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  • Michigan U.S.A. Female Genital Mutilation

    Michigan  U.S.A. Female Genital Mutilation

    Dr. Fakhruddin Attar, 53, and his wife, Farida Attar, 50, were arrested on charges of “conspiring to perform female genital mutilations on minor girls out of Fakhruddin Attar’s medical clinic,” authorities said Friday.

    For documentation read the 16 page criminal complaint below.

    As in the case of Dr. Nagarwala last week, the 16-page criminal complaint issued against Dr. Attar and his wife in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan Friday refers to “a particular religious and cultural community” without specifying that community. It is now believed that that community is the Dawoodi Bohra Muslim sect, whose world leader, Syedna Mufaddal Saifuddin, has called for the tradition to continue.

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    2nd doctor, wife arrested in genital mutilation case – Detroit News

    www.detroitnews.com/story/news/local/detroit…genital-mutilation/100741450/

    23 hours ago – Federal agents arrested a second doctor and his wife Friday in a widening conspiracy involving female genital mutilation and members of a …

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    A widening conspiracy in America? Two  7-year-old girls brought from Minnesota U.S.A. to Michigan U.S.A. for female genital mutilation.

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    Michigan is one of 26 states that have failed to enact laws against the practice.

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    Fortunately, in the United States we have the  law on our side. THIS CASE IS THE FIRST OF ITS KIND EVER PROSECUTED since FGM/C was first criminalized in 1996 in the United States.

    In 2013, the Transport for Female Genital Mutilation Act amended this law to forbid “Vacation Cutting,” the practice of taking a girl overseas for FGM/C.

    We must now modify this to include domestic travel for the same criminal purpose.

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    Federal officials launched an investigation after being tipped off that Nagarwala performed the procedure on two 7-year-old girls from Minnesota who were brought by their families to Michigan for the procedure, according to the complaint.

    Phone records and surveillance tapes linked the families of the girls to Nagarwala as well as both Fakhruddin and Farida Attar.

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    The United States designates female genital mutilation a federal crime (the literal butchering of a woman or  girl’s female genitalia) for good reason.

    18 U.S.C. 116 – Female genital mutilation

    https://www.gpo.gov/…/USCODE…title18/USCODE-2011-title18-partI-chap7-sec116

    Jan 3, 2012 – Title 18 – CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE PART I – CRIMES CHAPTER 7 – ASSAULT Sec. 116 – Female genital mutilation. Contains …

    Female genital mutilation … labia minora or clitoris of another person who has not attained the age of 18 years shall be fined under this title …

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    18 U.S.C. 371 – Conspiracy to commit offense or to defraud United States

    https://www.gpo.gov/…/USCODE…title18/USCODE-2011-title18-partI-chap19-sec37…

    Jan 3, 2012 – Title 18 – CRIMES AND CRIMINAL PROCEDURE PART I – CRIMES CHAPTER 19 – CONSPIRACY SEC. 371CONSPIRACY TO COMMIT OFFENSE AND 2 AIDING AND ABETTING

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    The couple allegedly “arranged and assisted” the procedures performed by Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, who was the first individual to be charged with violating federal law that bans the practice where part or all of the genitalia is removed.

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    FBI agents leave the office of Dr. Fakhruddin Attar at the Burhani Clinic in Livonia, Michigan on April 21. Clarence Tabb Jr. / The Detroit News via AP

    Attar, who owned the Burhani Medical Center in Livonia, Michigan, lent his medical office to Nagarwala to perform the procedure on girls, aged 6 to 9, while Farida Attar held their hands “to comfort them,” the complaint alleges.

    Federal officials launched an investigation after being tipped off that Nagarwala performed the procedure on two 7-year-old girls from Minnesota who were brought by their families to Michigan for the procedure, according to the complaint.

    Phone records and surveillance tapes linked the families of the girls to Nagarwala as well as both Fakhruddin and Farida Attar.

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    Another doctor, wife charged with female genital mutilation in Michigan

    www.chicagotribune.com/…/ct-detroit-female-genital-mutilation-case-20170421-story…

    18 hours ago – For the second time in a week, authorities have charged a Detroit area doctor with breaking a federal genital mutilation law.

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    2 more charged in Michigan genital mutilation investigation | Fox News

    www.foxnews.com/…/2-more-charged-in-michigan-genital-mutilation-investigation.htm…

    1 day ago – Two more people are charged in Detroit in an investigation of alleged genital mutilation of young girls in a Muslim sect.

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    Second Detroit Doctor Busted in Female Genital Mutilation Ring …

    www.breitbart.com/…/second-detroit-doctor-busted-in-female-genital-mutilation-ring/

    1 day ago – As in the case of Dr. Nagarwala last week, the 16page criminal complaint issued against Dr. Attar and his wife in the U.S. District Court for the …

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    full unedited text

    IN AMERICA?

    And Now, Female Genital Mutilation Comes to America

    Last week, a doctor in Michigan was charged with performing genital mutilation on two of her young patients. That’s right—her patients.

    Qanta Ahmed

    Qanta Ahmed

    04.18.17 10:00 PM ET

    I was seeing my own patients in my New York office when I read the news that elsewhere in the United States, another woman physician, Dr. Jumana Nagarwala, was charged in federal court for performing female genital mutilation on two girls as young as 7 in a medical clinic in Livonia, Michigan, outside Detroit. Authorities suspect the Henry Ford Hospital emergency physician had been secretly performing these brutal procedures since 2005, impacting many more children. Henry Ford Hospital has placed the physician on administrative leave while she is on bail. (She is alleged to have performed these procedures at a clinic, not at a Ford facility.)

    As a physician in whom my patients place their trust, I am sickened. More importantly, I am enraged, and you should be too.

    The United States designates female genital mutilation a federal crime (the literal butchering of a woman or  girl’s female genitalia) for good reason. Tragically Michigan is one of 26 states that have failed to enact laws against the practice.

    Around the world, more than 200 million infants and girls are mutilated by female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). Most are cut between infancy and age 15, but women up to age 49 have been thus mutilated. The World Health Organization defines four categories of (FGM/C): 1. clitirodectomy alone; 2. excision (of a considerably wide variation of female genital tissue); 3. infibulation—literally a form of “sealing” (excising the entire clitoris and labia and stitching together the edges of the vulva to prevent sexual intercourse).

    The fourth category is for those FGM/C victims who are mutilated beyond even the above classifications. Because most Americans reading this will have no knowledge or experience of FGM, let me make it clear: The most severe forms of FGM/C seal shut the introitus. All menstruation, sexual penetration, and childbirth becomes painful and rife with major complications. Women are left with urinary and fecal incontinence, and humiliating fistulas connecting the bowel to the urogenital system. Feces and urine emerge from the vagina, leaving the young woman or girl with a future permanently defined by pain, a sense of being unclean, lethal infections, even death.

    It’s all the more shocking that a female doctor would engage in such practices. As an American female physician myself and as a human rights defender, I demand that, if guilty, the doctor be prosecuted to the fullest extent with the harshest punishments, though a federal imprisonment of five years (the current maximum sentence) seems paltry in comparison to the crime.

    Without question, if found guilty the doctor in question must be stripped of her license to practice medicine permanently and be rendered a felon. Her alleged longstanding deception of parents (who claim they did not know, some reports suggest) and of the local medical community should also influence the severity of her punishment.

    Around the world, FGM/C procedures are universally performed for cultural reasons, and though they predate Islam, they have been tragically adopted by some Muslim communities. FGM/C is seen mostly among ethnic groups in over 30 African nations. Nine out of 10 women in Dijibouti, Egypt, Guinea, Mali, Northern Sudan, Sierra Leone, and Somalia have undergone FGM/C. Recently Indonesia has been found to have high prevalence of FGM despite a 2006 ban.

    Diaspora communities migrating to Western nations continue the practice where we encounter it for the first time. FGM/C is rising among migrants of Norway, Australia, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland, Britain, and the United States. Migrants, traveling with daughters on summer vacations to their native countries have the procedure performed at grave risk of infection, bleeding, and death when non-clinicians perform this procedure. School holidays thus become “The Cutting Season.”

    Among Muslim diaspora communities here in the U.S.—particularly in the Pacific Northwest among the Somali migrant community—FGM/C is performed “in the name of Islam,” disregarding the complete absence of a Quranic mandate on FGM/C. For the moment it seems the little girls involved in this case were taken from Minnesota to Michigan and therefore may be part of the Somali-American diaspora.

    Combating FGM/C in Muslim communities therefore is not an act of anti-Muslim xenophobia or “Islamophobia”: It is a defense of human rights and the duty of every American to stop. The practice of FGM/C is not religious freedom. It is child abuse and criminal physical assault nothing short of dismemberment.

    Tragically, these gruesome FGM/C assaults performed at the insistence of culturally indoctrinated mothers and grandmothers on their daughters impacting millions globally. Thus, women (often themselves victims of FGM/C) perpetuate violence on women and girls. Families demand mutilation of girls and women for the preservation of “familial honor.” The 2014 documentary Honor Diaries (for which I was interviewed) examined honor violence directed against women whereby women are maimed and/or killed for the preservation of familial honor in cultures where women are mere empty vessels for containment of familial honor. Female genital mutilation is a form of honor violence.

    These girls can never be made whole again. At age 7, years away from their own sexual knowledge, denied an intact clitoris, they will never experience sexual gratification as consenting women. Yes, they may be able to have babies, but their pregnancies, labor, and deliveries will be high-risk because of the profound anatomic destruction to the birth canal. And this is not even accounting for the incredible psychological injury they will come to experience.

    Fortunately, in the United States we have the law on our side. This case is the first of its kind ever prosecuted since FGM/C was first criminalized in 1996 in the United States. In 2013, the Transport for Female Genital Mutilation Act amended this law to forbid “Vacation Cutting,” the practice of taking a girl overseas for FGM/C. We must now modify this to include domestic travel for the same criminal purpose.

    Though federal law is overarching, all states must also criminalize this practice and its related activities enabling both state and federal governments to target both medical institutions and practitioners with heavy penalties for such activities including permanent rescinding of any and all medical licenses and, I believe, any access to children. Tell them plainly: When it comes to FGM/C, as Americans we say, “cut it the hell out.”

    http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2017/04/19/and-now-female-genital-mutilation-comes-to-america.html

    And Now, Female Genital Mutilation Comes to America – The Daily Beast

    www.thedailybeast.com/…/and-now-female-genital-mutilation-comes-to-america.html

    4 days ago – Tragically Michigan is one of 26 states that have failed to enact laws … will have no knowledge or experience of FGM, let me make it clear:

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    This is how bad it was in 2013.

    Let’s push our Representatives to ban in all 50 states.

    How many immigrant women and girls are at risk in America now,  APR 22, 2017?
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    WHEN ARE THE STUPID PROGRESSIVE DEMOCRATS GOING TO WAKE UP TO THE BARBARIC IMMIGRATION ISSUES COMING INTO AND BEING DONE IN AMERICA?
    I know, let’s give them sanctuary cities, so they can do their stuff in private.
    Don’t get me started on that!
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    23 hours agoFederal agents arrested a second doctor and his wife Friday Apr 21, 2017, in a widening conspiracy involving female genital mutilation and members of a …

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    A widening conspiracy in America? Two  7-year-old girls brought from Minnesota U.S.A. to Michigan U.S.A. for female genital mutilation.

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    The bottom line
    What will it take to get you started?

  • What Happened to the Power of the Purse?

    What Happened to the Power of the Purse?

    THE JUDGMENT FUND AMERICA S DEEPEST POCKETS …

    scholarship.law.upenn.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1580&context=jcl

    145 THE JUDGMENT FUND: america’s deepest pocket & its SUSCEPTIBILITY TO EXECUTIVE BRANCH MISUSE. paul f. figley * table of contents introduction …

    o   Published in:

    University of Pennsylvania Journal of Constitutional Law · 2015

    Authors: Paul Figley

    About: Agency · Settlement · Human settlement

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    Oversight of the Judgment Fund: Iran, Big Settlements, and …

    https://judiciary.house.gov/hearing/oversight-judgment-fund-iran…

    Oversight of the Judgment Fund: … “The lack of transparency regarding the Judgment Funds raises serious concerns about how the DOJ is allocating funds not only …

    THE POWER OF THE PURSE SUSCEPTIBILITY TO EXECUTIVE BRANCH MISUSE

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    Behind My Back | Accounting for the Judgment Fund

    www.behindmyback.org/category/accounting-for-the-judgment-fund

    Sept 16, 2016 Lankford Letter The Judgment Fund to Iran. Who knew? I’d never heard of “The Judgment Fund” until I read the Lankford Letter.

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    THE JUDGEMENT FUND INTERPRETATION OF ACCOUNTING?

    ACCOUNTING by the Treasury Judgment Fund. 5 Once the claim is either settled or a court judgment is assessed and the Judgment Fund is determined to be the appropriate source for payment of the claim, the Judgment Fund would recognize an expense and an accounts payable or a cash outlay for the full cost of the loss.

    FASAB INTERPRETATION NO. 2 – Accounting for Treasury …

     fasab.gov/interpretations/intprt2.htm

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    THE POWER OF THE PURSE  SUSCEPTIBLE TO SES EXECUTIVE BRANCH MISUSE?

    1. Behind My Back Page 2

    www.behindmyback.org/page/2

    Behind My Back | THE UNTOUCHABLES SES SENIOR EXECUTIVES. www.behindmyback.org/2016/11/14/5856/ Nov 14, 2016 – The Untouchables SES Senior …

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    THE POWER OF THE PURSE  SUSCEPTIBLE TO MISUSE BY  THE UNTOUCHABLES SES SENIOR EXECUTIVES?

    SES – FederalPay

    https://www.federalpay.org/ses/2015

    THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE (SES) SETS THE YEARLY SALARIES FOR TOP GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS, INCLUDING THE LEADERS AND SENIOR PERSONNEL IN OVER 75 FEDERAL GOVERNMENT …

     THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE (SES) IS COMPRISED OF THE MEN AND WOMEN CHARGED WITH LEADING THE CONTINUING TRANSFORMATION OF OUR GOVERNMENT.

    THE SENIOR EXECUTIVE SERVICE (SES) IS A CORPS OF APPROXIMATELY 7000 MEN AND WOMEN WHO ADMINISTER PUBLIC PROGRAMS AT THE TOP LEVELS OF FEDERAL GOVERNMENT.

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    WHAT HAPPENED TO THE POWER OF THE PURSE?

    CONGRESS GAVE IT TO THE JUDGMENT FUND BRANCH

    31 U.S. Code § 1304 – Judgments, awards, and compromise …

    https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/31/1304

    Judgments, awards, and compromise settlements (a) … 31 CFR Part 256 – OBTAINING PAYMENTS FROM THE JUDGMENT FUND AND UNDER PRIVATE RELIEF BILLS .

    Judgement Fund – Bureau of the Fiscal Service

    fiscal.treasury.gov/fsservices/gov/pmt/jdgFund/judgementFund_home.htm

    THE JUDGEMENT FUND was established to pay court judgments and Justice Department compromise settlements of actual or imminent lawsuits against the government. It is administered by the Judgment Fund Branch, which is a part of the United States Department of the Treasury, Bureau of the Fiscal Service.

    1. [PDF]

    The Judgment Fund: History, Administration, and …

    https://fas.org/sgp/crs/misc/R42835.pdf

    The Judgment Fund: History, Administration, and Common Usage Congressional Research Service Summary THE JUDGMENT FUND IS A PERMANENT, INDEFINITE

    THE JUDGEMENT FUND WAS ESTABLISHED TO PAY COURT JUDGMENTS

     AND JUSTICE DEPARTMENT COMPROMISE SETTLEMENTS OF ACTUAL OR IMMINENT LAWSUITS AGAINST THE GOVERNMENT.

    IT IS ADMINISTERED BY THE JUDGMENT FUND BRANCH, WHICH IS A PART OF THE UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY, BUREAU OF THE FISCAL SERVICE.

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    THE U.S. CONGRESS DECIDED IT WAS TOO BUSY TO DEAL WITH LAWSUITS AGAINST THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT, CONGRESS VOTED,  ESTABLISHED, LEGATIMIZED AND LEGALIZED THE JUDGMENT FUND BRANCH THAT GAVE, AND GIVES  UNLIMITED AMOUNTS (BILLIONS OF DOLLARS) OF AMERICAN TAXPAYERS MONEY TO  ANY ENTITY THAT SUES THE U.S. GOVERNMENT.

    SUE AND SETTLE FOR “CASH”  UNDER A  UNITED NATIONS JUDGEMENT? GLOBAL NGO’S BIODIVERSITY SUE AND SETTLEMENTS?

    TRIBAL SETTLEMENTS FOR FEDERAL MISMANAGEMENT OF TRIBAL LANDS?

    CASH AND CARRY?

    AND, FEDERAL AGENCY MUST REIMBURSE THE JUDGMENT FUND? (WITH TAXPAYERS $$$$ FOR PAYMENTS MADE)

    WITHOUT FARTHER APPROVAL OF CONGRESS.

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    1. Questions and Answers: No FEAR Act – EEOC Home Page

    www.eeoc.gov › About EEOC › Statistics › NO FEAR Act

    Questions and Answers: No FEAR Act. Q: What is the No FEAR Act? A: … A FEDERAL AGENCY MUST REIMBURSE THE JUDGMENT FUND FOR PAYMENTS MADE TO EMPLOYEES.

    WHAT HAPPENED TO THE POWER OF THE PURSE IN THE U.S. GOVERNMENT?

    THE JUDGMENT FUND: AMERICA’S DEEPEST POCKET & ITS SUSCEPTIBILITY TO EXECUTIVE BRANCH MISUSE

    SUE AND SETTLE UNITED NATIONS, GLOBAL NGO’S, TRIBAL, CASH AND CARRY? WITHOUT FARTHER APPROVAL OF CONGRESS.

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    WHEN IS THE U.S. CONGRESS GOING TO FIX THE JUDGEMENT FUND?

     

     

     

     

     


  • The Farther Back You Can Look

     

     “The farther back you can look, the farther forward you are likely to see.”

    Tomorrow is Easter Sunday.

    EASTER SUNDAY is no longer recognized as an official holiday in a big American company.

    The week of  “EASTER VACATION” in public schools has been changed to  “SPRING BREAK” to a different week to exclude  EASTER SUNDAY.

    The law of our homeland is the U.S. Constitution written and signed by Christians.

    America’s Declaration of Independence, Constitution and Bill of Rights created one Sovereign Nation under God with liberty and Justice for all, The United  States of America.

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    When did POLITICAL CORRECTNESS, DICTATED BY THE GLOBALLY OFFENDED become the law of our land?

    What American Citizen, could have ever imagined, that saying MERRY CHRISTMAS  would become so offending to some, that it must be replaced HAPPY HOLIDAYS?

    The word “CHRIST”  in CHRISTMAS  was so globally offensive to non-Christians that it must not be spoken?

    Guaranteeing American citizens Freedom of speech? Freedom of religion? Freedom from religious prosecution?

    Looking back? historically at the power of religious politics etal. of the Catholics and Protestants religious power in governments, thus the separation of power of church and politics of in the American government.

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    Something really went amok with Freedom of religion when the politics of the elected WA State  politiciansof the progressive liberal Government used Christian faith to  prosecute a private Christian American Citizen for protecting her right to live and practice her God given religious belief in the land of the free.    

    Really amok, when you consider the same politics of the same elected WA State  politicians, of the progressive liberal Government sued in an attempt to usurp the power of the president of the United States of America. And, have turned my count, Clallam County WA State into a mapped, named and shamed sanctuary county.

    The balance of  power is defined in the U.S. Constitution

    The sovereignty of America and American citizens, were dictated by and protected  under the  law of our land until we were usurped by a decision of the U.S. Supreme Court and “We the People”  became subject to the CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS OF THE UNITED NATIONS.

     Historically the U.S. Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of AMERICAN LAW.

    Admittedly so, if I remember correctly,

    One justice said , “WE ARE OUT OF OUR AREA OF EXPERTISE” Indeed, what expertise did the U.S. Supreme Court Justices have on the CIVIL RIGHTS LAWS OF THE UNITED NATIONS?

     Politically correct or not…

    Justice Anton Scalia wrote his objections. (read them)

    THE U. N. GLOBAL OFFENDED HAVE NO RIGHTS  UNDER  THE U.S. CONSTITUTION.

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    The creation of the  United Nations (UN) road to hell was paved with and by, America’s taxpaying citizens, paying for NATO to protect a handful of nations fearful of  a common enemy and including VETO Power. of course the common enemy changed, it flipped and flopped through history, and added a multitude of more United Nations, with America’s taxpaying citizens paying NATO way too much to protect them.

    God saved us from United Nations of frightened people, some say they, those who meant well.

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    Donald Trump was elected president of the United States of America.

    Because, Without America there would be no free world

    Because, Without President Trump there would be no America

    2017 Supreme Court  Justice Gorseth was sworn in…

    The farther forward you are likely to see…..

    As President Trump Promised “MERRY CHRISTMAS”

    American CITIZENS  U.S. constitutional rights, shall be restored, the power of the president to restrict immigration, Freedom of religion, military Chaplin’s preaching and praying with  American troops, Freedom from religious prosecution, protecting the cross on American Veterans’ graves, the ten commandments, the nativity scene on public land. A coach on a field just saying a simple prayer… 

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    God bless America

    God Bless President Trump

    America first

    PEACE THROUGH POWER


  • WA State DOE Environmental Justice WAC

    WA State DOE Environmental Justice WAC

    Regarding proposed WA State  Chapter 173-321 WAC

    WHAT IS VAGUENESS AND OVERBREADTH?

    RELATED TO THE OVERBREADTH DOCTRINE IS THE DOCTRINE OF VAGUENESS. THE VAGUENESS DOCTRINE, AN ASPECT OF THE DUE PROCESS REQUIREMENT OF NOTICE, HOLDS THAT A LAW IS FACIALLY INVALID IF PERSONS OF “COMMON INTELLIGENCE MUST NECESSARILY GUESS AS AT ITS MEANING AND DIFFER AS TO ITS APPLICATION.”

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    SO WHAT ABOUT THIS WA STATE WAC?

     IS IT FACIALLY INVALID IF PERSONS OF “COMMON INTELLIGENCE MUST NECESSARILY GUESS AS AT ITS MEANING AND DIFFER AS TO ITS APPLICATION?

     AS USUAL YOU HAVE TO READ 173-321 WAC, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GRANTS TO FIND OUT WHAT’S IN IT!

    MISLEADING TO SAY THE LEAST” I read it, the full text is below.

     For more information:

    http://www.ecy.wa.gov/programs/swfa/rules/wac173321/1613ov.html

    ECOLOGY’S Introduction

    Under Chapter 70.105D RCW, Ecology administers a program for GRANTS TO

     “PERSONS WHO MAY BE ADVERSELY AFFECTED BY A RELEASE OR THREATENED RELEASE OF A HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE AND NOT-FOR-PROFIT PUBLIC INTEREST GROUPS”.

    Grants are used to “facilitate public participation in the investigation and remediation of a release OR THREATENED RELEASE OF A HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCE and to implement the state’s solid and hazardous waste management priorities.”

    Scope of rulemaking
    WA STATE DEPT OF ECOLOGY (DOE) PROPOSES TO:

    • REVISE PROGRAM PRIORITIES TO INCLUDE ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE
    • Revise eligibility requirements
    • Clarify the criteria used to evaluate applications
    • Revise eligible costs
    • Develop a method for renewing grants annually per Chapter 70.105D RCW
    • Streamline the grant application and evaluation process to increase consistency, transparency, objectivity, and efficiency
    • Revise the grant application process to authorize electronic submittals
    • Update grant administration requirements
    • Align Chapter 173-321 WAC to current program needs.

    Added for clarity…

    CHAPTER 173-321 WAC

    PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GRANTS

    Complete Chapter

    WAC Sections

    173-321-010

    Purpose and authority.

    173-321-020

    Definitions.

    173-321-030

    Relationship to other legislation and administrative rules.

    173-321-040

    Applicant eligibility.

    173-321-050

    Application evaluation criteria.

    173-321-060

    Eligible project costs.

    173-321-070

    Grant funding.

    173-321-080

    Grant administration.

    WAC 173-321-060

    Eligible project costs.

    (1) ELIGIBLE PROJECT COSTS FOR SUBSTANCE RELEASE GRANTS SHALL INCLUDE BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO:

    (A) HIRING TECHNICAL ASSISTANTS TO REVIEW AND INTERPRET DOCUMENTS;

    (b) PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT and public education activities;

    (C) REVIEWING SPECIFIC PLANS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING AND ANALYSIS, REVIEWING REPORTS SUMMARIZING THE RESULTS OF SUCH PLANS AND MAKING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR MODIFICATIONS TO SUCH PLANS.

    (D) EXPENDABLE PERSONAL PROPERTY;

    (E) OTHER PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ACTIVITIES AS DETERMINED BY THE DEPARTMENT ON A CASE-BY-CASE BASIS.

    (2) ELIGIBLE PROJECT COSTS FOR WASTE MANAGEMENT

     PRIORITY GRANTS SHALL INCLUDE BUT NOT BE LIMITED TO:

    (a) Assisting in DEVELOPING AND IMPLEMENTING PROGRAMS that promote or improve state or local solid or hazardous waste management plans;

    (b) Assisting in developing programs or activities that promote and are consistent with the state solid or hazardous waste management priorities;

    (C) EXPENDABLE PERSONAL PROPERTY;

    (D) OTHER PUBLIC PARTICIPATION ACTIVITIES AS DETERMINED BY THE DEPARTMENT ON A CASE-BY-CASE BASIS.

    (3) Ineligible projects and grant costs shall include but not be limited to:

    (a) Independently collecting or analyzing samples at facility sites;

    (B) HIRING ATTORNEYS FOR LEGAL ACTIONS AGAINST POTENTIALLY LIABLE PERSONS, FACILITY OWNERS, OR THE DEPARTMENT. APPLICANTS WHO RECEIVE A GRANT AWARD SHALL NOTIFY THE DEPARTMENT IF LEGAL ACTION IS INTENDED OR TAKEN ON THE SUBJECT OF THE GRANT PROJECT OR APPLICATION;

    (C) LEGISLATIVE LOBBYING ACTIVITIES;

    (d) Real property;

    (e) Nonexpendable personal property.

    [Statutory Authority: Chapter 70.105D RCW. WSR 01-05-024 (Order 97-09A), § 173-321-060, filed 2/12/01, effective 3/15/01. Statutory Authority: 1989 c 2. WSR 89-21-072 (Order 89-26), § 173-321-060, filed 10/17/89, effective 11/17/89.]

    To join or leave ECOLOGY-WAC-TRACK click here:

    http://listserv.wa.gov/cgi-bin/wa?A0=ECOLOGY-WAC-TRACK

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    Why does WA State DOE need an Environmental Justice WAC?

    WAC, WAC, WAC, ECOLOGY’S HISTORIC POLICY OF REDUNDANT DUPLICITY

    Environmental Justice | US EPA

    https://www.epa.gov/environmentaljustice

    Environmental justice is the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income, with respect to the development, implementation, and ENFORCEMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAWS, REGULATIONS, AND POLICIES.

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    Chapter 173-321 WAC
    Public Participation Grants

    Overview

    Introduction

    Under Chapter 70.105D RCW, Ecology administers a program for grants to “persons who may be adversely affected by a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance and not-for-profit public interest groups”. Grants are used to “facilitate public participation in the investigation and remediation of a release or threatened release of a hazardous substance and to implement the state’s solid and hazardous waste management priorities.”

    Why are we doing this rulemaking?
    In 2016, Ecology obtained an independent audit of our Public Participation Grants program. The current application process for the grants requires a significant amount of time and agency resources to establish applicant eligibility and award the grants. Changes Ecology is proposing are either specific audit recommendations or based on the agency’s experiences implementing the program.

    Input from past grant recipients and other stakeholders also indicated a need to increase the emphasis the PPG program places in reaching disadvantaged communities adversely affected by toxic contamination and cleanup work. Updating the rule now will allow us to apply these changes to grants awarded in the 2017-19 biennium.

    Scope of rulemaking
    Ecology proposes to:

    • Revise program priorities to include environmental justice
    • Revise eligibility requirements
    • Clarify the criteria used to evaluate applications
    • Revise eligible costs
    • Develop a method for renewing grants annually per Chapter 70.105D RCW
    • Streamline the grant application and evaluation process to increase consistency, transparency, objectivity, and efficiency
    • Revise the grant application process to authorize electronic submittals
    • Update grant administration requirements
    • Align Chapter 173-321 WAC to current program needs.

    Ecology will periodically update these web pages to provide up-to-date information about this rulemaking. We will notify interested parties through the agency email listserv (WAC Track), a Waste 2 Resources ListServ specifically established for the Public Participation Grants program. We will e-mail contacts identified in our grants-related database and those identified by grants staff. We will publish notice in the Washington State Register as we move through the process. To learn more about how to contact Ecology and participate in the process, please visit our public involvement page.

    ADDITIONAL RULE INFORMATION

     

     

    Regarding 173-321 WAC, PUBLIC PARTICIPATION GRANTS

    Granted, I have been publicly participating, criticizing, objecting, commenting and tracking Ecology’s, WA State DOE Environmental WAC-ING for years.  I do investigative documentation and reporting on my website. I have been signed up for Ecology’s WAC Track for years, receiving, reading hundreds of pages,  investigating and documenting, posting, commenting and disseminating information on  one proposed WAC after another WAC….

    This was my published opinion on Apr 15, 2013,  and I’m sticking with it. period

    Behind My Back | “Ecology Sucks”

    www.behindmyback.org/2013/04/15/ecology-sucks/

    APR 15, 2013 – “Ecology Sucks” And, the rest of the story. The local news papers did report that I said it. WHAT THE LOCAL NEWSPAPERS DID NOT REPORT …

    ———————————————————————————-

    Behind My Back | Ecology’s Expedited Rule Making?

    www.behindmyback.org/2014/06/26/ecologys-expedited-rule-making/

    JUN 26, 2014 – Washington Department of Ecology AO #14-01 NOTICE THIS RULE REPEAL IS BEING PROPOSED UNDER AN EXPEDITED RULE- MAKING …

    —————————————————————————-

    MY ONE RIGHT TO OBJECT TO ECOLOGY’S EXPEDITED RULE MAKING

    Behind My Back | A Thousand Wrongs? One Right?

    www.behindmyback.org/2014/09/17/2757/

    SEP 17, 2014 – OK, so what’s WRONG with that? We the people, have every RIGHT to make a THOUSAND public objections and comments. So what’s …

     “One right doesn’t remedy a thousand wrongs.’

    —————————————————————————-

    WHAT IS VAGUENESS AND OVERBREADTH?

     BEST GUESS OBAMACARE….

     RELATED TO THE OVERBREADTH DOCTRINE IS THE DOCTRINE OF VAGUENESS. THE VAGUENESS DOCTRINE, AN ASPECT OF THE DUE PROCESS REQUIREMENT OF NOTICE, HOLDS THAT A LAW IS FACIALLY INVALID IF PERSONS OF “COMMON INTELLIGENCE MUST NECESSARILY GUESS AS AT ITS MEANING AND DIFFER AS TO ITS APPLICATION.”

    The bottom line….

    WHAT IS VAGUENESS AND OVERBREADTH, deserves another posting on my website.


  • The Syria Chemical Attack

    The Syria Chemical Attack

    Our loyal, brave people… should know the truth

    We are in the presence of a disaster of the first magnitude…

    They should know that there has been gross neglect and deficiency in our defenses.

    Do not let us blind ourselves to that.

    ————————————————–

    ► 3:20

    Syria Chemical Attack: Here’s What Happened – Video – NYTimes.com

    https://www.nytimes.com/video/world/…/syria-chemical-attack-heres-what-happened.ht…

     ——————————————————–

    *They should know that we have sustained a defeat without a war,

    *The consequences of which will travel far with us along our road

    —————————————

    Trump: Syria chemical attack ‘crosses many, many lines’ – video …

    ▶ 2:44

    https://www.theguardian.com › World › Syria

    2 days ago

    Donald Trump on Wednesday condemned a chemical attack in Syria as an ‘affront to humanity’, adding …

    “Even beautiful babies were cruelly murdered in this very barbaric attack.

    No child of God should ever suffer such horror,” 

    ———————————————————

    *They should know that we have passed an awful milestone in our history

    ———————————————–

    Horrifying aftermath of Syria’s chemical attack seen in graphic footage …

    https://www.aol.com/article/news/2017/…syria-chemical-attack…footage/22026911/

    2 days ago – One day after what the New York Times describes as “one of the worst chemical bombings in Syria,” graphic images show the horrifying …

    —————————————————–

    President Trump said…..

    “Tonight I ordered a targeted military strike on the airfield in Syria from where the chemical attack was launched,” . “It is in this vital national security interest of the United States to prevent and deter the spread and use of deadly chemical weapons.”

    US Launches Missile at Syria After Chemical Attack; Syrian Officials …

    www.nbcwashington.com/…/Syria-Chemical-Weapons-Attack-Autopsies-418490453….

    5 hours ago – US Launches Missile at Syria After Chemical Attack; Syrian Officials …. The world learned of the chemical attack earlier in the week in footage …

     ——————————————————

    *And do not suppose that this is the end.

    *This is only the beginning of the reckoning.

    *People must know the deficiency of and neglect of the government and the consequences they will now face.

    ——————————————————————————————-INDEED…….

    *Our loyal, brave people… should know the truth. They should know that there has been gross neglect and deficiency in our defenses; they should know that we have sustained a defeat without a war, the consequences of which will travel far with us along our road; they should know that we have passed an awful milestone in our history, when the whole equilibrium of Europe has been deranged, and that the terrible words have for the time being been pronounced against the Western democracies:

    Thou art weighed in the balance and found wanting.

    And do not suppose that this is the end. This is only the beginning of the reckoning.

    Winston Churchill
    October 5, 1938
    Given in the House of Commons

    READ THE FULL TEXT

    ———————————————————————————–

    Disaster of the First Magnitude – National Churchill Museum

    https://www.nationalchurchillmuseum.org/disaster-of-the-first-magnitude.html

    VIEW THE FULL TEXT of Winston Churchill’s Disaster of the First Magnitude speech, also known as the Munich speech, delivered in the House of Commons on …

    ———————————————————————

     READ THE THESIS:  “A Disaster of the First Magnitude”

    Winston Churchill

    “A Disaster of the First Magnitude”

    THESIS:   Churchill attacks the Munich agreement as a failure of the Western powers to prevent the Nazi power from gaining momentum when it had the chance and has therefore jeopardized the peace they were trying to maintain.

    • Winston Churchill (1874-1965) delivers a speech on October 5, 1938 in the House of Commons attacking the Munich agreement and British policy toward Nazi Germany
    • Churchill begins by stating they have faced defeat in the Munich agreement and the Czechs would of even been better off with the Western powers that deserted them.
    • He continues that if a better relationship with Russia had been pursued and early action had been taken then the disastrous state at hand would not have happen.
    • Also the peace efforts and forces against Hitler in Germany would have been able to gain strength if early action had been taken.
    • Church now describes the politically humiliated and economically mutilated Czechoslovakia, whose banks, railway agreements, and industries are all disrupted.
    • Churchill seals the fate of Czechoslovakia by predicting it will be absorbed by the Nazis in despair or revenge
    • He now addresses Britain’s previous position of power when they had the ability to stop Germany from rearming and gaining momentum but they are now faced with what they could have prevented.
    • Churchill finishes by explaining the danger that Britain and France now face against the Nazi power with France’s allies lost and both countries waiting too long to rearm or take action.
    • Churchill states that the British people must know the deficiency of and neglect of the government and the consequences they will now face.

    Posted by Andrew Fortungo at 9:59 AM

    —————————————————————–

    Those who didn’t know history  did repeat it.

    And, Winston Churchill said, The farther backward you can look, the farther forward you can see.
    ———————————————

    And, President Trump said chemical attack in Syria was an ‘affront to humanity’, adding

    “Even beautiful babies were cruelly murdered in this very barbaric attack.

    No child of God should ever suffer such horror,” 

     And, President Trump ended with, God bless America and the entire world.

  • The Elwha River Limbo Land

    The Elwha River Limbo Land

    SOME 1,100 ACRES OF LAND WITH AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE?

    ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED AUGUST 10, 2012  By Lynda V. Mapes  Seattle Times staff reporter

    WHAT WILL BECOME OF “THE SO CALLED PROJECT LANDS”? THAT USED TO BE UNDER THE ELWHA DAM AND LAKE ALDWELL?

    THEY WERE TO BE SET ASIDE FOR USE, AS, BY ELIGIBLE PARTY’S?

    THAT IS THE SO-CALLED PROJECT LANDS WERE SET ASIDE, “ACCORDING” TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ELWHA ACT, PASSED BY CONGRESS IN 1992.

    WERE THEY FACTUALLY?  SPECIFICALLY? SET ASIDE BY CONGRESS IN THE 1992 ELWHA ACT??

    WHY IS CLALLAM COUNTY WA NOT LISTED AS AN ELIGIBLE PARTY FOR A CLALLAM COUNTY RECREATIONAL AREA?

    WHEN CONGRESS AUTHORIZED REMOVAL OF THE DAM SOUTHWEST OF PORT ANGELES IN 1992, THE SO-CALLED PROJECT LANDS WERE TO BE SET ASIDE EITHER FOR USE AS

    1. A STATE PARK,
    2. A NATIONAL PARK OR
    3. A NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, OR
    4. BE TRANSFERRED TO THE LOWER ELWHA KLALLAM TRIBE.

    SO FAR, THE TRIBE IS THE ONLY ELIGIBLE PARTY THAT HAS A PLAN AND A DESIRE FOR THE LAND.

    AUGUST 10, 2012 THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE INTENDS TO LAUNCH A PUBLIC PROCESS TO DECIDE THE LONG-TERM DISPOSITION OF THE LAND, BUT AT THE MOMENT HAS NO FUNDING TO PAY FOR AN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OR ENVIRONMENTAL-IMPACT STATEMENT, NOTED TODD SUESS, ACTING SUPERINTENDENT FOR OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK.

    THE AGENCY IS AWARE THE TRIBE WANTS THE LAND, BUT CAN’T JUST TURN IT OVER. “WE NEED TO HAVE A PUBLIC PROCESS,” SUESS SAID.

    FOR NOW, THE PARK SERVICE, WHICH ALREADY MANAGES 85 PERCENT OF THE ELWHA WATERSHED, IS MANAGING THE LANDS. PARK RANGERS ARE PROVIDING LAW ENFORCEMENT AND OFFERING INTERPRETIVE WALKS ON SOME OF THE PROJECT LANDS, EXCLUDING THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES, WHICH ARE CONFIDENTIAL AND PROTECTED.

    NO MATTER WHO ENDS UP OWNING THE LAND, MORE THAN 700 ACRES OF IT ALONG THE RIVER AND IN ITS FLOOD PLAIN WILL REMAIN IN ITS NATURAL STATE IN PERPETUITY,

    WITH PUBLIC ACCESS MAINTAINED.

    THAT IS ACCORDING TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ELWHA ACT, PASSED BY CONGRESS IN 1992.

    ——————————————————————

    QUESTION THIS….. SOME 1,100 ACRES OF PUBLIC LAND WAITING IN OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK LIMBO LAND SINCE AUGUST 10, 2012?

    ACCORDING TO ???? 

    THAT IS “ACCORDING” TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ELWHA ACT, PASSED BY CONGRESS IN 1992.

    READ THE ELWHA ACT, WHAT DID IT PROMISE? CLEAN WATER? HOW MUCH WATER? POWER REPLACEMENT? PUBLIC ACCESS INTO PERPETUITY? 

    WITH ALL THE FALSE NEWS NOW DAYS….

    THIS IS THE LAW, READ IT,  YOU DECIDE…

    Public Law 102-495 102d Congress An Act

    https://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/STATUTE-106/pdf/STATUTE-106-Pg3173.pdf

    Oct 24, 1992 – 24, 1992. 106 STAT. 3173. Public Law 102-495. 102d Congress. An Act … SHORT TITLE. This Act may be referred to as the “Elwha River Ecosystem … of the Projects and his plans for the full restoration of the Elwha.

    ———————————————————————————-

    ORIGINALLY PUBLISHED AUGUST 10, 2012 at 9:00 pm Updated February 11, 2016 at 12:49 pm

    Elwha tribe finds legendary creation site, wants uncovered land

    WHAT WILL BECOME OF THE LANDS THAT USED TO BE UNDER THE ELWHA DAM AND LAKE ALDWELL, including sacred lands of the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe?

    Section Sponsor Share story

    By Lynda V. Mapes Seattle Times staff reporter

    SLOWLY EMERGING FROM WHAT USED TO BE UNDER LAKE ALDWELL AND ELWHA DAM ARE SOME 1,100 ACRES OF LAND WITH AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE.

    WHEN CONGRESS AUTHORIZED REMOVAL OF THE DAM SOUTHWEST OF PORT ANGELES IN 1992, THE SO-CALLED PROJECT LANDS WERE TO BE SET ASIDE EITHER FOR USE AS A STATE PARK, A NATIONAL PARK OR A NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, OR BE TRANSFERRED TO THE LOWER ELWHA KLALLAM TRIBE. SO FAR, THE TRIBE IS THE ONLY ELIGIBLE PARTY THAT HAS A PLAN AND A DESIRE FOR THE LAND.

    That desire became even more intense last month, with the discovery of the tribe’s creation site. Long passed on in oral tradition, the sacred site is where, by tribal teaching, the Creator bathed and blessed the Klallam people, and where tribal members for generations uncounted sought to learn their future.

    But the site was covered by the waters behind Elwha Dam, and had not been seen by anyone in the tribe since construction of the dam between 1910 and 1913. Many feared it had been destroyed by blasting during dam construction — and some came to doubt if it had ever existed at all.

    Frances Charles, chairwoman of the tribe, said she and other tribal members visited the site last month after receiving a call from National Park Service cultural-resources staff, who believed they had found the site.

    “A group of us walked to the site and actually stood on the rock known to us as the creation site,” Charles said this week. “It was eerie in some ways. We were walking on the soil that had been underwater for 100 years, and witnessing the old cedars. It was emotional, with joy and happiness. We sang a prayer song and an honor song, and had the opportunity to stand there and really praise our ancestors and the elders for telling the stories.”

    To see that those stories actually were true was overwhelming, Charles said.

    “To so many out there, it was a myth,” she said. “To be able to feel the spiritual tie to the land, and know, yes, this is real, the stories that you have heard, they are true. It is very, very powerful and very humbling.”

    The park service also reported this week finding a site in another location within a former reservoir that documents human use as far back as 8,000 years ago, establishing it as one of the oldest known archaeological sites on the Olympic Peninsula. The park service collected material for analysis and reburied the site.

    For the tribe, the recovery of its cultural sites is a deeper dimension of the Elwha restoration, affirming the truth of the tribe’s presence here for so long.

    “The land continues to show us, it speaks,” Charles said. “To be able to go down there and feel the power of the water and the land, and look at a landmark that has been covered for so many years, now being able to breathe.”

    THE NATIONAL PARK SERVICE INTENDS TO LAUNCH A PUBLIC PROCESS TO DECIDE THE LONG-TERM DISPOSITION OF THE LAND, BUT AT THE MOMENT HAS NO FUNDING TO PAY FOR AN ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT OR ENVIRONMENTAL-IMPACT STATEMENT, NOTED TODD SUESS, ACTING SUPERINTENDENT FOR OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK.

    THE AGENCY IS AWARE THE TRIBE WANTS THE LAND, BUT CAN’T JUST TURN IT OVER. “WE NEED TO HAVE A PUBLIC PROCESS,” SUESS SAID.

    FOR NOW, THE PARK SERVICE, WHICH ALREADY MANAGES 85 PERCENT OF THE ELWHA WATERSHED, IS MANAGING THE LANDS. PARK RANGERS ARE PROVIDING LAW ENFORCEMENT AND OFFERING INTERPRETIVE WALKS ON SOME OF THE PROJECT LANDS, EXCLUDING THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITES, WHICH ARE CONFIDENTIAL AND PROTECTED.

    NO MATTER WHO ENDS UP OWNING THE LAND, MORE THAN 700 ACRES OF IT ALONG THE RIVER AND IN ITS FLOOD PLAIN WILL REMAIN IN ITS NATURAL STATE IN PERPETUITY, WITH PUBLIC ACCESS MAINTAINED. THAT IS ACCORDING TO THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE ELWHA ACT, PASSED BY CONGRESS IN 1992.

    But the tribe, if it comes to steward the lands, also would like to use some portions of the remaining property outside the archaeological sites and river corridor for housing or economic development, said Robert Elofson, director of river restoration for the tribe.

    In addition to protecting the tribe’s cultural resources, transfer of the property to the tribe would help the Lower Elwha Klallam realize a long unmet need for an adequate land base, Elofson said.

    When the United States purchased the core of what is now the tribe’s reservation in the late 1930s, the superintendent of the then-Office of Indian Affairs stated that six sections of land, almost 4,500 acres along the Elwha River, would be the appropriate size of the reservation for the tribe — which was far smaller then.

    But in the end, the government acquired only 300 acres for the tribe — and took another three decades to finally convey the land for the tribe’s reservation in 1968, in part because of opposition by sport fishermen.

    The tribe has continued to buy land ever since on its own, and today has about 1,000 acres along the Elwha River. But the reservation still is missing the lands that used to be under Elwha Dam and its reservoir.

    “We lost a lot of land,” said Adeline Smith, one of the oldest living members of the tribe. “There were campsites along the river, and at least two big settlements. The medicinal plants, the berries, the wildlife, they were all part of our life by the river.

    “It was ours and our way of life. I hope someday it will be again.”

    Lynda V. Mapes: 206-464-2736 or lmapes@seattletimes.com. On Twitter @lyndavmapes.

    Lynda V. Mapes: 206-464-2736 or lmapes@seattletimes.com; on Twitter: @LyndaVMapes. Lynda specializes in coverage of the environment, natural history, and Native American tribes.

    —————————————————————

    WHAT WILL BECOME OF “THE SO CALLED PROJECT LANDS”? THAT USED TO BE UNDER THE ELWHA DAM AND LAKE ALDWELL?

    A CLALLAM COUNTY CONCERNED CITIZEN EXPRESSED INTEREST ON MARCH 9, 2017

    THE ELWHA RIVER PROJECT LANDS THAT WERE A PUBLIC TOURIST RECREATIONAL DESTINATION?

    WHAT HAS BECOME OF THE ELWHA RIVER CAMP GROUNDS, FOR PUBLIC CAMPING, PICNICS, FISHING, ALLOWING A PRIVATE WALKS ON PUBLIC TRAILS,  UN-ESCORTED BY ONP PARK RANGERS, PEACEFUL HIKING TRAILS,  SOLITUDE WITHOUT ONP RANGERS INTERPRETATIONS ,  A BOAT LAUNCH, RESTROOMS, A STORE, AND OUR CITIZENS WAY OF LIFE. I HOPE SOMEDAY IT WILL BE AGAIN.”

    THIS IS A  CLALLAM COUNTY CONCERNED CITIZEN EXPRESSING  INTEREST

    Behind My Back | The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop?

    www.behindmyback.org/2017/03/09/the-new-elwha-bridge-and-rest-stop/

    Mar 9, 2017 – With the replacement of the Elwha River bridge by WSDOT at an … Why stop with just a Clallam County rest stop on the Norm’s Resort Property …

    THESE ARE CONCERNED CITIZEN’S OF CLALLAM COUNTY EXPRESSING  INTEREST

    Clallam County WA | Citizen Review Online

    citizenreviewonline.org/category/clallam-county-wa/

    Posted on March 9, 2017 by Pearl Rains Hewett, www.behindmyback.org. The New Elwha Bridge and Rest Stop? Who knew? What Rest Stop?


  • U.N.-linked U.S.A. Land Grabs

    U.N.-linked U.S.A. Land Grabs

    The federal and state governments, as usual, are taking our money and using it against us, turning it over to UN groups for them to implement UN objectives.

    Who else but the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GNLCC) to the rescue for connectivityEstablished by the Department of Interior (DOI), it is an “international” network to advance collaborative landscape conservation.

    Remember, this is the federal government doing it, not some obscure group.

    Can President Trump undo all of this?

    Wrong question.

    SHALL PRESIDENT TRUMP NEW DOI DIRECTORY RYAN ZINKE, STOP THE DOI CREATED GNLCC  ORGANIZATION, THAT PROMOTES THESE UN AFFILIATED LUNATICS, FROM TAKING MORE LAND?

    —————————————————————-

    U.N.-linked conservation ‘connectivity’ projects gobbling up Idaho, Northwest

    Each of these organizations are connected to UN NGOs such as the Nature Conservancy , Wilderness Society, and Wildlife Conservation Society. Don’t be fooled by the new UN addition in red (map below), a disclaimer that unless the organization is in consultative status it does not connote affiliation with the UN. That is flat out not true. And like children playing in a sandbox, these groups all play with each other, are interconnected, and overwhelm us with their agenda.

    Commentary by Karen Schumacher

    Redoubt News

    Kiss Idaho Goodbye: Another Major Land Takeover

    Who else but the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GNLCC) to the rescue for connectivity.  Established by the Department of Interior (DOI), it is an “international” network to advance collaborative landscape conservation.

    They would love to see this land all locked up into one major landscape of wilderness, for wildlife only.

    But the truth is, it is just the UN agenda.  As a partner to the DOI, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has been promoting connectivity for a very long time. 

    —————————————————————————

    Behind My Back | Marv Chastian – Back to 1492

    www.behindmyback.org/2017/03/26/marv-chastian-back-to-1492/

    Mar 26, 2017 – Marv ChastianBack to 1492 A plan which is now in process of becoming federal policy ~ was hatched many years ago by two radical …

    ——————————————————————–

    Redoubt News

    Kiss Idaho Goodbye: Another Major Land Takeover

    For Idaho, not only is there the Columbia River Treaty re-negotiations that will take control of all water resources, there is also another major land take over.

    There are a multitude of Idaho non-profits and United Nations (UN) non-governmental organizations (NGO) that are aggressively pursuing connectivity projects.  Essentially the goal is to connect large swaths of land in Idaho’s east corner which neighbors Montana and Wyoming.  They would love to see this land all locked up into one major landscape of wilderness, for wildlife only.

    The  High Divide (HD), Crown of the Continent (COC), Yellowstone to Yukon (Y2Y), Greater Yellowstone (GY), and the land trust partnership group Heart of the Rockies Initiative (HOR), are just a few of the organizations that are destructively working to create wildlife corridors in the Island Park area.

    Each of these organizations are connected to UN NGOs such as the Nature Conservancy (NC), Wilderness Society (WS), and Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS).  Don’t be fooled by the new UN addition in red, a disclaimer that unless the organization is in consultative status it does not connote affiliation with the UN.  That is flat out not true.  And like children playing in a sandbox these groups all play with each other, are interconnected, and overwhelm us with their agenda.

    Anyway, here is the map that shows how much land they are after with the Salmon Selway not even included in this discussion.  This map is proudly displayed on the WCS website, a trophy of the successful tromping of Idaho.

    Kiss Idaho Goodbye

    Quite a bit of money contributes to this takeover.  Just the Greater Yellowstone alone has over 10 million dollars in their coffersWhere do they get all that money?  Part of it is your tax dollar.

    Now your tax dollar goes to this in other ways as well.  The Federal Highway Administration (FHA) believes in creating wildlife corridors which eventually contribute to connectivity and have spent your money to study it and figure out how many wildlife are affected by collisions.  Forget how it has impacted humans.  You are even paying your governor to participate in this through the Western Governors’ Association (WGA).

    But don’t forget the Idaho Transportation Department (ITD), your state taxes are used for this nonsense as well.  Four years ago Idaho Fish & Game honored an ITD Senior Environmental Planner for his success in collectively garnering over 718,000 dollars to study (affectionately known as the Cramer study) where wolverines and bears migrate, and a study to prioritize wildlife collision areas.  Here is the 2016 report and on page 6 you can see all the recommended overpasses, underpasses, fencing, traffic calming, and driver warning systems for Highway 20 in Island Park.  What is truly remarkable about this is while our Idaho roads and bridges crumble there is plenty of money to spend on figuring out where cars collide with wildlife and put money into building a road for them.  And here is the Highway 20 priority map for those animals.  Now it makes sense why Idaho registration fees went up and why the current legislature has a huge task in front of them to fund transportation.

    Those bunnies need a safe passageway.

    Now there are many working tirelessly on this so surely it must all be coordinated together.  Who else but the Great Northern Landscape Conservation Cooperative (GNLCC) to the rescue for connectivity.  Established by the Department of Interior (DOI), it is an “international” network to advance collaborative landscape conservation.  Here is the amount of land the GNLCC wants to take and a link to the data they have been collecting.  Remember, this is the federal government doing it, not some obscure group.  There are a multitude of participants, including multiple UN affiliates, making decisions about Idaho.

    Kiss Idaho Goodbye

    In a nutshell, the DOI created an organization that promotes these UN affiliated lunatics taking more land away from Idahoans.  Originating in 2009 with order 3289, and advancing it with order 3330, then announcing the truth to “develop opportunities to further establish partnerships that benefit Tribes and Federal agencies” in order 3342.

    The National Park Service (NPS) and US Fish & Wildlife Service (FWS) were granted the privilege of administering the GNLCC in 2010.  The implementation plan includes partnerships with land protection NGOs and land trusts, Canada, IUCN, USFS, and the BLM while using the Endangered Species Act to justify its means.  Of course they are using your tax dollar to stick it to you, not only in this way but in grants as well, up to one million.

    But the truth is, it is just the UN agenda.  As a partner to the DOI, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has been promoting connectivity for a very long time.  As well, the FWS has its own comradely with the UN for migratory species protection.  According to Agenda 2030, Goal 15.5, we are assigned the task to “Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats…”.  Roadkill should certainly be a focus to ensure a natural habitat is protected in a way that it does not cause harm to the animal.  As this Agenda 2030 document explains in #33, “We are therefore determined to conserve and…protect biodiversity, ecosystems and wildlife.”  Look forward to paying for animal roads.

    The federal and state governments, as usual, are taking our money and using it against us, turning it over to UN groups for them to implement UN objectives.  Can President Trump undo all of this?  Or will it take the masses to finally stand up and say no more.  How can the tiny community of Island Park fight this off?  What are our legislators doing to stop this?  Idahoans just continue to see our state being eaten up by government with its UN partnerships.

    Kiss Idaho Goodbye.

    Free Range Report


  • China Dam Smart? U.S.A. Dam Stupid?

    China Dam Smart?  U.S.A. Dam Stupid?

    CHINA WAS SO DAM SMART THAT THEY BUILT THE BIGGEST DAM IN THE WORLD

    The Chinese dam policy was to build and keep dams to provide clean renewable electric power, control the dam water and prevent the dam flooding and release the dam water to prevent drought

    HE WHO CONTROLS THE WATER CONTROLS THE WORLD?

    WHAT PART OF THIS DAM CHINESE POLICY DID THE DAM US GOVERNMENT NOT UNDERSTAND?

    IT WAS NOT HE WHO “OWNS THE WATER”, WOTUS….

    IT IS”HE WHO CONTROLS THE WATER”

    Behind My Back | WOTUS “Water Runs Down Hill”

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/09/04/wotus-water-runs-down-hill/

    Sep 4, 2015 – “WATERS OF UNITED STATES” POWER GRAB. WOTUS RULE – Pacific Legal Foundation https://www.pacificlegal.org/wotus. Pacific Legal Foundation

    DAMS CONTROL WATER. period

    THE STUPID US GOVERNMENT WAS SO “DAM DUMB” THEY WORK FOR THE DAM LOBBYIST AND THE DAM SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS. SAVE THE DAM SALMON AT WHAT COST?

    Behind My Back | How Dam Dumb is the US Government?

    www.behindmyback.org/2016/04/17/how-dam-dumb-is-the-us-government/

    Apr 17, 2016CHINA WAS SO DAM SMART THAT THEY BUILT THE BIGGEST DAM IN THE WORLD. … www.behindmyback.org/2015/09/04/WOTUS-WATER-RUNS-DOWN-HILL/ … Jun 12, 2013 – ACCORDING TO AMERICAN RIVERS, 65 US dams were …

    THE SAGA OF THE STUPID U.S.A. DAM DESTRUCTION

    Map of U.S. Dams Removed Since 1916 | American Rivers

    https://www.americanrivers.org/threats-solutions/restoring…rivers/dam-removal-map/

    Today, many dams that were once at the epicenter of a community’s livelihood are now old, unsafe or no longer serving their intended purposes. Learn how …

    THE ELWHA RIVER DAMS THAT WERE ONCE THE EPICENTER OF OUR COMMUNITY’S LIVELIHOOD, ARE NO LONGER SERVING THEIR INTENDED PURPOSES. period

    THEIR INTENDED DAM PURPOSES?  Protecting and Providing Clallam County’s infrastructure, (the fundamental facilities and systems serving a country, city, or area, as transportation and communication systems, power plants)

    Indeed, THE INTENDED ELWHA DAM PURPOSES, Dam cheap, dam clean hydroelectric power, dam renewable energy that kept the dam economy strong, providing a clean water supply, insuring flooding and drought protection, preventing millions of dam dollars of destruction in and on public and private land, property, protecting public access roads, and A COUPLE OF the really big epicenter of our communities livelihood,  THE OLYMPIC HOT SPRINGS ROAD? THE TOURISM, THE ACCESS AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES IN THE OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK THAT KEPT OUR ECONOMY STRONG, INCLUDED TWO BEAUTIFUL LAKES.

    IT’S A DAM SHAME THAT 300,000 TOURISTS  CAN’T GET THERE FROM PORT ANGELES WA.

    LEARN HOW DAM STUPID…….THE REMOVAL OF THE BIGGEST DAM REMOVAL EVER, WORKED OUT FOR PORT ANGELES, CLALLAM COUNTY ETAL., WASHINGTON STATE U.S.A.

    AS PRESIDENT TRUMP ASKED “HOW’S THE U.S.A DAM

    SYSTEM WORKING OUT FOR YOU?

    SEABURY BLAIR JR. | Elwha too clogged for fish to live

    Seabury Blair Jr.
    Columnist

    Posted: April 15, 2013

     

    Two days after I hiked the sandy, rocky desolation that used to be Lake Mills, as many as 200,000 chinook salmon were killed in what has to be one of the biggest blunders in the history of the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife.

    The year-old salmon were released from the new $16 million Elwha Hatchery run by the state and Lower Elwha Klallam tribe on April 5. Most — if not all — were killed when they tried to swim downstream through the thick gray goop that is the lower Elwha River, created by the removal of two dams built illegally in 1910.

    Though they only had to negotiate 3.5 miles of the river before reaching clearer waters of the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the silt in the river began choking them almost the minute they swam from the crystalline hatchery water into the moving mire that is the Elwha. Hatchery officials reported seeing hundreds of dead smolts lining the riverbank, their gills clogged by the same silt that forced “temporary closure” of a $70 million Elwha River water treatment plant.

    In the Port Angeles Daily News, Mike Gross, Fish and Wildlife biologist, called the release of the salmon “a mistake.” Gross said he suspected the fish suffocated when silt prevented their gills from providing oxygen.

    I imagine it would be akin to trying to breathe volcanic ash for days without a mask, or running a marathon in a massive dust storm.

    Hatchery officials said they checked on the amount of silt in the Elwha on April 4, and determined it was acceptable to release the fish. They said the silt in the river increased overnight.

    I hiked about 3 miles downstream in the desolate bed of the former Lake Mills on April 3, and I don’t need a degree in biology to tell you that no fish could live in that water. The river looked no different when I left the Elwha Campground on April 4.

    For almost 15 miles, the Elwha River carves through a century’s worth of mud, sand and river cobble deposited behind the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams. Above Rica Canyon, at the entrance to the former Lake Mills, the river is the same old blue friend I’ve known for more than 50 years.

    But beginning at the old Lake Mills inlet, the river turns into gray slurry that is poison to any fish. I don’t imagine many wild animals drink from that deadly potion and live, either.

    Fisheries biologists have been releasing coho salmon into Indian Creek, which flows from the west into the Elwha; and Little River, which flows from the east. Both tributaries are about 7 miles upstream from the mouth of the river.

    They’ve reported some of the fish, along with a few chinook they released into Lake Mills before it became the desolation it is today, have survived the gantlet of poison. Now the state is planning to release nearly a million salmon from the hatchery in June.

    About the same time, work on removing the remainder of the Glines Canyon dam is expected to resume, which will surely cause more sediment to be swept downstream. Worse, concrete dust from the dam will be stirred into the mix, making it even more deadly.

    Let us hope the state and tribe can think of a way to get healthy salmon from the hatchery to the Strait before they kill a million more fish.

    Seabury Blair Jr. is the author of Backcountry Ski! Washington; Day Hike! Olympic Peninsula; Day Hike! Columbia Gorge; The Creaky Knees Guide to Washington; the Creaky Knees Guide to Oregon; and Washington Wild Roads. Email Seabury at skiberry@hughes.net.

    ————————————————————————-

    HOW’S THE SYSTEM WORKING OUT FOR PORT ANGELES WA?

    Port Angeles to sue Park Service in dispute over Elwha River water …

    www.peninsuladailynews.com/…/port-angeles-to-sue-park-service-in-dispute-over-el

    6 days ago – PORT ANGELES — The Port Angeles City Council has set the stage for … impasse related to the historic removal of the Elwha River dams.

    snippet….City Attorney Bill Bloor said at the council meeting Tuesday that the Park Service has not provided contract information being sought by the city on the $25 million Elwha River surface water intake and treatment facilities.

    ————————————————————-

    Word gets around in cyberspace

    New post on Pie N Politics Siskiyou County CA

    Port Angeles to sue Park Service in dispute over Elwha River water facilities

    by Liz Bowen

    PNP comment:  Port Angeles is a city in and the county seat of Clallam County,

    Washington, United States. With a population of 19,038 as of the 2010 census,[7]

    it is the largest city in the county, according to Wikipedia. It is worth checking out the entire article at the link below.

    It looks like the fed gov. is not fulfilling its obligations. Shock !!! — Editor Liz Bowen

    —————————————————-

    Behind My Back | Pie N Politics page (1)

    www.behindmyback.org/2015/07/27/pie-n-politics-page-1/

    Jul 27, 2015 – Pie N Politics page (1) Pie N Politics. Like many areas of the United States, citizens in Siskiyou County are finding government regulations are …

    Aug 19, 2016 – A PLAN TO REMOVE FOUR KLAMATH RIVER DAMS

    TO IMPROVE WATER QUALITY AND HABITAT FOR FISH AND RIVER COMMUNITIES

    ———————————————————————————

    The removal of  two dams on the Elwha River in WA State  2011-2014 “WAS”  previously the biggest dam removal DISASTER in U.S. History.

    After the removal of the Elwha River Dams.

    Apr 15, 2013 ELWHA RIVER WATER QUALITY?

    THE QUALITY OF MY PORT ANGELES DRINKING WATER….

    SEABURY BLAIR JR. | Elwha too clogged for fish to live – Kitsap Sun

    http://www.kitsapsun.com/sports/columnists/seabury-blair/356167261.html

    ————————————————————

    YEP, THE ELWHA DAM PROTECTED THE OLYMPIC PENINSULA’S ACCESS INFRASTRUCTURE, THE ELWHA RIVER BRIDGE.

    Battered by Dam Removal – Elwha Bridge

    Posted on January 11, 2017 4:26 pm by Pearl Rains Hewett Comment

    Battered by Dam Removal Elwha Bridge Destroyed

    A DAM TRAGEDY THE ELWHA RIVER BRIDGE

    ———————————————————————

    Flooding is a Dam Shame

    Posted on June 28, 2013 7:31 am by Pearl Rains Hewett

    Drought is a dam shame

    China was so dam smart that they built the biggest dam in the world.

    He who controls the water controls the world?

    In the USA the government was and is so dam stupid they decided that hydro electric power was not dam clean, dam cheap, dam renewable dam energy, not dam flood control and not dam drought and dam property loss prevention.

    The dam Chinese government is so dam smart they work in the best interest of the dam people.

    The Chinese dam prevents the dam loss of life, billions of dam dollars in property damage, provides dam cheap, dam clean, dam renewable, dam energy and helps keep their dam economy strong.

    The Chinese dam controls the dam water releases the dam water to eliminate the dam droughts

    What part of this dam Chinese policy does the dam US government not understand?

    THE US GOVERNMENT IS SO DAM DUMB THEY WORK FOR THE DAM LOBBYIST AND THE DAM SPECIAL INTEREST GROUPS. SAVE THE DAM ENDANGERED etal., ad nausaum, SALMON AT WHAT COST?

    The best dam interest of the dam people in the USA be dammed

    As dictated by the dam US government

    The dam people in the dam USA are flooded and cleaning up the dam water damage for six dam months of the year.

    The dam people in the USA suffer the dam drought for the other six dam months of the year

    The Chinese dam policy was to build and keep dams to provide clean renewable electric power, control the dam water and prevent the dam flooding and release the dam water to prevent drought

    THE DAM USA POLICY CREATES LOSS OF DAM LIFE, DAM MISERY AND DAM SUFFERING FOR MILLIONS OF DAM AMERICANS EVERY DAM YEAR.

    AS PRESIDENT TRUMP WOULD ASK

    “HOW’S THE DAM U.S.A. SYSTEM WORKING OUT FOR YOU?


  • About Pat | Pat Neal Wildlife

    About Pat | Pat Neal Wildlife

    patnealwildlife.net/about-pat/
    —————————

    I read all “About Pat” about 8000 words.

    Pat Neal is a fishing guide on the Hoh River in Washington State. He writes a weekly (humorous) Wilderness Gossip Column on the commentary page of the Peninsula Daily News.

    ——————————————

    March 30, 2017, I sent Pat an email

    You provide a wealth of excellent unknown history.

    I have a history. When I see something, I like to say something.

    Dad fished, gaffed salmon, in Morse Creek during the depression, circa 1933,
    hundreds of salmon, that were not Dungeness Fish Hatchery?

    My Dad, George C. Rains Sr. owned the Morse Creek Valley prior to 1944, He
    sold it to Dr. Hay, (Dr Hay delivered me on Aug 30, 1941) It became the 4
    Seasons.

    Your statement, “All my friends were dying of old age”, really hit home
    It became a real problem for my research……

    I’d like to post it on my website? With your permission?

    ————————————————————————-

    —– Original Message —–

    From: “Pat Neal” <patnealwildlife@gmail.com>

    To: “pearl hewett” <phew@wavecable.com>

    Sent: Thursday, March 30, 2017 5:51 PM

    Subject: Re: When did you write this Morse Creek ?

    Pearl,

    Post away! Please provide a link and I am on facebook to with my
    latest columns. Glad you like my writing and thank you for reading.
    Pat

    ————————————————————————–

    Snippets from  “About Pat Neal”

    “I graduated from college with a degree in history. I got a
    job with the government identifying and locating historic sites,
    artifacts and objects on the Olympic Peninsula. It began a life-long
    study that continued after the job ran out, to the present day. It was
    the late ‘70s. The sons and daughters of the original pioneers of the
    Olympic Peninsula were still alive. I interviewed these people, and we
    became fast friends.”

    “The Olympic Peninsula was a paradise of big trees, elk and salmon. We
    moved to a home along the Sol Duc River.”

    “The good old days were too good to last.”

    Pat’s bottom line….

    Fishing may be bad and getting
    worse, but you can still have an awesome day on the river. Which may
    prove the old theory: The worse fishing gets, the more you need a
    guide.

    Pat Neal is a fishing guide

    He can be reached at 360-683-9867 or by email via patnealwild life@gmail.com.

    ——————————————————————

    Pat and I have a shared history of the Olympic Peninsula.

    Full unedited text

    ABOUT PAT

    I always wanted to be a fishing guide. Maybe I always was when you consider the luckless cohorts, cousins and relations who I suckered into crawling along a hornet infested, brush-choked creek in search of a six-inch cutthroat when I was a kid. Once we fished the creek out, we fished a bigger creek.

    It is difficult to drive over the treacherous Morse Creek bridge and the devil’s racetrack on either side of it these days without remembering how things used to look in the old days.

    Like every other stream entering the Strait of Juan de Fuca, Morse
    Creek had a Klallam village down at the mouth. Traces of this village
    have been hidden or obliterated like the first American homestead
    claim filed in 1863. Eban Gay Morse and his brother Davis W. Morse
    came from Nova Scotia and settled at the mouth of Morse Creek. By the
    1890s, homesteaders had worked their way clear up to the divide with
    the Lillian River.

    A.E. Cox built a cabin at the head of Morse Creek in a godforsaken
    canyon just below Hurricane Ridge. Legend has it that Cox, sitting on
    a frying pan, slid down a snow bank into what became known as Cox
    Valley in a feat that has yet to be duplicated.

    Between the mouth and the mountains, Morse Creek had some of the best
    fishing on the Peninsula, despite a waterfall that made it impassable
    to salmon for most of its length. It was left by the Pleistocene ice
    sheet long before fish passage laws were as stringent as they are
    today.

    No matter, Morse Creek used to be so full of spring chinook you could
    spear them with a pitchfork. There was a massive run of pink salmon
    that used to clog up the creek. People used to camp along the creek
    and harvest, can and smoke enough salmon to last the winter.

    One day we saw an old Indian spearing salmon in the creek. He threaded
    a dozen or so on a rope and walked them down the creek with the
    biggest stringer of fish I ever saw. We thought spearing the salmon
    was unsporting, so we shot them with bows and arrows.

    I got two one day. I packed them home. Dad said we could smoke the
    salmon or compost them. He was trying to be diplomatic about it, but
    the fish were spawn-outs and inedible. Their meat was white instead of
    the red flesh of an ocean fish, but chances are that if they were not
    spawned out, I would not have got them on the beach. We started
    fishing with poles after that.

    Morse Creek was a sportsman’s paradise. There were so many bears
    fishing for salmon you could walk down to the creek and see their
    tracks on top of your own when you walked home. There were orchards
    with apples free for the picking. We would build a fire and bake them
    in the coals with a little brown sugar along with trout wrapped in tin
    foil.

    There were abandoned homesteads, old logging equipment and a meadow
    with a big warning sign that said, “Danger: Unexploded artillery
    shells. Do not enter, no trespassing,” blah, blah, blah. It was like a
    magnet for half-wit juvenile delinquents looking to find a souvenir
    from the war. We spent a lot of time looking for those shells, not
    really knowing what we would do if we found one. Make our own
    fireworks I suppose.

    Then one day Morse Creek turned brown right in the middle of summer.
    This was strange since the creek was still low and we had no rain.
    Sure enough, there was a big old bulldozer running down the middle of
    the creek.

    That was bad, but salmon are tough. Naturally occurring floods in
    salmon streams can do more damage than an army of bulldozers. Salmon
    can survive a flood. The volcanic eruption of Mount St. Helens turned
    the Toutle River into slurry of toxic ash. Salmon can survive a
    volcano. Why can’t salmon survive in Morse Creek?

    They spent millions of dollars buying property from willing sellers,
    planting native vegetation and building log jams to bring the fish
    back, but that has never worked anywhere.

    As it turned out, the once plentiful salmon in Morse Creek were
    planted by the Dungeness Fish Hatchery. It was there I learned some
    important lessons about fisheries management. Runs of hatchery fish
    always fail once you stop planting them. A river is worth more dead
    than alive. Fish are worth more to the state as endangered species
    than as food for people.

    Once Morse Creek was fished out, it was time to move on to the rivers
    we followed to lakes high in the Olympic Mountains. I wanted to catch
    every fish in those mountains. The truth is you could fish the
    Olympics your whole life and not cover all of the water any more than
    you could learn all of its history, but I tried. I have been exploring
    the Olympic Peninsula my whole life and have not seen parts of it yet.
    Looking for new country just comes natural. I did not get this way by
    myself.

    The Neal family came from Ireland, a land known for its salmon, elk
    and timber since it was first populated about 8,000 years ago. The
    Irish elk was a giant of the deer family with antlers eight feet wide.
    By the middle Stone Age, farmers had cut down the trees and overgrazed
    the land until parts of Ireland were eroded down to bare limestone.

    With the British invasion in the 16th century, the Irish elk was
    extinct and salmon were no longer a food source for the common people.
    The fish and whatever game that was left was owned by feudal lords.
    The natives were pushed off their lands. The survivors were shipped
    overseas to the New World as slave labor on plantations and penal
    colonies or herded into sharecropper plots to grow potatoes.

    The introduction of the potato to Ireland set off a population boom
    and bust cycle of famine and disease described by the British
    economist Thomas Malthus, who observed the Irish population increased
    geometrically while their subsistence increased arithmetically.
    Jonathan Swift presented a solution to the Malthus Theory with a
    “Modest Proposal” that advised Irish parents to sell their children as
    food for the rich. Swift thought it only made sense since the rich had
    already consumed most of the rest of Ireland.

    At the time we were named O’Neal. It was most likely a British name.
    Conquerors have invariably renamed their subjects with something they
    could pronounce. The first written reference to a Neal was a Daniel
    Neal who wrote “The History of New England” in 1720. That does not
    mean he went there. Then, as now, it was common for writers to crank
    out promotional copy in hopes of luring people into buying exotic real
    estate.

    At the time you could get passage across the Atlantic Ocean by working
    6 years as an indentured servant, which is how Robert O’Neal, my
    earliest documented relation, and an estimated 80 percent of the
    population of the American Colonies got here.

    Robert dropped the “O” in Neal and settled in Virginia in the
    mid-1700s. One of Robert’s sons, Cornelius, served under Francis
    Marion, also known as The Swamp Fox. Marion’s guerilla force of black
    and white volunteers sometimes dwindled to 20 men. There were times
    during the Revolutionary War that this tiny force was the only
    resistance to the British Army in the state of South Carolina.

    After the war, Cornelius Neal bought a large tract of land in
    Tennessee with a warrant he was issued for his service. Tennessee was
    known for its big timber and good hunting. One sycamore measured nine
    feet in diameter. The herds of buffalo were so large they were known
    to destroy the settlers’ cabins. Massive herds of buffalo, elk and
    deer were slaughtered over the mineral licks.

    The passage of the Indian Removal Act in June, 1830 declared that the
    Indians would “exchange” their lands — including what is today
    Kentucky, Tennessee, North and South Carolina, southwestern Virginia,
    Alabama and Georgia — for lands west of the Mississippi River.

    In 1838, General Winfield Scott lead 7,000 troops to round up an
    estimated 18,000 Cherokees and other members of the “Five Civilized
    Tribes,” who began their “Trail of Tears” from Tennessee to Indian
    Territory, or what is known as Oklahoma today. An estimated 4,000
    people died on the journey.

    The Neals moved west to Missouri. Before long it was time to go west
    again. In 1843, Congress tried to pass a bill that promised every male
    settler in Oregon Territory, which included what is now Washington and
    Idaho, 640 acres, 160 acres to his wife and another 160 to each child.
    This was a political move to bluff the British out of the Joint
    Occupation Treaty where both countries were sharing Oregon while
    American settlers were invading it. The bill did not pass, but the
    Neals headed west sure that it would.

    On April 15, 1844, the Neals set out from Independence, Missouri
    during the worst flood in recorded history. The Neal wagon train was
    one of five trains with about 1,000 souls and oxen, milk cows, horses,
    mules and dogs, including two Newfoundlands. It rained up to 80 hours
    at a time. It took two days to cross the Missouri River. Most of the
    rest of this journey has been described in excruciating detail by a
    number of sources.

    Literacy was rare on the frontier. Family legend has it that one of
    the Neals learned to read by tracing his fingers along the label of a
    whiskey bottle. Some of the Neal women could read and write. They kept
    a journal that has survived to the present.

    The Neals hired James Clyman as a guide. He was one of the greatest
    characters in the history of the American West. Clyman and Jedediah
    Smith crossed South Pass in 1824, which gave Americans control of the
    fur trade between the Rockies and the Sierra Nevada Mountains.

    In 1827, William Sublette took the first wagons over South Pass, part
    of a route that would become the Oregon Trail. After years as a
    trapper, Clyman hired on as a guide for the Neal wagons. When Clyman
    returned from Oregon on his way back to Missouri, he rode with
    Lansford Hastings over a route that Hastings was promoting as the
    fastest road to California. The route had been described in “The
    Emigrants’ Guide to Oregon and California,” a book Hastings published
    before he had actually seen the pass and the impassable canyons that
    lead to it. Clyman, who had a better idea of the country and where
    wagons could and could not travel, warned against what was called “The
    Hastings Cuttoff.”

    Upon his return to Fort Laramie, Clyman met many California emigrants.
    Some listened to Clyman and chose to go to Oregon. The infamous Donner
    Party did not listen. The Neals did not listen much better.

    Clyman was a literate mountain man who kept a journal. He mentioned
    how the Neal Party covered about 30 miles the first week, some of it
    through knee-deep mud. The train split up as the wagons travelled at
    different speeds. Clyman told us to stick together as a defense
    against attacks by Indians. We ran into some Shawnee in Kansas that we
    had chased out of Tennessee. Clyman describes them raising corn, beans
    and potatoes in a land stripped of game.

    Clyman described how our train was full of “discontent and grumbling”
    about serving night guard duty. After a night of the horses and mules
    running loose to graze, 15 or 20 could be missing in the morning.

    As the journey progressed, discipline became strict. As punishment for
    falling asleep on guard duty, the offender was dismounted and forced
    to walk on the day’s march. One man was left staked out on the prairie
    in the rain for a day.

    Moving out onto the Great Plains, we ran into vast herds of buffalo.
    Clyman described how some men in the train abandoned guard duty,
    leaving no defense for the wagons, to go buffalo hunting. Hunting was
    good. We left 40,000 pounds of meat to rot on the prairie. There were
    so many buffalo they ate all the grass. There was nothing left for our
    stock to graze. Clyman noted herds of bighorn sheep, elk and deer. He
    guarded the women on expeditions picking berries, plums and cherries.
    The women described this stretch of the trail in their own journals as
    “The sweetest living we have ever known.”

    It took 78 days for us to reach Fort Laramie, a journey that normally
    took 40. In in his classic book “The Oregon Trail,” the historian
    Francis Parkman describes the Missourians as, “tall awkward men, in
    brown homespun, women with cadaverous faces … being devoid of delicacy
    or propriety … They seemed like men totally out of their element;
    bewildered and amazed like a troop of schoolboys in the woods. I was
    at a loss to account for this perturbed state of mind. It was not
    cowardice. Yet for the most part they are the rudest and most ignorant
    of the frontier population; they know nothing of the country and its
    inhabitants; they had already experienced much misfortune, and
    apprehended more; being strangers, we were looked upon as enemies.”

    The Neals tried to buy supplies with our scarce money or trade with
    our extra possessions, but the prices at Fort Laramie were
    outrageously inflated. Clyman’s shopping list reveals flour was $40.00
    a barrel and sugar was $1.50 a pint. A tanned deerskin was $2.50, and
    they were all out of dried buffalo meat. This was at a time when wages
    were $1.50 a day and land went for $5 an acre.

    Parkman was visiting Fort Laramie on the chance he could observe a
    real Indian war. He followed the Sioux around for weeks and all they
    did was hunt buffalo and cut teepee poles. Disappointed, bored and
    suffering from the symptoms of dysentery, Parkman went back east and
    stayed there.

    The Neals continued west. We shot out the game, polluted the water
    holes and outraged the Indians. We made it to Oregon on Christmas Eve
    and settled along the Santiam River at a place we named Ale, a name
    that was later changed to Stayton. There we waited for the railroad to
    catch up.

    With the invention of the chainsaw, we followed the railroads north
    and west to the Olympic Peninsula where I live today.
    The Olympic Peninsula was a paradise of big trees, elk and salmon. We
    moved to a home along the Sol Duc River.

    By chance, the late U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas
    moved next door. While there is a disturbing trend among some writers
    to pander fleeting celebrity references as an excuse for responsible
    journalism, it was never that way with the late U.S. Supreme Court
    Justice William O. Douglas and me. From the day we met until he
    recessed to that big Appeals Court in the sky, U.S. Supreme Court
    Justice William O. Douglas and I shared a relationship that was beyond
    words.

    Appointed to the Supreme Court by President Roosevelt, U.S. Supreme
    Court Justice William O. Douglas served our nation’s highest court
    through one of the most tumultuous periods of American history.

    As a conservationist, U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas
    had a burning passion to preserve and protect the wilderness. I think
    he came to the Olympic Peninsula to get away from it all. Instead, he
    moved next door to the Neal Family. We were loggers. U.S. Supreme
    Court Justice William O. Douglas was a tree hugger with a reputation
    for being soft on the commies and fast with the women. Conflicts were
    inevitable.

    Things came to a head along about the summer of 1958. U.S. Supreme
    Court Justice William O. Douglas dropped by the house and mentioned he
    was going on a hike to protest a new road the Park Service wanted to
    build out on the Pacific Coast.

    At the time, I was a road builder. I had a dump truck, a road grader
    and an Army tank. Heck, I had my own army with flamethrowers, mortars
    and machine guns all on a dirt pile in the driveway. Every once in a
    while I would bomb my own fort with dirt clods just for fun.

    I had big dreams for a four-year-old: a dump truck army building roads
    across my dirt pile and beyond. And here this big shot, city slicker
    U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas was trying to shut down
    my job before I even got one. I may have said some things he
    regretted.

    I wanted to go on that beach hike to protest the protest. I had my
    blanket and my pet stuffed monkey all ready. All I needed was a sack
    of jam sandwiches and I could have hit the trail. Instead I got some
    static from the war department. Mom said I could not go off on a beach
    hike with that “pinko judge and his floozies.”

    Looking back with the hindsight of history, U.S. Supreme Court Justice
    William O. Douglas might have been right all along. The deterioration
    of our National Parks infrastructure is a national disgrace. The
    National Park Service can’t maintain the roads they have. They have no
    business building anymore. Later we moved to Sappho, and that is the
    last we ever saw of U.S. Supreme Court Justice William O. Douglas.

    Sappho was once the largest and most modern logging camp on the
    Olympic Peninsula. It is now nothing more than a wide spot along
    Highway 101. Logging camps had long been considered to be like
    an American gulag with cork boots. Conditions were rough, working six
    11-hour days in a row with Sundays off to boil the lice out of your
    woolies and change the straw in your bed.

    During World War I, Colonel Disque of the Spruce Division built a
    railroad to haul spruce from Lake Pleasant through Sappho into Port
    Angeles. The colonel insisted on humane living conditions for his
    soldier-loggers, so even though not one stick of spruce came over the
    railroad before the war ended, conditions in the logging camps
    improved. Not that the loggers would admit it. Each logging camp was
    said to have three crews: one quitting, one working and one getting
    hired.

    The railroad was very important to the history of Sappho. It was
    blamed for starting a fire just west of Lake Crescent in the summer of
    1951. Rangers put the fire out but they can burn underground in tree
    roots for weeks undetected. On Sept. 18, a 50-mile an hour east wind
    kicked up and pushed the fire all the way to Forks, almost burning the
    town before the wind shifted and the fire stopped at the Calawah
    River.

    Suddenly Sappho was all set to salvage 35,000 acres of prime timber
    from what has been known ever since as The Forks Fire.  My old man was
    a timber cruiser; he determined the number of board feet in a forest
    before it was cut.

    Loggers were using diesel-powered high lead towers and
    gasoline-powered chain saws. The Spruce Railroad was replaced by log
    trucks that delivered 200 loads of logs into Port Angeles every day.
    We lived in the upscale section of Sappho, kitty corner from the
    cookhouse where fine dining was to be had with three heart-stopping
    meals a day. I still remember my first peanut butter sandwich. It was
    the best.

    My neighbor Larry had a pool. I had a swimsuit. Larry’s dad was a log
    truck driver. My dad said they would drive for free if you would just
    paint their names on the door of the truck. I wondered how they could
    afford such a big pool. It must have been six feet across and a foot
    and a half deep when it was blown up.

    Larry was a real card. I remember when all us kids were herded over to
    watch them hoist an elk out of a crummy, (a truck used to transport
    loggers to the job). Larry said, “That thing is as big as a buffalo.”
    I thought that was the funniest thing I ever heard.

    At some point tragedy struck. We moved to town. As September
    approached, each day was like another day closer to the end of life as
    I knew it: the first day of school.

    I am not blaming anyone for my fear of school, but it is probably my
    big sister’s fault. She said I was adopted from an orphanage for the
    criminally insane so I had better watch my step. My big sister was two
    years older than me and more than happy to tell me anything she wanted
    me to know about school.

    “They put you in a big dark room with no windows. They have a big
    spotlight,” she said. “They shine the light on the teacher who stands
    up in front of the class talking all day long.”

    “What if you have to go to the bathroom?” I asked.

    “You’d better not. They’ll shine the spotlight on you and everyone
    will know,” she said.

    Try as she might to look on the bright side, my big sister could not
    shield me forever from the harsh realities of that first day of
    school. There were the fellow students, a half-wit gang of
    sucker-punchers who remain my friends to this day. There were the
    teachers who I try to avoid to this day.

    There were student activities like lunchtime. That was an opportunity
    to share whatever special treats mom packed in the old lunch box with
    your new friends … if you knew what was good for you. Some of the
    big kids had been stuck in grade school for so long they had started
    shaving. So if you had a problem sharing your blackberry pie for a
    rotten banana, you would better wolf it down first thing in the
    morning before you got on the bus.

    There was recess, with games like Crack the Whip, Dutch Knuckles and
    Indian Rope Burn. The teachers didn’t seem to care what we did. We
    thought they were in the basement smoking or something. No one wanted
    to bother the teachers unless we couldn’t get the bleeding stopped on
    our own.

    On a good day, we’d head out across a gravel pit, through a brush pile
    and into a real live haunted house with a hidden treasure: a stack of
    old National Geographics that would have made Caligula blush.

    Before you knew it a teacher fired a signal shot out of an old Luger
    she brought back from the war and recess was over. We’d line up for a
    drink at the water fountain. Just when you were ready to gulp down a
    drink, some joker would plow into the back of the line crushing the
    unfortunate drinker face first into the fountain. Sometimes the
    fountain was plugged up with blood and teeth so you almost didn’t want
    a drink but that’s all there was.

    That was the old days, the late Pleistocene I think. We used fountain
    pens, which could shoot ink quite a way when you got them sighted in.
    Once you got inked, you were bound to get pasted, with the white gooey
    stuff you could never wipe off. Mix in the rotten fruit and dirt bags
    you were constantly getting pelted with and you could come home from
    school looking like a modern art painting.

    Then there were classes like math where they tried to teach us to
    count without taking off our shoes. At some point, they hit us with
    the new math, which I didn’t get either. The math teacher said, “pie
    are square,” when anyone knows pies are round. Blackberry cobblers and
    apple crisps are square. I must have been a child genius to figure
    that out, but the know-it-all teachers just laughed.

    Discipline was strict. They impacted my self-esteem, sometimes with
    large pieces of wood. Like many Catholic schoolchildren in the ’60s, I
    was convinced I was going to hell. That was the bad news. The good
    news was that all my friends would be there.

    A  lot of my friends were altar boys and I was too. These days it is
    very popular to make fun of altar boys with jokes like “Why doesn’t
    the Catholic Church allow birth control? Because altar boys don’t get
    pregnant.” But in the old days of the Latin Mass, you had to have your
    act together to be an altar boy. Those unfamiliar with the Catholic
    faith probably don’t know what a big job that was. After you learned
    Latin, you were in charge of the water, wine, bread, candles, incense,
    bells, a medieval wardrobe and in some cases crowd control in
    everything from baptisms to funerals.

    Meanwhile there was no slouching, fidgeting, or worse, sleeping
    allowed. Well maybe that wasn’t the worst thing you could do as an
    altar boy. The worst thing would be dropping the bread, which
    represents the body of Christ. Go dropping Jesus during Communion and
    you’d find yourself serving 6 a.m. Mass with the new guys for the rest
    of your altar-boy career.

    Screw-ups who couldn’t light the candles, fire up the incense or pour
    water were never going to fast track their way up to the big time, the
    Holiday High Masses. That’s where you made the big bucks, up to $5 for
    a midnight Mass.

    Then there was that other special perk that few realized. Being an
    altar boy meant you could skip a lot of school on religious grounds.
    People died all the time so there were funerals during the week. We
    called it “the graveyard shift.”  At the time I would have skipped
    school to go frog hunting if I could get away with it, but serving
    Mass at funerals was the only alibi that would pass the parental
    guidance committee.

    It didn’t take long for the money and the free pass out of class to go
    right to our heads. We thought we were better than everyone. We could
    look down our nose at the drunks who only came to church once a year
    at midnight on Christmas Eve or Easter while we went almost every day.
    Never mind that we were sneaking the sacramental wine, what the heck.
    We smoked and chewed, so pounding a little vino first thing in the
    morning was no big deal.

    Still, being an altar boy was not without its special challenges and
    humbling episodes that confirmed our worst suspicions, that we were as
    rotten as anyone.

    People talk about seven deadly sins, but they never mention the one
    that might have been worse than all the others put together to an
    altar boy: flatulence. You had only one chance to get away with it.
    You wanted to be ringing the bells during the attack and maybe move
    along and light off a big lump of incense really quick before the
    guilty party could be identified. I often think of this when people
    refer to Catholic Mass as “bells and smells.”

    Eventually I started going to a bigger church. It contained one of the
    Earth’s greatest treasures: silence. This church was so big it had
    mountains, giant trees and a river running through it. I took my
    priest friend out to my church on the Queets River and confessed I was
    a poor excuse for an altar boy. He caught a nice silver and all my
    sins were forgiven.

    After what seemed like a year of school and church and church and
    school, we made it to the best day of the year: the last day of
    school.

    I wonder if any words in the English language filled me with such a
    sense of wonder as a child. I wondered if I would ever get to the next
    grade. By the last day of school, the dread of getting that final
    report card hung in my gut like a chunk of lead.

    The teachers liked to make a big deal about how much they would miss
    us when school was out. I thought of how much I’d miss my fellow
    classmates, if I was lucky. Some of them had BB guns and weren’t
    afraid to use them. Others had gangs or fighting dogs so you wanted to
    plan on missing your classmates all summer long if at all possible.

    The best way to avoid your classmates was to go camping in the Olympic
    Mountains.

    You hear a lot these days about getting close to nature and camping
    without leaving a trace. We did that. If our camps had been any closer
    to nature, they would have been underground. Since then all our old
    camping places have been bulldozed, subdivided and suburbanized
    without a trace.

    I’ll never forget camping under the bark shelter. We set a pole frame
    against a log and covered the works with slabs of cedar bark. There
    was a carpet of moss for a floor. It was snug as a bug in a rug, for a
    while. Peeling that bark must have awakened every bug in that log. No
    one noticed the bugs once the skunk showed up.

    When we got older, we wanted to camp in Olympic National Park. If the
    millions of tourists who visit National Park each year built a bark
    shelter, they could have the place clear-cut in no time. It was time
    to go hi-tech. I had to get a tent.

    There many fine ones on the market. They all shared one thing in
    common: They leaked. A leaky tarp was cheaper than a leaky tent and we
    were on a budget.

    As luck would have it, mom got a new shower curtain on the last day of
    school. I got the old one. It was perfect for camping with little
    holes around the edges you could tie string to and batten down the
    hatches when the bad weather hit.

    I’ll never forget that first and last night under the shower curtain.
    We’d slogged into a high mountain lake right when the ice was off.
    That was the best time to fish but the wind was blowing so hard it
    made casting impossible.

    I made a lean-to out of the shower curtain. It lasted until the wind
    picked up, howling across a snowfield. I wrapped up in that shower
    curtain and waited until dawn.

    Back then summer vacation wasn’t all just camping and fishing.
    Children were considered farm machinery. There were many fine farm
    careers to choose from, and I couldn’t wait get started.

    Picking strawberries seemed like easy money, to start out early on a
    summer morning, gorging down an endless row of perfectly ripe berries.
    That was strawberry heaven, until your gut hurt so bad you could not
    walk upright, which started the endless trips to the outhouse where
    you spotted a fellow sucker-puncher from school, which started the
    berry fight.

    That’s where you had to be careful. You could get fired for berry
    fights. Once you got fired, there was no more dough for the things you
    really needed for a happy childhood, like illegal fireworks and
    fishing gear. This was the bad old days before enlightened parents
    gave their kids credits cards to manage their money.

    So you didn’t want to get caught throwing berries even at somebody who
    was asking for it by throwing berries at you. No. Revenge could wait.
    There would be many trips to the outhouse those first couple of days
    of berry picking until you were so sick of eating berries you’d just
    as soon chew on a dirt clod.

    As luck would have it, the boss kept all the boys picking together
    where he could keep an eye on them. No matter what, the other guy’s
    row of berries always seemed to be a little riper with a few more of
    the really big strawberries that could fill up your boxes faster. It
    was against the rules to pick on another picker’s row, but nobody said
    anything about swapping boxes with them.

    Just for fun, I liked to exchange a specially prepared “sucker-box”
    with my friend while he was busy in the outhouse. That was a box of
    rocks covered with a thin layer of camouflage berries. It was a dirty
    trick but my friend had it coming. We both did.

    As the day in the berry field wore on, your back began to ache from
    the constant strain of bending. Your knees were shot from crawling
    down the endless rows. You only got paid for the berries you picked
    and if you ate all the berries you picked you paid in many ways.
    Gastric distress that kept you dashing for the outhouse was the bad
    news. The good news was it was probably the only shade in the field.

    After what seemed like all day, it was quitting time. The pickers
    lined up for their pay, but my pay was short. It seemed I had a box of
    rocks in my berries. I’d been sucker-boxed!
    I went on to pick many other crops after that — berries, beans and peas.

    Then, regular as rain, a magic thing would happen every summer:
    Grandma would come for a visit.

    I had a fishing Grandma. When she retired to go fishing, the trout
    population took a severe hit. She had a flame-red Valiant with a big
    V-8 and a push-button automatic transmission. It had plenty of
    get-up-and-go and a trunk big enough to hold enough supplies for an
    expedition. It could take several people to help unload the fiesta
    cake, 24-hour salad, cookies, oranges, grapes and more from the vast
    trunk.

    Her motto was, “You should never give up an opportunity for an outing
    or a trip.” She believed, among other things, that cherries should be
    canned with the pits taken out. Embroidering pillow slips and quilting
    on Tuesdays keeps your fingers nimble. The cookie jar should always be
    full and it is perfectly acceptable for growing boys to eat a whole
    pie. Her banana crème pie was a monument to the culinary arts. She did
    not skimp on the butter.

    I could hardly wait for Grandma to show up for her yearly clamming and
    fishing trip. When fishing with her, you didn’t go around looking for
    pop bottles to turn in for money for treats, no. Grandma Neal not only
    had the classiest ride in the county, she had plenty of cash to go
    with it. We’d hit the road for the beach at low tide and dig a washtub
    of clams then go out for burgers in a little shack right on the beach.

    Once Grandma got her fill of clams, we’d go fishing in the Elwha, a
    legendary trout stream in its day. We’d drive up the Olympic Hot
    Springs road and fish the holes along the road.

    There is some fast water in that stretch. I was fishing downstream
    from Grandma when she tumbled into the river. I tried to help as she
    went bobbing by, but just then I hooked a 12-inch rainbow on my
    Herter’s spinner. Grandma made it out okay though.

    After that Grandma Neal dropped us off along the river while she took
    a rest. We’d come back to the Valiant for lunch with a couple limits
    of trout. A Grandma Neal shore lunch was a banquet fit for a king.
    After lunch we’d head out for another limit while Grandma took a nap.
    We’d fish until we ran out of worms and head back to the Valiant with
    another basket of trout, then style back home for a fish fry.

    Back at school I once bragged I had “the fishing-est” Grandma there
    was. Those were fighting words at the time.

    “Your Grandma doesn’t fish,” a punk who used to be my friend said.
    “She just sits in the car.”

    He should know. Grandma took him fishing the summer before. He didn’t
    understand a fishing Grandma. She didn’t have to fish. That’s what the
    grandkids were for. They were all fishing fools. She could park that
    Valiant almost anywhere in the Western United States, turn the
    grandkids loose and go home with a basket of trout. That’s a fishing
    Grandma in my book.

    The good old days were too good to last. I turned into a worthless
    teenager tumbling down the slippery slope to the dark side. I started
    fly-fishing. Before long I was too busy to go fishing with Grandma
    Neal. She started going to Reno. She said it had a beautiful cathedral
    and playing cards kept your mind sharp. She had always believed in
    supporting the local bingo games. It might have affected her health.
    She only lived to be 100. When she died, the trout population in
    heaven took a severe hit.

    Grandma was a wise and spiritual woman. She walked to church every day
    until she was 97. She once told me to stay in school because no one
    could take an education away from you. Those words stayed with me.

    Staying in school required my participation in a number of careers
    that no longer exist. I got a job cutting the logs out of creeks. Now
    we put them back in. I was a member of the Shingleweavers Union
    working in a shingle mill. Now there is no more union. I cut off fish
    heads, trolled for salmon, cut shake bolts.

    I got a job thinning trees in the Forks Burn up on Bonidu Mountain.
    These baby trees were growing amid the stumps of the big old growth
    they had logged. We thinned out the young Douglas fir, Pacific silver
    fir and hemlock so they would grow faster.

    Years later I was snooping through a timber cruising notebook of my
    now deceased father. By chance I opened to the page to where he was
    cruising the Douglas fir, silver fir and hemlock timber on Bonidu
    Mountain. Out of the millions of acres in the working forest, we
    worked the same land. I thought that was pretty cool.

    Eventually I graduated from college with a degree in history. I got a
    job with the government identifying and locating historic sites,
    artifacts and objects on the Olympic Peninsula. It began a life-long
    study that continued after the job ran out, to the present day. It was
    the late ‘70s. The sons and daughters of the original pioneers of the
    Olympic Peninsula were still alive. I interviewed these people, and we
    became fast friends.

    There was Lena Fletcher, daughter of John Huelsdonk, the “Iron Man of
    the Hoh,” and his granddaughter, Missy Barlow. There was Kate
    Flaherty, daughter of Chris Morganroth; Boston Charlie’s niece, Lavern
    Hepfner; and old Abe Cameron’s kid, Emerson Boone Cameron. He was
    known as Boone. I met him through Harry Reed, who had hunted, fished
    and trapped the Dungeness country with Boone for 40 years or so. Harry
    must have been in his 70s. Boone was 80-something. What Harry and
    Boone didn’t know about the Dungeness wasn’t worth knowing.

    The Dungeness was a haunted valley of abandoned farms, mines,
    distilleries, and logging and hunting camps connected with trails,
    roads, railroads and lookouts that have long since disappeared. I
    thought I would write about it someday, so here goes.

    Harry and Boone were the last of the mountain men, self-described
    reprobates and moonshine connoisseurs. They homesteaded, hunted,
    fished, trapped, logged and guided decades before I was born. They
    were living historic monuments.

    My job was to remember everything they said. I had to remember it. I
    didn’t have a tape recorder. I couldn’t write it down. That’s
    impossible while you’re driving on a muddy road where one slip will
    put you in a quagmire or off the side of the mountain while your
    guides are arguing over which way to turn and the names of every
    creek, hollow and knob along the way.

    Geographic place names are a record of the past. Graveyard Spit was
    named after a massacre. Whiskey Flats was named after the town’s
    leading industry. Wildcat Creek was named after one of Boone’s old
    girlfriends. That’s what Harry said anyway.

    We were road hunting at the time since both of the guys were too old
    to walk very far. Harry had his Long Tom, a single shot 12-gauge,
    which, together with Boone’s lever-action rifle, looked like a pile of
    scrap iron, but that’s how they killed their game. Boone said he
    killed two elk in his life, big five-point bulls. One was shot at the
    head of Lost River and the other was up the Lillian River. Boone
    figured that might be in Olympic National Park these days, and I said
    they were.

    Boone and his father, Abe, hunted and guided up in the Olympics before
    there was a park. His father had named Cameron Creek and named the
    valley it flowed through “Boone Valley.” Boone offered to draw me a
    map of his old hunting country with all their cabins and trails in his
    own style, with the letters backwards so I would have to look at it in
    a mirror to read it. I thought a map like that would be worth a
    fortune just for all the antique whiskey bottles you’d find around
    where the cabins stood, but Boone died before he drew that map. It
    became a real problem for my research. All my friends were dying of
    old age.

    One day when we were driving up the river to go fishing, Harry said he
    was having a stroke. I turned the truck around. Harry seemed surprised
    we were going to the hospital. He said not to worry, the stroke
    wouldn’t hit until the next day.

    It was February. The temperature was in the low 30s with rain just
    turning to snow, perfect steelhead weather. The Dungeness was loaded
    with steelhead. Harry said he could probably catch our limit in an
    hour. I drove up the river feeling like an accessory to
    fishing-assisted suicide.

    Harry didn’t even own a tackle box. He carried a wicker creel. Inside
    he had a few leaders tied up, some split shot and a jar of eggs cured
    in sugar and salt. Once in a while Harry would get fancy.

    “We started tying yarn on our leaders after the War,” he said. That
    would be the big one, WWII. The rest of Harry’s gear looked like it
    had been through the war. The guides on his rod and his reel were held
    on with electrical tape. He would strip out some line and swing his
    little glob of caviar out into the river, usually less than 10 feet
    from shore. Harry caught both our limits before I got my fancy gear
    untangled.

    “You have to feel the bite,” Harry said. That hurt. A fishermen’s ego
    can be as delicate as the most fragile ecosystem. Harry had a 50-year
    steelhead fishing head start on me. I thought it would be only fair if
    he let me catch a fish once in a while.

    Still there was more to a hunting or fishing trip with Harry than
    hunting and fishing. It was a treasure hunt. Harry brought a metal
    detector. He found all kinds metal tools and stove parts buried under
    the sod of long-abandoned homesteads, along with the remains of the
    Olympic Mountain Moonshiner. This was an endangered species, which,
    like the 100-pound salmon and the Olympic timber wolf, went extinct
    shortly after they were “discovered.”

    The moonshiners left a network of trails and camps that ran from the
    tidewater dock on the Dungeness far into the mountains packing grain,
    sugar, yeast and dynamite to supply the many thirsty mines, logging
    camps, fishing lodges, hunting camps, bawdy houses, dance halls and
    homesteads that used to populate the last frontier.

    In 1897, much of the moonshiner’s home range was declared a national
    monument to protect the elk. This brought law to the Olympic
    Peninsula. The year 1920 brought Prohibition, which, as Will Rogers
    said, was “better than no liquor at all.”

    There were conflicts. “Dodger Bender” manned the fire lookout on the
    mountain that now bears his name, Dodger Point up the Elwha River. The
    story goes that Dodger discovered a still and got knifed and killed by
    a moonshiner.

    The rich farmlands of the Dungeness provided the grain that, when
    combined with pure Olympic mountain spring water, could supply the
    20,000 sailors of the U.S. Pacific Squadron with refreshments. The
    squadron had spent summers on maneuvers in Port Angeles Harbor ever
    since 1895 when Old Admiral Beardsley spent so much time fishing Lake
    Crescent they named the trout after him. For the next 40 years,
    thousands of thirsty sailors enriched the social scene of the
    Peninsula. That was until 1933 when the do-gooders ended Prohibition
    and killed the moonshiner’s market.

    In 1938, the National Park took over, putting the last nail in the
    moonshiner’s coffin. Today the remains of the moonshiners are not much
    to look at. Often there is just a collection of metal barrel hoops
    sticking out of the forest floor. Other times you might see an old
    10-gallon milk can. These were “borrowed” from dairy farms in the
    valley. Harry would find what was left with his metal detector.

    Many of these pioneer remains were soon obliterated by a logging
    industry that had no appreciation for cultural resources. Logging was
    really taking off at the time.

    By the 1970s, the Japanese post-war economy had developed to the point
    where they bought American wood. We shipped what was the finest old
    growth timber on the planet to the Orient as raw logs. Up to 300
    truckloads of logs came into Port Angeles every day to be shipped
    overseas. Meanwhile, American mills were being forced out of business
    from a lack of wood.

    By the 1980s, we had logged and burned the last remaining watersheds
    of the Olympic Peninsula from the saltwater to the National Park
    boundary. The Japanese economy crashed along with the logging
    industry. My government job ran out. I became a fishing guide for
    salmon and steelhead and have fished ever since.

    There have been many changes to the Olympic Peninsula since I started
    guiding. The salmon, elk and timber for which this land was famous is
    mostly rare, endangered or just plain gone. Still what is left of our
    rivers represents the best of the last or the last of the best salmon
    and steelhead fishing in the country. Fishing may be bad and getting
    worse, but you can still have an awesome day on the river. Which may
    prove the old theory: The worse fishing gets, the more you need a
    guide.

    Pat Neal is a fishing guide

    He can be reached at 360-683-9867 or by email via patnealwild life@gmail.com.


  • Elwha Supplemental Impact Statement?

    Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

    The installation of Scott Pruitt, to run the Environmental Protection Agency, sued the agency he intends to lead more than a dozen times as Oklahoma attorney general, reinforces expectations.

    “I have no doubt that Scott will return the EPA to its core objectives,” said Republican Senator James Inhofe, also of Oklahoma, adding the agency had been guilty of “federal overreach, unlawful rule making, and duplicative red tape,”

    DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    National Park Service

    DATED: JULY 9, 2002. Elwha Ecosystem Restoration Implementation; Olympic National Park; Clallam and Jefferson Counties, WA; Notice of Intent To Prepare a SUPPLEMENTAL Environmental Impact Statement FILED 9-11-02 

    Note: EPA no longer updates this information, but it may be useful as a reference or resource.

    (FOR ADDITIONAL DETAILS, SEE ELWHA RIVER WATER QUALITY MITIGATION PROJECT

    PLANNING REPORT AT www.nps.gov/olym/elwha/home.htm).

     Mar 30 2017, Olympic National Park WE CAN’T FIND THAT PAGE….

    ——————————————————————————-

    DATED: JULY 9, 2002. MITIGATION PROJECT ISSUES?   IT’S IMPACT ON VISITORS? AND POTENTIAL EFFECTS ON VISITORS? FILED 9-11-02 

    Water quality or water supply mitigation issues that will be analyzed in the SEIS include impacts of rebuilding the existing rock diversion structure on riparian vegetation, wildlife, water quality and fish; land use related impacts of building permanent water treatment facilities, such as removal of vegetation and soil, use of heavy equipment to build the facilities and its impact on wildlife or VISITORS,

    VISITORS? WOW, IS THAT LIKE AN ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT ON CLALLAM COUNTY TOURISM?

    and hazards of using chlorine and other chemicals required for treatment.    Other environmental issues not related to water quality or supply include providing access to Morse Creek and other tributaries for fisheries protection during dam removal, access to seed stock and protection of young plants in revegetating reservoir lands, changes in driving routes for trucks disposing of rubble, or noise of an onsite rubble crushing operation and its potential effects on wildlife and VISITORS.

    VISITORS? WOW, IS THAT LIKE AN ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT ON CLALLAM COUNTY TOURISM?

    VISITORS? LIKE AN IMPACT STATEMENT ONP INHOLDERS?

    ——————————————————

    Jun 28, 2011

    Olympic National Park mea culpa: ‘Inholder’ blocked from family property

    www.peninsuladailynews.com/…/olympic-national-park-mea-culpa-8216-inholder-82…

    Jun 28, 2011 – Pearl Rains Hewett stands at a blockade on Olympic Hot Springs Road in Olympic National Park on Monday. — Photo by Chris …

    ————————————————————-

    FISH BEFORE PEOPLE

    Elwha River Fish Restoration Plan – National Park Service

    https://www.nps.gov/olym/learn/nature/upload/Elwha-River-Fish-Management-Plan.pdf

    2008 – ‎Related articles

    THE SITE WILL HELP PRESERVE AND RESTORE ELWHA RIVER CHINNOOK POPULATIONS BY PROVIDING SAFE HAVEN FOR 200,000 YEARLING SMOLTS.

    —————————————————————-

    DATED: JULY 9, 2002.

    Dam removal was determined to be the preferred option for restoration, and the 1996 EIS also identified a desired suite of actions to remove the dams. As a step towards accomplishing these objectives, Congress directed purchase of the dams (which occurred in February 2000 for $29.5 million, as stipulated by Pub. L. 102-495).

    ————————————————————————-

    AS A DELEGATED EIS, THE OFFICIAL RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FINAL DECISION IS THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR, PACIFIC WEST REGION;

     SUBSEQUENTLY THE OFFICIAL RESPONSIBLE FOR IMPLEMENTATION WOULD BE THE SUPERINTENDENT, OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK.

     DATED: JULY 9, 2002.JOHN J. REYNOLDS,REGIONAL DIRECTOR, PACIFIC WEST REGION.[FR DOC. 02-23124 FILED 9-11-02; 8:45 AM]BILLING CODE 4310-70-P

    (FOR ADDITIONAL DETAILS, SEE ELWHA RIVER WATER QUALITY MITIGATION PROJECT

    PLANNING REPORT AT www.nps.gov/olym/elwha/home.htm).

     Mar 30 2017 WE CAN’T FIND THAT PAGE….

    Written comments may be delivered by fax to: 360/565-1325; via e-mail to: Brian_Winter@nps.gov; or via postal mail or hand delivery during normal business hours to: Elwha Restoration Project Office, SEIS Comments, 826 East Front Street, Suite A, Port Angeles, WA 98362.

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    Timeline of the Elwha 1992 to Present – Olympic National Park (U.S. …

    https://www.nps.gov/olym/learn/…/timeline-of-the-elwha-1992-to-present.htm

    THE SITE WILL HELP PRESERVE AND RESTORE ELWHA RIVER CHINNOOK POPULATIONS BY PROVIDING SAFE HAVEN FOR 200,000 YEARLING SMOLTS. … Before his death in 2007, Albright pioneered propagation methods for many plants native to the Northwest.

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    Elwha River Fish Restoration Plan – National Park Service

    https://www.nps.gov/olym/learn/nature/upload/Elwha-River-Fish-Management-Plan.pdf

    2008 – ‎Related articles

    PURSUANT TO THE ELWHA RIVER ECOSYSTEM AND FISHERIES RES- TORATION ACT …… 200,000. MORSE CREEK. YEARLING SMOLTS. ON-SITE. 180,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 …… Spawning ground surveys of live or dead fish and redds can then be.

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    Apr 15, 2013

    ELWHA RIVER WATER QUALITY  200,000  DEAD SMOLT

    SEABURY BLAIR JR. | Elwha too clogged for fish to live – Kitsap Sun

    www.kitsapsun.com/sports/columnists/seabury-blair/356167261.html

    Apr 15, 2013 – … AS MANY AS 200000 CHINOOK SALMON WERE KILLED IN WHAT HAS TO BE ONE OF THE … HATCHERY OFFICIALS REPORTED SEEING HUNDREDS OF DEAD SMOLTS LINING THE … For almost 15 miles, the Elwha River carves through a century’s worth of … ELWHA RIVER WATER QUALITY  

    JUL 12, 2013 LOWER ELWHA KLALLAM TRIBE’S HATCHERY

    200, 000  MORE DEAD SMOLT

    400,000 TOTAL DEAD HATCHERY SMOLT…

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    The Danger of Putting All Your Eggs in the Hatchery Basket — Wild …

    wildfishconservancy.org › About › Press › Press Clips

    JUL 12, 2013 – ROUGHLY 200,000 HATCHERY COHO SALMON AND 2000 STEELHEAD, RESULTING FROM A PUMP FAILURE AT THE LOWER ELWHA KLALLAM TRIBE’S HATCHERY ON THE ELWHA RIVER. …

     SPRING  Apr 15, 2013 THANKS TO MISTAKEN TIMING OF LARGE RELEASE OF SMOLTS AT ONE TIME … PRODUCTION LOST (200,000 DEAD) DUE TO MALFUNCTION OF HATCHERY WATER PUMP …

    The tragedy is: this production could have occurred with much less risk with natural spawning left to the river where fish make their own decisions regarding spawning destination and time, and juveniles determine their own window for outmigration.  Instead these fish have been hi-jacked by the continued belief in hatcheries rather than the proven success story of wild fish recolonization for thousands of years and resulting diversity that hedges its bets against the whims of nature’s unpredictable events.  And we paid $16 million to create this Elwha hatchery fiasco plus further annual investments in taking fish from the river and subjecting them to the persistent belief in hatcheries that is counter to the science — further evidence of the tragic disconnect of science from policy, the latter continually driven by the politics of popular beliefs.

    http://www.peninsuladailynews.com/article/20130711/news/307119990

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     (FOR ADDITIONAL DETAILS, SEE ELWHA RIVER WATER QUALITY MITIGATION PROJECT

    PLANNING REPORT AT www.nps.gov/olym/elwha/home.htm).

    WE CAN’T FIND THAT PAGE….

    THE SEIS WILL ALSO ANALYZE CHANGES UNRELATED TO WATER QUALITY

    MITIGATION WHERE APPLICABLE.

    One of these changes is a re-evaluation of

    options to mitigate impacts to septic systems on the Lower Elwha

    Klallam Reservation. Many of the septic systems in the lower lying

    parts of the Reservation may become ineffective when the river level

    and associated groundwater table rises as a result of river channel

    aggradation following dam removal.

    In addition to the points summarized above, further detail has been added to the revegetation plan for the areas currently inundated by the reservoirs; thus, potential impacts of

    actions associated with such revegetation will be addressed.

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    Full unedited text

    DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR

    National Park Service Elwha Ecosystem Restoration Implementation;

    Olympic National Park; Clallam and Jefferson Counties, WA;

    Notice of Intent To Prepare a Supplemental Environmental Impact Statement [Federal Register: September 12, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 177)][Notices][Page 57834-57836]From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov][DOCID:fr12se02-94] SUMMARY: Pursuant to Section 102(2)(C) of the National Environmental Policy Act (42 U.S.C. 4321 et seq.), the U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, and its cooperating agencies are undertaking a conservation planning and environmental impact analysis process intended to supplement the 1996 Elwha River Ecosystem Restoration Implementation final environmental impact statement (1996 EIS).

    Two dams, built in the early 1900s, block the river and limit anadromous fish to the lowest 4.9 river miles. The 1996 EIS is the second of two environmental impact statements that examined how best to restore the Elwha River ecosystem and native anadromous fishery in Olympic National Park. Dam removal was determined to be the preferred option for restoration, and the 1996 EIS also identified a desired suite of actions to remove the dams. As a step towards accomplishing these objectives, Congress directed purchase of the dams (which occurred in February 2000 for $29.5 million, as stipulated by Pub. L. 102-495). However, release of sediment from behind the dams would result in sometimes severe impacts to water quality or to the reliability of supply to downstream users during the dam removal impact period of about 3-5 years, which the 1996 EIS proposed mitigating through a series of specific measures (see below).

    Subsequently, new research and changes unrelated to the implementation project have emerged. Therefore, the primary purpose of this Supplemental EIS (SEIS) will be to identify and analyze potential impacts of a new set of water quality and supply related mitigation measures.

    Background     Elwha Dam was built in 1911, and Glines Canyon Dam in 1925, limiting anadromous fish to the lowest 4.9 miles of river (blocking access to more than 70 miles of Elwha River mainstream and tributary habitat). The two dams and their associated reservoirs have also inundated and degraded important riverine and terrestrial habitat and severely affected fisheries habitat through increased temperatures, reduced nutrients, reduced spawning gravels downstream, and other changes. Consequently, salmon and steelhead populations in the river have been considerably reduced or eliminated, and the river ecosystem within Olympic National Park significantly and adversely altered.

    In 1992, Congress enacted the Elwha River Ecosystem and Fisheries Restoration Act (PL 102-495) directing the Secretary of the Interior to fully restore the Elwha river ecosystem and native anadromous fisheries, while at the same time protecting users of the river’s water from adverse impacts associated with dam removal. The records of decision associated with this process indicated removal of both dams was needed to fully restore the ecosystem. However, impacts to water quality and supply will result from release of sediments, which have accumulated behind the dams.

    The 1996 EIS proposed and analyzed mitigation measures to protect water quality and ensure supply for each of the major downstream users. These users included the city of Port Angeles’ municipal and industrial consumers, the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe’s fish hatchery, the state chinook salmon rearing channel, and the Dry Creek Water Association. Many private wells along the river could also be affected, but mitigation proposed for these users would remain substantially the same.    Currently, surface water from a rock fill diversion and intake pipe at river mile 3.3 supplies the city’s industrial clients and the state rearing channel. Mitigation to protect the city’s industrial customers described in the 1996 EIS included the installation of an infiltration gallery to collect water filtered from the riverbed and open-channel treatment with flocculants, chemicals and polymers during dam removal. The city’s municipal customers are supplied with a subsurface Ranney collector on the east-side of the river at river mile 2.8. To maintain water yield, the 1996 EIS [[Page 57835]] proposed a second Ranney collector be built on the river’s west-side, opposite the current collector. A temporary “package” treatment plant to filter water from the Ranney wells would have been operational during dam removal.

    The rearing channel would have been closed during dam removal and chinook production transferred to another state facility.    The tribal hatchery at river mile 1 will be central in protecting and producing Elwha anadromous fish for restoration following dam removal. Water for the hatchery is currently provided through wells and a shallow infiltration gallery. Measures described to protect hatchery water during dam removal included the expansion of the gallery to ensure supply and drilling of two new wells to provide clean groundwater for dilution.

    Dry Creek Water Association (DCWA) currently meets the needs of its members through groundwater wells. These wells would be subject to an increased frequency of flooding following dam removal, as well as increased sediment and mobilization of iron and manganese. The 1996 EIS analyzed two options for DCWA–connection to the city’s water distribution system, or providing additional protection from flooding for the existing DCWA system and treating on site with filtration and chlorination.

    Since December 1996 (when the most recent record of decision was signed), the U.S. Department of the Interior (including Bureau of Reclamation) and its cooperating agencies (including the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe) have continued studying and refining elements of the selected alternative. As a result, they have found better solutions for protecting water quality and water supply during and following dam removal. In addition, changes in user needs have come about as a result of factors unrelated to the project.

    For example, chinook salmon and bull trout have both been listed as threatened since 1997, resulting in the requirement to keep the state rearing facility open during dam removal.

    Also, the city of Port Angeles must now meet new standards for the treatment of its municipal supplies. In addition, an industrial customer (Rayonier) which required very high quality water for its operation has since closed.    As a result of these and other changes, the agencies are pursuing an option of building permanent water treatment facilities with varying levels of treatment depending on the ultimate use of the water

    (for additional details, see Elwha River Water Quality Mitigation Project Planning Report at www.nps.gov/olym/elwha/home.htm).  The locations and types of diversions may also change because water collected from the city’s Ranney well is no longer considered to be purely groundwater, but is highly connected to the river and so must be treated as a surface supply.

    In addition, problems associated with subsurface intakes during the 3-5 year dam removal impact period may now outweigh the benefits. These problems include possible clogging and reduced yields, increased costs of providing flood protection, and increased environmental impacts associated with installing and maintaining subsurface structures in or very near the river. Sources of “true” groundwater, which are not so closely connected to the river have been investigated, but do not exist in the quantities required. This leaves surface water as a more attractive option. An alternative of replacing the existing intake structure will therefore be analyzed in the SEIS.

    Feasibility studies indicate surface water could be treated and used for the city’s industrial customer, in combination with well water for the state’s rearing facility and the Lower Elwha Klallam tribal hatchery, and as a backup for the city’s municipal customers. It may also be evaluated as an option to supply DCWA customers.

    The SEIS will also analyze changes unrelated to water quality mitigation where applicable. One of these changes is a re-evaluation of options to mitigate impacts to septic systems on the Lower Elwha Klallam Reservation. Many of the septic systems in the lower lying parts of the Reservation may become ineffective when the river level and associated groundwater table rises as a result of river channel aggradation following dam removal. Although the 1996 EIS examined a community mounding system, the number of residents living in the valley part of the Reservation has now increased. The SEIS will evaluate other options which are technically, economically, or environmentally preferable in light of these changes. At this time, the Tribe is considering a variety of options, including individual onsite systems with pressurized pumps, small group treatment options, offsite treatment by others, or combining with other valley residents (who would not be affected by dam removal) to create a community treatment system.

    Since the release of the 1996 EIS, two species of fish cited for restoration have been listed as threatened, and the NPS has worked with USFWS and NMFS staff to further address these species during and following dam removal. Keeping the rearing channel open for chinook salmon production and modifying road culverts within the park to provide access for bull trout to additional tributary habitat are examples of some of the additional actions that the SEIS will examine.

    Environmental Issues     Updated and additional information relevant to decision-making will be presented in the SEIS. In addition to the points summarized above, further detail has been added to the revegetation plan for the areas currently inundated by the reservoirs; thus, potential impacts of actions associated with such revegetation will be addressed. The 1996 EIS envisioned using one or more of nine solid waste disposal areas for rubble and other materials. Some of these may no longer be available, new sites might be added, or recycling of concrete may be economically preferable now.    Water quality or water supply mitigation issues that will be analyzed in the SEIS include impacts of rebuilding the existing rock diversion structure on riparian vegetation, wildlife, water quality and fish; land use related impacts of building permanent water treatment facilities, such as removal of vegetation and soil, use of heavy equipment to build the facilities and its impact on wildlife or visitors, and hazards of using chlorine and other chemicals required for treatment.    Other environmental issues not related to water quality or supply include providing access to Morse Creek and other tributaries for fisheries protection during dam removal, access to seed stock and protection of young plants in revegetating reservoir lands, changes in driving routes for trucks disposing of rubble, or noise of an onsite rubble crushing operation and its potential effects on wildlife and visitors.

    Scoping/Comments     Public scoping for the SEIS will conclude 30-days from the date of publication of this notice. All interested individuals, groups, and agencies are encouraged to provide information relevant to the design, construction, location, or potential environmental effects of desired measures noted above. Please limit comments to the proposal as described in this notice, since prior decisions to restore the ecosystem and anadromous fisheries through dam removal, and selection of the River Erosion alternative as the dam removal scenario, are beyond the scope of environmental impact analysis targeted in the SEIS. [[Page 57836]]

    Additional information and periodic updates will be available at the Web site noted above or by contacting the Elwha Restoration Project Office at (360) 565-1320. All comments must be postmarked or transmitted no later than 30 days from the publication date of this notice; as soon as this date is determined it will be announced on the Web site noted.

    Written comments may be delivered by fax to: 360/565-1325; via e-mail to: Brian_Winter@nps.gov; or via postal mail or hand delivery during normal business hours to: Elwha Restoration Project Office, SEIS Comments, 826 East Front Street, Suite A, Port Angeles, WA 98362.    If individuals submitting comments request that their name or/and address be withheld from public disclosure, it will be honored to the extent allowable by law. Such requests must be stated prominently in the beginning of the comments. There also may be circumstances wherein the NPS will withhold a respondent’s identity as allowable by law. As always: NPS will make available to public inspection all submissions from organizations or businesses and from persons identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations and businesses; and, anonymous comments may not be considered. Decision

    The SEIS will be prepared in accord with all applicable laws and regulations, including the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA), the Council on Environmental Quality regulations for implementing NEPA (40 CFR parts 1500-1508), and the NPS Management Policies (2001) and NEPA guidelines (Director’s Order 12). A 60-day public review of the Draft will be initiated upon its release, which at this time is expected in early 2003; then subsequently a Final will be prepared. Issuance of both documents will be announced via local and regional press, direct mailings, on the Web site noted above, and through the Federal Register.

    AS A DELEGATED EIS, THE OFFICIAL RESPONSIBLE FOR THE FINAL DECISION IS THE REGIONAL DIRECTOR, PACIFIC WEST REGION;

    SUBSEQUENTLY THE OFFICIAL RESPONSIBLE FOR IMPLEMENTATION WOULD BE THE SUPERINTENDENT, OLYMPIC NATIONAL PARK.

    DATED: JULY 9, 2002.

    JOHN J. REYNOLDS,REGIONAL DIRECTOR,

    PACIFIC WEST REGION.[FR DOC. 02-23124

    FILED 9-11-02; 8:45 AM]BILLING CODE 4310-70-P