHO IS PROTECTING THE AMERICAN PEOPLE?

    Why has congress FAILED TO PROTECT THE AMERICAN “PEOPLE” FROM the LOSS OF HUMAN LIFE AND PROPERTY DESTRUCTION, AKA “HABITAT FOR HUMANITY” FROM THE DAMN MISERY OF PROVEN, CONTROLLABLE DAM FLOODING?

    The increase on FEMA flood insurance is a DAM shame on Congress.

    Pearl Rains Hewett
    —————————————————————–

    Flooding is a Dam Shame
    Posted on June 28, 2013 7:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    FLOODING IS A DAM SHAME

    DROUGHT IS A DAM SHAME

    CHINA WAS SO DAM SMART THAT THEY BUILT THE BIGGEST DAM IN THE WORLD.

    HE WHO CONTROLS THE WATER CONTROLS THE WORLD?

    IN THE USA THE GOVERNMENT WAS AND IS SO DAM STUPID THEY DECIDED THAT HYDRO ELECTRIC POWER WAS NOT DAM CLEAN, DAM CHEAP, DAM RENEWABLE DAM ENERGY, NOT DAM FLOOD CONTROL AND NOT DAM DROUGHT AND DAM PROPERTY LOSS PREVENTION.

    THE DAM CHINESE GOVERNMENT IS SO DAM SMART THEY WORK IN THE BEST INTEREST OF THE DAM PEOPLE.

    THE CHINESE DAM PREVENTS THE DAM LOSS OF LIFE, BILLIONS OF DAM DOLLARS IN PROPERTY DAMAGE, PROVIDES DAM CHEAP, DAM CLEAN, DAM RENEWABLE, DAM ENERGY AND HELPS KEEP THEIR DAM ECONOMY STRONG.

    THE CHINESE DAM CONTROLS THE DAM WATER RELEASES THE DAM WATER TO ELIMINATE THE DAM DROUGHTS

    WHAT PART OF THIS DAM CHINESE POLICY DOES THE DAM US GOVERNMENT NOT UNDERSTAND?

    THE US GOVERNMENT IS SO DAM DUMB THEY WORK FOR THE DAM LOBBYIST AND THE DAM SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS. SAVE THE DAM SALMON AT WHAT COST?

    THE BEST DAM INTEREST OF THE DAM PEOPLE IN THE USA BE DAMMED

    AS DICTATED BY THE DAM US GOVERNMENT

    THE DAM PEOPLE IN THE DAM USA ARE FLOODED AND CLEANING UP THE DAM WATER DAMAGE FOR SIX DAM MONTHS OF THE YEAR.

    THE DAM PEOPLE IN THE USA SUFFER THE DAM DROUGHT FOR THE OTHER SIX DAM MONTHS OF THE YEAR

    THE CHINESE DAM CONCEPT IS TO BUILD AND KEEP DAMS TO PROVIDE CLEAN RENEWABLE ELECTRIC POWER, CONTROL THE DAM WATER AND PREVENT THE DAM FLOODING AND RELEASE THE DAM WATER TO PREVENT DROUGHT

    THE USA DAM POLICY CREATES LOSS OF DAM LIFE, DAM MISERY AND DAM SUFFERING FOR MILLIONS OF DAM AMERICANS EVERY DAM YEAR.
    This entry was posted in Economic Impact, FEDERAL ISSUES AND REFORM, The We’s who WANT,


  • Part 8 (WOW) USFS Legislation

    This List of legislation governing THE UNITED STATES FOREST SERVICE, compels me to ask questions.

    Is the United States Forest Service under control?  OR IS IT TOTALLY OUT OF CONTROL WITH OVERLAPPING  CONGRESSIONAL ECONOMIC ACTS OF OPPRESSION?

    RESULTING IN AN EMERGENCY ECONOMIC STABILIZATION ACT ?

    (Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008). The legislation provides financial assistance to rural counties AFFECTED BY THE DECLINE IN REVENUE FROM THE TIMBER HARVESTS IN FEDERAL FOREST LANDS

    DECLINING TIMBER HARVESTS REVENUE INDEED,

    TIMBER HARVESTING NOW OCCURS ANNUALLY ON LESS THAN ONE PERCENT OF THE AREA IDENTIFIED AS SUITABLE FOR TIMBER PRODUCTION IN EXISTING NATIONAL FOREST PLANS.

    ———————————————————————————

    Today is Feb. 19, 2014 This page was last modified on 8 May 2012

    A number of federal statutes govern the United States Forest Service.

    FOREST SERVICE ORGANIC ADMINISTRATIVE ACT (Act of June 4, 1897) (16 U.S.C. §§ 473-478, 479-482 and 551, June 4, 1897, as amended 1905, 1911, 1925, 1962, 1964, 1968, and 1976). This act is the original organic act governing the administration of national forest lands. The act specified the purposes for which forest reserves might be established and provided for their protection and management. Today, this act is one of several Federal laws under which the Forest Service operates. While the Organic Administration Act remains significant, it must be read in conjunction with the later acts, which expand the purpose and uses of the national forests.

    MULTIPLE USE – SUSTAINED YIELD ACT  OF 1960 (Act of June 12, 1960) (P.L. 86-517; 16 U.S.C. §§ 528-531). This act declares that the purposes of the national forests include outdoor recreation, range, timber, watershed, and fish and wildlife. The act directs the Secretary of Agriculture to administer national forest renewable surface resources for multiple use and sustained yield. The act does not affect the jurisdiction or responsibilities of the States, the use or administration of the mineral resources of national forest lands, or the use or administration of Federal lands not within the national forests.

     NATIONAL FOREST MANAGEMENT ACT OF 1976 (Act of October 22, 1976) (P.L. 94-588; 16 U.S.C. §§ 1600-1614, August 17, 1974, as amended 1976, 1978, 1980, 1981, 1983, 1985, 1988 and 1990). This act reorganized, expanded, and otherwise amended the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974, which called for the management of renewable resources on national forest lands. The National Forest Management Act requires the Secretary of Agriculture to assess forest lands, develop a management program based on multiple-use, sustained-yield principles, and implement a resource management plan for each unit of the National Forest System. It is the primary statute governing the administration of national forests.

    COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1978 (Act of July 1, 1978) (P.L. 95-313; 16 U.S.C. §§ 2101-2111, July 1, 1978, as amended 1990, 1991, 1992, 1996 and 2008). This act, as amended, authorizes the State and private forestry activities of the Forest Service—including fire, forest management, forest health, wood utilization, urban and community forestry, forest land easements, and organizational management assistance—to State forestry agencies.

     FOREST AND RANGELAND RENEWABLE RESOURCES RESEARCH ACT OF 1978(Act of June 30, 1978) (P.L. 95-307, as amended by P.L. 100-521, Forest Ecosystems and Atmospheric Pollution Research Act of 1988, Section 3 (c), and as amended by P.L. 101-624, Food Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990 (Farm Bill), Title XII, Subtitle B; 16 U.S.C. §§ 1641-1648). The act provides an updated and expanded authority for research by the Forest Service, including allowing competitive grants, performing research studies, recycling wood fiber, conducting tests, and establishing a forestry student grant program for minority and female students.

     FOOD, CONSERVATION AND ENERGY ACT OF 2008(Farm Bill) (P.L. 110-234) The Farm Bill is passed every several years and deals with both agriculture and all other affairs under the purview of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. The most recent act, P.L. 110-234, contains new authorities for the Forest Service:

    Title VIII: Forestry

    Subtitle A: AMENDMENT TO THE COOPERATIVE FORESTRY ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1978. Establishes national priorities for private forest conservation, a community forest and open space conservation program, and a Secretary level Forest Resources Coordinating Committee.

    Subtitle B: Cultural and Heritage Cooperation Authority. Authorizes the reburial of Indian tribal human remains and cultural items found on national forest lands and TEMPORARY CLOSURE OF NATIONAL FOREST LANDS FOR CULTURAL PURPOSES.

    Subtitle C. AMENDMENTS TO OTHER FORESTRY RELATED LAWS. AMENDS THE LACEY ACT to include the illegal taking of plants, establishes an Emergency Forest Restoration Program, and renews authority and funding for the Healthy Forest Reserve Program.

    Title IX: Energy Establishes FOREST BIOMASS FOR ENERGY AND COMMUNITY WOOD ENERGY grant programs.

     FOREIGN OPERATIONS APPROPRIATIONS ACT OF 1978 (Act of November 5, 1990) (P.L. 101-513, 104 Stat. 2070; 16 §§ U.S.C. 4501 note, 4501, 4502, 4503, 4503a to 4503d, 4504, 4505, 1641, 1643, 2101, 2109). Title VI of this act provides authority for international forestry activities of the Forest Service.

    NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF (ACT OF JANUARY 1, 1970) (P.L. 91-190; 42 U.S.C. §§ 4321-4347). This act requires Federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision making processes by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed actions and reasonable alternatives to those actions. To meet this requirement, Federal agencies must analyze the environmental effects of proposed actions, such as through an environmental impact statement or other method, as specified in applicable rules. The act also established the President’s Council on Environmental Quality.

    ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT (ACT OF DECEMBER 28, 1973) (16 USC 1531-36, 1538-40). This act governs the process of identifying threatened and endangered species, provides protections for such species, and governs Federal actions that could affect such species or their habitat.

    The following are additional laws with significant influence on the mission of the Forest Service:

     FOREST AND RANGELAND RENEWAL RESOURCE PLANNING ACT  OF 1974 (ACT OF AUGUST 17, 1974) (P.L. 93-348, 88 Stat. 476, AS AMENDED; 16 U.S.C §§ 1600(note), 1600-1614). This act requires preparation of a strategic plan for all Forest Service activities every 5 years based on an assessment of renewable natural resources on all land ownerships every 10 years.

     CLEAN WATER ACT (FEDERAL WATER POLLUTION CONTROL ACT) (ACT OF JUNE 30, 1948) (P.L. 80-845; 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251-1387, October 18, 1972, as amended 1973-1983, 1987, 1988, 1990-1992, 1994, 1995, and 1996). This act is a comprehensive statute aimed at restoring and maintaining the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters.

    CLEAN AIR ACT (ACT OF JULY 14, 1955) (P.L. 84-159; 42 U.S.C. §§ 7401-7602). This act was the first Federal legislation involving air pollution. This act provided funds for Federal research in air pollution. Major amendments were made to this act by P.L. 88-206 and P.L. 95-95 to help control air pollution and increase the authority and responsibility of the Federal Government to help provide clean air.

    WILDERNESS ACT (ACT OF SEPTEMBER 3, 1964) (P.L. 88-577, 78 Stat. 890 as amended; 16 U.S.C §§ 1131 (note), 1131-1136). This act established the National Wilderness Preservation System and designated the initial components of that system. These lands are to be administered for the use and enjoyment of the American people and for the preservation of their wilderness character.

    LAND AND WATER CONSERVATION FUND ACT OF 1965 (Act of September 3, 1964) (P.L. 88-578, 78 Stat. 897 as amended; 16 U.S.C. §§ 460l-4 through 6a, 460l-7 through 460l-10, 460l-10a-d, 460l-11). This act provides money to Federal, State, and local governments to purchase land, water, and wetlands. Land is bought from landowners at fair-market value, unless donated.

     WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS ACT (ACT OF OCTOBER 2, 1968) (P.L. 90-542, 82 Stat. 906, as amended; 16 U.S.C. §§ 1271(note), 1271-1287). This act established a National Wild and Scenic Rivers System to include rivers possessing “outstandingly remarkable” values to be preserved in free-flowing condition. The act designated the initial components of this system and prescribed how future additions to the system would be evaluated.

    FEDERAL ADVISORY COMMITTEE ACT (ACT OF OCTOBER 6, 1972) (P.L. 92-463; 5 U.S.C. §§ Appendix 2). The act governs the behavior of approximately 1,000 Federal advisory committees. In particular, the act restricts the formation of such committees to only those that are deemed essential and limits their powers to provision of advice to officers and agencies in the executive branch of the Federal Government. The act requires that administrative procedures and hearings be public knowledge.

     FEDERAL LAND AND POLICY MANAGEMENT ACT (ACT OF OCTOBER 21, 1976) (43 USC 1701-2, 1711-23, 1732-37, 1740-42, 1744, 1746-48, 1751-53, 1761-71, 1781-82). This statute provides the basic policies for Federal land management and governs actions such as acquisitions, sales, exchanges, withdrawals, and rights of way.

    FOREST RESERVE ACT OF 1891 (ACT OF MARCH 3, 1891) (Section 24 of the General Land Law Revision Act of 1891, also known as the Creative Act; 26 Stat. 1103; 16 U.S.C. §§ 471, REPEALED 1976 BY P.L. 94-579, FLPMA). This act gave the President authority to establish forest reserves from public domain lands. The forest reserves, then comprising 63 million acres (250,000 km2), formed the foundation of the National Forest System. In February 1905, CONGRESS TRANSFERRED THE FOREST RESERVES FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR TO THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE. IN JULY 1905, THE BUREAU OF FORESTRY WAS RENAMED THE FOREST SERVICE.

    TRANSFER ACT OF 1905 (ACT OF FEBRUARY 1, 1905) (P.L. 58-33, Ch. 288, 33 Stat. 628; 16 §§ U.S.C. 472, 554). This act transferred administration of the forest reserves from the Department of the Interior to the Department of Agriculture.

    WEEKS LAW (ACT OF MARCH 1, 1911) (P.L. 61-435, CH. 186, 36 Stat. 961, as amended; 16 U.S.C. §§ 480, 500, 515, 516, 517, 517a, 518, 519, 521, 552, 563). This act authorized the Secretary of Agriculture to examine, locate, and purchase forested, cutover, or denuded lands within the watersheds of navigable streams necessary to regulate the flow of navigable streams or for timber production.

    SECURE RURAL SCHOOLS AND COMMUNITY SELF-DETERMINATION ACT OF 20000Section 601, Division C, of P.L. 110-343 (Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008). The legislation provides financial assistance to rural counties affected by the decline in revenue from timber harvests in Federal lands. Funds are used for schools and roads, as well as to create employment opportunities, to maintain current infrastructure, and to improve the health of watersheds and ecosystems. More than $2.1 billion will be distributed to eligible States and counties over a 4-year period (FY 2008-2011).

     

    From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This page was last modified on 8 May 2012 at 07:18.

     


  • Part 7 (WOW) National Forest Land

    TIMBER HARVESTING NOW OCCURS ANNUALLY ON LESS THAN ONE PERCENT OF THE AREA IDENTIFIED AS SUITABLE FOR TIMBER PRODUCTION IN EXISTING NATIONAL FOREST PLANS.

    ——————————————–

    SINCE 1985, THE AREA OF NATIONAL FOREST LANDS AVAILABLE FOR PLANNED TIMBER HARVEST HAS DROPPED FROM ABOUT 72 TO 49 MILLION ACRES.

    ——————————————-

    Under the proposed HB  Wild Olympics Wilderness & Wild and Scenic Rivers Act of 2014 (S. 1949; H.R. 3922) an additional 126,000 more acres of National Forest land would be taken out of planned harvestable Natural Resource  timber production.

    —————————————————

    WILD National Forest Land does not work for American working Families

    ——————————————————-

    NATIONAL FOREST TIMBER SALES IN THE PACIFIC COAST STATES OF OREGON, WASHINGTON, AND CALIFORNIA WHICH HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY THE SPOTTED OWL ISSUE HAVE SEEN THE MOST DRAMATIC DECLINES,

    DROPPING BY 89 PERCENT BETWEEN 1987 AND 1995, from 6.86 to 0.78 billion board feet.
    ————————————————————————————
    THE DOCUMENTED HISTORY AND UNFATHOMABLE  STATISTICS


    The Forest Reserve Act of 1891
    The Forest Reserve Act of 1891 is a law that allowed the President of the United States to set aside forest reserves from the land in the public domain. Passed by the United States Congress under Benjamin Harrison’s administration. Harrison put 13 MILLION ACRES (53,000 km2) of land into National Forests; Grover Cleveland put in 25 MILLION ACRES (100,000 km2) and William McKinley put in 7 MILLION ACRES (28,000 km2).

    In the United States there are 155 NATIONAL FORESTS CONTAINING ALMOST 190 MILLION ACRES (297,000 mi²/769 000 km²) of land.

    THESE LANDS COMPRISE 8.5 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL LAND AREA OF THE UNITED STATES,
    an area about the size of Texas.

    SOME 87 PERCENT OF NATIONAL FOREST LAND LIES WEST OF THE Mississippi River; Alaska alone accounts for 12 percent of all National Forest land.
    ————————————————————————————————
    And lest we forget
    THE NATIONAL PARK SYSTEM COMPRISES 401 AREAS
    COVERING MORE THAN 84 MILLION ACRES
    in every state, the District of Columbia, American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.
    ——————————————————————————————————–

    Today, 42.8 MILLION ACRES, OR 23 PERCENT OF THE 191 MILLION-ACRE NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM IS STATUTORILY SET-ASIDE IN VARIOUS CONGRESSIONAL DESIGNATIONS. These include

    34.6-MILLION-ACRE NATIONAL WILDERNESS PRESERVATION SYSTEM,
    3.4 MILLION ACRES OF NATIONAL MONUMENTS,
    2.7 MILLION ACRES OF NATIONAL RECREATION AREAS,
    1.2 MILLION ACRES OF NATIONAL GAME REFUGES AND WILDLIFE PRESERVES,
    0.9 MILLION ACRES OF WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS, SCENIC, AND PRIMITIVE AREAS.

    AND IN ADDITION TO STATUTORY SET-ASIDES, LARGE AREAS OF NATIONAL FOREST AND OTHER FEDERAL LANDS HAVE BEEN MADE ADMINISTRATIVELY OFF-LIMITS TO COMMODITY PRODUCTION.

    CURRENT FOREST PLANS PROVIDE FOR TIMBER HARVESTING AS ONE OF THE RESOURCE OBJECTIVES ON ABOUT 26 PERCENT OF THE TOTAL AREA, 35 PERCENT OF FORESTED LAND, AND 48 PERCENT OF PRODUCTIVE FOREST LAND IN THE NATIONAL FORESTS.

     

    Reduction of land available for timber production has been particularly significant on the Pacific Coast.

    Of 24.5 million acres of federal lands within the range of the northern spotted owl,

    the Pacific Northwest Forest Plan provides that only 15 percent, or 3.7 million acres, is available for timber production as one of the possible uses.

     

    National forest lands comprise 19.4 million acres, or 79 percent, of all federal lands in the plan, while most of the rest are BLM lands.

    ——————————————————-

    Shifts in Timber Sales and Practices

    THE LEVEL OF NATIONAL FOREST TIMBER SALES HAS DECLINED even more dramatically than available land base, DROPPING BY 70 PERCENT from an average of 10 to 12 billion board feet during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s, to 3 to 4 billion board feet today.

    NATIONAL FOREST TIMBER SALES IN THE PACIFIC COAST STATES OF OREGON, WASHINGTON, AND CALIFORNIA WHICH HAVE BEEN AFFECTED BY THE SPOTTED OWL ISSUE HAVE SEEN THE MOST DRAMATIC DECLINES, DROPPING BY 89 PERCENT BETWEEN 1987 AND 1995, from 6.86 to 0.78 billion board feet.

    National forest timber sales IN OTHER STATES DECLINED BY 53 PERCENT, from 4.46 to 2.10 billion board feet, during the same period.

    Between 1989 and 1995, the area of national forest lands on which timber harvesting occurs annually declined by 44 percent, from 838,000 to 473,000 acres.

    TIMBER HARVESTING NOW OCCURS ANNUALLY ON LESS THAN ONE PERCENT OF THE AREA IDENTIFIED AS SUITABLE FOR TIMBER PRODUCTION IN EXISTING NATIONAL FOREST PLANS.

     

    Between 1988 and 1996, the area harvested by clearcutting dropped by 80 percent, from 283,000 to 57,000 acres. As a percentage of the total area cut, clearcutting declined by over two thirds, from 39 to 12 percent.
    In addition to the reduced use of clearcutting, the proportion of small sized and salvage timber has increased substantially. Between 1990 and 1996, sawlog-sized material dropped from 77 to 56 percent of total national forest harvest volume and salvage increased from 26 to 47 percent.

    ——————————————————————————————————————-
    HISTORY AND MORE

    National Forest is a classification of federal lands in the United States.
    National Forests are largely forest and woodland areas owned by the federal government and managed by the United States Forest Service, part of the United States Department of Agriculture. Land management of these areas focuses on conservation,
    timber harvesting, livestock grazing, watershed protection, wildlife, and recreation. Unlike national parks and other federal lands managed by the National Park Service, extraction of natural resources from national forests is permitted, and in many cases encouraged. National Forests are categorized by the World Commission on Protected Areas as IUCN Category VI (Managed Resource Protected Area).


    The National Forest System was created by the Land Revision Act of 1891. It was the result of concerted action by Los Angeles-area businessmen and property owners who were concerned by the harm being done to the watershed of the San Gabriel Mountains by ranchers and miners. Abbot Kinney and forester Theodore Lukens were key spokesmen for the effort.


    There are conflicts between timber companies and environmentalists over the use of National Forest land. These conflicts center on endangered species protection, logging of old-growth forests, intensive logging, undervalued stumpage fees, mining laws and road-building in National Forests. Additional conflicts arise from concerns that the grasslands, shrub lands, and forest understory are grazed by sheep, cattle, and, more recently, rising numbers of elk.


    In the United States there are 155 National Forests containing almost 190 million acres (297,000 mi²/769 000 km²) of land. These lands comprise 8.5 percent of the total land area of the United States, an area about the size of Texas. Some 87 percent of National Forest land lies west of the Mississippi River; Alaska alone accounts for 12 percent of all National Forest land.


    There are two distinctly different types of National Forests. Those east of the Great Plains are primarily re-acquired or replanted forests; that is, the land had long been in the private domain but was purchased by the United States government in order to create new National Forests. In these cases, the areas of National Forest noted on most maps do not actually represent the extent of the National Forest, but only the extent of the authorized purchase zone. The actual amount of land acquired in most cases is much smaller.


    Those national forests west of the Great Plains are originally-owned forests. These are mostly lands reserved in the public domain by the U.S. government, and with the exception of inholdings and donated land, were never in private hands. In these cases, the areas of National Forests noted on maps are generally the true areas of the forest.

    The National Forest Management Act (NFMA) of 1976 (P.L. 94-588) is a United States federal law that is the primary statute governing the administration of national forests and was an amendment to the Forest and Rangeland Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974, which called for the management of renewable resources on national forest lands. The law was seen as necessary, because a lawsuit (commonly known as the Monongahela decision) had invalidated many timber practices in the national forests.


    NFMA changed forest planning by obliging the Forest Service to use a systematic and interdisciplinary approach TO RESOURCE MANAGEMENT. It also provided for public involvement in preparing and revising forest plans. Also, NFMA established and expanded several Forest Service trust funds and special accounts (?). It expanded upon the land and resource management plans (L/RMPs) outlined in the Forest and Rangeland

    Renewable Resources Planning Act of 1974 (RPA),and started by requiring the Forest Service to do an inventory of all its lands, followed by a zoning process to see what uses land was best suited for
    – dubbed the “suitability determination.

    “[1] THESE PLANS REQUIRED ALTERNATIVE LAND MANAGEMENT OPTIONS TO BE PRESENTED, EACH OF WHICH HAVE POTENTIAL RESOURCE OUTPUTS (TIMBER, RANGE, MINING, RECREATION) AS WELL AS SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS ON LOCAL COMMUNITIES.


    The Forest Service, in cooperation with the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), contributed considerable resources to the creation of  FORPLAN (a linear programming model USED TO ESTIMATE THE LAND MANAGEMENT RESOURCE OUTPUTS) and IMPLAN TO ESTIMATE THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF THESE OUTPUTS ON LOCAL COMMUNITIES.[2]
    ————————————————————————
    At the time NFMA was written there were conflicting interests in regards to proper forest management. The MAJOR PLAYER OF NATIONAL FOREST MANAGEMENT AT THE TIME WAS THE TIMBER INDUSTRY. In a post World War II economy, the demand for timber skyrocketed with the housing boom and people were recreating on public lands more than ever before. Visitors to national parks rose from 50 million in 1950 to 72 million in 1960. The Sierra Club and other conservation groups were also fighting for preservation of natural landscapes.


    The Multiple-Use Sustained-Yield Act of 1960 made it clear that the Forest Service had to manage for non-timber values, like recreation, range, watershed, wildlife and fishery purposes, but it wasn’t until NFMA that these uses were embodied by the forest planning process. [3]

     NFMA has spawned lawsuits regarding the degree of involvement required by both the forest service and the public.
    Ohio Forestry Association v. Sierra Club
    The Sierra Club claimed that the logging practices allowed in the Wayne National Forest in Southeast Ohio were unlawful under NFMA because the Act requires ongoing input and management from the Forest Service. THE COURT REJECTED THE CLAIMS OF THE SIERRA CLUB AND STATED THE FOREST SERVICE IS NOT AN AGENCY REQUIRED TO PERFORM ONGOING ACTION OR INVOLVEMENT IN THE FOREST PLANS.


    Sierra Club v. Marita, 1995
    The Forest Service issued two land and resource management plans for national forests in Wisconsin that both involved ltimber harvest. To monitor ecosystem health, the Forest Service chose a handful of management indicator species as proxies, but the Sierra Club argued that a mosaic-like logging of the national forests would not provide the wildlife corridor necessary to ensure appropriate biodiversity of those species or any others. The Sierra Club attacked the Forest Service’s science behind their L/RMP, calling it “junk science”. ULTIMATELY, THE COURT RULED IN FAVOR OF AGENCY DISCRETION DESPITE FINDING THAT THE FOREST SERVICE USED QUESTIONABLE SCIENCE, THOUGH NOT TO THE DEGREE THAT THEIR DECISION COULD BE CONSIDERED ARBITRARY AND CAPRICIOUS UNDER THE Administrative Procedure Act (APA).[5]

     

    THE CATASTROPHIC 1910 IDAHO/MONTANA FIRES IN WHICH ALMOST EIGHTY FOREST SERVICE FIREFIGHTERS PERISHED WAS A TRAUMATIC EVENT IN THE FORMATIVE YEARS OF THE AGENCY.

     

    THIS EVENT SET THE TONE FOR AN AGGRESSIVE FIRE CONTROL EFFORT. WILDFIRE PREVENTION AND SUPPRESSION BECAME THE FOCUS OF HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL COOPERATIVE EFFORTS AMONG FEDERAL AGENCIES AND STATE AND PRIVATE LANDOWNERS.

     The work programs of the Great Depression WERE A STIMULUS TO THE PLANTING OF TREES and the construction of campgrounds, buildings, and other facilities on national forests, national parks, and range lands, as well as installation of erosion control projects and fire suppression.


    While authorized in 1911 BY THE WEEKS ACT, acquisition of NATIONAL FOREST LAND IN THE EASTERN U.S. EXPANDED GREATLY DURING THE DEPRESSION YEARS.
    By 1945, when land acquisition substantially slowed, over 20 million acres of depleted farmsteads and cutover and burned-over woodlands had been incorporated into the eastern national forests.
    ________________________________________
    Increased Demands after World War II
    The period after World War II ushered in a substantial expansion in the demands placed on federal lands for a variety of products and uses. After the war, as millions of service men and women returned home and started families, demand for timber for housing rose dramatically.

    THE NATION INCREASINGLY LOOKED TO THE NATIONAL FORESTS AND BLM LANDS IN THE WEST TO MEET THAT DEMAND. ROAD ACCESS TO NATIONAL FORESTS AND BLM LANDS HAD IMPROVED BY THE LATE 1940S and many of the more accessible private lands had been logged to provide timber for the war effort.
    National forest and BLM timber sale levels increased from 2 to 4 billion board feet in the late 1940s to 11 to 14 billion board feet in the 1960s and beyond.
    BY THE 1960S, FEDERAL FORESTS WERE MEETING ALMOST 20 PERCENT OF THE NATION’S TOTAL CONSUMPTION OF WOOD VOLUME, AND OVER 28 PERCENT OF ITS CONSUMPTION OF SOFTWOOD SAWTIMBER, THE PRIMARY SOURCE OF LUMBER AND PLYWOOD FOR HOUSING.
    This substantial increase in federal timber harvest not only served to meet a critical national need for timber, it also had the effect of taking pressure off of private forest lands, many of which had been heavily impacted to meet the war effort.
    The 1950s also witnessed a substantial increase in demand for other uses, outputs, and values from the federal lands. An increasingly mobile and affluent population began to look to these lands for outdoor recreation. National forest recreation visitation increased from about 5 million in the early 1920s to 18 million in 1946, 93 million in 1960, and 233 million in 1975. National park visitation increased from 50 million in 1950 to 72 million by 1960, and BLM visitation went from a few million just after WW II to 50 million by 1980. Visitation at state, county, and municipal parks rose even more rapidly than that on federal lands.
    The increased demands on the federal lands began to be reflected legislatively in the 1960s.


    THE MULTIPLE-USE SUSTAINED-YIELD ACT OF 1960 PROVIDED THAT NATIONAL FORESTS BE MANAGED FOR A VARIETY OF USES AND VALUES, INCLUDING OUTDOOR RECREATION, WILDLIFE, TIMBER, RANGELAND GRAZING, AND WATERSHED PROTECTION. This law largely reflected the uses and management already occurring on these lands.
    ——————————————————————————————
    In 1968, both the Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and the National Trails System Act were passed. These acts created separate systems within which rivers and trails with outstanding scenic, recreational, geologic, cultural, historic, or other values could be designated into national systems.
    A Land and Water Conservation Fund was established, financed by oil revenues, to help finance the purchase of land in nationally designated areas.
    THE 1960S WERE ALSO A TIME OF GROWING PUBLIC CONTROVERSY OVER TIMBER HARVESTING PRACTICES ON THE FEDERAL LANDS.
    Clear cutting became a particularly controversial practice, with the Bitterroot National Forest in Montana and the Monongahela National Forest in West Virginia, receiving national attention over the issue.
    A growing segment of the public began seeking statutory protection for maintaining federal lands in their “natural” condition.
    The Wilderness Act, which passed in 1964 after much debate, provided for the designation of significant areas of federal land in their natural and “untrammeled” condition.


    MOST COMMODITY USES WERE PROHIBITED FROM THESE AREAS.


    In 1975, legislation was passed to allow DESIGNATING WILDERNESS in the East.


    IN 1974, THE FOREST AND RANGELANDS RENEWABLE RESOURCES PLANNING ACT (RPA) REQUIRED THE FOREST SERVICE TO PERIODICALLY ASSESS THE NATIONAL LONG-TERM DEMAND AND SUPPLY SITUATION FOR ALL RENEWABLE RESOURCES, AND TO PLAN HOW AGENCY PROGRAMS WOULD ADDRESS PROJECTED RESOURCE DEMANDS AND NEEDS.


    In 1976, the National Forest Management Act provided detailed guidelines for the management of national forest lands and
    FOR THE PARTICIPATION OF THE PUBLIC IN NATIONAL FOREST DECISION-MAKING.
    ________________________________________
    The Environmentalists–A New Agenda


    The growing environmental awareness of the 1960s, which had found focus initially on the federal lands, expanded greatly into a general concern over the deterioration of air and water quality and a perceived lack of attention to the environmental and health effects of industrialization. Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring galvanized public concern over pesticide use. Earth Day 1970 was successful in raising public awareness of environmental issues generally.


    CONGRESS RESPONDED TO THESE CONCERNS BY PASSING A VARIETY OF LAWS, INCLUDING THE CLEAN AIR ACT OF 1970; THE CLEAN WATER ACT OF 1972; THE NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT OF 1970 (NEPA); amendments to the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act; the Toxic Substances Control Act of 1976;


    LAWS AIMED AT PROTECTING WETLANDS; AND THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT OF 1973, TO NAME A FEW.
    One primary focus of the 1970s environmental legislation was to reduce the human health effects of air and water pollution and the use of agricultural pesticides.
    Another focus was on reforming the way federal agencies make decisions affecting the environment. NEPA required federal agencies proposing actions that could have a significant effect on the environment to evaluate a range of alternatives and come to a reasoned choice after providing for public input.
    ALTHOUGH ONLY A PROCEDURAL LAW, PERHAPS NO SINGLE ENVIRONMENTAL LAW HAS HAD SO PROFOUND AN IMPACT ON FEDERAL DECISION-MAKING AS NEPA.


    THE ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT was one of the only laws passed in the 1970s that included a statutory goal for protecting species in jeopardy.


    It became a powerful tool that mandated that primacy in federal decision making be given to ENDANGERED SPECIES PROTECTION, AND, BY EXTENSION, TO BIODIVERSITY.


    MORE THAN ANY OTHER LAW, THE ESA is the genesis of the move to ecosystem management. Protection of species with large home ranges virtually mandates an ecosystem approach involving assessments at the scale of multi-ownerships and jurisdictions.


    THE ESA AND THE OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL LEGISLATION OF THE 1970S HAD A PROFOUND INFLUENCE ON THE USE AND MANAGEMENT OF BOTH FEDERAL AND NON-FEDERAL LANDS.


    The 1960s-70s environmental movement had other, more subtle effects, as well. One of them was to interest young urban people in conservation and natural resources careers. The “Earth Day graduates” have now moved into influential positions in most federal and state land agencies. Another major shift since the 1960s has been a movement of urban people to many rural areas adjacent to national forests. These people have significantly changed the preferences expressed by local people in how these lands should be managed.

    Land Preservation
    A second major thrust of public action was the
    DESIGNATION OF SIGNIFICANT AREAS OF NATIONAL FOREST LAND AS STATUTORY WILDERNESS AND SIMILAR STATUTORY CATEGORIES that emphasize protection of natural values, recreation, and other uses,
    and which limit OR PROHIBIT COMMODITY PRODUCTION.


    BEGINNING WITH THE PASSAGE OF THE WILDERNESS ACT OF 1964,
    this effort gained momentum in the 1970s WITH THE FIRST AND SECOND ROADLESS AREA REVIEW AND EVALUATION programs (RARE I and RARE II),


    as well as passage of legislation providing for designation of NATIONAL RECREATION AREAS, WILD AND SCENIC RIVERS, AND SIMILAR SPECIAL AREAS.


    By the mid-1980s CONGRESS HAD PASSED OMNIBUS STATE-WIDE WILDERNESS ACTS FOR MOST STATES CONTAINING NATIONAL FOREST LANDS.


    http://www.ti.org/2chistory.html

    https://www.google.com/#q=how+many+acres+are+in+US+national+parks

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/National_Forest_Management_Act_of_1976#Legal_Battles