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FEMA’S $24 Billion Dollar Debt

FEMA’S  $24 BILLION DOLLAR DEBT

BASED ON THE DOCUMENTED  HISTORY OF FEMA

APRIL 1, 1979 – APRIL 18, 2016

FEMA manages the National Flood Insurance Program.

OTHER PROGRAMS Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) PREVIOUSLY ADMINISTERED HAVE SINCE BEEN INTERNALIZED OR SHIFTED UNDER DIRECT DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY CONTROL.

AFTER FEMA’S CREATION THROUGH REORGANIZATION AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS, CONGRESS CONTINUED TO EXPAND FEMA’S AUTHORITY BY ASSIGNING RESPONSIBILITIES TO IT.

CONGRESS FUNDED the Federal Emergency Management Agency THROUGH A COMBINATION OF REGULAR APPROPRIATIONS AND EMERGENCY FUNDING IN RESPONSE TO EVENTS

TODAY FEMA EXISTS AS A MAJOR AGENCY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY. THE ADMINISTRATOR FOR FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT REPORTS DIRECTLY TO THE Secretary of Homeland Security.

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bottom line…

BASED ON THE DOCUMENTED HISTORY OF FEMA

APRIL 1, 1979 – APRIL 18, 2016

CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE….. EXECUTIVE ORDERS?

SO, CONGRESS EXPANDED AND FUNDED FEMA

CONGRESSIONAL FUNDED THE  $24 BILLION DOLLAR FEMA FINANCIAL DISASTER THROUGH A COMBINATION OF REGULAR APPROPRIATIONS AND EMERGENCY FUNDING IN RESPONSE TO EVENTS

 AND LEFT FEMA WITH A $24 BILLION DEBT, to trickle down to property owners, using the National Flood Insurance Program.

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FEMA Federal Emergency Management Agency as an independent agency (1979–2003)

FEMA WAS ESTABLISHED UNDER THE 1978 REORGANIZATION PLAN NO. 3, AND ACTIVATED APRIL 1, 1979, BY PRESIDENT JIMMY CARTER IN HIS EXECUTIVE ORDER 12127.

In July, Carter signed Executive Order 12148 shifting disaster relief efforts to the new federal-level agency. Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA absorbed the Federal Insurance Administration, the National Fire Prevention and Control Administration, the National Weather Service Community Preparedness Program, the Federal Preparedness Agency of the General Services Administration and the Federal Disaster Assistance Administration activities from HUD.

FEMA WAS ALSO GIVEN THE RESPONSIBILITY FOR OVERSEEING THE NATION’S CIVIL DEFENSE, A FUNCTION WHICH HAD PREVIOUSLY BEEN PERFORMED BY THE DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE’S DEFENSE CIVIL PREPAREDNESS AGENCY.

In 1993, President Bill Clinton appointed James Lee Witt as FEMA Director.

In 1996, the agency was elevated to cabinet rank. This was not continued by President George W. Bush. Witt initiated reforms that would help to streamline the disaster recovery and mitigation process.

The end of the Cold War also allowed the agency’s resources to be turned away from civil defense to natural disaster preparedness.

After Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA’s creation through reorganization and executive orders, Congress continued to expand Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA’s authority by assigning responsibilities to it.

THOSE RESPONSIBILITIES INCLUDE DAM SAFETY UNDER THE NATIONAL DAM SAFETY PROGRAM ACT …….

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JAN 13, 2016 UPDATE

Dam Safety in the United States: A Progress Report on the …

https://www.fema.gov/…/16240

Federal Emergency Management Agency

JAN 13, 2016 – This report on the National Dam Safety Program (NDSP) for Fiscal Year … The Dam Safety Act of 2006 states that the Administrator of FEMA will …

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disaster assistance under the Robert T. Stafford Disaster Relief and Emergency Assistance Act; earthquake hazards reduction under the Earthquake Hazards Reduction Act of 1977 and further expanded by Executive Order 12699, regarding safety requirements for federal buildings and Executive Order 12941, concerning the need for cost estimates to seismically retrofit federal buildings;

EMERGENCY FOOD AND SHELTER UNDER THE STEWART B. MCKINNEY HOMELESS ASSISTANCE ACT OF 1987;

hazardous materials, under the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986;

IN ADDITION, FEMA RECEIVED AUTHORITY FOR COUNTER TERRORISM THROUGH THE NUNN-LUGAR-DOMENICI AMENDMENT

 UNDER THE WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTION ACT OF 1996,

WHICH WAS A RESPONSE TO THE RECOGNIZED VULNERABILITIES OF THE U.S. AFTER THE SARIN GAS ATTACK ON THE TOKYO SUBWAY IN 1995.

CONGRESS FUNDED FEMA THROUGH A COMBINATION OF REGULAR APPROPRIATIONS AND EMERGENCY FUNDING IN RESPONSE TO EVENTS

FEMA under Department of Homeland Security (2003–present)

President George W. Bush signs the Homeland Security Appropriations Act of 2004

Following the September 11, 2001, attacks,

Congress passed the Homeland Security Act of 2002, which created the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to better coordinate among the different federal agencies that deal with law enforcement, disaster preparedness and recovery,

BORDER PROTECTION

 and civil defense.

 Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA was absorbed into DHS effective March 1, 2003. As a result, FEMA became part of the Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate of Department of Homeland Security,

Additionally, upon incorporation into Department of Homeland Security (DHS), Federal Emergency Management Agency FEMA was legally dissolved and a new Emergency Preparedness and Response Directorate was established in DHS to replace it.

Following enactment of the Post Katrina Emergency Management Reform Act of 2006

FEMA WAS REESTABLISHED AS AN ENTITY WITHIN DHS, ON MARCH 31, 2007.

EMPLOYING MORE THAN 2,600 FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES.

IT BECAME THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY AGAIN ON MARCH 31, 2007, but remained in DHS.

President Bush appointed Michael D. Brown as FEMA’s director in January 2003.

BROWN WARNED IN SEPTEMBER 2003

 THAT FEMA’S ABSORPTION INTO DHS WOULD MAKE A MOCKERY OF FEMA’S NEW MOTTO, “A NATION PREPARED”, AND WOULD “FUNDAMENTALLY SEVER FEMA FROM ITS CORE FUNCTIONS”, “SHATTER AGENCY MORALE” AND “BREAK LONGSTANDING, EFFECTIVE AND TESTED RELATIONSHIPS WITH STATES AND FIRST RESPONDER STAKEHOLDERS”.

THE INEVITABLE RESULT OF THE REORGANIZATION OF 2003, WARNED BROWN, WOULD BE “AN INEFFECTIVE AND UNCOORDINATED RESPONSE” TO A TERRORIST ATTACK OR A NATURAL DISASTER.

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APR 4, 2016

 THE FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY FEMA HAS A  $24 BILLION DOLLAR DEBT

CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE….. CONGRESS FUNDED AND EXPANDED  FEMA THROUGH A COMBINATION OF REGULAR APPROPRIATIONS AND EMERGENCY FUNDING IN RESPONSE TO EVENTS

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Hurricane Katrina in 2005 demonstrated that the vision of further unification of functions and another reorganization could not address the problems FEMA had previously faced. The “Final Report of the Select Bipartisan Committee to Investigate the Preparation for and Response to Hurricane Katrina”, released February 15, 2006, by the U.S. Government Printing Office, revealed that federal funding to states for “all hazards” disaster preparedness needs was not awarded unless the local agencies made the purposes for the funding a “just terrorism” function.

Emergency management professionals testified that funds for preparedness for natural hazards was given less priority than preparations for counter terrorism measures. Testimony also expressed the opinion that the mission to mitigate vulnerability and prepare for natural hazard disasters before they occurred had been separated from disaster preparedness functions, making the nation more vulnerable to known hazards, like hurricanes.

Organization

During the debate of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, some called for FEMA to remain as an independent agency. Later, following the failed response to Hurricane Katrina, CRITICS CALLED FOR FEMA TO BE REMOVED FROM THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY.

TODAY FEMA EXISTS AS A MAJOR AGENCY OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY. THE ADMINISTRATOR FOR FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT REPORTS DIRECTLY TO THE Secretary of Homeland Security.

IN MARCH 2003, FEMA JOINED 22 OTHER FEDERAL AGENCIES, PROGRAMS AND OFFICES IN BECOMING THE DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY. The new department, headed by Secretary Tom Ridge, brought a coordinated approach to national security from emergencies and disasters – both natural and man-made.

FEMA manages the National Flood Insurance Program. Other programs FEMA previously administered have since been internalized or shifted under direct DHS control.

FEMA is also home to the National Continuity Programs Directorate (formerly the Office of National Security Coordination). ONSC was responsible for developing, exercising, and validating agency wide continuity of operations and continuity of government plans as well as overseeing and maintaining continuity readiness including the Mount Weather Emergency Operations Center. ONSC also coordinated the continuity efforts of other Federal Executive Agencies.

FEMA began administering the Center for Domestic Preparedness in 2007.

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BASED ON THE DOCUMENTED  HISTORY OF FEMA

APRIL 1, 1979 – APRIL 18, 2016

BROWN WARNED IN SEPTEMBER 2003

 THAT FEMA’S ABSORPTION INTO DHS WOULD MAKE A MOCKERY OF FEMA’S NEW MOTTO, “A NATION PREPARED”, AND WOULD “FUNDAMENTALLY SEVER FEMA FROM ITS CORE FUNCTIONS”, “SHATTER AGENCY MORALE” AND “BREAK LONGSTANDING, EFFECTIVE AND TESTED RELATIONSHIPS WITH STATES AND FIRST RESPONDER STAKEHOLDERS”.

THE INEVITABLE RESULT OF THE REORGANIZATION OF 2003, WARNED BROWN, WOULD BE “AN INEFFECTIVE AND UNCOORDINATED RESPONSE” TO A TERRORIST ATTACK OR A NATURAL DISASTER.

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CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE….. CONGRESS EXPANDED AND FUNDED FEMA

CONGRESS FUNDED THE  $24 BILLION FINANCIAL DISASTER THROUGH A COMBINATION OF REGULAR APPROPRIATIONS AND EMERGENCY FUNDING IN RESPONSE TO EVENTS

 AND LEFT FEMA WITH A $24 BILLION DEBT

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CFACTS  BELOW, DON’T COVER DFACTS OF FEMA HISTORY

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CFACT – FEMA is experiencing a disaster of its own making …

https://www.facebook.com/cfact/posts/10154015097060281

… a disaster of its own making — a balance sheet that is $24 billion under water. Now it … April 4, 2016 by Larry Bell, 0 Comments Tweet Tweet The Federal …

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FEMA MANAGES THE National Flood Insurance Program.

Letters & Testimony

TCS Testimony on National Flood Insurance Reform

January 12, 2016

Today, TCS Vice President Steve Ellis testified at a House Financial Services hearing on “How to Create a More Robust and Private Flood Insurance Marketplace.”…

 

The Clock is Ticking on Flood Insurance Reform

April 08, 2016 | The Hill – Congress Blog

With national flood insurance on the verge of a financial crisis, consensus is growing for reforms that will ensure the program can continue to pay claims and protect people in harm’s way….

Groups Join to Push Flood Insurance Reform

April 12, 2016 | Property Casualty 360

Legislators and stakeholders would like to get a bill extending and reforming the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) put together this…

 

April 17, 2016

16 Million in Plains States Threatened by Severe Storms …

www.nbcnews.com/…/16million-plains-states-threatened-…

NBCNews.com

14 hours ago – More than 16 million people were threatened by severe weather Sunday … NWS Boulder (@NWSBoulder) April 17, 2016 … Meanwhile, another 12 million people in the Plains were under flash flood warnings and watches or …

12 Million Under Flood Warnings in South as Reported …

www.nbcnews.com/…/12-millionunderfloodwarnings-s…

NBCNews.com

MAR 16, 2016 – More than 12 million people were still under flood warnings across the South as the region struggled to recover … Mar 16 2016, 6:07 am ET …

16 Million in Plains States Threatened by Severe Storms Bringing Wet Snow, Heavy Rain

NBCNews.com‎ – 14 hours ago

More than 16 million people were threatened by severe … Meanwhile, another 12 million people in the Plains were under flash flood warnings and watches or severe weather …

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More than 18 million in 13 states under flood warning – WJXT

www.news4jax.com/…/floodwarning-for-13-states-including-geo…

WJXT

DEC 30, 2015 – More than 18 million people in 13 states-including Georgia are under a flood warning, Wednesday morning. Over the past few days, flooding …

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