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  • Category Archives A history lesson on flooding
  • WSDOT is Planning the New Elwha Bridge

    WSDOT is Planning The New Elwha Bridge

    Replacing the  Elwha River Bridge is a “Federal” top down government issue.

    I emailed my Mar 9, 2017 comment to the elected that should be concerned?   And others that are genuinely concerned.

    WSDOT is working now on (option #7)  bridge design, environmental issues, land acquisition, permitting and programming. MAR 3, 2017.

    WSDOT is ONLY planning the “Transportation” future of Clallam County’s  lifeline of highway 101.

    I saw the new proposed option #7 bridge design on Mar 7, 2017, and I immediately saw the possibilities for CLALLAM COUNTY’S ECONOMIC  FUTURE LIFELINE OF TOURISM.

    The bad news  on Mar 7, 2017?  I was informed that  there has been NO planning, cooperation or coordination between WSDOT and Clallam County elected officials on the New Elwha Bridge. period

    Someone suggested that I go to a Commissioners meeting, and give them my two (2) minutes worth.

    This is not a bottom up government issue, this is a top down government issue.

    “Planning is bringing the future into the present so that you can do something about it now.”

    So as a concerned Clallam County citizen I posted this on my website.

    The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop?

    Posted on March 9, 2017 10:29 am by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop? The possibilities are endless

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    Indeed, Replacing the  Elwha River Bridge is a “Federal” top down government issue. I emailed my comment to the elected that should be concerned?   And others that are genuinely concerned

    WA State’s elected Federal Rep. Derek Kilmer and his new local rep.

    WA State elected Reps Steve Tharinger, Kevin Van DeWege, and Mike Chapman.

    Clallam County elected Commissioners, Mark Mosias, Bill Peach and Randy Johnson, and, elected DCD director Mary Ellen Winborn.

    I sent it to WSDOT as a public comment

    I sent it  ONP Brian Winters project manager for the Dam Removals. As an informed Clallam County citizen there is also the issue of Federal accountability, responsibility, restoration for the irreparable destruction of the bridge caused by the removal of the Elwha River Dams and the tribes manmade log jams upriver from the bridge.

    Behind My Back | Battered by Dam Removal – Elwha Bridge

    www.behindmyback.org/2017/01/…/battered-by-dam-removal-elwha-bridge-destroye…

    Jan 11, 2017 – Battered by Dam Removal Elwha Bridge Destroyed A DAM TRAGEDY THE ELWHA RIVER BRIDGE MARCH 11, 2016 Andy Ritchie, project …

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    And the cost of replacing the Battered Elwha River Bridge is only $29.5 million dollars of tax payers money.

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    A DAM TRAGEDY THE ELWHA RIVER BRIDGE

    The feds removed the Elwha River Dams. The Tribes got what they wanted for the fish, the Feds financed the removal of the Elwha River Dams with citizens taxpayer money. When the feds removed the dams, the citizens of Clallam County were the biggest losers. Citizens  lost their clean inexpensive hydro electric power producing dams, flood protection, and water storage for drought.

    The tribes were allowed by the feds to install huge manmade log jams for the fish on the Elwha River inside the Olympic National Park.

    During subsequent  flooding events, Nov 17, 2015, a devastating flood event occurred, the 300,000 public tourists and  private land Inholders  access road to Olympic National Park was lost, Gated by the ONP.

    During subsequent  flooding events the huge logs from the tribes manmade log jams became battering rams that destroyed public and Inholder campground recreational facilities. And, eventually battered and destroyed the Elwha River Bridge.

      —————————————————————————————-

    Restitution from  the federal government to the citizens of Clallam County for the financial loss incurred by the removal of the Elwha River Dams, is long overdue.

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     March 7, 2017  After looking at the WSDOT plans for the New Elwha Bridge and the  importance of Norm’s Resort property plus the WDFW boat launch property combined is nearly 50 acres of previously developed recreational land.

    The importance to the citizens of Clallam County, the economic necessity for tourism, Indeed, the possibilities and opportunity for a Clallam County rest stop, picnic area, a river walk on both sides of the Elwha River, that could provide another new Clallam County Recreational Park.

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    WSDOT is planning Clallam County’s transportation future. period

     The limited opportunities to get the rest area/river walk/picnic area/camping area idea in front of WSDOT in support of coordinated planning with the Clallam County Board of commissioners, prompted the posting on my website.

    The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop?

    Clallam County elected representatives should be in position “NOW”  to plan the Economic future of its citizens with WSDOT so they can do something about it “NOW”

     “Planning is bringing the future into the present so that you can do something about it now.”

    How important is Clallam County’s economy

    Mar 12,2017 I called our local newspaper  PDN and  and radio station KONP

    They have access to my comment “The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop?”

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    I was reminded, that there is public tourist recreational access on the Elwha River

    The Highway 112  The Elwha River Trail bridge.   This segment of ODT starts with a crossing of the Elwha River on a new 586 ft trail bridge suspended 70 ft above the river underneath the auto deck. with views of the river and flood plain below.

    INDEED, THE ODT A CYCLING DREAM COME TRUE

    ATTRACTION: MOUNTAIN BIKE ENTHUSIASTS

    MAY YOU BE YOUNG ENOUGH AND FORTUNATE ENOUGH TO RIDE THE DREAM!

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    PUBLIC RECREATIONAL ACCESS TO ELWHA RIVER PUBLIC FACILITIES

    TO THE EXCLUSION OF OTHERS THAT ARE TOO OLD, DISABLED AND HAVE  LESS INCOME?

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    The New Elwha Bridge and Norm’s Resort

    Who’s Norm?  What’s he got to do with it?

    IN 1979  Norm’s Resort on the Elwha River gave free public recreational access on ten or more acres of private land.

    Norm’s Resort  was at the intersection of the Highway 101 Elwha River Bridge and the defunct Olympic Hot Springs Road.

    As a  witness with living memory of what Norm’s Resort provided to our community

    Norm’s Resort provided “we the people”  and tourists with free public access,  a peaceful walk on the banks of the Elwha River under towering trees, fishing holes to fish in, a store, cabins, picnic area and rental boats.

    What a store it was… a very public establishment with very friendly people, food, snacks and then there was the fishing tackle.

    How do I know all this stuff about NORM’S RESORT?  because it was personal.

    In 1979, my two teenage sons and i spent an entire summer at our family Elwha River. “Inholders” recreational property inside the Olympic National Park,  accessed using the Olympic Hot Springs Road.

    The boys spent half of their time fly fishing, and the other half of their time walking 3 miles on the Olympic Hot Springs Road (one way) down to NORM’S RESORT to replenish their mosquito flies.

    The old guys met, drank coffee, socialized and even spent their time to teach my boys how to play “Ship Captain and Crew”

    NORM’S RESORT  was the go to Place. And it was very busy.

    Got tourists? Need fishing gear? Got milk? Need groceries?

    Indeed, in 1979 Clallam County had millions of tourist and our city and county flourished.

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    i could stop at this point because it’s personal, But I won’t because IT IS PERSONAL

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    Later in the early 1980’s, Norm’s Resort provided their  boats to the Clallam County  Law Enforcement Explorer Post.( LEEP’S)  for search and rescue.

    As a  witness with living memory of  what NORM’S RESORT PROVIDED TO OUR COMMUNITY

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    A drunk driver missed the curve at the Elwha River bridge on highway 101.

    Directly in front of NORM’S RESORT, the truck flipped upside down as it plunged into the river

    A  young woman was thrown from the truck and missing in the Elwha River.

    The response was Clallam County search and rescue, the Sheriff’s Dept. dive team, Reserve’s and The Law Enforcement Explorer Post.( LEEP’S) and an advisor (Pearl Hewett).

    NORM volunteered his small rental row boats to The Law Enforcement Explorer Post.

    ( LEEP’S) SEARCH AND RESCUE TEENAGERS and an advisor (Pearl Hewett) so they could search for young woman.

    The Sheriff’s Dept. dive team gave up their search and left.

    With due diligence and perseverance the  ( LEEP’S) SEARCH AND RESCUE TEENAGERS and an advisor (Pearl Hewett) continued the search up and down the river in the NORM’S RESORT small rental row boats.

    That afternoon a 14 year old member of the LEEP and an advisor (Pearl Hewett) found  the body of the young woman, pinned underwater in a log jam, on an island in the middle of the Elwha River.

    (I could stop at this point)

    But, I won’t…. It was a traumatic incident for both the 14 year old and myself.

    Our boat came to rest in the log jam directly over her body, her lost wooden clog was above her,  an unbearable  view of her.  The 14 year old boy jumped up to get out of the boat, I made him sit down, he said he was going to be sick.

    The Elwha River was roaring so loudly it took us over a half an hour of yelling to attract the attention of someone one the east bank. (no cell phones back then)

    Using hand gestures we indicated that we had found her body.

    We sat in the boat and waited. while another teenage  LEEP ran up to Norm’s store and called the Sheriffs Dept.

    We sat in the boat and waited  until the Sheriff Dept Dive team arrived.

    We sat in the boat and watched as the Dive team tied off her body so it would not  be washed downstream.

    We sat in the boat and watched as she was pulled across the river and laid face down in a sheriff’s Dept. boat.

    Traumatic? face down? because rigor had her knees bent and set at a 90 degree angle ….and the purple socks she was wearing….

    THE PDN REPORTED on the incident

    WITH NO MENTION OF THE PART THE TEENAGE  LAW ENFORCEMENT EXPLORER POST.( LEEP’S) PLAYED in finding and recovering.

    Indeed, the destruction of NORM’S RESORT is personal.

    AND NOW 2017 ?  use the same worst case scenario?

    A drowning recovery on the Elwha River without Norm’s Resort and his small rental boats?

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    Yep… It’s Personal…

    IN 1979 WE HAD FREE ACCESS TO ELWHA RIVER  RECREATION ON PRIVATE LAND

    IN 2013 REQUESTS WERE MADE IN PUBLIC COMMENTS ON THE SHORELINE MANAGEMENT UPDATE (SMP)

    REQUESTING, THAT THE NEARLY 50 ACRES IN U.S.A. LIMBO LAND, SHOULD BE GIVEN TO CLALLAM COUNTY FOR PUBLIC ACCESS.

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    MAR 3, 2017 ENGINEERS ARE LOOKING AT BUILDING A 36-FOOT-WIDE BRIDGE WITH 12-FOOT LANES FOR VEHICLES AND 6-FOOT PEDESTRIAN LANES, WYNANDS SAID.

    MAR 9, 2017 I posted, The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop? The possibilities are endless

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    March 13, 2017 Rep Derek Kilmer’s News Letter….

    Subject: Helping Those in Need

    Kilmer’s bottom line,  PLEASE DON’T HESITATE TO HOLLER IF I CAN BE OF ASSISTANCE.

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    MARCH 14, 2017,  I  post another comment first

    “WSDOT is Planning The New Elwha Bridge”

    Then, I email my comment to the elected that should be concerned?  

    And others that are genuinely concerned.

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    HELLO REPRESENTATIVE DEREK KILMER…..

     I AM REQUESTING THAT THE NEARLY  50 ACRES OF HISTORIC PUBLIC RECREATIONAL IN CLALLAM COUNTY, OWNED BY THE U.S.A. IN LIMBO LAND,   BE GIVEN BACK TO THE CLALLAM COUNTY etal.,  ELECTED COMMISSIONERS FOR THE ECONOMIC RECOVER OF TOURISM.

    Other opportunities,  I encourage anyone interested, from the public side of this equation, to send a comment to your elected federal state representative, a comment for WSDOT

    And, a note of support, for the idea to the Clallam County Board of commissioners.

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    Department of Transportation designing new Elwha River bridge for …

    www.peninsuladailynews.com/news/department-of-transportation-designing-new-elw…

    Mar 3, 2017 – Department of Transportation designing new Elwha River bridge for … after funding and permitting the new bridge, plans would likely move …

    The public overwhelmingly told DOT it should replace the bridge and put it on a new alignment. The cities of Forks and Port Angeles, Clallam County and the Port of Port Angeles also urged DOT to build on a new alignment.

    DOT is working now on bridge design, environmental issues, land acquisition, permitting and programming, Wynands said.

    ENGINEERS ARE LOOKING AT BUILDING A 36-FOOT-WIDE BRIDGE WITH 12-FOOT LANES FOR VEHICLES AND 6-FOOT PEDESTRIAN LANES, HE SAID.

    He said the hope is DOT will acquire funding during this legislative session. DOT has submitted its budget and requested about $29.5 million, he said.


  • How many People In Calif. have flood ins.?

    I watch the news, there is a woman being rescued from the 2016-2017 flooding, she’s sitting in a rowboat crying “I LOST EVERYTHING”

    MAJOR STORMS 2016-2017 IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA HAS CAUSED THE WORST FLOODING IN A DECADE.

    How much does it cost a homeowner to replace everything?

    FEMA REPORTS THAT AS LITTLE AS 2 INCHES OF FLOODWATER IN A 1,000 SQUARE FOOT HOME CAN CAUSE AS MUCH AS $10,000 IN DAMAGE.

    I research online, document and post on this website

    How many people have flood Insurance in California and Nevada?

    California, Flood Risk, and the National Flood Insurance Program …

    https://californiawaterblog.com/…/californiaflood-risk-and-the-national-floodinsura

    DEC 14, 2016 – The US National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is an imperfect framework … Since 1994, NFIP damage payouts in California have totaled just 14% of … annual policies since 1994, and records of properties with multiple payouts … Statewide, roughly 7 million people and $580 billion in buildings, public …

    The US National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) IS NOW $20 BILLION DOLLARS IN DEBT. The last time I researched NFIP  circa 2012, it was $18 BILLION DOLLARS UNDERWATER.

    NFIP IS SCHEDULED FOR CONGRESSIONAL REAUTHORIZATION IN 2017

    ANOTHER OBAMA ADMINISTRATION MULTI-BILLION DOLLAR DISASTER FOR PRESIDENT TRUMP AND CONGRESS TO CLEAN UP.

    AND WITH A CHALLENGING CONGRESSIONAL REAUTHORIZATION DISCUSSION LOOMING IN 2017 – WE RECOMMEND A CAREFUL LOOK AT CALIFORNIA’S PLACE IN THE NFIP.  IN PARTICULAR, CALIFORNIA SHOULD NOW EXPLORE A STATE FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM, WITH SAVINGS INVESTED IN LONG-TERM RISK REDUCTION.

    NFIP IS SCHEDULED FOR CONGRESSIONAL REAUTHORIZATION IN 2017, and this debate promises to be lively.  The Natural Hazards Research and Mitigation Group at UC Davis has been analyzing NFIP DATABASES, EXAMINING PATTERNS OVER THE HISTORY OF THE PROGRAM AND FOCUSING ON FLOOD LOSSES AND FLOOD INSURANCE, PARTICULARLY IN CALIFORNIA. (the sanctuary state?)

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    CALIFORNIA FROM ONE EXTREME TO THE OTHER

    Water Conditions: Declaration – California Department of Water …

    www.water.ca.gov/waterconditions/declaration.cfm

    California’s ongoing response to its five-year drought has been guided by a series of … PROCLAMATION OF A CONTINUED STATE OF EMERGENCY, April 25, 2014:

    Executive Order B-36-15, November 13, 2015:
    This executive order called for additional actions to build on the State’s ongoing response to record dry conditions and assist recovery efforts FROM 2015’S DEVASTATING WILDFIRES.

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    Emergency crews rush to rescue people stranded in Nev., Calif. flooding

    www.cbsnews.com/…/floodingcalifornia-nevada-emergency-crews-rush-to-rescue-pe…

    3 days ago – … NORTHERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA HAS CAUSED THE WORST FLOODING IN A DECADE. … to stay home Monday after he declared a state of emergency.

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    States of Emergency Declared for Several Areas in Northern Nevad …

    www.ktvn.com/story/…/local-leaders-discuss-preparations-for-potential-flooding4

    6 days ago – Governor Sandoval has declared a state of emergency due to the severe … Please check http://www.nevadafloods.org for more flood safety …

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    HOW MANY PEOPLE IN NEVADA HAVE FLOOD INSURANCE?

    NEVADA IS THE DRIEST STATE IN THE NATION.

    2012 Nevada Flood Insurance Facts as Reported by FEMA

    • There are currently about 14,300 flood insurance policies in effect in this state.
    • Less than 2% of Nevada residents have flood insurance.
    • NV residents filed only nine flood insurance claims in 2012.
    • These claims resulted in $51,651 in compensation paid to policyholders.
    • That equates to an average of about $5,739 per claim.

     Find Flood Insurance Savings in Nevada | Trusted Choice

    https://www.trustedchoice.com/l/nevada/floodinsurance/

    LESS THAN 2% OF NEVADA RESIDENTS HAVE FLOOD INSURANCE. … BECAUSE NEVADA IS A VERY DRY STATE, many people assume it has no risk of floods. However, floods …

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    El Dorado County declares state of emergency due to weather

    www.abc10.com/news/local/el-dorado-county…state-of-emergency…/384925053

    2 days ago – A local state of emergency has been declared by El Dorado County(California) Tuesday evening due to … Kyburz Drive – Closed road with debris blocking the culvert and creating flooding

    Major storm hits California and Nevada, significant flooding expected

    https://watchers.news/2017/01/09/storm-floodcalifornia-nevada-january2017/

    MAJOR STORM HITS CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA, significant flooding expected. Posted by TW on JANUARY 09, 2017 in categories Featured articles, Floods, Landslide, Severe …. 72 hours of rainfall accumulation ending 12:00 UTC on JANUARY 9, 2017.

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    History matters.

    UPDATED: JANUARY 7, 2017

    With one of the biggest storms in years set to hit Northern California this weekend, we headed to The Chronicle’s archive to find photos and stories from the infamous New Year’s storm of 1997 that walloped the region 20 years ago.

    The flooding’s toll came to eight dead, $1.8 billion in economic losses, 23,000 homes destroyed, and 2,000 businesses damaged or decimated. FORTY-EIGHT COUNTIES WERE DECLARED DISASTER AREAS, INCLUDING ALL 46 IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.

    Stunning photos from Northern California’s great flood of 1997 – San …

    www.sfchronicle.com/…/Stunning-photos-from-Northern-California-s-10840843.php

    Stunning photos from NORTHERN CALIFORNIA’S GREAT FLOOD OF 1997. By Bill Van Niekerken. January 7, 2017 UPDATED: JANUARY 7, 2017 7:00am. Home owners on their …

    More than 100,000 Central Valley residents fled towns and farms, bracing for a wall of runoff flowing down from the Sierra. The National Weather Service ranks this as one of the five most disastrous weather events to hit California in the 1900s.

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    I research online and document

    History matters.

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    DEC 14, 2016

    CALIFORNIA SHOULD NOW EXPLORE A STATE FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM, WITH SAVINGS INVESTED IN LONG-TERM RISK REDUCTION

    “THERE ARE TWO KINDS OF LEVEES … “THOSE THAT HAVE FAILED AND THOSE THAT WILL FAIL”

    Which begs the question….

    HOW MANY DAMS HAVE BEEN REMOVED IN CALIFORNIA?

    NATIONWIDE, MORE THAN 1,300 DAMS HAVE BEEN REMOVED AS OF 2015.

    MOST OF THOSE DAMS (NEARLY 850) WERE REMOVED IN THE PAST 20 YEARS

     JUST SAYING AND ASKING?

    WHERE IS THE EXTENSIVE LIST OF THE DEVASTATION FOR FLOODING AND DROUGHT TO PUBLIC, PERSONAL AND PROPERTY AND LOSS OF HUMAN LIFE CAUSED BY THE REMOVAL OF THOSE DAMS?

    THIS APPROACH HAS MAJOR CHALLENGES, WITH IMPLICATIONS BOTH FOR CALIFORNIA AND NATIONWIDE THAT SHOULD BE EXPLORED.

    A full list of dams removed from 1999 to 2015 can be found here.

    AMERICAN RIVERS IS THE ONLY ORGANIZATION MAINTAINING A RECORD OF DAM REMOVALS IN THE UNITED STATES.

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    Klamath River Dam Removal: A Glimpse into the Future – OARS

    https://www.oars.com/blog/klamathriverdamremoval/

    The Klamath River dam removal project is poised to be the largest in history. Here’s what that means for the future of the river

    THE FUTURE OF PEOPLE AMERICAN CITIZENS BE  DAMNED…

    JUST RIP DOWN FOUR MORE DAMS ON THE KALMATH RIVER

    This Will Be the Biggest Dam-Removal Project in History

    news.nationalgeographic.com/…/160411-klamath-glen-canyon-damremoval-video-a…

    APR 11, 2016 – Federal officials, the states of Oregon and California, and the utility PacifiCorp

    NATIONWIDE, MORE THAN 1,300 DAMS HAVE BEEN REMOVED AS OF 2015. … “Many people have benefited from the development and changes at the …

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    AND MANY PEOPLE HAVE NOT. period

    The removal of  two dams on the Elwha River in WA State  2011-2014 “WAS”  previously the biggest dam removal in History.

    Battered by Dam Removal – Elwha Bridge

    Posted on January 11, 2017 4:26 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    Battered by Dam Removal Elwha Bridge Destroyed

    A DAM TRAGEDY THE ELWHA RIVER BRIDGE

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    THE FUTURE OF TAXPAYING HOME OWNING AMERICAN CITIZENS?

    THE FUTURE OF PEOPLE AMERICAN CITIZENS BE  DAMNED…

    JUST RIP DOWN FOUR MORE DAMS ON THE KALMATH RIVER

    California’s Flood Future – California Department of Water Resources

    www.water.ca.gov › Flood Topics › FloodSAFE California › Newsletters

    As part of the public comment period for California’s Flood Future, DWR and USACE … In addition to tragic loss of life, flooding in California can have a serious …

    Key findings from California’s Flood Future include:

    • CALIFORNIA IS AT CATASTROPHIC RISK FOR DEVASTATING FLOODS.California’s diverse geography contributes to the state’s significant flood risk. In many regions, peak flows — the largest volume of water flowing per second through a water system — occur in a very short time frame, which spells disaster.
    • Flooding is a statewide problem. Every California county has experienced a federally declared flood disaster in the past 20 years. Counties with relatively low risk for a major flood event would be impacted by the results of a catastrophic flood elsewhere in the state, when employment centers, transportation facilities, utilities and the economy are affected.
    • THE IMPACTS OF A MAJOR FLOOD WOULD BE DEVASTATING TO CALIFORNIA AND TO THE NATION.In addition to tragic loss of life, flooding in California can have a serious impact on its economy and environmental resources. A major flood in California, which has one of the world’s largest economies, will have an unprecedented impact on the national economy as well. With many more people and structures per square mile in California’s urban areas, the state would likely see much higher recovery costs from a major flood than the $110 billion that has been spent on recovery from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita or the $60 billion that has been appropriated for recovery from Superstorm Sandy.

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    Full unedited text

    California, Flood Risk, and the National Flood Insurance Program …

    https://californiawaterblog.com/…/californiaflood-risk-and-the-national-floodinsura

    DEC 14, 2016 – The US National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is an imperfect framework … Since 1994, NFIP damage payouts in California have totaled just 14% of … annual policies since 1994, and records of properties with multiple payouts … Statewide, roughly 7 million people and $580 billion in buildings, public …

    by Nicholas Pinter, Rui Hui, and Kathy Schaefer

    ACROSS THE US AND WORLDWIDE, FLOODING IS THE DEADLIEST AND MOST COSTLY NATURAL DISASTER.  The US National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) is an imperfect framework for reducing flood losses, but currently the best we’ve got.  NFIP IS SCHEDULED FOR CONGRESSIONAL REAUTHORIZATION IN 2017, and this debate promises to be lively.  The Natural Hazards Research and Mitigation Group at UC Davis has been analyzing NFIP DATABASES, EXAMINING PATTERNS OVER THE HISTORY OF THE PROGRAM AND FOCUSING ON FLOOD LOSSES AND FLOOD INSURANCE, PARTICULARLY IN CALIFORNIA.

    Over the history of NFIP, California is one of a few states that has – through dry years and wet – received only a small fraction of payments from NFIP compared to the premiums it has paid in.  Since 1994, NFIP damage payouts in California have totaled just 14% of premiums collected (compared to 560% for the biggest recipient state, Mississippi).  For California, this imbalance exceeds $3 billion (2015 dollars) over 21 years, funds that could have been invested in risk-reduction, floodplain management, and reduced premiums.

    California has unparalleled expertise and a culture of progressive solutions for managing its flood risk; the state also has unique needs and intense pressures looking forward.  WITH THE US NFIP FACING AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE – >$20 BILLION IN DEBT, AND WITH A CHALLENGING CONGRESSIONAL REAUTHORIZATION DISCUSSION LOOMING IN 2017 – we recommend a careful look at California’s place in the NFIP.  In particular, CALIFORNIA SHOULD NOW EXPLORE A STATE FLOOD INSURANCE PROGRAM, WITH SAVINGS INVESTED IN LONG-TERM RISK REDUCTION.  Properly implemented, a state-based insurance program and proactive flood mitigation strategies could synergistically benefit the environment, agriculture, recreation, and water resources.  THIS APPROACH HAS MAJOR CHALLENGES, WITH IMPLICATIONS BOTH FOR CALIFORNIA AND NATIONWIDE THAT SHOULD BE EXPLORED.

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    THE GREAT FLOOD IN CALIFORNIA.; Great Destruction of Property Damage $10,000,000.

    The destruction of property was terrible. The water came so rapidly that most people had not more than an hour’s warning of the danger.

    Men, women, and children had stayed in houses thinking there was no danger; and when the flood rose they could not get away. Some of these houses were carried off, and boats were sent after them to rescue the human freight.

    And now, on the morning of the 9th of November,

    HERE CAME “THE AMERICAN RIVER” WITH A FLOOD THAT COVERED THE WHOLE COUNTRY.

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    HMMM… WHAT’S IN A NAME?

    “AMERICAN RIVERS” IS THE ONLY ORGANIZATION MAINTAINING A RECORD OF DAM REMOVALS IN THE UNITED STATES.

    Map of U.S. Dams Removed Since 1916 | American Rivers

    https://www.americanrivers.org/threats-solutions/…damaged-rivers/damremoval-map/

    We have been creating a running inventory of all dam removal projects we can find, and this map is a graphic representation of our long-standing research.

    A full list of dams removed from 1999 to 2015 can be found here.

    “AMERICAN RIVERS” WANT THIS MAP TO BE A GREAT TOOL, SO IF YOU HAVE INFORMATION TO UPDATE ANY PROJECT (OR TO ADD A MISSING PROJECT), let us know.

     ——————————————————————

    History matters… HISTORY REPEATS ITS SELF

    THE GREAT FLOOD IN CALIFORNIA.; Great Destruction of Property Damage $10,000,000.

    www.nytimes.com/…/the-great-flood-in-california-great-destruction-of-property-dam…

     Published: January 21, 1862

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    NORTHERN CALIFORNIA’S GREAT FLOOD OF 1997

    More than 100,000 Central Valley residents fled towns and farms, bracing for a wall of runoff flowing down from the Sierra. The National Weather Service ranks this as one of the five most disastrous weather events to hit California in the 1900s.

    The flooding’s toll came to eight dead, $1.8 billion in economic losses, 23,000 homes destroyed, and 2,000 businesses damaged or decimated. FORTY-EIGHT COUNTIES WERE DECLARED DISASTER AREAS, INCLUDING ALL 46 IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA.

    UPDATED: JANUARY 7, 2017

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    HISTORY REPEATS ITS SELF 1862 – 1997

     MAJOR STORMS 2016-2017 IN NORTHERN CALIFORNIA AND NEVADA HAS CAUSED THE WORST FLOODING IN A DECADE.

    Powerhouse storm to blast California, catastrophic floods possible

    www.usatoday.com/story/weather/2017/01/06/california-rain…floods…/96251880/

    6 days ago – Record flooding is possible this weekend across drought-plagued California due to a powerhouse storm that’s forecast to slam into the state. … Much more than usual rain will pelt the state: The amount of rain that’s predicted …