1786 “The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty” James Madison.
2017 THE ADVANCEMENT AND DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE WORLD WIDE WEB SOCIAL MEDIA STATISTICS
For context, as of October 2017, total worldwide population is 7.6 billion
The internet has 3.5 billion users
There are 3.03 billion active social media users
91% of retail brands use 2 or more social media channels
81% of all small and medium businesses use some kind of social platform
Internet users have an average of 7.6 social media accounts
Social media users grew by 121 million between Q2 2017 and Q3 2017.
That works out at a new social media user every 15 seconds.
Facebook Messenger and Whatsapp handle 60 billion messages a day
1954-2018 THE ADVANCEMENT AND DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE WAS JUST A MATTER OF TIME
It was just a matter of time before the general public would be able to grasp and upset the cradle of power. In 1954 it was well recognized by those in positions of authority that it was only a matter of time, only a few decades, before the general public would be able to grasp and upset the cradle of power, for the very elements of the new silent weapon technology were as accessible for a public utopia as they were for providing a private utopia.
THE INTERNET GOT ITS START IN THE UNITED STATES 1954-2018 ALMOST 70 YEARS AGO AS A GOVERNMENT WEAPON IN THE COLD WAR.
The Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) was an early packet switching network and the first network to implement the protocol suite TCP/IP.
BOTH TECHNOLOGIES BECAME THE TECHNICAL FOUNDATION OF THE INTERNET.
Find out more about the history of The Invention of the Internet, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. GET ALL THE FACTS ON HISTORY.COM.
Unlike technologies such as the light bulb or the telephone, the Internet has no single “inventor.” Instead, it has evolved over time. THE INTERNET GOT ITS START IN THE UNITED STATES MORE THAN 50 YEARS AGO AS A GOVERNMENT WEAPON IN THE COLD WAR. For years, scientists and researchers used it to communicate and share data with one another.
THE SPUTNIK SCARE
On OCTOBER 4, 1957, the Soviet Union launched the world’s first manmade satellite into orbit. The satellite, known as Sputnik, did not do much: It tumbled aimlessly around in outer space, sending blips and bleeps from its radio transmitters as it circled the Earth. Still, to many Americans, the beach-ball-sized Sputnik was proof of something alarming: While the brightest scientists and engineers in the United States had been designing bigger cars and better television sets, it seemed, the Soviets had been focusing on less frivolous things—and they were going to win the Cold War because of it.
After Sputnik’s launch, many Americans began to think more seriously about science and technology. Schools added courses on subjects like chemistry, physics and calculus. Corporations took government grants and invested them in scientific research and development.
AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT ITSELF FORMED NEW AGENCIES, SUCH AS THE NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (NASA) AND THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE’S ADVANCED RESEARCH PROJECTS AGENCY (ARPA), TO DEVELOP SPACE-AGE TECHNOLOGIES SUCH AS ROCKETS, WEAPONS AND COMPUTERS.
THE BIRTH OF THE ARPANET
Scientists and military experts were especially concerned about what might happen in the event of a Soviet attack on the nation’s telephone system. Just one missile, they feared, could destroy the whole network of lines and wires that made efficient long-distance communication possible. In 1962, A SCIENTIST FROM M.I.T. AND ARPA NAMED J.C.R. LICKLIDER proposed a solution to this problem: a “GALACTIC NETWORK” of computers that could talk to one another. Such a network would enable government leaders to communicate even if the Soviets destroyed the telephone system.
In 1965, another M.I.T. SCIENTIST developed a way of sending information from one computer to another that he called “packet switching.” Packet switching breaks data down into blocks, or packets, before sending it to its destination. That way, each packet can take its own route from place to place. Without packet switching, the government’s computer network—now known as the ARPAnet—would have been just as vulnerable to enemy attacks as the phone system.
In 1969, ARPAnet delivered its first message: a “node-to-node” communication from one computer to another. (THE FIRST COMPUTER WAS LOCATED IN A RESEARCH LAB AT UCLA AND THE SECOND WAS AT STANFORD; each one was the size of a small house.) The message—“LOGIN”—was short and simple, but it crashed the fledgling ARPA network anyway: The Stanford computer only received the note’s first two letters.
THE NETWORK GROWS 1969-1970-1971 INTO A SINGLE WORLDWIDE “INTERNET.”
By the end of 1969, just four computers were connected to the ARPAnet, but the network grew steadily during the 1970s. In 1971,
IT ADDED THE UNIVERSITY OF HAWAII’S ALOHANET, AND TWO YEARS LATER IT ADDED NETWORKS AT LONDON’S UNIVERSITY COLLEGE AND THE ROYAL RADAR ESTABLISHMENT IN NORWAY.
AS PACKET-SWITCHED COMPUTER NETWORKS MULTIPLIED, HOWEVER, IT BECAME MORE DIFFICULT FOR THEM TO INTEGRATE INTO A SINGLE WORLDWIDE “INTERNET.”
By the end of the 1970s, a computer scientist named Vinton Cerf had begun to solve this problem by developing a way for all of the computers on all of the world’s mini-networks to communicate with one another. He called his invention “TRANSMISSION CONTROL PROTOCOL,” or TCP. (Later, he added an additional protocol, known as “INTERNET PROTOCOL.” The acronym we use to refer to these today is TCP/IP.) One writer describes Cerf’s protocol as “the ‘handshake’ that introduces distant and different computers to each other in a virtual space.”
THE WORLD WIDE WEB 1991-1992 A COMPUTER PROGRAMMER IN SWITZERLAND
Cerf’s protocol transformed the Internet into a worldwide network. Throughout the 1980s, researchers and scientists used it to send files and data from one computer to another. However, in 1991 the Internet changed again. THAT YEAR, A COMPUTER PROGRAMMER IN SWITZERLAND named Tim Berners-Lee introduced THE WORLD WIDE WEB: an Internet that was not simply a way to send files from one place to another but was itself A “WEB” OF INFORMATION THAT ANYONE ON THE INTERNET COULD RETRIEVE. Berners-Lee created the Internet that we know today.
Since then, the Internet has changed in many ways. In 1992, a group of students and researchers at the University of Illinois developed a sophisticated browser that they called Mosaic. (It later became Netscape.) Mosaic offered a user-friendly way to search the Web: It allowed users to see words and pictures on the same page for the first time and to navigate using scrollbars and clickable links. THAT SAME YEAR, CONGRESS DECIDED THAT THE WEB COULD BE USED FOR COMMERCIAL PURPOSES. As a result, companies of all kinds hurried to set up websites of their own, and e-commerce entrepreneurs began to use the Internet to sell goods directly to customers.
More recently, social networking sites like Facebook have become a popular way for people of all ages to stay connected.
FEB 14, 2018 THE WORLD WIDE WEB and SOCIAL MEDIA
The size of the World Wide Web (The Internet) is estimated here every day. THE INDEXED WEB CONTAINS AT LEAST 4.48 BILLION PAGES. LAST UPDATE MONDAY, 12 FEBRUARY, 2018.
NOV 18, 2017 – We come across all sorts of interesting stats about social media sites and users, so we’ve collated the best of them in this bumper facts list. … in 2015, up from 13% a year ago; Only 20 Fortune 500 companies actually engage with their customers on Facebook,
WHILE 83% HAVE A PRESENCE ON TWITTER; PEOPLE …
For the curious, these represent a series of numbers that boggle the mind, users counted in tens and hundreds of millions, and time in millions and billions of hours.
MAR 11, 2014 – Since its founding in 1989, the World Wide Web has touched the lives of billions of people around the world and fundamentally changed how we connect with … The timeline below is the beginning of an effort to capture both the major milestones and small moments that have shaped the Web since 1989.
SEARCH ENGINES ON THE WORLD WIDE WEB 1995-2018 GOOGLE AND WIKIPEDIA.
ALL THINGS GOOGLE BEGAN IN 1995.
THE SITE WAS NAMED AFTER A GOOGOL — THE NAME FOR THE NUMBER 1 FOLLOWED BY 100 ZEROS — FOUND IN THE BOOK
https://www.thoughtco.com › … › Inventions › Computers & Internet
The very popular search engine called Google was invented by computer scientists Larry Page and Sergey Brin. The site was named after a googol — the name for the number 1 followed by 100 zeros — found in the book “Mathematics and the Imagination” by Edward Kasner and James Newman.
ALL THINGS WIKIPEDIA BEGAN IN 1995.
CUNNINGHAM ALMOST CALLED IT QUICKWEB, BUT CHANGED COURSE AFTER REMEMBERING A TRIP TO HAWAII WHERE HE’D BEEN INSTRUCTED TO TAKE THE “WIKI WIKI BUS” AT THE AIRPORT. “WIKI WIKI” MEANT “QUICK” AND IT …
Wikipedia began with its launch on 15 January 2001, two days after the domain was registered by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. … In 2001, the license for Nupedia was changed to GFDL, and Wales and Sanger launched Wikipedia using the concept and technology of a wiki pioneered in 1995 by Ward Cunningham.
THE DIFFUSION OF KNOWLEDGE WORLD WIDE WEB SOCIAL MEDIA
MARCH 16, 2016
The Warning – The Genius and The Courage
We the People are engaged in a great 2016 Politico war, that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. period
Simply Put…WITHOUT AMERICA THERE IS NO FREE WORLD
WITHOUT TRUMP THERE WOULD BE NO AMERICA
Indeed, The advancement and diffusion of knowledge was the guardian of true liberty in the United States of America securing the election of President Donald J. Trump.
TWITTER IS ONE OF THE BIGGEST SOCIAL NETWORKS WORLDWIDE.
JUNE 8, 2016
Jun 8, 2016 – Who’s Driving The Establishments Mainstream Media 1890’s – 2013 – 2016? In the old days, the mainstream media had a virtual monopoly on the news.
But these days, anyone with an Internet connection can put up a news site things go viral in cyberspace, round and round and round they go on social media websites, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and Tweet…..
The big news networks have developed an almost incestuous relationship with the federal government in recent years. But of course the same could be said of the relationship that the media has with the big corporations that own stock in their parent companies and that advertise on their networks.
This is one of the reasons why we very rarely ever see any hard hitting stories on the big networks anymore.
THE FLOW OF INFORMATION THROUGH THE CORPORATE-DOMINATED MEDIA IS VERY TIGHTLY CONTROLLED, AND THERE ARE A LOT OF GATEKEEPERS THAT MAKE SURE THAT THE “WRONG STORIES” DON’T GET PUT OUT TO THE PUBLIC.
As a result, many of the “big stories” that have come out in recent years were originally broken by the alternative media.
The Establishments Mainstream Media And The Politicians That They Worship Hate The Fact That They Cannot Control Internet News Sites
AND THIS IS DRIVING THE ESTABLISHMENT ABSOLUTELY BONKERS.
ALL THINGS ON MY POST #1041 STARTED WITH A 1786 JAMES MADISON QUOTATION
“The advancement and diffusion of knowledge is the only guardian of true liberty”
FROM THE FEDERALIST PAPERS, formally The Federalist, series of 85 essays ON THE PROPOSED NEW CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES AND ON THE NATURE OF REPUBLICAN GOVERNMENT, published between 1787 and 1788 by Alexander Hamilton, JAMES MADISON, and John Jay.
JAMES MADISON QUOTATIONS
“If Tyranny and Oppression come to this land, it will be in the guise of fighting a foreign enemy” James Madison
“The Constitution preserves the advantage of being armed which Americans possess over the people of almost every other nation where the governments are afraid to trust the people with arms” James Madison
“It will be of little avail to the people that the laws are made by men of their own choice if the laws be so voluminous that they cannot be read, or so incoherent that they cannot be understood” James Madison
Beginning on October 27, 1787 the Federalist Papers were first published in the New York press under the signature of “Publius”. THESE PAPERS ARE GENERALLY CONSIDERED TO BE ONE OF THE MOST IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTIONS TO POLITICAL THOUGHT MADE IN AMERICA. The essays appeared in book form in 1788, with an introduction by …
Apr 28, 2016 – JUST A MATTER OF TIME AND FOREIGN MONEY 1790-2016 1790 GET FIRST ALL THE PEOPLE’S MONEY, THEN ALL THEIR LANDS AND THEN MAKE THEM AND THEIR CHILDREN SERVANTS FOREVER…BANKING … www.behindmyback.org/2016/04/11/silent–weapons-for-a-quiet–war/. Apr 11 …
Aug 30, 2009 Al Gore, Vice President made a straightforward statement on his role. He said: During my service in the United States Congress, I TOOK THE INITIATIVE IN CREATING THE INTERNET. I took the initiative in moving forward a whole range of initiatives that have proven to be …